Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Конспекты / Открытый урок по страноведению "Обычаи и традиции Британии"

Открытый урок по страноведению "Обычаи и традиции Британии"

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Сабақ жоспары/План урока


Пән/ Дисциплина: Страноведение

Сабақтың тақырыбы/ Тема урока: Custom and traditions (культура и обычаи)

Сабақтың мақсаты/ Цель урока:

А. Білімділік/ Образовательная: обеспечить в ходе урока усвоения новых знаний, добиться чтобы учащиеся за урок обрели определенный запас знаний по вопросам культуры и обычаев Великобритании

Б. Дамытушылық /Развивающая: Развить навыки речевой деятельности говорение, чтение, письмо, понимание текста

В. Тәрбиелік /Воспитательная: содействовать воспитанию нравственных качеств учащихся, особое внимание уделить воспитанию уважению культуры страны изучающего языка

Болашақ нәтижені болжау/ Описание ожидаемого результата:

Білім/Знания: основные обычаи и традиции Великобритании

Икемділік/ Умения: вести беседу по данной теме

Дағды /Навыки: говорение, чтение, письмо, аудирование

Сабақтың түрлері/ Тип урока: Урок изучения нового материала

Әдіс- тәсілдер/ Методы: комбинированный

Материалдар, оқу-әдістемелік әдебиет, аңықтамалық әдебиет / Материалы, учебно-методическая литература, справочная литература: Об англоязычной культуре на английском языке. Яковлева Е.В., Вершинина Е. Ю. – М: Московский лицей, 1994. Великобритания. Ю. Голиценский.,

Құрал-жабдықтар, көрнекті құралдар / Оборудование, наглядные пособия: лекционный материал, презентация «обычаи и традиции», раздаточный материал (лекция в крации), карточки, список новых слов и выражений.

Пәнаралық байланыс / Межпредметные связи: английский язык, история изучаемого языка.

Сабақ барысы / Ход урока



Сабақ кезеңдері / Этапы урока

Оқытушы іс-әрекеті /

деятельность преподавателя

Оқушылар

іс-әрекеті / деятельность

учащихся

Құрал-жабдықтар, көрнекті құралдар / оборудование, наглядные пособия

1

Үйымдастыру-мақсаттық кезені / организационно-целевой этап

Greeting each other, giving the aim , the theme and the plan of the lesson

Greeting

Blackboard

2

Операция-танымдық кезеңі / операционно-познавательный этап


А. Үй тапсырмасын тексеру /

Этап проверки домашнего задания

Oral asking

Religion and the customs

Questions on the cards


Б. Жаңа материалды белсенді меңгеруге оқушыларды даярлау кезеңі / Этап подготовки учащихся к активному усвоению нового материала

Oral asking about the customs and traditions. What do you know about the traditions of Great Britain? What kind of traditions do you know? Do we have such traditions?

They answer to the questions.

Questions. Presentation


В. Жаңа білімді меңгеру / Этап усвоения новых знаний

Speaking about the customs and traditions, giving the main information about it.

Listen, making some notes

Presentation and the main attributes of some traditions, pictures, information on the sheets and the list of the new words and word combinations.


Г. Жаңа білімді бекіту / Этап закрепления новых знаний

Giving the theme for the discussion: 1. How do you think do the customs play the main role in their life and how? 2. Compare customs and traditions of Kazakhstan and Great Britain. 3. And now play out the given situations, work in groups of four.

Work in groups.

  1. Discussion on the theme

  2. Compare by making the diagram

  3. Play out the situation.

Blackboard

Diagram

List of the situations

Pencils, papers, dictionaries.

3

Рефлексивті бағалау кезеңі / рефлексивно-оценочный этап


А. Үй тапсырмасы бойынша мәлімет беру кезені / Этап информации учащихся о домашнем задании

To make the report about customs and traditions in comparison with the American and Kazakhstan customs.

Put it down in their notebooks.

Blackboard


Б. Сабақты қорытындылау / Подведение итогов урока


To give marks

To ask what they have learned.

Checking the given information by task on the blackboard. They have to match the definitions with the statements.



Work in groups for time.

Definitions and the statements on the blackboard.

































Сабақ жоспары/План урока


Пән/ Дисциплина: Страноведение

Сабақтың тақырыбы/ Тема урока: Custom and traditions (культура и обычаи)

Сабақтың мақсаты/ Цель урока:

А. Білімділік/ Образовательная: обеспечить в ходе урока усвоения новых знаний, добиться чтобы учащиеся за урок обрели определенный запас знаний по вопросам культуры и обычаев Великобритании

Б. Дамытушылық /Развивающая: Развить навыки речевой деятельности говорение, чтение, письмо, понимание текста

В. Тәрбиелік /Воспитательная: содействовать воспитанию нравственных качеств учащихся, особое внимание уделить воспитанию уважению культуры страны изучающего языка

Болашақ нәтижені болжау/ Описание ожидаемого результата:

Білім/Знания: основные обычаи и традиции Великобритании

Икемділік/ Умения: вести беседу по данной теме

Дағды /Навыки: говорение, чтение, письмо, аудирование

Сабақтың түрлері/ Тип урока: Урок изучения нового материала

Әдіс- тәсілдер/ Методы: комбинированный

Материалдар, оқу-әдістемелік әдебиет, аңықтамалық әдебиет / Материалы, учебно-методическая литература, справочная литература: Об англоязычной культуре на английском языке. Яковлева Е.В., Вершинина Е. Ю. – М: Московский лицей, 1994. Великобритания. Ю. Голиценский.,

Құрал-жабдықтар, көрнекті құралдар / Оборудование, наглядные пособия: лекционный материал, презентация «обычаи и традиции», раздаточный материал (лекция в крации), карточки, список новых слов и выражений.

Пәнаралық байланыс / Межпредметные связи: английский язык, история изучаемого языка.


Сабақ барысы / Ход урока

I. Ұйымдастыру-мақсаттық кезені / организационно-целевой этап:

Greeting students. Checking the prepareance of the students for the lesson.


II. Операция-танымдық кезеңі / операционно-познавательный этап

А. Үй тапсырмасын тексеру / Этап проверки домашнего задания:

Homework was “Religion and customs”. They had to read the lection and to be ready for the small test.

Test for checking the homework (they have only 5 minutes):

What kind of religions does Great Britain have?

What is the most spread religion?

What religious traditions do you know?

How do the main churches in England call?


Б. Жаңа материалды белсенді меңгеруге оқушыларды даярлау кезеңі / Этап подготовки учащихся к активному усвоению нового материала:

To ask questions which will bring them for the theme of the lesson:

  • What do you know about customs and traditions of Great Britain?

  • What is the difference between customs and traditions?

Are they similar to our traditions?

They answer to the questions.

  • And how do think what about we are going to talk? - Customs and traditions. (the answer of the students)

  • Lets write the main aims of the lesson. What should we do to open this theme?

On the blackboard there will be a poster where the teacher will write the aims which are given by students.


В. Жаңа білімді меңгеру / Этап усвоения новых знаний

Each of the student gets the shortened information about the customs and traditions. They will have time to read and introduce with the new information.

Then teacher will speak about the customs and traditions, showing the presentation and short film. Students listen and make some notes.

The lection material:

British Traditions and Customs

British nation is considered to be the most conservative in Europe. It is not a secret that every nation and every country has its own customs and traditions. In Great Britain people attach greater importance to traditions and customs than in other European countries. Englishmen are proud of their traditions and carefully keep them up. The best examples are their queen, money system, their weights and measures.

There are many customs and some of them are very old. There is, for example, the Marble Championship, where the British Champion is crowned; he wins a silver cup known among folk dancers as Morris Dancing. Morris Dancing is an event where people, worn in beautiful clothes with ribbons and bells, dance with handkerchiefs or big sticks in their hands, while traditional music- sounds.

Another example is the Boat Race, which takes place on the river Thames, often on Easter Sunday. A boat with a team from Oxford University and one with a team from Cambridge University hold a race.

British people think that the Grand National horse race is the most exciting horse race in the world. It takes place near Liverpool every year. Sometimes it happens the same day as the Boat Race takes place, sometimes a week later. Amateur riders as well as professional jockeys can participate. It is a very famous event.

There are many celebrations in May, especially in the countryside.

Halloween is a day on which many children dress up in unusual costumes. In fact, this holiday has a Celtic origin. The day was originally called All Halloween's Eve, because it happens on October 31, the eve of all Saint's Day. The name was later shortened to Halloween. The Celts celebrated the coming of New Year on that day.

Another tradition is the holiday called Bonfire Night.

On November 5,1605, a man called Guy Fawkes planned to blow up the Houses of Parliament where the king James 1st was to open Parliament on that day. But Guy Fawkes was unable to realize his plan and was caught and later, hanged. The British still remember that Guy Fawkes' Night. It is another name for this holiday. This day one can see children with figures, made of sacks and straw and dressed in old clothes. On November 5th, children put their figures on the bonfire, burn them, and light their fireworks.

In the end of the year, there is the most famous New Year celebration. In London, many people go to Trafalgar Square on New Year's Eve. There is singing and dancing at 12 o'clock on December 31st.

A popular Scottish event is the Edinburgh Festival of music and drama, which takes place every year. A truly Welsh event is the Eisteddfod, a national festival of traditional poetry and music, with a competition for the best new poem in Welsh.

If we look at English weights and measures, we can be convinced that the British are very conservative people. They do not use the internationally accepted measurements. They have conserved their old measures. There are nine essential measures. For general use, the smallest weight is one ounce, then 16 ounce is equal to a pound. Fourteen pounds is one stone.

The English always give people's weight in pounds and stones. Liquids they measure in pints, quarts and gallons. There are two pints in a quart and four quarts or eight pints are in one gallon. For length, they have inches» foot, yards and miles.

If we have always been used to the metric system therefore the English monetary system could be found rather difficult for us. They have a pound sterling, which is divided into twenty shillings, half-crown is cost two shillings and sixpence, shilling is worth twelve pennies and one penny could be changed by two halfpennies.


Г. Жаңа білімді бекіту / Этап закрепления новых знаний

1. work in groups

2. discussion

3. compare by making the diagram

4. role play


The first task is speak on the following theme “How do you think do the customs play the main role in their life and how?”

The second task is compare customs and traditions of Kazakhstan and Great Britain.

The third task is play out the situation. There are 4 situations:

1 prepare the speech of the Queen for New Year

2 imagine that you are in Englishman, give us some jokes about Queen or church

3 try to explain the foreigner how to play cricket

4 explain why you appreciate the old traditions

III. Рефлексивті бағалау кезеңі / рефлексивно-оценочный этап

А. Үй тапсырмасы бойынша мәлімет беру кезені / Этап информации учащихся о домашнем задании

To make the report about customs and traditions in comparison with the American and Kazakhstan customs.


Б. Сабақты қорытындылау / Подведение итогов урока

To give marks

To ask what they have learned.

Checking the given information by task on the blackboard. They have to match the definitions with the statements




























































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