This table shows how tenses are usually replaced in Reported Speech
He said: “The text is difficult”.
She said: “Last week I went to Melbourne”.
He said: “I will call you”.
She said: “I am doing my homework”.
He said; “I was watching TV at 8”.
She said: “This time tomorrow I will be flying to Moscow”.
He said: “I have finished the book”.
He said the test was difficult.
She said that she had gone to Melbourne the week before”.
He said that he would call me.
She said she was doing her homework.
Past Perfect Continuous
He said that he had been watching TV at 8.
She said that this time the next day she would be flying to Moscow.
He said that he had finished the book.
*** We leave modals must, might, could, would, should, ought to unchanged
in reported speech. But we normally change may to might in reported speech.
“You must work harder”, she said. → She said (that) I must work harder.
“You may explain it better”, he said. → He said (that) I might explain it better.
Some words and word combinations which change in Reported Speech
that night, that day,
at that time, at once, immediately
the day before,
the previous night/week/month/year
the following day/the day after,
the following/next week/month/year
two days/months/years etc. ago
two days/months/years etc. before
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