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Педагогические технологии на уроках иностранного языка в основной школе
Педтехнология - это совокупность приёмов и методов, применяемых в процессе обучения, техника реализации учебного процесса, модель совместной педагогической деятельности, системная совокупность и порядок функционирования всех средств, используемых для достижения педагогических целей.
Виды технологий (по В.П. Беспалько): Классическое лекционное обучение; Обучение с помощью аудиовизуальных технических средств; Обучение с помощью учебной книги – самостоятельная работа; Система «малых групп» – групповые, дифференцированные способы обучения; Компьютерное обучение; Система «репетитор»– индивидуальное обучение; «программное обучение», для которого имеется заранее составленная программа.
В практике обычно выступают различные комбинации этих «монодидактических» систем, самыми распространенными из которых являются: Традиционная классическая классно-урочная система Я.А. Коменского; Групповые или дифференцированные способы обучения; Программированное обучение с частным использованием всех остальных видов.
Личностно-развивающие технологии Использование новых, личностно- развивающих технологий поможет преодолению обезличенности и удаленности образования от реальной жизни.
Технологии социально-развивающего обучения иностранным языкам основаны на логике социального развитии школьников и включают следующие группы: 1. Технологии адаптирующего обучения. 2. Технологии интегрирующего обучения. 3. Технологии персонифицирующего обучения.
Проектная технология Существует множество разнообразных форм, позволяющих сделать учебную деятельность максимально эффективной. Одна из них – проектная работа.
В процессе работы над проектами участники учатся самостоятельному мышлению, самоорганизации, инициативе, развивают чувство интуиции. Увеличивается активность участников: они начинают больше читать, особенно справочную и специальную литературу, чаще общаются друг с другом, ведут обсуждения и дискуссии.
Карл Фрей выделяет 17 отличительных черт проектного метода, среди которых наиболее значимы следующие: Участники проекта подхватывают проектную инициативу от кого-либо из жизни; Участники проекта договариваются друг с другом о форуме обучения; Участники проекта информируют друг друга о ходе работы; Участники проекта вступают в дискуссии. Все это говорит о том, что под проектным методом имеется в виду система взаимодействий педагога и учащихся.
Цель проектного обучения состоит в том, чтобы создать условия, при которых учащиеся: Самостоятельно и охотно приобретают недостающие знания из разных источников; Учатся пользоваться приобретенными знаниями для познавательных и практических задач; Приобретают коммуникативные умения, работая в различных группах; Развивают у себя исследовательские умения; В центре внимания – ученик, содействие развитию его творческих способностей; Комплексный подход к разработке учебных проектов способствует сбалансированному развитию основных физиологических и психических функций ученика; Осознанное усвоение базовых знаний обеспечивается за счет универсального их использования в разных ситуациях.
Краткосрочный проект (Для учащихся 6 класса) Travelling My summer holidays I`d like to tell you about my summer trip to the sea. Last year my family and I went to Anapa. I was very interested in this resort, that`s why I often took pictures of beautiful places there. We were very lucky with the weather. The sea was warm. That is why my sister and I swam for a long time. Our parents couldn`t make us to come back to the beach. It was funny! In the evening we went to the park. There were a lot of side-shows in it. I tried all of them and I liked them very much.We had a very interesting menu for our breakfasts, dinners and suppers. There is a lot of fruit in it. We stayed in the hotel. There was a garden near it. There were many flowers in the garden. It was the best holiday in my life!
Личностный проект (Для учащихся 7 класса) My Favourite Book My favourite book is "The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes" by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. I first discovered these stories when I was about twelve and I've loved them ever since. When you read them you really feel like you've been carried back to nineteenth-century London. All the twentieth century detectives like Miss Marple and Inspector Morse seem really boring compared to Sherlock Holmes. That's where Conan Doyle, really makes you believe that Holmes is unique — a genius with amazing mental powers. Normally I only read detective stories once. I mean, why read them again when you know what happens in the end? With the Sherlock Holmes stories, though, its different. Each time I re-read them I discover more and more to enjoy.
My hobby Проект ученицы 5 класса
For me hobby is what I like to do in my spare time. Many people collect something - coins, stamps, compact discs, toys, books.
But my hobby is to play the piano =)
I have been playing the piano for 3 years and it is really interesting for me.
I go to the music school three times a week
But it is not so easy to remember how to play, for example, Sonata the one.
So I have to play the piano for 3 hours every day
I took part in city’s music competitions twice. And twice I was the prize winner.
Next week I will have my music exam, so nowadays I spend all my spare time playing the piano
So good luck to me!!!
Межпредметный проект (Для учащихся 8 класса) Greenpeace In 1971, motivated by their vision of a green and peaceful world, a small team of activists set sail from Vancouver, Canada, in an old fishing boat. These activists, the founders of Greenpeace, believed a few individuals could make a difference. Their mission was to «bear witness» to US underground nuclear testing at Amchitka, a tiny island off the West Coast of Alaska, which is one of the world's most earthquake-prone regions. Amchitka was the last refuge for 3000 endangered sea otters, and home to bald eagles, peregrine falcons and other wildlife. Today, Greenpeace is an international ecological organization that has 2.8 million supporters worldwide, and national as well as regional offices in 41 countries. Its headquarters are based in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
How do you treat the Earth?
Only after the Last Tree has been Cut Down Only after the Last River has been Poisoned Only after the Last Fish has been Eaten Only THEN will you Find That… H.D. Thoreau.
People have always polluted their surroundings. But until now pollution was not such a serious problem. People lived in uncrowned rural areas and did not have pollution — causing machines. With the development of crowded industrial cities which put huge amounts of pollutants into small areas, the problem has become more important.
Automobiles and other new inventions make pollution steadily worse. Since the late 1960's people have become alarmed with the danger of pollution.
Air, water, and soil are necessary for existence of all living things. But polluted air can cause illness, and even death. Polluted water kills fish and other marine life. On polluted soil, food can not be grown. In addition environmental pollution spoils the natural beauty of our planet.
Pollution is as complicated as serious problem. Automobiles are polluting the air but they provide transportation for the people. Factories pollute the air and the water but they provide jobs for people and produce necessary goods. Fertilizers and pesticides are important for growing crops but they can ruin soil.
Sorting of dust 2 Sorting of dust 1
Thus, people would have to stop using many useful things if they wanted to end pollution immediately. Most people do not want that of course. But pollution can be reduced gradually.
Scientists and engineers can find the ways to reduce pollution from automobiles and factories. Government can pass the laws that would make enterprises take measures for reducing of pollution. Individuals and groups of people can work together to persuade enterprises to stop polluting activities.
Every year world industry pollutes the atmosphere with about 1000 million tons of dust and other harmful substances. Many cities suffer from smog. Vast forests are cut and burn in fire. Their disappearance upsets the oxygen balance. As a result some rare species of animals, birds, fish and plants disappear forever, a number of rivers and lakes dry up.
The most horrible ecological disaster befell Ukraine and its people after the Chernobyl tragedy in April 1986. About 18 percent of the territory of Belarus were also polluted with radioactive substances. A great damage has been done to the agriculture, forests and people's health. The consequences of this explosion at the atomic power-station are tragic for the Ukrainian, Byelarussian and other nations.
Environmental protection is of a universal concern. That is why serious measures to create a system of ecological security should be taken.
The entertaining ecology! TEST: Do you worry about the environment? 1. Imagine you are on holiday abroad. You eat loads of chocolate-covered sweets but there aren’t any rubbish bins to put their wrappers in. What do you do? a) keep the wrappers in your pocket until you see a bin. b) Throw them on the ground. It’s not your fault there aren’t enough rubbish bins. c) It depends If there’s a lot of rubbish on the floor, you might ‘drop them accidentally’. 2. On the way home you are very thirsty. What do you buy? a) Something in a non recyclable23 plastic bottle. b) Something in a glass bottle or aluminium can. c) Something in a carton. 3. Your personal stereo always needs new batteries. What do you do? a) Buy re-chargeable batteries. b) Put the old batteries in the bin and buy new ones. c) Buy new ones and take the old ones to a recycling center.
4. If you lived near a beach, how would you react24 if a fast food restaurant opened near the beach? a) Be pleased but also worried about more rubbish on the beach. b) Be pleased. Now you can eat burgers on the beach. c) You never eat at fast food places because there is too much packaging. 5. You buy a couple of things in a shop. When do you pay, the cashier25 is about to put the things in a plastic bag. What do you say? a) “No thank you”. (You have brought your own bag from home). b) Nothing. You let him/her put the things in the bag. c) It depends if you can carry the things easily without a bag. 6. There are a couple of flies in your bedroom. They are annoying26 you. What do you do? a) Try to kill them with a nespaper. b) Try to kill them with a horrible-smelling aerosol. c) Hit the air with a newspaper so they leave you alone. 7. You are writting a letter to a good friend. You have made several mistakes and need to cross things out27. What do you do? a) Start the letter again on another piece of paper. b) Continue writting; your friend will excuse your mistakes. c) Continue to write but if you make any more mistakes, start again.
Now add up your score: 1. a=3 b=1 c=2 2. a=1 b=3 c=2 3. a=3 b=1 c=2 4. a=2 b=1 c=3 5. a=3 b=1 c=2 6. a=2 b=1 c=3 7. a=1 b=3 c=2 7-10 – You do not worry about the environment at all! You think pollution is someone else’s problem, not yours. You think recycling and saving resouces are too time-consuming. 11-17 – You care about the environment and you have some good habits which help save it. However, there are probably a few other things you could do. 18-21 – You definitely28 care about the environment. You think about it when you make everyday decisions. If more people in the world were as good as you, the planet would have fewer problems.
Межпредметный проект (Для учащихся 9 класса) The 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi. The 2014 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXII Olympic Winter Games, were a major international multi-sport event held in Sochi, Russia, in the tradition of the Winter Olympic Games. Sochi was selected as the host city in July 2007, during the 119th IOC Session held in Guatemala City. A total of 98 events in 15 winter sport disciplines were held during the Games. A number of new competitions were held during the Games, including biathlon mixed relay, women’s ski jumping, mixed-team figure skating, mixed-team luge, half-pipe skiing, ski and snowboard slopestyle, and snowboard parallel slalom. With an average February temperature of 8.3°C and a humid subtropical climate, Sochi is the warmest city to host a Winter Olympic Games. It is also the first time that an Olympic Park has been built for hosting a winter games.
The Olympic emblem is five interlinked rings: blue, yellow, black, green and red.
The motto of the Games is "Citius, altius, fortius" (Latin — faster, higher, braver).
They started in 776 ВС in Greece.
These games were part of a festival held every fourth year in honour of God Zeus at the place called Olympia.
It was a great athletic festival, including competitions in wrestling, foot racing and chariot racing, rowing and others.
The Olympic Games became the symbol of peace and friendship. It is the main idea of this games.
In 1894 French Baron Pierre de Coubertin, addressed all the sports governing bodies and pointed out the significance of sport and its educational value.
Summer and Winter Games are held separately. Usually, when talking about winter sports we have in mind all sports having to do with ice and snow.
Игровые технологии Игра – это самая свободная, естественная форма погружения человека в реальную (или воображаемую) действительность, с целью ее изучения, проявления собственного «Я», творчества, активности, самостоятельности, самореализации.
В игровой деятельности осуществляется формирование психических процессов ребенка: осуществляется переход от наглядно-действенного к образному мышлению, развивается способность к абстрагированию и обобщению, развивается произвольное запоминание.
Игра несет в себе следующие функции: Психологические, снимая напряжение и способствуя эмоциональной разрядке; Психотерапевтические, помогая ребенку изменить отношение к себе и другим, изменить способы общения, улучшить психическое самочувствие; Технологические, позволяя частично вывести мышление из рациональной сферы в сферу фантазии, преобразующей реальную действительность.
Игра – по порядку становись Раздаем детям карточки на которых изображена цифра и написано числительное по английски. Затем учитель просит их выстроиться по порядку, согласно их карточкам. Заранее развешиваем на стене карточки с цифрами, чтобы было ясно, где кому стоять, дабы избежать неразберихи. В процессе игры помогаем сориентироваться запутавшимся детям. В конце подводим итог - громко пересчитываем всех. Детям понравится эта игра, в ней можно побегать и посоревноваться кто первый встанет на свое место.
Игра - "Cколько времени, Мистер Волк?" - What time is it, Mr Wolf? Сначала учителю необходимо научить детей как правильно спрашивать который сейчас час: "What time is it?" Затем как отвечать 1 час, 2 часа и так далее. It is 1 o'clock, It is 2 o'clock ... Наконец начинаем игру, для этого все дети выстраиваются в линию около стены. «Мистер Волк» встает на середину комнаты, спиной к игрокам. Цель волка поймать кого-нибудь себе на обед. Дети громко кричат:"What time is it, Mr Wolf?". «Мистер волк» называет любое время от 1 до 12 часов, например: It is 12 o'clock. Дети делают столько шагов вперед, сколько сказал мистер волк(например 4 часа, значит 4 шага по направлению к волку). И так продолжается до тех пор, пока волк не решит, что дети подошли к нему достаточно близко, тогда на вопрос: "What time is it, Mr Wolf?" он отвечает: "It is Dinner Time". Дети бегут обратно к стене, откуда пришли, а волк пытается поймать кого-нибудь. Если волк заденет ребенка до того, как тот достигнет стены, он становится новым мистером волком.
Информационные технологии на уроках иностранного языка. Новые мультимедийные технологии дают высокий эффект обучения иностранному языку, если они подкреплены передовыми методическими приемами. Задача учителя состоит в том, чтобы активизировать познавательную деятельность учащегося в процессе обучения иностранным языкам.
Формы работы с компьютерными обучающими программами на уроках иностранного языка включают: - изучение лексики; - отработку произношения; - обучение диалогической и монологической речи; - обучение письму; - отработку грамматических явлений.
Основные виды работы с персональным компьютером (ПК) на уроках английского можно поделить на две группы: использование обучающих и познавательных программ на CD и создание программ в различных приложениях самим учителем с дальнейшим применением на уроках при объяснении материала или при его отработке и проверке.
Обобщая опыт применения компьютера и мультимедийных технологий на уроках иностранного языка и во внеурочное время, можно сделать вывод: Мультимедийные технологии ускоряют процесс обучения; Они способствуют резкому росту интереса учащихся к предмету; Улучшают качество усвоения материала; Позволяют индивидуализировать процесс обучения.
Данная разработка помогает повторить и закрепить лексику по теме "Почта".
С помощью материала с описанием жилища отрабатываются предлоги. Учащиеся должны найти карточки или предметы обихода, расположенные в комнате.
Презентация Power Point и ее возможности при обучении иностранным языкам. В настоящее время программа Power Point уже показала себя как эффективное средство подготовки и демонстрации презентаций в сфере образования. Образовательный потенциал этого технического средства обучения так же эффективно используется и на уроке иностранного языка в осуществлении наглядной поддержки обучения речи.
Преимущество презентации Power Point в: Сочетании разнообразной текстовой аудио- и видеонаглядности; Возможности использования презентации как своеобразной интерактивной, мультемидийной доски; Возможности использования отдельных слайдов в качестве раздаточного материала (опоры, таблицы, графики, схемы, коллажи, цветные и черно-белые распечатки на бумаге); Активизация внимания всего класса; Поддержание познавательного интереса обучающихся, усиление мотивации учеников, а так же эффективности восприятии и запоминания нового учебного материала; Сочетание аудиторной и внеаудиторной самостоятельной работы обучающихся; Экономия учебного времени;
The Houses of Parliament
The British Parliament sits in the Building which is called the Palace of Westminster. It’s also called the Houses of Parliament because there are two Houses: the House of Lords and the House of Commons. You can go in the buildings , if you make arrangement.
The Palace dates from medieval times.
On November 4, 1605, a man called Guy Fawkes was found in a Palace cellar. He was about to set fire to some barrels of gunpowder. His capture is celebrated with bonfires and fireworks every year on November 5.
In 1834, a fire destroyed most of the old Palace. Sir Charles Barry rebuilt it in a medieval style called Gothic.
Jewel Tower The Jewel Tower in London is one of only two surviving sections of the medieval royal Palace of Westminster. It was built in approximately 1365 to house the treasures of Edward III and its alternative name was the "King's Privy Wardrobe".
Westminster Hall Westminster Hall, the oldest existing part of the Palace of Westminster, was erected in 1097. The Hall has a huge wooden roof decorated with carved angels. If has been used for Royal banquets and State trials. George IV coronation banquet
Victoria Tower Victoria Tower is the tallest (98.5m) square tower at the south-western end of the Palace. Now it is home to the Parliamentary Archives. Millions of government documents are kept here. A flag flies on the tower when Parliament is sitting during the day.
Big Ben Big Ben is the huge bell in the Clock Tower on the eastern end of the Houses of Parliament It is 96.3 metres high. The bell may have been named after Sir Benjamin Hall, who supervised the rebuilding of Parliament. The booming 13.5-ton bell first rang out in 1859.
Victoria Tower Gardens There are a number of small gardens surrounding the Palace of Westminster. Victoria Tower Gardens with Buxton Memorial Fountain is open as a public park along the side of the river south of the palace.
Black Rod’s Garden Black Rod's Garden (named after the office of Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod) is closed to the public and is used as a private entrance.
Old Palace Yard Old Palace Yard, with bronze stature of Richard I, is paved over and covered in concrete security blocks. A square of grass opposite is often used by television journalists to interview Members of Parliament.
New Palace Yard New Palace Yard (on the north side) and Speaker's Green (directly north of the Palace) are all private and closed to the public.
College Green College Green, opposite the House of Lords, is a small triangular green commonly used for television interviews with politicians.
The Palace of Westminster includes over 1,100 rooms, 100 staircases and 4.8 km of passageways. The building includes four floors; the ground floor includes offices, dining rooms and bars. Inside the Palace The "first floor" houses the main rooms of the Palace, including the Chambers, the lobbies and the libraries. The top-two floors are used for committee rooms and offices.
Royal Robing Room The first room you enter is called the Royal Robing Room. This is where the Queen puts on a special robe and the Imperial State Crown, which has been brought here from the Tower of London.
Royal Gallery Next you will pass through the Royal Gallery. There are two large paintings on either side . Heads of State from other countries sometimes give speeches in this room while they are visiting Parliament.
Prince’s Chamber The Prince's Chamber is a small area used for receiving and writing messages. This room is above the cellar where Guy Fawkes was caught with barrels of gunpowder in November 1605, planning to blow up Parliament at the time when the king James I came for the State Opening.
House of Lords The Chamber of the House of Lords is located in the southern part of the Palace of Westminster. The benches in the Chamber, as well as other furnishings in the Lords' side of the Palace, are coloured red.
Woolsack The Woolsack is a seat stuffed with wool on which the Lord Speaker sits. It was introduced by King Edward III (1327-77) and originally stuffed with English wool as a reminder of England's traditional source of wealth - the wool trade - and as a sign of prosperity.
Central Lobby The octagonal Central Lobby is the main reception area. It is decorated with mosaics. The Speaker (who is in charge of the Commons) walks through here on the way to debates, carrying the Mace, the symbol of royal authority.
Member’s Lobby Beyond the Central Lobby lies the Members' Lobby, in which Members of Parliament hold discussions or negotiations. The Members' Lobby contains statues of several former Prime Ministers, including David Lloyd George, Winston Churchill, Clement Attlee and Margaret Thatcher.
House of Commons The Chamber of the House of Commons is at the northern end of the Palace of Westminster. The benches, as well as other furnishings in the Commons side of the Palace, are coloured green. The House of Commons is divided into two sides. Government MPs sit on one side. MPs who are not part of the Government sit on the other side; they are called the Opposition. The distance between the two sides is the length of two drawn swords.
Stephen’s Hall St Stephen's Hall is on the site of the chapel of the old Palace of Westminster in medieval times. This was then used as the first location for the House of Commons: brass studs in the floor show the positions of the speaker's chair (before that the altar was here).
More Interior Voting Lobby Lord’s Library Common’s Library Moses Room
Fill in the gaps with the words and expressions The British Parliament sits in the Building which is called … or … . There are two Houses in the Parliament: … and … . The Westminster Hall has a … decorated with carved angels. Now the millions of … are kept in Victoria Tower. The Palace of Westminster includes over … rooms. The first room you enter the Houses of Parliament is called the … . The benches in the Chamber of … are coloured red. The benches in the Chamber of … are coloured green.
Check Yourself The British Parliament sits in the Building which is called the Palace of Westminster or the Houses of Parliament . There are two Houses in the Parliament: the House of Lords and the House of Commons. The Westminster Hall has a huge wooden roof decorated with carved angels. Now the millions of government documents are kept in Victoria Tower. The Palace of Westminster includes over 1,100 rooms. The first room you enter the Houses of Parliament is called the Royal Robing Room. The benches in the Chamber of the House of Lords are coloured red. The benches in the Chamber of the House of Commons are coloured green.
New York City Manhattan
New York City is a city in the southern end of the state of New York, and is the most populous city in the United States of America. New York City is a global economic center, with its business, finance, trading, law, and media organizations influential worldwide. The city is also an important cultural center, with many museums, galleries, and performance venues. Home of the United Nations, the city is a hub for international diplomacy. With over 8.2 million residents within an area of 322 square miles (830 km²), New York City has the highest population density of major cities in the United States. The New York metropolitan area, with a population of 18.8 million, ranks among the largest urban areas in the world. Manhattan Bronx Brooklyn Staten Island Queens Bronx
The five boroughs: 1: Manhattan, 2: Brooklyn, 3: Queens, 4: Bronx, 5: Staten Island New York City is comprised of five boroughs, an unusual form of government used to administer the five constituent counties that make up the city.
Manhattan (pop. 1,593,200) is the most densely populated borough of New York City and home to most of the city's skyscrapers. The borough contains the major business and financial centers of the city and many cultural attractions, including numerous museums, the Broadway theatre district and Madison Square Garden. Manhattan is loosely divided into Downtown, Midtown, and Uptown regions. Uptown Manhattan is divided by Central Park into the Upper East Side and the Upper West Side, and above the park is Harlem.
Wall Street is the major financial centre of the U. S. and symbolizes the money market and financiers of the U.S. Wall Street was called so because of a wall which extended along the street in Dutch times. It was built about 1650 from river to river (the Hudson and the East River) to protect the small colony living south of this street from attacks by Indians. Later the wall was removed, but the name remained. Wall Street
New York City Hall is the seat of the government of New York City. The building houses the office of the Mayor of New York City and the chambers of the New York City Council. The building is the oldest City Hall in the United States that still houses its original governmental functions. Constructed from 1803 to 1812, New York City Hall is a National Historic Landmark and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Blue Room Governor’s Room City Hall
When the World Trade Center towers were completed in 1973 many felt them to be sterile monstrosities, even though they were the world's tallest buildings at that time. But most New Yorkers became fond of "The Twin Towers" and after the initial horror for the loss of life in the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks there came great sadness for the loss of the buildings. The complex, located in the heart of New York City's downtown financial district, contained 1.24 million m² of office space, almost four percent of Manhattan's entire office inventory. World Trade Center
The Manhattan Municipal Building is a 40-story building built to accommodate increased governmental space demands after the 1898 consolidation of New York City from The Five Boroughs. Standing 580 feet (177 m) tall, its highest point is the second largest statue in Manhattan. The Municipal Building is one of the largest governmental buildings in the world. Thirteen civic agencies of New York City and a public radio station are located in the building, and 28,000 New Yorkers are married inside of it each year. There are 25 floors of work space (served by 33 elevators), with an additional 15 stories in the tower. Arch of Constantine Civic Fame Manicipal Building
Washington Square Park is one of the best-known of New York City's 1,700 public parks. At 39,000 m², it is a major landmark in the Manhattan neighborhood of Greenwich Village, as well as a popular meeting place and center for cultural activity. It is operated by the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Most of the buildings surrounding the park now belong to New York University. The university rents the park for its graduation ceremonies, and uses the Arch as a symbol. Garibaldi Monument Washington Square Park
Greenwich Village is formerly known as the "Bohemian quarters" of the literary and artistic world. Its many quaint streets, curio shops and outdoor shows maintain a continuous sightseeing appeal. Artists, writers, sculptors, composers, poets, actors make their homes in the Village. The Outdoor Art Exhibits are a colourful affair held twice a year in the Village. Jefferson Market Library Greenwich Village
The Chinatown is an ethnic enclave with a large population of Chinese immigrants, similar to other Chinatown districts in American cities. By the 1980s it became the largest enclave of Chinese immigrants in the Western Hemisphere. By 1870, there was a Chinese population of 200. By the time the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 was passed, the population was up to 2,000 residents. By 1900, there were 7,000 Chinese residents, but fewer than 200 Chinese women. Chinatown
The city's 39 largest theatres are collectively known as "Broadway”. Broadway theatre is the most prestigious form of professional theatre in the U.S., as well as the most well known to the general public and most lucrative for the performers, technicians and others involved in putting on the shows. Broadway
The Woolworth Building, at 55 stories, is one of the oldest and one of the most famous skyscrapers in New York City. With splendor and a resemblance to European Gothic cathedrals, the structure was labeled the Cathedral of Commerce. The structure has a long association with higher education, housing a number of Fordham University schools in the early 20th century. Today the building houses, among other tenants, Control Group Inc, and the New York University School of Continuing and Professional Studies' Center for Global Affairs. Woolworth Building
The Brooklyn Bridge is one of the oldest suspension bridges in the United States, stretches 1825 m over the East River connecting the Manhattan and Brooklyn. On completion, it was the largest suspension bridge in the world and the first steel-wire suspension bridge. The bridge cost $15.1 million to build and approximately 27 people died during its construction. A week after the opening, on May 30 1883 a rumor that the Bridge was going to break down caused a stampede which crushed and then killed twelve people. Brooklyn Bridge
Pennsylvania Station is the major intercity rail station and a major commuter rail hub. The station is located in the underground levels of Pennsylvania Plaza. Penn Station is at the center of the Northeast Corridor, an electrified passenger rail line extending south to Washington, D.C. and north to Boston. The station saw 4.3 million Amtrak boardings in 2004, more than double the traffic at the next busiest station, 30th Street Station in Philadelphia. Pennsylvania Station
Times Square is at the junction of Broadway and Seventh Avenue. Times Square consists of the blocks between Sixth and Eighth Avenues from east to west, and West 40th and West 53rd Streets from south to north, making up the western part of the commercial area of Midtown Manhattan. Smaller than Red Square in Moscow or Trafalgar Square in London, Times Square has nonetheless achieved the status of an iconic world landmark and has become a symbol of its home city. Times Square is principally defined by its animated, digital advertisements. Times Square
The Empire State Building rises to 381 m at the 102nd floor, and its full structural height (including broadcast antenna) reaches 443 m. The building has 85 stories of commercial and office space and an indoor and outdoor observation deck on the 86th floor. The remaining 16 stories represent the spire, which is capped by a 102nd floor observatory, and atop the spire is an antenna topped off with a lightning rod. The Empire State Building is the first building to have more than 100 floors. It has 6,500 windows, 73 elevators and there are 1,860 steps from street level to the 102nd floor. It has a total floor area of approximately 254,000 m². Empire State Building
The New York Public Library (NYPL) is one of the leading public libraries of the world and is one of America's most significant research libraries. It is composed of a very large circulating public library system combined with a very large non-lending research library system. NYPL consists of 86 libraries in the Bronx, Manhattan, and Staten Island: four non-lending research libraries, four main lending libraries, a library for the blind and physically handicapped, and 77 neighborhood branch libraries. All libraries in the NYPL system may be used free of charge by all visitors. Public Library
The United Nations Headquarters occupies six block area. The 39-story Secretariat Building houses offices of about 5,000 persons of different nationalities who form the administrative organ of the United Nations. The shallow-domed General Assembly is the meeting-place of the representatives of the member nations. The regular session is held annually beginning in the fall . United Nations Headquarters
Rockefeller Center is "a city within a city“. It is the largest private building project ever undertaken in modern times It is a complex of 19 commercial buildings with its own restaurants, stores, theatres, post-offices. In winter its plaza is transformed from an outdoor restaurant to an ice-skating pond Radio City Music Hall, where some of the nation's most popular movies have their first showing along with a spectacular stage show, is one of New York's greatest attractions. GE Building Rockfeller Center
Madison Square Garden has been the name of four arenas in New York City. It is also the name of the entity which owns the arena and several of the professional sports franchises which play there. There have been four incarnations of the arena. It is the largest indoor stadium in the city, home of all kinds of sports, public events and elaborate entertainments. Basketball court Madison Square Garden
The Chrysler Building is an Art Deco skyscraper. It has 77 stories. Standing 319 meters high, it was originally built to house the Chrysler Corporation. The spire, measuring 58.4 meters long and composed of Nirosta stainless steel was hoisted to the top of the building on October 23, 1929. The lobby is similarly elegant and a must see for tourists. When the building first opened, it contained a public viewing gallery near the top, which a few years later was changed into a restaurant. The former observation floor became a private dining room called the Cloud Club. The very top stories of the building are narrow with low sloped ceilings, useful only to hold radio broadcasting and other mechanical and electrical equipment. Elevator Chrysler Building
The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) is a preeminent art museum. It is regarded as the leading museum of modern art in the world. Its collection includes works of architecture and design, drawings, painting and sculpture, photography, prints and illustrated books, film, and media. MoMA's library and archives are a major resource and hold over 300,000 books, artist books, and periodicals, as well as individual files on more than 70,000 artists. The archives contain primary source material related to the history of modern and contemporary art. Museum of Modern Art
St. Patrick's Cathedral is the largest decorated Neo-Gothic-style Catholic cathedral in North America. It is the seat of the archbishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York, and a parish church, located just across the street from Rockefeller Center. The eight deceased archbishops of New York, six of them Cardinals, are buried in a crypt under the former high altar, visible from the entrance to the Lady Chapel in the rear of the cathedral. St.Patrick's Cathedral
Central Park is a large public park (3.41 km). With about twenty-five million visitors annually, Central Park is the most visited city park in the United States, and its appearance in many movies and television shows has made it among the most famous city parks in the world. Central Park contains several artificial lakes, extensive walking tracks, two ice-skating rinks, a wildlife sanctuary, and grassy areas and playgrounds for children. The park is a popular oasis for migrating birds. Central Park
The Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts, which includes Jazz at Lincoln Center, the Metropolitan Opera, the New York City Opera, the New York Philharmonic, the New York City Ballet, the Vivian Beaumont Theatre, The Juilliard School and Alice Tully Hall, is the largest performing arts center in the United States. New York State Theater Philharmonic Hall Metropolitan Opera House Lincoln Center
The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, founded in 1937, is a modern art museum. It is the last major work of Frank Lloyd Wright, one of the world's most prominent and influential architects. From the street, the building looks approximately like a white ribbon curled into a cylindrical stack, slightly wider at the top than the bottom. Paintings are displayed along the walls of the spiral and also in viewing rooms found at stages along the way. The Guggenheim was founded to showcase avant-garde art by early modernists such as Wassily Kandinsky and Piet Mondrian. Solomon R.Guggenheim Museum
The American Museum of Natural History has a scientific staff of more than 200, and sponsors over 100 special field expeditions each year. The Museum boasts habitat groups of African, Asian and North American mammals, the "Star of India", the largest blue sapphire in the world, an interesting illustration of the growth and development of man. The Hayden Planetarium, connected to the museum, is now part of the Rose Center for Earth and Space, housed in a glass cube containing the spherical Space Theater. Museum of Natural History Planetarium Day 117
The Metropolitan Museum of Art is one of the world's largest and most important art museums. The main building is located on the eastern edge of Central Park. The Met's permanent collection contains more than two million works of art, divided into nineteen curatorial departments. In addition to its permanent exhibitions, the Met organizes and hosts large traveling shows throughout the year. Middle Age Hall Roman Statue Metropolitan Museum of Art
The Cloisters is the branch of the Metropolitan Museum of Art dedicated to the art and architecture of the European middle ages. The Cloisters include the museum building and the adjacent 16,000 m². The Cloisters collection contains approximately five thousand European medieval works of art, with a particular emphasis on pieces dating from the twelfth through the fifteen centuries. Cloisters-garden Crucifixion The Cloisters
Columbia University is a private research university in the United States. It has the most Nobel Prize affiliations of any institution in the USA. It is home to the prestigious Pulitzer Prize, which, for over a century, has rewarded outstanding achievement in journalism, literature and music. It has been the birthplace of FM radio, the first American university to offer anthropology and political science as academic disciplines, and where the foundation of modern genetics was discovered. Its Morningside Heights campus was the first North American site where the uranium atom was split. Columbia University Butler Library
Интернет-ресурсов, направленных на комплексное формирование и развитие: Аспектов иноязычной коммуникативной компетенции во всем многообразии ее компонентов (языкового, грамматического, социокультурного, компенсаторного, учебно-познавательного); Комуникативно-когнитивных умений осуществлять поиск и отбор, производить обобщение, классификацию, анализ и синтез полученной информации; Коммуникативных умений представлять и обсуждать результаты работы с ресурсами сети Интернет; Умений использовать ресурсы сети интернет для образования и самообразования; Умений использовать ресурсы сети Интернет для удовлетворения своих информационных и образовательных интересов и потребностей.
Использование интерактивно доски на уроках английского языка. Интерактивная игра способствует углублению, расширению знаний учащихся. Данную игру можно использовать в качестве обобщающего урока в 5 классе. УМК под редакцией Кузовлева (Unit 5. “Do you like Holidays?”).
Видеофильмы на уроках английского языка. При формировании речевой деятельности и коммуникативной культуры учащихся очень эффективно применение видео-технологий. Видеоматериалы предоставляют большие возможности для изучения языка, так как соединяют несколько компонентов, например аудирование и зрительное восприятие, которое обеспечивает контекст.
Есть ряд ситуаций на уроках, когда видео может быть особенно полезным. если мы хотим представить законченный языковой контекст; показать коммуникативную сторону языка через изучение мимики и жестов; практиковать навыки аудирования в естественном контексте; представить ситуации для обыгрывания в классе (например, ролевая игра); практиковать навыки описания и пересказа; обогатить словарный запас; стимулировать общение или дискуссию.
Спасибо за внимание!
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