Яушева Елена Геннадьевна
гуманитарный колледж им. М. Жумабаева, г. Петропавловск Казахстан
Преподаватель английского языка
Конспект урока английского языка на тему «A Friend In Need…» (по рассказу С. Моэма «A Friend In Need…»
The Lesson Plan
Theme. A Friend In Need…(by W. S. Maugham)
The objective of the lesson: to organize a discussion about the given topic.
Aims of the lesson:
To develop students’ skills and habits in speaking and listening in English, their abilities of logical thinking and participating in the discussion.
To practice the vocabulary and grammar of the story in different type exercises.
To encourage students for creative activities.
To provoke respect to the different cultures.
To develop the ability of independent work and to practice students’ group work.
To bring up the high moral qualities (kindliness, help, compassion, etc.)
Equipment: a blackboard, a computer, a tape- recorder, pictures, cards with proverbs, activity sheets.
The Plan of the Lesson
The beginning of the lesson.
Brain storming. Giving associations, definitions, work with dictionaries.
Warm up. Discussing proverbs.
Practice 1. Revision of the vocabulary of the story.
Practice 2. Describing the main characters, making up the dialogues.
Production. Role play. Discussion of the problems of the story in groups.
VII. Final Discussion. Proving different opinions, making up the conclusion.
VIII.The end of the lesson.
The Procedure of the Lesson.
I. The beginning of the lesson.
Greeting. Introduction into the theme of the lesson.
Teacher: Good morning, dear students.
Today we have our home reading lesson and are going to work with the story you’ve read at home “A Friend In Need”. Before we begin the discussion I’d like to ask you : ‘What do people appreciate as the most important things in the life? What do you consider the most important things in your life?’
/ S-s: life itself, love, money, the place you live, freedom, parents, your friends and of course, FRIENDSHIP. /
Today we’ll speak about true friends and friendship, about the situation described in the S. Maugham’s story ‘A Friend in Need’ and about what the true friendship should be like in your opinion.
II. Brain storming.
Can you live without friends and friendship? Would your life be interesting?
Of course, not. Your life would be dull and uninteresting, sad and gloomy. Friendship is very important for all of us. And what associations do you have when you hear this word? / S-s: help, support, tolerance, spending time together, love, sharing feelings and opinions, etc. /
Check yourselves, if you were right. Find the definitions of this word in different dictionaries which are on your desks. Read them out. Say, if you were right.
III. Warm up.
T.: Now, tell me, what the title of the story is.
/S-s: It’s the beginning of the English proverb ‘A Friend in Need Is a Friend Indeed’ /
I’m sure, you know many other proverbs about friendship. What was your home task?
/S-s: to find more English proverbs about friendship and their Russian and Kazakh equivalents./
Let’s match the proverbs.
Students work with the proverbs, matching the language equivalents.
/S-s: We can draw the conclusion that people of all countries and nations appreciate friendship highly and consider it one of the main human values. /
IV. Practice 1. Lexical and grammar activities.
T.: I quite agree with you . And a bit later we’ll decide, if the main character of the story was a true friend or not. Now let’s review its vocabulary . Take activity papers from your desks and do exercises.
Ex. 1- Fill in the gaps,
Ex. 2- Replace the italicized words,
Ex. 3- listening to the text and filling the gaps.
V. Practice 2. Monologues and dialogues. Describing the characters.
T.: I’ll ask you to divide into 3 groups.
T.: How do you think, why I have so many pictures on the blackboard? Don’t they remind you any of the characters from the text? - Yes, these are men’s pictures. Which of them, in your opinion, can be chosen as the pictures of Mr. Burton and which as Young Burton’s pictures? Prove your choice.
the 1st group: Some students choose pictures and describe Young Burton and Burton the Elder, supporting the descriptions by the facts from the text.- Ex. 4.
the 2nd group: You act out a dialogue between Mr. Burton and his namesake. - Ex. 5.
the 3rd group: You make guesses about Young Burton’s thirty-five years of life.
Production. Role play.
Now let’s discuss the moral and the idea of the story. Old Burton thought that what he had been telling was ‘rather a funny story’.
Do you agree with him?
Do you think what Old Burton had done was quite normal?
Do you approve him?
/S-s are divided into three groups:
1- those who approve Mr. Burton;
2- those who blame him;
Role- play. (Students take parts of the members of the trial and give the verdict if Mr. Burton is really guilty in his young namesake’s death.)
Presenting the characters: the Judge
Mr. Burton’s friend
Young Burton’s acquaintance
The Jury: So, we’ve listened both sides, we know the position of the defense, we listened to the witnesses. We examined the documents and evidence. Now we know all the facts that may speak in Mr. Burton’s favour or against him. We’ll give our summing up .
/The Jury retires to decide a verdict ‘guilty’ or ‘not guilty’./
Eg.: So, the Jury is giving the verdict: We are sure that Mr. Burton sent the young man to almost sure death. He knew that his namesake would be drowned and he didn’t want to prevent it. Mr. Burton appeared a very brutal, cruel and indifferent man. So, our verdict is ‘guilty’. Mr. Burton must be strictly punished.
T.: So, what conclusion can we draw? / to help each other, to be humane to
the weak, to live a healthy life /
What is friendship?
Questions for discussion.
Do you find the story funny? Why don’t you? Why did Burton think it funny?
Was he really a “pleasing man”, “gentle”, “kind”?
Do you think that the first impressions of a person are always right?
Comment on the following proverb (with references to the story):
Appearances are deceitful.
Is there any evidence in the story that Mr. Burton was not all that kind and gentle?
Why do you think young Burton turned to his namesake for help when he was ruined?
What was the situation in which he found himself? What do you think of his way of life?
Why did Mr. Burton promise his namesake a job? Did he know he would be drowned?
Why did he come to the creek? On what condition did Mr. Burton promise a job in his office?
Why did young Burton accept it? What were his chances?
Why did old Burton send his namesake to almost sure death?
What were your feelings after reading the story?
Explain the title of the story. Why do you think the author doesn’t give the end of the proverb?
What could have naturally be expected of the “friend in need” in that situation?
What would you think both of them should have done under the circumstances?
Think of a different end to the story (comical, puzzling, etc.).
If you were Mr. Burton what would you do to help the young man?
VIII. The results of the lesson.
T.: What’s your impression of the lesson?
Home work: to write a short story from your life to illustrate the proverb ‘A friend in need
is a friend indeed’.
A FRIEND IN NEED
For thirty years now I have been studying my fellow-men. I do not know very much about them. I suppose it is on the face that for the most part we judge the persons we meet. We draw our conclusions from the shape of the jaw, the look in the eyes, the shape of the mouth. I shrug my shoulders when people tell me that their first impressions of a person are always right. For my own part I find
that the longer I know people the more they puzzle me: my oldest friends are just those of whom I can say that I don't know anything about them.
These thoughts have occurred to me because I read in this morning's paper that Edward Hyde Burton had died at Kobe. He was a merchant and he had been in Japan for many years. 1 knew him very little, but he interested me because once, he gave me a great surprise. If I had not heard the story from his own lips I should never have believed1 that he was capable of such an action. It was the more startling because both his appearance and his manner gave the impression of a very different man. He was a tiny little fellow, very slender, with white hair, a red face much wrinkled, and blue eyes. I suppose he was about sixty when I knew him. He was always really and quietly dressed in accordance with his age and station.
Though his offices were in Kobe Burton often came down to Yokohama. I happened on one occasion to be spending a few days there, waiting for a ship, and I was introduced to him at the British Club. We played bridge together. He played a good game and a generous one. He did not talk very much, either then or later when we were having drinks, but what he said was sensible. He had a quiet, dry humour. He seemed to be popular4 at the club and afterwards, when he had gone, they described him as one of the best. It happened that we were both staying at the Grand Hotel and next day he asked me to dine with him. I met his wife, fat, elderly and smiling, and his two daughters. It was evidently a united and loving family. I think the chief thing that struck me about Burton was his kindliness. There was something very pleasing in his mild blue eyes. His voice was gentle; you could not imagine that he could raise it in anger; his smile was kind. Here was a man who attracted you because you felt in him a real love for his fellows. He had charm. But there was nothing sentimental about him: he liked his game of cards and his cocktail, he could tell a good and spicy story, and in his youth he had been something of an athlete.1 He was a rich man and he had made every penny himself. I suppose one thing that made you like him was that he was so small and frail; he aroused your instincts of protection. You felt that he would not hurt a fly.
One afternoon I was sitting in the lounge of the Grand Hotel. From the windows you had an excellent view of the harbour with its crowded traffic. There were great liners; merchant ships of all nations, junks and boats sailing in and out. It was a busy scene and yet, I do not know why, restful to the spirit.
Burton came into the lounge presently and caught sight of me. He seated himself in the chair next to mine.
"What do you say to a little drink?"
He clapped his hands for a boy and ordered two drinks. As the boy brought them a man passed along the street outside and seeing me waved his hand.
"Do you know Turner?" said Burton as I nodded a greeting.
"I've met him at the club. I'm told he's a remittance man."
"Yes, I believe he is. We have a good many here."
"He plays bridge well."
"They generally do. There was a fellow here last year, a namesake of mine, who was the best bridge player I ever met. I suppose you never came across him in London. Lenny Burton he called himself."
"No. I don't believe I remember the name."
"He was quite a remarkable player. He seemed to have an instinct about the cards. It was uncanny. I used to play with him a lot. He was in Kobe for some time."
Burton sipped his gin.
"It's rather a funny story," he said. "He wasn't a bad chap. I liked him. He was always well-dressed and he was handsome in a way, with curly hair and pink-and-white cheeks. Women thought a lot of him. There was no harm in him, you know, he was only wild. Of course he drank too much. Fellows like him always do. A bit of money used to come in for him once a quarter and he made a bit more by card-playing. He won a good deal of mine, I know that."
Burton gave a kindly little chuckle.
"I suppose that is why he came to me when he went broke,that and the fact that he was a namesake of mine. He came to see me in my office one day and asked me for a job. I was rather surprised. He told me that there was no more money coming from home and he wanted to work. I asked him how old he was.
"Thirty five, he said.
"And what have you been doing before?' 1 asked him.
"Well, nothing very much,' he said.
"I couldn't help laughing.
"Tm afraid I can't do anything for you just now,’ I said. Come back and see me in another thirty-five years, and I'll see what I can do.'
"He didn't move. He went rather pale. He hesitated for a moment and then he told me that he had had bad luck at cards for some time. He hadn't a penny. He'd pawned everything he had. He couldn't pay his hotel bill and they wouldn't give him any more credit. He was down and out. If he couldn't get a job he'd have to commit suicide.
"I looked at him for a bit. I could see now that he was all to pieces. He'd been drinking more than usual and he looked fifty.
"Well, isn't there anything you can do except play cards? I asked him.
"I can swim, he said.
"I could hardly believe my ears; it seemed such a silly answer. "I swam for my university.
"I was a pretty good swimmer myself when I was a young man,' I said.
"Suddenly I had an idea.
Pausing in his story, Burton turned to me.
"Do you know Kobe?" he asked.
"No," I said, "I passed through it once, but I only spent a night there."
"Then you don't know the Shioya Club. When I was a young man I swam from there round the beacon and landed at the creek of Tarumi. It's over three miles and it's rather difficult on account of the currents round the beacon. Well, I told my young namesake about it and I said to him that if he'd do it I'd give him a job.
"I could see he was rather taken aback.
"You say you're a swimmer,' I said.
"I'm not in very good condition,' he answered.
"I didn't say anything. I shrugged my shoulders. .He looked at me for a moment and then he nodded.
"All right,' he said. 'When do you want me to do it?'
"I looked at my watch. It was just after ten.
"The swim shouldn't take you much over an hour and a quarter. I'll drive round to the creek at half-past twelve and meet you. I'll take you back to the club to dress and then we'll have lunch together.'
"Done,' he said.
"We shook hands. I wished him good luck and he left me. I had a lot of work to do that morning and I only just managed to get to the creek at half past twelve. I waited for him there, but in vain."
"Did he get frightened at the last moment?" I asked.
"'No, he didn't. He started swimming. But of course he'd ruined his health by drink. The currents round the beacon were more than he could manage.1 We didn't get the body for about three days."
I didn't say anything for a moment or two. I was a little shocked. Then I asked Burton a question.
"When you offered him the job, did you know that he'd be drowned?"
He gave a little mild chuckle and he looked at me with those kind blue eyes of his. He rubbed his chin with his hand.
"Well, I hadn't got a vacancy in my office at the moment."
1 Fill the gaps with one of the words or word combinations from the box in an appropriate form.
to draw conclusions
to wave one's hand
to be capable of
to commit suicide
to shrug one's shoulders
to be drowned
We ________ from the shape of the jaw, the look in the eye, the shape of the mouth.
I should never have believed that he ________ such an action.
He was a tiny little fellow, very slender, with white hair , a red face much ________ and blue eyes.
A man passed along the street outside and seeing me________ .
Burton ________ his gin.
If he couldn't get a job he'd have to ________ .
The ________ round the beacon were more than he could manage.
I ________ when people tell me that their impressions of a person are always right.
I waited for him there ________ .
10. When you offered the job did you know that he _______ .
2. Replace the italicized words and word combinations with a synonym from the box in an appropriate form.
a namesake of
to raise one’s voice
to think a lot of
to ruin one’s health
down and out
We often form an opinion about a person by his looks.
These thoughts came to my mind because I read in this morning’s newspaper about Edward Burton’s death.
You could not imagine that he could speak in a higher tone in anger.
There was a fellow there last year whose name was also Edward.
Women thought highly of him.
He was unemployed and without money.
I could see he was rather taken aback.
But of course he’d undermined his health by drink.
4. Give a description of a) Mr. Burton, b) his namesake, picking out the words and word combinations from the list below.
To give smb a surprise, to be capable of, curly hair, slender, to go broke, to ask for a job, wrinkled, sensible, to go pale, kindliness, to hesitate, to have bad luck, gentle, to raise one’s voice, to pawn, to be down and out, love for, to commit suicide, to arouse instincts, to be all topieces, to be taken aback, to give a chuckle, to wish smb good luck, to be drowned, to ruin one’s
health, to offer smb a job, to rub one’s chin.
Пословицы о дружбе на английском, русском и казахском языках
Friendship is dearer that money.
Не имей сто рублей, а имей сто друзей.
Жүз сом болғанша, жүз досың болсын.
Old friends and old wine are the best.
Старый друг лучше новых двух.
Ескі дос келгенде, жаңа дос көзінен жас шығады.
A friend’s frown is better than a foe’s smile.
Лучше горькая правда, чем сладкая ложь.
Дос жылатып айтар,
Дұшпан күлдіріп айтар.
A friend to all is a friend to none.
Кто друг всем, тот никому не друг.
Жолдастың мыңын алма, бірін ал.
A friend in need is friend indeed.
Друзья познаются в беде.
Ерді кебенек ішінде таны.
A man is known by his friends.
Скажи мне, кто твой друг, и я скажу кто ты.
Қотыр басқанмен достас болсаң,қотырмен де қостас боларсың.
Better an open enemy than a false friend.
Лучше явный враг, чем фальшивый друг.
Ақымақ достан, ақылды дұшпан артық.
One for all , all for one.
Один за всех , и все за одного.
Бәріміз бір үшін, біріміз бәрі үшін.
One man no man.
Один в поле не воин.
Досы көпті жау алмайды.