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План -конспект урока в 10 классе "Стратегия и тактика написания эссе"

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  • 7. Comment on the following statement:

Television рlays an important role in everyday life. However some teachers think its influence upon children is negative, others don’t agree.

What can you say for and against the role of TV in children’s life? Choose the best introduction

Text 1 I think that children watch TV too much. They watch films for grown-ups and see a lot of violence and cruelty. They see guns and knives and learn how to use them. I think that such films as thrillers and horror films are not good for them.

Text 2 TV plays a big role in the life of some people. Its one of the most important inventions of the 20th century. We can’t overestimate its role of modern society because it has greatly changed our life.

Text 3 Nowadays television has become an important part of our life. We turn it on as soon as come home and never switch it off. So children watch everything that is on. Is it good or bad for them?

  • 7. Comment on the following statement:

Television рlays an important role in everyday life. However some teachers think its influence upon children is negative, others don’t agree.

What can you say for and against the role of TV in children’s life? Choose the best introduction

Text 1 I think that children watch TV too much. They watch films for grown-ups and see a lot of violence and cruelty. They see guns and knives and learn how to use them. I think that such films as thrillers and horror films are not good for them.

Text 2 TV plays a big role in the life of some people. Its one of the most important inventions of the 20th century. We can’t overestimate its role of modern society because it has greatly changed our life.

Text 3 Nowadays television has become an important part of our life. We turn it on as soon as come home and never switch it off. So children watch everything that is on. Is it good or bad for them?

  • 7. Comment on the following statement:

Television рlays an important role in everyday life. However some teachers think its influence upon children is negative, others don’t agree.

What can you say for and against the role of TV in children’s life? Choose the best introduction

Text 1 I think that children watch TV too much. They watch films for grown-ups and see a lot of violence and cruelty. They see guns and knives and learn how to use them. I think that such films as thrillers and horror films are not good for them.

Text 2 TV plays a big role in the life of some people. Its one of the most important inventions of the 20th century. We can’t overestimate its role of modern society because it has greatly changed our life.

Text 3 Nowadays television has become an important part of our life. We turn it on as soon as come home and never switch it off. So children watch everything that is on. Is it good or bad for them?







9. You are going to write an essay: ”Is it better to be brought up in a big or in a small family?”

Divide these arguments into two groups

  • 1) You never feel lonely

  • 2) You can get more presents from your relatives

  • 3)You have more people to share secrets with

  • 4) You don’t have to share your room with other brothers or sisters

  • 5) You always have new clothes as they were not handed down from the elder children

  • 6) You don’t have to share the toys with other brothers or sisters

  • 7) You can play more interesting games which involve more people

  • 8) Your parents are more attentive to your needs

9. You are going to write an essay: ”Is it better to be brought up in a big or in a small family?”

Divide these arguments into two groups

  • 1) You never feel lonely

  • 2) You can get more presents from your relatives

  • 3)You have more people to share secrets with

  • 4) You don’t have to share your room with other brothers or sisters

  • 5) You always have new clothes as they were not handed down from the elder children

  • 6) You don’t have to share the toys with other brothers or sisters

  • 7) You can play more interesting games which involve more people

  • 8) Your parents are more attentive to your needs

9. You are going to write an essay: ”Is it better to be brought up in a big or in a small family?”

Divide these arguments into two groups

  • 1) You never feel lonely

  • 2) You can get more presents from your relatives

  • 3)You have more people to share secrets with

  • 4) You don’t have to share your room with other brothers or sisters

  • 5) You always have new clothes as they were not handed down from the elder children

  • 6) You don’t have to share the toys with other brothers or sisters

  • 7) You can play more interesting games which involve more people

  • 8) Your parents are more attentive to your needs

11. You are going to write an essay: Should smoking be banned? Divide these arguments into two groups “FOR” “Against” smoking

  1. Smoking is bad for health

2 Many people consider smoking as a way of relaxing and a good supplement for communication

3 Women who smoke have certain pregnancy problems or having an ill baby

4 The government would lose a lot of money from taxes on cigarettes

5 For some people smoking brings a feeling of happiness, satisfaction

6 Smokers often say that everyone must have individual freedom of choice- to smoke or not to smoke- and they can’t be lacking in this right

7 Smoking workers spend a lot of time unproductive, often making «a smoking break»


8 Scientists claim that passive smoking is even more dangerous than real one because non-smokers breath deeper and suffer more



FOR”

Against”





11. You are going to write an essay: Should smoking be banned? Divide these arguments into two groups “FOR” “Against” smoking

  1. Smoking is bad for health

2 Many people consider smoking as a way of relaxing and a good supplement for communication

3 Women who smoke have certain pregnancy problems or having an ill baby

4 The government would lose a lot of money from taxes on cigarettes

5 For some people smoking brings a feeling of happiness, satisfaction

6 Smokers often say that everyone must have individual freedom of choice- to smoke or not to smoke- and they can’t be lacking in this right

7 Smoking workers spend a lot of time unproductive, often making «a smoking break»


8 Scientists claim that passive smoking is even more dangerous than real one because non-smokers breath deeper and suffer more

FOR”

Against”







11. You are going to write an essay: Should smoking be banned? Divide these arguments into two groups “FOR” “Against” smoking

  1. Smoking is bad for health

2 Many people consider smoking as a way of relaxing and a good supplement for communication

3 Women who smoke have certain pregnancy problems or having an ill baby

4 The government would lose a lot of money from taxes on cigarettes

5 For some people smoking brings a feeling of happiness, satisfaction

6 Smokers often say that everyone must have individual freedom of choice- to smoke or not to smoke- and they can’t be lacking in this right

7 Smoking workers spend a lot of time unproductive, often making «a smoking break»


8 Scientists claim that passive smoking is even more dangerous than real one because non-smokers breath deeper and suffer more

FOR”

Against”







13. Match the arguments with proper justifications

Divide these arguments into two groups (Pros and Cons)

Arguments:

1 They are very convenient.

2 You can't travel with your friends.

3 They aren't as safe as cars.

4 They are cheaper to run than cars.

5 They can be quite uncomfortable.

6 You can get to your destination quickly and easily.


Justifications:

a .They use less fuel and need fewer expensive repairs.

b. You don't need to rely on public transport, and you can park them easily.

с . You can't sit back and relax on them and you're exposed in bad weather.

d They travel as fast as cars and you never get stuck in traffic jams.

e You aren't well protected and you can get badly hurt if you fall off.

f There's only room for one passenger.




1

2

3

4

5

6









Pros

Cons











13. Match the arguments with proper justifications

Divide these arguments into two groups (Pros and Cons)

Arguments:

1 They are very convenient.

2 You can't travel with your friends.

3 They aren't as safe as cars.

4 They are cheaper to run than cars.

5 They can be quite uncomfortable.

6 You can get to your destination quickly and easily.


Justifications:

a .They use less fuel and need fewer expensive repairs.

b. You don't need to rely on public transport, and you can park them easily.

с . You can't sit back and relax on them and you're exposed in bad weather.

d They travel as fast as cars and you never get stuck in traffic jams.

e You aren't well protected and you can get badly hurt if you fall off.

f There's only room for one passenger.




1

2

3

4

5

6









Pros

Cons













18 . Match the introductions with proper conclusions

Introduction…

1 Did you ever dream of becoming a doctor when you were young? Although it can be a very rewarding career, being a doctor also has its drawbacks.

2 Imagine going to school all day long and then having to work as well. Many young people decide to attend school and have a part-time job at the same time. This can have both advantages and disadvantages.

3 Cooking is something that few of us have time to do in today's fast-moving world. But does eating out really have as many advantages as people think it does?...

Conclusion

A It is up to each individual to decide whether he or she would Benefit from working and studying at the same time. However, isn't it a pity that many simply have no choice due to poor financial situations?

В On balance, the life of a doctor can be both exciting and very demanding. No t everyone is suited for it, especially as it is not a profession with room for mistakes.

С All in all, while eating out does have its advantages, it is not something we should make a habit of. Perhaps we should all try to make time in our lives to eat properly.

1

2

3






16. Match the introductions with proper conclusions

Introduction

1 Spending one's summer holiday climbing in the mountains of Tibet or white-water rafting may not be everyone's idea of fun, but adventure holidays are becoming extremely popular. They have both their good and bad points.

2 Becoming a vegetarian is a choice that many people are making after recent health scares. The question is, does being a vegetarian have a positive or negative effect on one's health? I believe that it can do more harm than good.

3 A scene unfolds before one's eyes of yet another miracle of nature: a baby elephant being born. If it were not for television, this is something we might never see and for this reason I feel that TV plays an important role in education....

Conclusion

A To sum up, I believe that television should continue to play a role in education. Well- made programmes can give us a broader view of the world and can teach us about things which are outside our everyday experience.

B All in all, whether you will enjoy an adventure holiday or not depends on the type of person you are. Taking holidays of this kind should be carefully considered, because they are not for the faint-hearted!

C In conclusion, I feel that vegetarians could suffer from health problems if they do not have a healthy, nutritious diet. However, everyone must decide for themselves which lifestyle choice suits them best.

1

2

3










23.Put the linking words into the right column

However, Finally, in spite of the, On the other hand, firstly, What is more,

Moreover, In addition, Secondly In conclusion, To my mind, It seems to me that, To sum up,

All in all,

to list points of view

to add more points

to express your opinion

to contrast opinions

to conclude














23.Put the linking words into the right column

However, Finally, in spite of the, On the other hand, firstly, What is more,

Moreover, In addition, Secondly In conclusion, To my mind, It seems to me that, To sum up,

All in all,

to list points of view

to add more points

to express your opinion

to contrast opinions

to conclude
















23.Put the linking words into the right column

However, Finally, in spite of the, On the other hand, firstly, What is more,

Moreover, In addition, Secondly In conclusion, To my mind, It seems to me that, To sum up,

All in all,

to list points of view

to add more points

to express your opinion

to contrast opinions

to conclude




























24. Fill the gaps with linking words

In many schools nowadays pupils study many foreign languages. Learning foreign languages has become more popular now than it used to be. However some people think learning foreign languages is a waste of time. Are they right?

I have a different point of view. 1 … it is very good to know a foreign language. There are several reasons why think so. 2 …, if you know a foreign language, you may have a better chance to make a good career finding a well paid work in a good company. 3 …, you can read books in original. Is not it pleasant to read a new book by a popular modern writer which has just been published? You can also read a scientific article for your work.

4 …, when travelling to other countries you are always able to solve all problems you may have. 5… , some people think that learning a foreign language is just a waste of time. They say that tourists are usually accompanied by guides who speak Russian 6 …, most important articles and books are translated into Russian and it is easier to read in your mother tongue. I don’t agree with this point of view. I prefer to be independent when I travel and too choose the books I want to read myself instead of waiting for them to be translated.

7 … I can say that it is important to know a foreign language and if you do not know any I would recommend you to start learning English as its spoken in many countries

a) firstly; b) in my opinion; c) thirdly; d) secondly; e) however; f) in conclusion; g) furthermore.

24. Fill the gaps with linking words

In many schools nowadays pupils study many foreign languages. Learning foreign languages has become more popular now than it used to be. However some people think learning foreign languages is a waste of time. Are they right?

I have a different point of view. 1 … it is very good to know a foreign language. There are several reasons why think so. 2 …, if you know a foreign language, you may have a better chance to make a good career finding a well paid work in a good company. 3 …, you can read books in original. Is not it pleasant to read a new book by a popular modern writer which has just been published? You can also read a scientific article for your work.

4 …, when travelling to other countries you are always able to solve all problems you may have. 5… , some people think that learning a foreign language is just a waste of time. They say that tourists are usually accompanied by guides who speak Russian 6 …, most important articles and books are translated into Russian and it is easier to read in your mother tongue. I don’t agree with this point of view. I prefer to be independent when I travel and too choose the books I want to read myself instead of waiting for them to be translated.

7 … I can say that it is important to know a foreign language and if you do not know any I would recommend you to start learning English as its spoken in many countries

a) firstly; b) in my opinion; c) thirdly; d) secondly; e) however; f) in conclusion; g) furthermore.















26. Fill the gaps with linking words

Nowadays the problem of smoking is very important. Almost everyone understands it. ­­­­1___________more and more people, mostly young ones, start smoking _2__________the warning lines on the pockets of cigarettes. To solve the problem is often suggested to ban smoking officially. There are both advantages and disadvantages of such a solution. Let’s begin with arguments for it.


In its favour, _3______, it goes without saying that smoking is bad for health. Smoking harms nearly every organ of the body.__4_________, women who smoke have certain pregnancy problems or having an ill baby._5____________, scientists claim that passive smoking is even more dangerous than real one because non-smokers breath deeper and suffer more._6_________, smoking workers spend a lot of time unproductive , often making «a smoking break».


_7________________, if authorities banned smoking, the government would lose a lot of money from taxes on cigarettes. _8___________, many people consider smoking as a way of relaxing and a good supplement for communication . For some people smoking brings a feeling of happiness, satisfaction._9___________, smokers often say that everyone must have individual freedom of choice- to smoke or not to smoke- and they can’t be lacking in this right.

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9












26.Fill the gaps with linking words

Nowadays the problem of smoking is very important. Almost everyone understands it. ­­­­1___________more and more people, mostly young ones, start smoking _2__________the warning lines on the pockets of cigarettes. To solve the problem is often suggested to ban smoking officially. There are both advantages and disadvantages of such a solution. Let’s begin with arguments for it.


In its favour, _3______, it goes without saying that smoking is bad for health. Smoking harms nearly every organ of the body.__4_________, women who smoke have certain pregnancy problems or having an ill baby._5____________, scientists claim that passive smoking is even more dangerous than real one because non-smokers breath deeper and suffer more._6_________, smoking workers spend a lot of time unproductive , often making «a smoking break».


_7________________, if authorities banned smoking, the government would lose a lot of money from taxes on cigarettes. _8___________, many people consider smoking as a way of relaxing and a good supplement for communication . For some people smoking brings a feeling of happiness, satisfaction._9___________, smokers often say that everyone must have individual freedom of choice- to smoke or not to smoke- and they can’t be lacking in this right.

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9
































28. Put the parts of the essay in the necessary order

A In its favour, firstly, it goes without saying that smoking is bad for health. Smoking harms nearly every organ of the body. Moreover, women who smoke have certain pregnancy problems or having an ill baby. Secondly, scientists claim that passive smoking is even more dangerous than real one because non-smokers breath deeper and suffer more. Finally, smoking workers spend a lot of time unproductive , often making «a smoking break».

B To sum up, I’d like to say that , in my opinion, our health is the most important thing not only for a personal life but for the state itself. Even though many people feel good about smoking and never admit that smoking is bad for health, it is necessary to point out that people do waste a lot of money on smoking which could be used for a good purpose.

C Nowadays the problem of smoking is very important. Almost everyone understands it. However, more and more people, mostly young ones, start smoking in spite of the warning lines on the pockets of cigarettes. To solve the problem is often suggested to ban smoking officially. There are both advantages and disadvantages of such a solution. Let’s begin with arguments for it.


D On the other hand, if authorities banned smoking, the government would lose a lot of money from taxes on cigarettes. What is more, many people consider smoking as a way of relaxing and a good supplement for communication . For some people smoking brings a feeling of happiness, satisfaction. In addition, smokers often say that everyone must have individual freedom of choice- to smoke or not to smoke- and they can’t be lacking in this right.


1

2

3

4







28. Put the parts of the essay in the necessary order

A In its favour, firstly, it goes without saying that smoking is bad for health. Smoking harms nearly every organ of the body. Moreover, women who smoke have certain pregnancy problems or having an ill baby. Secondly, scientists claim that passive smoking is even more dangerous than real one because non-smokers breath deeper and suffer more. Finally, smoking workers spend a lot of time unproductive , often making «a smoking break».

B To sum up, I’d like to say that , in my opinion, our health is the most important thing not only for a personal life but for the state itself. Even though many people feel good about smoking and never admit that smoking is bad for health, it is necessary to point out that people do waste a lot of money on smoking which could be used for a good purpose.

C Nowadays the problem of smoking is very important. Almost everyone understands it. However, more and more people, mostly young ones, start smoking in spite of the warning lines on the pockets of cigarettes. To solve the problem is often suggested to ban smoking officially. There are both advantages and disadvantages of such a solution. Let’s begin with arguments for it.


D On the other hand, if authorities banned smoking, the government would lose a lot of money from taxes on cigarettes. What is more, many people consider smoking as a way of relaxing and a good supplement for communication . For some people smoking brings a feeling of happiness, satisfaction. In addition, smokers often say that everyone must have individual freedom of choice- to smoke or not to smoke- and they can’t be lacking in this right.


1

2

3

4

































































Do dogs make good pets?

A On the other hand, dogs need a lot of attention. They need to be fed and brushed, and taken for their daily walk or regular visit to the vet. However, this is a small price to pay in exchange for their friendship and loyalty.

B All in all, although having a dog can be tiring, I believe that they are the best pets. Spending a little time with your dog every day will certainly win you a "best friend" for life.

C First of all, dogs make wonderful companions. They always show their happiness as soon as their owner walks through the door, by wagging their tail and jumping up and down excitedly. They are playful and extremely loyal to their owners, so they are good company for the elderly and for children.

D You've decided to add a pet to your family but what pet is right? I think that the person who said that a dog is "man's best friend" is absolutely right. In my opinion, dogs make perfect house pets.

E Furthermore, trained dogs are useful to their owners. They are easy to train as watchdogs to guard your house and family, making you feel safe and secure. They can also be trained as guide dogs for the blind. They can be taught all sorts of tricks even to collect the morning newspaper!

KEY

1

2

3

4

5

D

C

E

A

B

Expressing Opinion



Introduction

1 Spending one's summer holiday climbing in the mountains of Tibet or white-water rafting may not be everyone's idea of fun, but adventure holidays are becoming extremely popular. They have both their good and bad points.

2 Becoming a vegetarian is a choice that many people are making after recent health scares. The question is, does being a vegetarian have a positive or negative effect on one's health? I believe that it can do more harm than good.

3 A scene unfolds before one's eyes of yet another miracle of nature: a baby elephant being born. If it were not for television, this is something we might never see and for this reason I feel that TV plays an important role in education....

Conclusion

A To sum up, I believe that television should continue to play a role in education. Well- made programmes can give us a broader view of the world and can teach us about things which are outside our everyday experience.

B All in all, whether you will enjoy an adventure holiday or not depends on the type of person you are. Taking holidays of this kind should be carefully considered, because they are not for the faint-hearted!

C In conclusion, I feel that vegetarians could suffer from health problems if they do not have a healthy, nutritious diet. However, everyone must decide for themselves which lifestyle choice suits them best.

KEY

1

2

3

B

C

A



Put the parts of the essay in the necessary order

A In addition to this, teenagers who have a job earn their own money and this has several advantages. Parents who are perhaps struggling financially, for example, will no longer need to find pocket money for their son or daughter. Furthermore, when teenagers earn their own money, they are usually more careful when deciding how to spend it. In this way, they learn how to handle money responsibly.

B Is it a good idea for teenagers to have part-time jobs while they are still at school? In my view, teenagers who have part-time jobs than just money from their experience. I believe, therefore, that both parents and teachers should encourage teenagers to work part-time.

C To conclude, the way I see it, teenagers learn both responsibility and independence through a part-time job. Why not learn some important life lessons at an early age? After all, as they say, "Today's teenagers are tomorrow's adults."

D To start with, getting a job teaches young adults early in life how to become reliable individuals and citizens. An employer expects you to do your job well, and when someone depends on you, you feel a sense of responsibility. Moreover, a part- time job can teach valuable skills essential for your future career, such as learning to be on time, handling money and dealing with customers.

E On the other hand, some people argue that it's unwise for teenagers to work while still studying. In particular, they fear that having a job can take up too much time and cause a student's school work to suffer seriously.

KEY

1

2

3

4

5

B

D

A

E

C





  1. Повторяем слова- связки:Let’s review linking words


Парная работа. Каждая пара получает таблицу, которую нужно заполнить словами-связками. Разложить слова на группы ( to list points of view, to add more points, to express your opinion, to contrast opinions, to conclude)- в таблицу.to list points of view to add more points to express your opinion to contrast opinions Other linking words to conclude


Fill the with linking words

to list points of view

to add more points

to express your opinion

to contrast opinions

to conclude

Firstly, /First of all….

In the first place

To start with, / To begin with,

Secondly, Thirdly, Finally,

Last but not least,


Furthermore, /Moreover, /What is more,

As well as…. /In addition to this/that…

Besides, /…….also….

Not only…., but…… as well.

Apart from this/that….

not to mention the fact that


In my view…

To my mind…

To my way of thinking…

Personally I believe that…

I feel strongly that…

It seems to me that…

As far as I am concerned…



on the one hand…on the other hand;

In conclusion,

On the whole,

To conclude,

To sum up,

All in all,

All things considered

Finally,

Lastly,

Taking everything into account,

Taking everything into consideration






Работа с образцом эссе

Put the parts of the essay in the necessary order


A In its favour, firstly, it goes without saying that smoking is bad for health. Smoking harms nearly every organ of the body. Moreover, women who smoke have certain pregnancy problems or having an ill baby. Secondly, scientists claim that passive smoking is even more dangerous than real one because non-smokers breath deeper and suffer more. Finally, smoking workers spend a lot of time unproductive , often making «a smoking break».

B To sum up, I’d like to say that , in my opinion, our health is the most important thing not only for a personal life but for the state itself. Even though many people feel good about smoking and never admit that smoking is bad for health, it is necessary to point out that people do waste a lot of money on smoking which could be used for a good purpose.

C Nowadays the problem of smoking is very important. Almost everyone understands it. However, more and more people, mostly young ones, start smoking in spite of the warning lines on the pockets of cigarettes. To solve the problem is often suggested to ban smoking officially. There are both advantages and disadvantages of such a solution. Let’s begin with arguments for it.


D On the other hand, if authorities banned smoking, the government would lose a lot of money from taxes on cigarettes. What is more, many people consider smoking as a way of relaxing and a good supplement for communication . For some people smoking brings a feeling of happiness, satisfaction. In addition, smokers often say that everyone must have individual freedom of choice- to smoke or not to smoke- and they can’t be lacking in this right.


KEY

1

2

3

4

C

A

D

B










Fill the gaps with linking words



Nowadays the problem of smoking is very important. Almost everyone understands it. ­­­­1___________more and more people, mostly young ones, start smoking _2__________the warning lines on the pockets of cigarettes. To solve the problem is often suggested to ban smoking officially. There are both advantages and disadvantages of such a solution. Let’s begin with arguments for it.


In its favour, _3______, it goes without saying that smoking is bad for health. Smoking harms nearly every organ of the body.__4_________, women who smoke have certain pregnancy problems or having an ill baby._5____________, scientists claim that passive smoking is even more dangerous than real one because non-smokers breath deeper and suffer more._6_________, smoking workers spend a lot of time unproductive , often making «a smoking break».


_7________________, if authorities banned smoking, the government would lose a lot of money from taxes on cigarettes. _8___________, many people consider smoking as a way of relaxing and a good supplement for communication . For some people smoking brings a feeling of happiness, satisfaction._9___________, smokers often say that everyone must have individual freedom of choice- to smoke or not to smoke- and they can’t be lacking in this right.


KEY

1

However

2

in spite of the

3

firstly

4

Moreover,

5

Secondly

6

Finally

7

On the other hand

8

What is more

9

In addition



C2: You have 40 minutes to do this task. Comment on the following statement.


The future of education — books or computers?


What is your opinion? Are computers going to replace printed books in the future?

Use the following plan:


1. Introduction. (State the problem)


2. Express your opinion and give reasons for it.


3. Give other people's arguments and explain why they are wrong.


4. Make a conclusion



Write 200-250 words.


Essay


The latest advances in information technology make people think that schools of the future will use computers instead of printed books. Although electronic books have not been widely accepted yet, I believe they will be able to take the place of printed books.


In my opinion, students will widely use computers for studying in the future. To begin with, computers can store lots of books in their memory and modern software allows us to find quickly the necessary information. Besides, with the interactive programmes on computers studying will be much more exciting. What is more, electronic books will not degrade overtime like their printed counterparts.


Nevertheless, lots of disbelievers argue that computers will not replace printed books because a printed book is better for human eyes than a computer screen. In addition, books are cheaper and easier to use since they do not need electricity or the internet connection.




However, I disagree with this opinion because modern computer screens emit no radiation and allow us to read even in low light conditions, so they are even less harmful than books. Of course we will have to pay for electricity but I think it will be cheaper than to pay for printed books, which are very expensive nowadays.


To sum up, I think computers and printed books will peacefully coexist for years to come, but in the future technological progress will make it possible for pupils to carry laptops or even palmtops instead of traditional bags with lots of heavy books.



C2: You have 40 minutes to do this task. Comment on the following statement.



Many cities in Europe do everything to promote bicycles as an ecologically clean type of transportation; however the governor of St. Petersburg signed a decree according to which bicycles will not be allowed in the city centre.


Do you agree that bicycles should be banned in the centre of St. Petersburg?


Write 200-250 words


Use the following plan:


1. Introduction. (State the problem)


2. Express your opinion and give reasons for it.


3. Give other people's arguments and explain why they are wrong.


4. Make a conclusion



In European cities people ride bicycles a lot because they are aware that bikes help to save fuel and reduce pollution in cities. However, the governor of Saint-Petersburg decided to ban bicycles in the city centre and I fully agree with it. I would like to explain my point of view on it.


In my opinion, the governor is absolutely right. In the first place, our roads are not adapted for biking as in Europe; they are too narrow and there are no separate lanes for bicycles. Moreover, bikes do not help the traffic situation but even sometimes make it worse as bicyclists often break traffic rules and cause accidents. In addition, the weather in St. Petersburg is not good for bicycle commuting. In winter roads are covered with ice, in autumn and in spring rains are frequent and roads are wet, so it is very difficult for cyclists to move.


On the other hand, some say that bikes are undoubtedly useful for our health, I can not agree with it completely as there are a lot of road accidents where cyclists are injured. Some people may argue that bikes are ecologically clean, but you can also put special purifying facilities on cars which are faster and more comfortable as transport.


To sum up, there are different points of view on this problem. I believe that bicycles should be banned in the city centre where streets are not specially created for them. As I see it, a bike is a kind of transport for short trips in the countryside.



Выбранный для просмотра документ план урока Документ Microsoft Office Word.docx

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План-конспект урока в 10 классе «Подготовка к ЕГЭ. Написание Эссе.

Тип урока: объяснение новой темы.


Цели урока:

- развитие коммуникативной компетенции учащихся средствами английского языка

- знакомство учащихся с экзаменационными стратегиями написания эссе .


Задачи урока:


- ОБРАЗОВАТЕЛЬНЫЕ:


1. Закрепление и расширение лексических навыков по теме «Social problems. Smoking».

2.Развитие навыков чтения.

3 Закрепление и расширение навыков выражения своего мнения по теме и умения вести дискуссию.

4. Познакомить учащихся с экзаменационными стратегиями, чтобы помочь им в дальнейшем сознательно выбрать предмет в качестве выпускного экзамена.


РАЗВИВАЮЩИЕ:

1 Урок направлен на развитие творческих способностей учащихся

2 Развитие интереса к изучаемому предмету

3.Развитие навыков критического мышления.


ВОСПИТАТЕЛЬНЫЕ

1 Сформировать личное отношение ученика к обсуждаемым проблемам.

2 Сориентировать учащихся в современной системе общечеловеческих ценностей.

Оборудование урока:


УМК п/р В.П.Кузовлева «Английский язык.10-11 класс». Книга для учащегося.

Мультимедийный комплекс.

Методические раздаточные материалы.


























Ход урока:


Warm up:



T:Good morning, my dear friends!

C: Good morning

Today at our lesson there are many guests. Please, turn to them and greet them

How do you do?

How are you today?

Fine, thank you. How are you getting on? Could be better.

Look! I’ve got interesting pictures for you. What can you see in these pictures?


Which picture do you like most of all and why?




Can you guess what shall we do at our lesson today?

I believe we shall write smth at the lesson.

And what can we write at our English lesson?

We can write a personal letter, an opinion essay, an


Essay “for”and “again”

I should say today we are going to practice in essay writing.


What will be the plan of our lesson today?

It seems to me first we’ll Learn the plan


Second Learn the instractions


Then discuss the content


After that Practice to use linking words


Finally Practice to write an introduction and Conclusion).


You are quite right. Let’s start.

Look at the screen and listen to me very carefully (discuss the presentation)


  • Comment on the following statement:

Television рlays an important role in everyday life. However some teachers think its influence upon children is negative, others don’t agree.

What can you say for and against the role of TV in children’s life? Choose the best introduction

(5 min)


It seems to me the best introduction is

Let’s work in groups. The first group your task is: You are going to write an essay: ”Is it better to be brought up in a big or in a small family?”

Divide these arguments into two groups

The second group your task is: You are going to write an essay: Should smoking be banned? Divide these arguments into two groups “FOR” “Against” smoking

(5 min)



I advise you to fulfilled the next task: You should Match the arguments with proper justifications/ And after that you should

Divide these arguments into two groups (Pros and Cons) (10 min)



18 .Let’s Match the introductions with proper conclusions (5 min)





23. Work individually. Lets Practice to use linking words. Put the linking words into the right column (5 min)




24,26 Fill the gaps with linking words. Work in pairs, please. (10 min)



5. Put the parts of the essay in the necessary order





Change your papers, check your answers.




Have you fulfilled the tasks?


I believe we have fulfilled the tasks of the lesson, because we have Learned the plan and the instructions ,discussed the content, Practiced to use linking words and Practiced to write an introduction and Conclusion).


What was easy for you? Which task was difficult for you?


It was easy for me to Learn the instructions.

It was difficult for me to Practice to write an introduction

It was difficult for me to Practice to write Conclusion

It was interesting for me to Practice to use linking words

What emotions do you feel?

Our lesson is over. Thank you for your hard mental work. Good bye.

I feel satisfaction, because I fulfilled the task.
















Выбранный для просмотра документ урок эссе.ppt

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 Написание эссе с выражением собственного мнения (Opinion essay)
Эссе - (франц. essai - попытка, проба, очерк, от лат. exagium - взвешивание),...
Структура эссе А) Вступление (Introduction) В) Главная часть (main body) C) З...
Вступление(Introduction) Чтобы заинтересовать читателя можно использовать сле...
Вступление Рассказать о существовании проблемы; Сказать о том, что проблема в...
Comment on the following statement: Television рlays an important role in eve...
Состоит из трех абзацев. В первом абзаце аргументируется точка зрения автора....
1) You never feel lonely 2) You can get more presents from your relatives 3)Y...
Key:1,2,3,7 4,5,6,8
Smoking is bad for health Many people consider smoking as a way of relaxing a...
KEY against Smoking is bad for health Smoking harms nearly every organ of the...
Match the arguments with proper justifications . Divide these arguments into...
Key: 1b 2f 3e 4a 5c 6d for:1,4,6 against:2,3,5  
Conclusion Последние несколько предложений в Вашем эссе являются крайне значи...
Introduction… 1 Did you ever dream of becoming a doctor when you were young?...
KEY 1B 2A 3 C
Introduction 1 Spending one's summer holiday climbing in the mountains of Tib...
KEY 1B 2C 3 A
Важно, чтобы текст был правильно построен с точки зрения логики. Для этого н...
Введение: The problem/issue/phenomenon of… is/appears to be/has always been…,...
Заключение: All in all, to sum up, In conclusion, in summary, in general, it...
However,	Finally, in spite of the, On the other hand, firstly,	What is more,...
Fill the gaps with linking words In many schools nowadays pupils study many f...
Key: 1b, 2a,3d.4c,5e,6g,7f
Nowadays the problem of smoking is very important. Almost everyone understand...
1However, 2 in spite of the , 3 firstly, 4Moreover, 5 Secondly, 6 Finally, 7...
A In its favour, firstly, it goes without saying that smoking is bad for heal...
1C 2A 3D 4B KEY
Критерии оценивания Содержание Организация сочинения Лексика Грамматика Орфог...
соответствие теме и ситуации общения, указанной в задании; правильность отбор...
логичность изложения материала; связность текста, т. е. использование союзов,...
точность выбора слов и выражений; правильность формирования лексических слово...
точность выбора грамматических конструкций; разнообразие используемых граммат...
ошибки в словах; правильное оформление начала и конца предложений (заглавная...
Good luck!
36 1

УЖЕ ЧЕРЕЗ 10 МИНУТ ВЫ МОЖЕТЕ ПОЛУЧИТЬ ДИПЛОМ

от проекта "Инфоурок" с указанием данных образовательной лицензии, что важно при прохождении аттестации.


Если Вы учитель или воспитатель, то можете прямо сейчас получить документ, подтверждающий Ваши профессиональные компетенции. Выдаваемые дипломы и сертификаты помогут Вам наполнить собственное портфолио и успешно пройти аттестацию.


Список всех тестов можно посмотреть тут - https://infourok.ru/tests

Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:

№ слайда 1
Описание слайда:

№ слайда 2  Написание эссе с выражением собственного мнения (Opinion essay)
Описание слайда:

Написание эссе с выражением собственного мнения (Opinion essay)

№ слайда 3 Эссе - (франц. essai - попытка, проба, очерк, от лат. exagium - взвешивание),
Описание слайда:

Эссе - (франц. essai - попытка, проба, очерк, от лат. exagium - взвешивание), прозаическое сочинение небольшого объема и свободной композиции, выражающее индивидуальные впечатления и соображения по конкретному поводу или вопросу и заведомо не претендующее на определяющую или исчерпывающую трактовку предмета.

№ слайда 4 Структура эссе А) Вступление (Introduction) В) Главная часть (main body) C) З
Описание слайда:

Структура эссе А) Вступление (Introduction) В) Главная часть (main body) C) Заключение (Conclusion) Постановка проблемы Выражение собственного мнения Аргументы подтверждающие собственную точку зрения Противоположное мнение Объяснить почему вы не согласны с противоположной точкой зрения Подведение итогов, обобщение, выводы

№ слайда 5 Вступление(Introduction) Чтобы заинтересовать читателя можно использовать сле
Описание слайда:

Вступление(Introduction) Чтобы заинтересовать читателя можно использовать следующие приёмы: 1) Ссылка на ситуацию или воображаемую сцену 2) Обращение напрямую к читателю 3) Риторический вопрос 4) Цитата

№ слайда 6 Вступление Рассказать о существовании проблемы; Сказать о том, что проблема в
Описание слайда:

Вступление Рассказать о существовании проблемы; Сказать о том, что проблема все еще существует; Выразить свое отношение к проблеме.

№ слайда 7 Comment on the following statement: Television рlays an important role in eve
Описание слайда:

Comment on the following statement: Television рlays an important role in everyday life. However some teachers think its influence upon children is negative, others don’t agree. What can you say for and against the role of TV in children’s life? Text 1 I think that children watch TV too much. They watch films for grown-ups and see a lot of violence and cruelty. They see guns and knives and learn how to use them. I think that such films as thrillers and horror films are not good for them. Text 2 TV plays a big role in the life of some people. Its one of the most important inventions of the 20th century. We can’t overestimate its role of modern society because it has greatly changed our life. Text 3 Nowadays television has become an important part of our life. We turn it on as soon as come home and never switch it off. So children watch everything that is on. Is it good or bad for them? Прочитайте три высказывания, выберите какое из них лучше подходит к заданию. Объясните, почему другие не подходят.

№ слайда 8 Состоит из трех абзацев. В первом абзаце аргументируется точка зрения автора.
Описание слайда:

Состоит из трех абзацев. В первом абзаце аргументируется точка зрения автора. Во втором абзаце приводятся аргументы другого мнения. В третьем абзаце объясняются причины несогласия с противоположной точкой зрения. Каждый аргумент подтверждается примером. Главная часть(Main body)

№ слайда 9 1) You never feel lonely 2) You can get more presents from your relatives 3)Y
Описание слайда:

1) You never feel lonely 2) You can get more presents from your relatives 3)You have more people to share secrets with 4) You don’t have to share your room with other brothers or sisters 5) You always have new clothes as they were not handed down from the elder children 6) You don’t have to share the toys with other brothers or sisters 7) You can play more interesting games which involve more people 8) Your parents are more attentive to your needs You are going to write an essay: ”Is it better to be brought up in a big or in a small family? Divide these arguments into two groups

№ слайда 10 Key:1,2,3,7 4,5,6,8
Описание слайда:

Key:1,2,3,7 4,5,6,8

№ слайда 11 Smoking is bad for health Many people consider smoking as a way of relaxing a
Описание слайда:

Smoking is bad for health Many people consider smoking as a way of relaxing and a good supplement for communication Women who smoke have certain pregnancy problems or having an ill baby The government would lose a lot of money from taxes on cigarettes For some people smoking brings a feeling of happiness, satisfaction Smokers often say that everyone must have individual freedom of choice- to smoke or not to smoke- and they can’t be lacking in this right Smoking workers spend a lot of time unproductive, often making «a smoking break»   Scientists claim that passive smoking is even more dangerous than real one because non-smokers breath deeper and suffer more Divide these arguments into two groups “FOR” “Against” smoking

№ слайда 12 KEY against Smoking is bad for health Smoking harms nearly every organ of the
Описание слайда:

KEY against Smoking is bad for health Smoking harms nearly every organ of the body Women who smoke have certain pregnancy problems or having an ill baby Scientists claim that passive smoking is even more dangerous than real one because non-smokers breath deeper and suffer more Smoking workers spend a lot of time unproductive , often making «a smoking break».   for The government would lose a lot of money from taxes on cigarettes Many people consider smoking as a way of relaxing and a good supplement for communication For some people smoking brings a feeling of happiness, satisfaction Smokers often say that everyone must have individual freedom of choice- to smoke or not to smoke- and they can’t be lacking in this right

№ слайда 13 Match the arguments with proper justifications . Divide these arguments into
Описание слайда:

Match the arguments with proper justifications . Divide these arguments into two groups (Pros and Cons) Arguments: 1 They are very convenient. 2 You can't travel with your friends. 3 They aren't as safe as cars. 4 They are cheaper to run than cars. 5 They can be quite uncomfortable. 6 You can get to your destination quickly and easily. Justifications: a .They use less fuel and need fewer expensive repairs. b. You don't need to rely on public transport, and you can park them easily. с . You can't sit back and relax on them and you're exposed in bad weather. d They travel as fast as cars and you never get stuck in traffic jams. e You aren't well protected and you can get badly hurt if you fall off. f There's only room for one passenger.  

№ слайда 14 Key: 1b 2f 3e 4a 5c 6d for:1,4,6 against:2,3,5  
Описание слайда:

Key: 1b 2f 3e 4a 5c 6d for:1,4,6 against:2,3,5  

№ слайда 15 Conclusion Последние несколько предложений в Вашем эссе являются крайне значи
Описание слайда:

Conclusion Последние несколько предложений в Вашем эссе являются крайне значимыми. Во-первых, они должны завершать Вашу мысль. Во-вторых, у читателя они должны оставить в памяти яркий след. Важно, чтобы вывод возвращался к главной идее. Другими словами, он должен содержать то, что было написано во введении.

№ слайда 16 Introduction… 1 Did you ever dream of becoming a doctor when you were young?
Описание слайда:

Introduction… 1 Did you ever dream of becoming a doctor when you were young? Although it can be a very rewarding career, being a doctor also has its drawbacks. 2 Imagine going to school all day long and then having to work as well. Many young people decide to attend school and have a part-time job at the same time. This can have both advantages and disadvantages. 3 Cooking is something that few of us have time to do in today's fast-moving world. But does eating out really have as many advantages as people think it does?... Conclusion A It is up to each individual to decide whether he or she would Benefit from working and studying at the same time. However, isn't it a pity that many simply have no choice due to poor financial situations? В On balance, the life of a doctor can be both exciting and very demanding. No t everyone is suited for it, especially as it is not a profession with room for mistakes. С All in all, while eating out does have its advantages, it is not something we should make a habit of. Perhaps we should all try to make time in our lives to eat properly. Match the introductions with proper conclusions

№ слайда 17 KEY 1B 2A 3 C
Описание слайда:

KEY 1B 2A 3 C

№ слайда 18 Introduction 1 Spending one's summer holiday climbing in the mountains of Tib
Описание слайда:

Introduction 1 Spending one's summer holiday climbing in the mountains of Tibet or white-water rafting may not be everyone's idea of fun, but adventure holidays are becoming extremely popular. They have both their good and bad points. 2 Becoming a vegetarian is a choice that many people are making after recent health scares. The question is, does being a vegetarian have a positive or negative effect on one's health? I believe that it can do more harm than good. 3 A scene unfolds before one's eyes of yet another miracle of nature: a baby elephant being born. If it were not for television, this is something we might never see and for this reason I feel that TV plays an important role in education.... Conclusion A To sum up, I believe that television should continue to play a role in education. Well- made programmers can give us a broader view of the world and can teach us about things which are outside our everyday experience. B All in all, whether you will enjoy an adventure holiday or not depends on the type of person you are. Taking holidays of this kind should be carefully considered, because they are not for the faint-hearted! C In conclusion, I feel that vegetarians could suffer from health problems if they do not have a healthy, nutritious diet. However, everyone must decide for themselves which lifestyle choice suits them best. Match the introductions with proper conclusions

№ слайда 19 KEY 1B 2C 3 A
Описание слайда:

KEY 1B 2C 3 A

№ слайда 20 Важно, чтобы текст был правильно построен с точки зрения логики. Для этого н
Описание слайда:

Важно, чтобы текст был правильно построен с точки зрения логики. Для этого нужно: Использовать слова-связки Правильно разделить текст на абзацы Слова-связки Linking words

№ слайда 21 Введение: The problem/issue/phenomenon of… is/appears to be/has always been…,
Описание слайда:

Введение: The problem/issue/phenomenon of… is/appears to be/has always been…, people always say/have always thought/ agreed/said/believed, it is a controversial/ burning/hot question…, there is a dispute/discussion/no agreement.. Основная часть: On the one hand… on the other hand; firstly, to begin with, secondly finally, in addition, besides, moreover, what is more, furthermore, however, despite this, in spite of this, in fact, as a result, conseqently.

№ слайда 22 Заключение: All in all, to sum up, In conclusion, in summary, in general, it
Описание слайда:

Заключение: All in all, to sum up, In conclusion, in summary, in general, it seems important to add/ point out/ remind that…, the issue/ debate is far from solving/ resolving yet, but… Другие выражения: One major advantage is.., As advocates of… claim/argue, there is a number of disadvantages/ weakness/ drawbacks/ downsides.

№ слайда 23 However,	Finally, in spite of the, On the other hand, firstly,	What is more,
Описание слайда:

However, Finally, in spite of the, On the other hand, firstly, What is more, Moreover, In addition, Secondly In conclusion, To my mind, It seems to me that, To sum up, All in all, to list points of view to add more points to express your opinion to contrast opinions to conclude

№ слайда 24 Fill the gaps with linking words In many schools nowadays pupils study many f
Описание слайда:

Fill the gaps with linking words In many schools nowadays pupils study many foreign languages. Learning foreign languages has become more popular now than it used to be. However some people think learning foreign languages is a waste of time. Are they right? I have a different point of view. 1 … it is very good to know a foreign language. There are several reasons why think so. 2 …, if you know a foreign language, you may have a better chance to make a good career finding a well paid work in a good company. 3 …, you can read books in original. Is not it pleasant to read a new book by a popular modern writer which has just been published? You can also read a scientific article for your work. 4 …, when travelling to other countries you are always able to solve all problems you may have. 5… , some people think that learning a foreign language is just a waste of time. They say that tourists are usually accompanied by guides who speak Russian 6 …, most important articles and books are translated into Russian and it is easier to read in your mother tongue. I don’t agree with this point of view. I prefer to be independent when I travel and too choose the books I want to read myself instead of waiting for them to be translated. 7 … I can say that it is important to know a foreign language and if you do not know any I would recommend you to start learning English as its spoken in many countries a) firstly; b) in my opinion; c) thirdly; d) secondly; e) however; f) in conclusion; g) furthermore.

№ слайда 25 Key: 1b, 2a,3d.4c,5e,6g,7f
Описание слайда:

Key: 1b, 2a,3d.4c,5e,6g,7f

№ слайда 26 Nowadays the problem of smoking is very important. Almost everyone understand
Описание слайда:

Nowadays the problem of smoking is very important. Almost everyone understands it. ­­­­1___________more and more people, mostly young ones, start smoking _2__________the warning lines on the pockets of cigarettes. To solve the problem is often suggested to ban smoking officially. There are both advantages and disadvantages of such a solution. Let’s begin with arguments for it.  In its favour, _3______, it goes without saying that smoking is bad for health. Smoking harms nearly every organ of the body.__4_________, women who smoke have certain pregnancy problems or having an ill baby._5____________, scientists claim that passive smoking is even more dangerous than real one because non-smokers breath deeper and suffer more._6_________, smoking workers spend a lot of time unproductive , often making «a smoking break».  _7________________, if authorities banned smoking, the government would lose a lot of money from taxes on cigarettes. _8___________, many people consider smoking as a way of relaxing and a good supplement for communication . For some people smoking brings a feeling of happiness, satisfaction._9___________, smokers often say that everyone must have individual freedom of choice- to smoke or not to smoke- and they can’t be lacking in this right. Finally, On the other hand, What is more, In addition However, in spite of the ,firstly, Moreover, Secondly, Fill the gaps with linking words

№ слайда 27 1However, 2 in spite of the , 3 firstly, 4Moreover, 5 Secondly, 6 Finally, 7
Описание слайда:

1However, 2 in spite of the , 3 firstly, 4Moreover, 5 Secondly, 6 Finally, 7 On the other hand 8 What is more 9 In addition KEY

№ слайда 28 A In its favour, firstly, it goes without saying that smoking is bad for heal
Описание слайда:

A In its favour, firstly, it goes without saying that smoking is bad for health. Smoking harms nearly every organ of the body. Moreover, women who smoke have certain pregnancy problems or having an ill baby. Secondly, scientists claim that passive smoking is even more dangerous than real one because non-smokers breath deeper and suffer more. Finally, smoking workers spend a lot of time unproductive , often making «a smoking break». B To sum up, I’d like to say that , in my opinion, our health is the most important thing not only for a personal life but for the state itself. Even though many people feel good about smoking and never admit that smoking is bad for health, it is necessary to point out that people do waste a lot of money on smoking which could be used for a good purpose. C Nowadays the problem of smoking is very important. Almost everyone understands it. However, more and more people, mostly young ones, start smoking in spite of the warning lines on the pockets of cigarettes. To solve the problem is often suggested to ban smoking officially. There are both advantages and disadvantages of such a solution. Let’s begin with arguments for it.   D On the other hand, if authorities banned smoking, the government would lose a lot of money from taxes on cigarettes. What is more, many people consider smoking as a way of relaxing and a good supplement for communication . For some people smoking brings a feeling of happiness, satisfaction. In addition, smokers often say that everyone must have individual freedom of choice- to smoke or not to smoke- and they can’t be lacking in this right.   Put the parts of the essay in the necessary order

№ слайда 29 1C 2A 3D 4B KEY
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1C 2A 3D 4B KEY

№ слайда 30 Критерии оценивания Содержание Организация сочинения Лексика Грамматика Орфог
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Критерии оценивания Содержание Организация сочинения Лексика Грамматика Орфография и пунктуация

№ слайда 31 соответствие теме и ситуации общения, указанной в задании; правильность отбор
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соответствие теме и ситуации общения, указанной в задании; правильность отбора материала, не давать информацию, которая не является важной и необходимой в данной ситуации; использование определенного стиля речи; соответствие высказывания заданному объему (200-250 слов) Содержание и полнота выполнения задания (3 балла )

№ слайда 32 логичность изложения материала; связность текста, т. е. использование союзов,
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логичность изложения материала; связность текста, т. е. использование союзов, вводных слов, местоимений и т. п.; деление текста на абзацы, наличие вступления и заключения. Организация текста (3 балла)

№ слайда 33 точность выбора слов и выражений; правильность формирования лексических слово
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точность выбора слов и выражений; правильность формирования лексических словосочетаний; грамотность словообразования; запас слов и разнообразие лексики (синонимы, антонимы, фразеологизмы). Лексическая грамотность (3 балла)

№ слайда 34 точность выбора грамматических конструкций; разнообразие используемых граммат
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точность выбора грамматических конструкций; разнообразие используемых грамматических средств; сложность используемых конструкций. Грамматическое оформление письма (3 балла)

№ слайда 35 ошибки в словах; правильное оформление начала и конца предложений (заглавная
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ошибки в словах; правильное оформление начала и конца предложений (заглавная буква, точка, вопросительный знак), запятая после вводных слов (Firstly, Moreover). Орфография и пунктуация (2 балла)

№ слайда 36 Good luck!
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Good luck!

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