- Учебник: «Английский язык», Ваулина Ю.Е., Дули Д., Подоляко О.Е. и др.
Цель урока: Систематизировать знания, умения и навыки речевой деятельности по теме «This is British Holidays and traditions.»
активизировать страноведческий языковой материал по теме “English Year”;
систематизировать знания учащихся о том, когда и как празднуются британские праздники;
расширить знания учащихся о праздниках, знакомя их с традициями проведения других народных праздников, характерных только для Великобритании;
воспитывать чувства уважения и доброжелательности к стране изучаемого языка и её народу, своим сверстникам;
развивать и поддерживать устойчивый интерес к английскому языку, речевую культуру и культуру общения друг с другом.
Магнитофон, микрофон, ИКТ с использованием слайдов к программе
« Power point», дидактический материал для индивидуальной и групповой работы, фото, иллюстрации.
Greetings, topic of the lesson
Teacher (T)- -Good morning, everybody.
Students (Ss)- (Good morning)
T-I haven't seen you for ages. I am glad to see you again. (We are glad to see you too.)How are you? (We are fine, thanks. And how are you?)I am fine, thank you.
Boys and girls, we have talked a lot about Great Britain. We have spoken about the political system in that country, about cities and towns, population, nature, geography, but I think you haven’t spoken enough about the national holidays, and traditions .Can you guess what topic we’re going to talk about?
Ss We can guess it, the topic for discussion today is «British holidays and traditions», isn’t it?
Teacher- Yes, you are absolutely right. Every nation and every country has its own customs and traditions In Britain traditions play the major role in the live of the people.
There are some holidays in Great Britain. They are the following:
1.New Year Day
6.Spring Bank Holiday
7.Summer Bank Holiday
9.Guy Fawkes Night
Today we are
going to take part in a programmer broadcasting on television.
Our students will take part in television programme that deals with facts, traditions and historical events. We’ll take part in teleconference. It’s a meeting held among the students in Moscow and in London, using an electronic communication system and sending information by television .The students of the UK are on BBC-1 channel now.
Presenter-(телеведущий) Dear friends! Our Culture Channel is the most interesting programmer on TV. On behalf of the participants, it’s my honor and duty to open the teleconference. Let me introduce the students. They are specialists on British history and traditions.
British Student (BS) - Hello everybody. Glad to meet you. It’s very good that you are interested in our history.
Presenter- I’m going to ask you each to make a very short presentation on British holidays and traditions for the Russian students. They are on the line.
RS( student from Russia) - What holiday would you like to tell us about?
Presenter- Our students will tell you about Halloween, Guy Fawkes Night and Christmas.
Now we shall
listen to the story of holiday. Many years ago people believed in witchers and
devils. Children put on masks and went to the streets. It was Halloween Day. We
celebrate that Day nowadays too.
Учащийся показывает слайд в программе «Power point» - тыкву со свечой внутри
RS When do people celebrate Halloween? -
BS-The last night of October was when people in pre- Christian Britain celebrated the beginning of their new year. They believed that on that night the spirits or ghost of dead people returned to frighten the living. At that time people were afraid and rarely went out on Halloween, but now it is a time for fun and parties.
RS- That is interesting to know. How do children usually dress up?
BS - Children usually dress up as ghosts and monsters and often wear masks to frighten their parents or friends. Some children also make special Halloween lanterns from a large vegetable called a pumpkin.
RS- How do the children make Halloween lanterns and how does the lantern look like?
BS-First, they take out the middle of the pumpkin. Then they cut holes for the eyes, nose and mouth. After that, they put a candle inside the pumpkin. Finally, they light the candle. In the dark room the lantern looks like the face of a ghost.
RS- I see. And why do children knock on people’s doors calling «trick or treat! »
BS- Since the 1980s an American Halloween tradition called «Trick or Treat » has become popular with British children, though not with most adults. Children dress up in Halloween costumes and knock on people’s doors calling «trick or treat! »
If you do not give them a small treat such as money or sweets they play a trick on you. This new Halloween custom is particularly unwelcome because the tricks the children play are frequently dangerous or destructive.
Presenter: How do the British celebrate Guy Fawkes Night and when?
BS4: Every year on the 5th of November British boys and girls take an old suit or an old pair of dad's trousers and stuff them with straw or newspapers. As the guy burn, fireworks are set off and everybody says a rhyme:
(показывается картинка и текст стихотворения на слайде для зрителей)
The fifth of November.
Gunpowder treason and plot.
We see no reason
Why gunpowder treason
Should ever be forgot.
Во время беседы между «диктором ТВ и специалистами показываются слайды по программе «Power point» с незнакомыми лингвострановедческими понятиями и фотографиями. Например, рисунок, изображающий взрыв, и подпись под ним - The Gunpowder plot, картинку с чучелом - The dummy is called a Guy; портрет короля Джеймса I - King James I; treason –измена.
BS-Listen, please. On November 5th 1605 a man called Guy Fawkes tried to kill King James and the members of his government. He and a group of friends who were all opposed to the King put a bomb under the Houses of Parliament.
RS- I find your story about Guy Fawkes are rather exciting. And what happened to him after that?
BS -However, the King’s soldiers discovered Guy Fawkes before he could set off the explosion. He was taken to the tower of London and executed.
RS- Such a sad story! I think a guy is simply a model.
BS- Certainly. But today, we still remember Guy Fawkes on November 5th, although not everyone remembers the political origins of the festival. All over Britain people built wood fires or ‘bonfires’ in their gardens and top of each bonfire they always put a ‘guy’. A guy is a model of Guy Fawkes, which children make from old clothes filled with newspapers. But before they burn the guy on bonfire they normally use it to make money.
RS-Really? How do they make money, I wonder.
BS- They show their guy to people passing in the street and shout «penny for the guy»! They use the money they collect to buy fireworks, which they set off as the bonfire burns. Occasionally, children are hurt in accidents with fireworks or bonfires on November 5th. Some people are worried about this, so Guy Fawkes Day bonfires are now often organized in public parks and stadiums rather than in private gardens. These organized bonfires may be safer but they are seldom as exciting as a fireworks party in your own back garden!
Presenter:- Thank you very much for this interesting talk
RS: There are a lot of public holidays in Great Britain. They are Christmas Day, New Year’ Day, St. Valentine’s Day, Mother’s Day, Pancake Day, St. Patrick’s Day, All Fool’s Day, Easter Day, Father’s Day, Halloween and others. But whish is the most popular?
BS: The most popular holiday is Christmas. The 25 of December is Christmas Day. It is a happy holiday for many people in different countries. Some weeks before Christmas English people are busy. They send greeting cards to all their relatives and friends. You can buy Christmas cards or you can make them. Many children make their cards at school.
RS: Oh, and what’s the traditions of celebrating?
BS: People buy a Christmas tree and decorate it with toys, coloured balls and little coloured lights. On Christmas Eve people put their presents under the tree. When children go to bed they put their stockings near their beds. At night Father Christmas comes. He has got a big bag of presents for children. He puts the presents into the children’s stockings. People open their presents on Christmas morning and they are happy with what they get. For Christmas dinner people eat turkey and the Christmas pudding. At five o’clock it’s time for tea and Christmas cake. On this day people wish their nearest and dearest a merry Christmas.
(показывается картинка и текст стихотворения на слайде для зрителей)
“Christmas Message”. (H.W. Longfellow)
I heard the bells on Christmas Day
Their old familiar carols play,
And wild and sweet
The words repeat
Of peace on earth, good will to men.
Teacher: Very good. Thank you very much for this interesting talk.
Boys and girls, we have talked a lot about Great Britain. We have spoken about the national holidays, and traditions. Thank you very much for this interesting lesson. Good bye.
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