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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Другие методич. материалы / План написания эссе для подготовки учащихся к ОГЭ

План написания эссе для подготовки учащихся к ОГЭ

  • Иностранные языки

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Задания на составление высказывания с элементами рассуждения


ENVIRONMENT

Comment on the following statement.

Is it fair to keep animals in zoos?

What is your opinion? Do you think that people should keep animals in zoos?

Write 200-250 words

Use the following plan:

  • make an introduction (state the problem)

  • express your personal opinion and give reasons for it

  • give arguments for the other point of view and explain why you don't agree with it

  • draw a conclusion

  • make an introduction (state the problem)

  • give arguments "for"

  • give arguments "against"

  • draw a conclusion based on the given arguments


TRAVEL AND TOURISM

Comment on the following statement.

In recent years tourism has really taken off. However, many people think that tourism ruins everything that it touches.

What can you say for and against tourism?

Write 200-250 words. Use the following plan:

  • make an introduction (state the problem)

  • give arguments "for"

  • give arguments "against"

  • draw a conclusion based on the given arguments


YOUNG PEOPLE IN MODERN SOCIETY

. Comment on the following statement.

Some people believe that modern teenagers are really awful. However, most teenagers think that they are criticised for no reason.

What is your opinion? Do you agree that teens are really so bad?

Write 200-250 words. Use the following plan:

  • make an introduction (state the problem)

  • express your personal opinion and give reasons for it

  • give arguments for the other point of view and explain why you don't agree with it

  • draw a conclusion

young people pay too much attention to their appearance and fashion.

What is your opinion? Do you care what you wear?

Write 200-250 words. Use the following plan:

  • make an introduction (state the problem)

  • express your personal opinion and give reasons for it

  • give arguments for the other point of view and explain why you don't agree with it

  • draw a conclusion

Примерные варианты сочинений с элиментами рассуждения.


There are a lot of zoos in the world and millions of people visit them every year. But are zoos harmful or helpful to animals which are caged there?

I strongly believe that we should not keep animals in zoos because captivity is not natural for them and it is a constant stress to a wild animal. Keeping animals in zoos harms them by denying them freedom of movement and association. What is more, zoos are like prisons for animals as they live in small cages and do not get necessary food. In addition, animals become very aggressive and unpredictable as they get older and often attack zoo keepers and other people.

However, most people think that zoos help endangered species survive. But this is not true because most rare animals are extremely difficult to breed in captivity. Besides, in zoos, it is almost impossible to meet the animals' natural needs. Another argument for keeping animals in zoos is that people learn something new about these animals. Actually, zoos do not teach us much because animals do not act the way they would in the wild. I think we can leam more about animals by watching wildlife programmes on TV.

In conclusion, I would-argue that zoos do not seem to help endangered species and keeping animals behind bars only for the sake of our entertainment is not quite fair. In my opinion, people must create nature reserves, where wild animals will be able to live in their natural environment.


It goes without saying that tourism can bring economic gain to the development of all countries. Nevertheless, some people think that the price for this development is too high. So is tourism a blessing or a curse?

On the one hand, tourism is extremely beneficial as it provides people with jobs and brings substantial profit for the country's economy. In addition, most of the money from tourism is spent on schools, roads, cultural development and maintenance of architectural sights, which otherwise would be in a sorry state. What is more, travelling is a part of people's education and it is a good way to broaden our minds. We may say that tourism brings cultures and people closer.

On the other hand, we must admit that tourism does have some disadvantages. To begin with, most popular resorts are polluted and litter has become a major problem. Besides, many ancient monuments are being destroyed by unstoppable march of tourism. To make things still worse, the historic centres of many great European cities, such as London or Rome, are fast becoming occupied by tourists with clicking cameras and left by all local residents except for the souvenir sellers.

In conclusion, I want to say that the problems caused by tourism are not something that cannot be solved or prevented. In my opinion, tourism should be given a humanistic direction. Personally, I am for tourism that minimises its own environmental impact, respects local cultures and human rights as well as promotes knowledge and understanding.


It is often believed that today's teenagers are much worse than they used to be in the past. However, are they really as bad as they are thought to be?

To my mind, teenagers are criticised for no reason. To start with, nowadays more teenagers leave school with good qualifications and go to universities than ever before. There are millions of young people who achieve great things and become successful. In addition, lots of teens do household chores, look after their younger siblings or have part-time jobs. More than that, a growing number of teenagers take part in different sports competitions and win medals.

Many adults criticise teens for having bad habits like drinking or smoking. They also believe that modern teenagers are cruel and aggressive. I do not think it is fair that all teenagers are being labelled as problem. Not everyone who is a teenager drinks and gets involved in fights. Very few of them think it is clever to go out and start fighting. Of course, there are some rebellious teenage subcultures, but they are opposed to the materialism in the society. In fact, most teens think about changing the world to the est.

To sum Up, the main reason for such unjust attitude to teenagers is the generation gap. It is difficult for adults to admit that teenagers have the right to have their own fashion, music and habits. Of course not all teens are ideal, but by and large they are no worse than their parents.


Автор
Дата добавления 08.11.2015
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Другие методич. материалы
Просмотров686
Номер материала ДВ-133887
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