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План открытого урока "The Past Perfect Tense"

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The plan of the lesson

Group: 3(9)a

Date: 27.09.2016

The theme of the lesson: The Past Perfect Tense

Aims of the lesson. Practical: To revise past tenses. To practise using the Past Perfect Tense. To

practise making affirmative, negative and interrogative form of past

perfect tense.

Educational: To motivate students’ by playing games.

Cultural: To develop their skills in grammar improving oral speech.

Type of the lesson: New lesson

Method of the lesson: Palmer’s method (direct method)

Literature: Practical course of English by V.D. Arakin. Grammar in use by R. Murphy.

Visual aids: Video material, games (JEOPARDY, BINGO), IPBOARD, computer, card.

The procedure of the lesson

  1. Organization moment.

  2. Greeting with duty.

  3. Warm – up: At previous lesson we have learnt about Past Simple and Past Continuous Tenses. So, let’s play a game “BINGO” to review these tenses. The first, I give you lottery of bingo. There are some words; you must make four sentences about Past Simple and Past Continuous Tenses. Let’s start. I’ll give you only three minutes to do it.

Answers: 1. Mozart wrote more than 600 pieces of music

2. He came at five o’clock.

3. It was raining at noon.

4. What was he doing at that moment?

  1. Explaining new theme: Let’s begin our lesson. All together open your books on page 233 write down the date and new theme. Today our new theme: The Past Perfect Tense. First of all, everybody look at the screen. Let’s watch a video material about The Past Perfect Tense’s rule.

The Past Perfect Tense


We use the past perfect to talk about a past situation or activity that took place another past situation or activity, or before a particular time in the past:

Jo discovered that Leslie had lied to her.

Past

Leslie lied Jo now

discovered

As Mary shook Mr. Morgan’s hand, she realized she had seen him before.

Past


Mary saw Mary now

Mr. Morgan realized


The past perfect is formed by means of the Past Indefinite of the auxiliary verb to have and Participle II of the notional verb. In the interrogative form of the auxiliary verb is placed before the subject. In the negative form of the negative particle not is placed after the auxiliary verb. For example:

I had worked

He had worked

She had worked

We had worked

You had worked

They had worked

Had I worked?

Had he worked?

Had she worked?

Had we worked?

Had you worked?

Had they worked?

I had not worked

He had not worked

She had not worked

We had worked

You had not worked

They had not worked


The contracted affirmative forms are: I’d written.

We’d written.

The contracted negative forms are: I hadn’t written.

We hadn’t written.

The negative-interrogative forms are: Had you not written?

Hadn’t you written?

  • Have you understood? Ok, let’s doing exercises.

Exercise 1. Complete the sentences below with the simple form of past perfect.


Начало формы

He ____________ (leave) when I arrived.

 

He had left when I arrived.

1.

I thought I knew her. I thought I (see) her before.

2.

He (drive) only twice in his life before the accident.

3.

Bonny no longer had her car. She (sell) it.

4.

I saw Annabel last week. She (change) a lot.

5.

Terry wasn't at home He (just go) out.

6.

I tried to find Mr. Jones but he wasn't around. Then I found out he
(die).

7.

He didn't need to borrow the car because he (have) his bike repaired.

8.

Jenny (just get) home when the phone rang.

9.

The new restaurant wasn't open any longer. It (close) down.

10.

He fed the cat because no-one (feed) it for days.


Answers: 1. had seen 6. had died

2. had driven 7. had had

3. had sold 8. had just got

4. had changed 9. had closed

5. had just gone 10. had fed


Ok, all together look at the screen of your computers. There is a quiz about Past Simple and Past Perfect.Начало формы Let’s do…

Q1 - By the time we ____, everyone had left.

arrived
had arrived




Q2 - I _____ a long time ago.

finished
had finished
Either could be used here.

Q3 - By that time, everybody ____ exhausted.

was
had been
Either could be used here.

Q4 - She told me she ____ it ages ago.

did
had done
Either could be used here.

Q5 - I ____ of it until you mentioned it.

didn't hear
hadn't heard

Q6 - I ____ enough time to finish the exam.

didn't have
hadn't had
Either could be used here.

Q7 - If I ____, I'd have helped.

knew
had known
Either could be used here.

Q8 - If I ____, I'd tell you.

knew
had known
Either could be used here.

Q9 - No sooner ____ than I realized what was going on.

did I arrive
had I arrived
Either could be used here.

Q10 - Until last month, I _____ it before.

didn't try
hadn't tried


Answers: 1. arrived

2. either could be used here

3. was

4. either could be used here

5. hadn’t heard

6. didn’t have

7. had known

8. knew

9. had I arrived

10. hadn’t tried


Exercise 2. Making the positive or negative forms of Past Perfect Tense

  1. When I arrived at the cinema, the film (start).

  2. She (live) in China before she went to Thailand.

  3. After they (eat) the shellfish, they began to feel sick.

  4. If you (listen) to me, you would have got the job.

  5. Julie didn’t arrive until after I (leave).

  6. When we (finish) dinner, we went out.

  7. The garden was dead because it (be) dry all summer.

  8. He (meet) her somewhere before.

  9. We were late for the plane because we (forget) our passports.

  10. She told me she (study) a lot before the exam.

  11. The grass was yellow because it (not/rain) all summer.

  12. The lights went off because we (not/pay) the electricity bill.

  13. The children (not/do) their homework, so they were in trouble.

  14. They (not/eat) so we went to a restaurant.

  15. We couldn’t go into the concert because we (not/bring) our tickets.

  16. She said that she (not/visit) the UK before.

  17. Julie and Anne (not/meet) before the party.

  18. I (not/have) breakfast when he arrived.

  19. He (not/use) email before, so I showed him how to use it.

  20. You (not/study) for the test, so you were very nervous.

Answers:

Exercise 3. Complete the questions in Past Perfect Simple. Let’s do it in oral form.

  1. (what / Bob / do) that he was kept in after school?

  2. (you / eat) anything before you went to the theatre?

  3. (he / live) in London before he moved to Glasgow?

  4. (she / find) a new job by that time?

  5. (they / book) a room before they went to Dublin?

  6. (how often / you / ring) the bell before he answered the door?

  7. (why / they / have) dinner before they came to the party?

  8. (Carly / wash) the dishes when her mum came home?

  9. (you / read) the contract before you signed it?

  10. (who / live) in the house before we moved in?


Answers:

Ok, I divide you into two groups. Let’s play a game “JEOPARDY”.

(After game, I give out for students cards)Начало формы

Working with cards: Put the verbs into the correct form (past perfect simple).

  1. The storm destroyed the sandcastle that we (build) .

  2. He (not / be) to Cape Town before 1997.

  3. When she went out to play, she (do / already) her homework.

  4. My brother ate all of the cake that our mum (make) .

  5. The doctor took off the plaster that he (put on) six weeks before.

  6. The waiter brought a drink that I (not / order) .

  7. I could not remember the poem we (learn) the week before.

  8. The children collected the chestnuts that (fall) from the tree.

  9. (he / phone) Angie before he went to see her in London?

  10. She (not / ride) a horse before that day.

Answers:

  1. Conclusion: Did you understand about Past Perfect Tense? Ok, I give out a paper and everybody must write two sentences. First group your theme is “My last weekend” and second group, your theme is “My last summer holiday”. I give you only five minutes to write down about it. If you have finished, come here and read your sentences sitting on this chair.



  1. Giving the homework: Ex. 9 p.241 and review the rule of Past Perfect Tense.





  1. Evaluation.

The lesson is over. Good bye!Конец формКонец формы

Конец формы


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Дата добавления 06.10.2016
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Другие методич. материалы
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