Разработка урока по английскому языку
“Conquest of Great Britain.”
в 7a класce
Основные цели; расширение кругозора; знание исторических реалий страны изучаемого языка
- выявить страноведческую информацию из аутентичных источников;
- знать тематическую лексику;
- понимать высказывания собеседника и извлекать необходимую информацию, связанную с ситуацией общения;
- участвовать в обсуждении в связи с услышанном, увиденном, прочитанном.
Тип урока: урок-обобщение
T: Today we are going to finish our work with the theme “The history of conquest of Great Britain”. Many lessons were devoted to discussing the topic. While working we discussed lots of historical events and problems, learnt a plenty of facts about the history of the people whose native language we learn. You’ve also learnt a great amount of new words and now you are able to discuss in English many problems on this topic. Our lesson today is concluding on this topic, so, I invite you to plunge into the atmosphere of Ancient Britain. Let’s remember what have we learnt from the history of this wonderful country.
1. Who were the first inhabitants of British Isles?
2. Who invaded British Isles in AD 43?
3. Which Roman emperors brought their armies to Great Britain?
4. Who came after Romans?
5. Who invaded Britain in 1066?
6. Who were the sea rovers which ravaged British Isles?
Your hometask for today was to find some extra information on these historical events.
T: First we’ll tell about Roman invasion.
P1: More than two thousand seven hundred years ago Celts came to Britain from Europe. They mixed in with the people who were -already there. All who lived in Britain were called Britons. They divided into groups called tribes, each tribe had its king or queen. The Romans attacked Britain in 55 ВС Consul Julius Caesar had brought the army of 10,000 men.
The Britons fought desperately but they were much weaker than the well trained Romans, and soon fled. After the victory Julius Caesar soon left Britain. The real invasion took place only AD 43, when the Roman Emperor, Claudius decided to make Britain part of the Roman Empire. An army of 40,000 Roman soldiers landed in Britain (Kent). Britain became part of a huge Roman Empire, which stretched from what is now the north of England to the Red Sea. Many Britons had to accept the Roman way of life, though some of them tried to resist the enemies. The fighting continued for almost twenty years after the Roman invasion. The Romans won many victories, and it was clear that nothing could stop them.
Of course the Roman soldiers were much better equipped than Boadicea1 s men, and they were much better trained too. But she led her soldiers into the battle herself, and when the military situation was almost hopeless she encouraged her men to fight. She had a lot of success at first.
Her army burned some Roman cities and even London. They destroyed an entire legion. Other tribes joined Boadicea and soon she had a huge army of 100,000 soldiers. The Romans wanted to catch her, because she led the resistance to their conquest of In the end the Roman army was too strong for her rather wild and ragged band of men. They were surrounded, and had to give in. Queen Boadicea had to face the prospect of becoming a prisoner of the Romans. She was a brave woman, and a Great War leader, and she didn't like the prospect at all. She also had two daughters who had been with her during the fighting, and she knew they couldn't expect much mercy from the Roman soldiers when they were caught.
She decided that death would be better for her and her daughters than the dishonor and bad treatment. The history books tell us that first she gave them poison and then took it herself, and when the Roman soldiers reached her, she was dead. There is a monument to queen Boadicea in London.
Questions: 1) Boadicea was a queen, wasn't she?
Whom did Boadicea fight against?
Did she lead her soldiers into the battle herself? Why did she do it?
She had a lot of success at first, didn't she?
Why did the Romans want to catch her?
Why did Boadicea have to give in?
What can we read in history books about Boadicea's death?
Is there a monument to Queen Boadicea in London?
T: The next to conquer Great Britain were Germanic tribes. You are welcome to the world of Anglo-Saxons.
After the Roman legions left Britain the Celts remained independent but not very long. The islanders were in great danger and had to defend themselves against Picts and Scots. The Britons quite forgot by those time how to fight all together, they were used that the Romans took care of them.
In great despair the Britons called to their strongest enemies who were Germanic tribes from the continent. The tribe called Jutes came very soon from the Jutland Peninsula. Then other Germanic tribes - the Saxons and the Angles began to migrate to Britain. It was the migration of people, bringing their language and customs. They began to migrate in huge number and conquer the country. The British natives fought fiercely against the invaders. And it took more than a hundred and fifty years for the Angles, the Saxons and the Jutes to conquer the country. It was only by the beginning of the 7-th century that the invaders managed to conquer the greatest part of the island. In the course of the conquest many of the Celts were killed, some were taken prisoners and made slaves.
Although the German invaders occupied most of the British Isles, certain areas remained unconquered. They were Wales, Cornwall, the northern part of Britain, Ireland. Many of the Celts who survived after the attacks of the Germanic tribes fled to these parts of the country. Thus the Celtic culture continued to exist in these parts of Britain. The northern part of Britain was the home of the Picts and Scots. After the conquest of the Picts by the Scots in the 9-th century this northern territory came to be called Scotland and a united Scottish Kingdom was formed in the 11-th century. The British Celts tried to check the Germanic tribes. In the course of the struggle of the Celts against the Anglo-Saxons many legends and stories came to light of which most famous are the tales of the King Arthur and his knights of the Round Table who defended Christianity against the heathen Anglo-Saxons.
The Anglo-Saxon controlled the central part of Britain which was described as England while the romanized Celts fled West and North taking with them their culture, language and Christianity.
The Anglo-Saxons were pagans and worshipped different gods. Their names are reflected in the names of the days of the week. Tiu (Tuesday) was the god of war, Woden (Wednesday) was the supreme god and the god of kings, Thor (Thursday) was the god of storm, Frigga (Friday), Woden’s wife, was the goodness of nature and love, Saturday was named after Saturn, a Roman God, Sunday meant the Sun’s day.
In 597 The Roman Pope sent about forty monks to Britain to convert the Anglo-Saxons to Christianity. Then Christianity spread among the Anglo-Saxons.
Tuesday - Tue
god of war
Wednesday - Woden
the supreme god
Thursday - Thor
god of storm
Friday - Frigga
goodness of nature and love
Saturday - Saturn
T: Say true or false?
1. German invaders came from Britain.
2. Anglo-Saxons were Christians in the fifth century.
3. British natives fought fiercely against the invaders.
4. Celts were Druids in the fifth century.
5. Certain areas of Britain remained unconquered.
6. The Roman Pope converted the Anglo-Saxons to Christianity.
The Norman invasion of Britain
P3: The last time that England was successfully invaded was in 1066. This is one of the most famous dates in English history. William, the Duke of Normandy, began to gather an army to invade Britain. His aim was to get to the English throne. William promised land to all who would support him, and there were many fighting men who were ready to join William’s army.
William gathered a big army consisting not only of the Normans but of the knights from other parts of France. In October 1066 William crossed the Channel and landed in the south of England. The battle between the Normans and the Anglo-Saxons took place at a small village near the town of Hastings. The Norman army was larger in number and much better trained. Their military tactics were unknown in England.
The Anglo-Saxon army lead by Harold was small and poorly armed. Besides, King Harold’s power over the Anglo-Saxons was weak. The battle was close and extremely bloody, it went on all day. At the end of it most of the best warriors in England were dead, including King Harold. As a result of a single battle, the Normal leader, Duke William of Normandy, became king of the whole of England. He is known as «William the Conqueror. » He ruled England for 21 years.
P4: The Norman Conquest brought about very important changes in the life of the Anglo-Saxons. William declared that all the lands in England belonged to him. Under William many castles were built in different parts of the country, they were all royal castles. But the new masters of the country were strangers. They had different manners, customs and laws. They spoke a different language which common people didn’t understand. There were two different languages spoken in the country at the same time, the official language was Norman-French. It was the language of the ruling class. Common people spoke English. As time went by, the Normans mixed with the Anglo-Saxons, and the two languages gradually formed one English language.
1.What was the name of conqueror of England?
b) William the Conqueror
2.Where from did Normans came?
3.When did Norman invasion take place?
4. Where did the main battle take place?
5. How long did William the Conqueror rule England?
a) 21 years
b) 15 years
c) 25 years
T: Let’s play a game!
1. You came to Britain in 55BC.You have army of 10 000 men. You have a lot of success at first. You are a famous Emperor. Who are you?
2. You came to Britain in the fifth century. You are a barbarian, you are pagan. The name of your tribe became the name of land you conquered. Who are you?
3. You are Duke. You are cousin of Edward the Confessor. You speak French, you hate Englishmen and English language. Who are you?
4. You are from Scandinavia. You are tall, strong and brave. You are a sea rover. You came to Britain by sea. Who are you?
T: So our lesson is coming to an end. I hope you will remember main dates and events in the history of Great Britain.
Thank you for your good work today. The result of this is your knowledge and successful answers during the lesson. It was a real pleasure to work with you. All of you have got five marks for your answers.
I don’t give any homework. The lesson is over. You may be free.
|Включите уведомления прямо сейчас и мы сразу сообщим Вам о важных новостях. Не волнуйтесь, мы будем отправлять только самое главное.|