The plan of the lesson
The theme of the lesson: The British Parliament.
Aims of the lesson. Practical: To develop their skills in improving oral speech.
Educational: To revise parts of Britain. To practice about British Parliament.
Cultural: To motivate students by watching video material and retelling.
Type of the lesson: New lesson
Method of the lesson: Palmer’s method (direct method)
Literature: Country study, Internet materials.
Visual aids: Video material, IPBOARD, slides, book, lecture.
The procedure of the lesson
Greeting with duty.
Checking homework: At previous lesson we have learnt about Parts of Britain. I divided
you into four groups and give to make a presentation about parts of
Britain. For example: I group: England
II group: Scotland
III group: Wales
IV group: Northern Ireland. Ok, let’s begin…
Warm – up: All together look at the screen. Let’s watch a video material. So, what do you think about this video? What about this video?
(After watching video students give their own answers about video)
Explaining new theme: Let’s begin our lesson. All together write down the date and new theme. Today our new theme is British Parliament. First of all, I’ll give you some kinds of figures, and you must take one of these figures. If everyone has taken, I divide you into four groups. I group: hearts, II group: stars, III group: squares, IV group: emoticons. And, let’s count from 1 till 6. №1 you are lectors, number №2 you will be a researcher, №3 you will be a question maker, №4 you are link finder, №5 you will be a painter, №6 you are communicators. I’ll give you some information (lecture) about British Parliament and 15 minutes to read and work with your roles.
Lectors you must read this text, lecture about British Parliament. What do you think or what about is this text? You may add additional materials about British Parliament.
Researchers you must research this text. You should research in details.
Question makers you must make a question using this text, question about our new theme.
Link finders you must find linkers. For example: spirituality of the theme.
Painters you must draw a picture of the text and speak about this drawing.
Communicators you must communicate about the policy of Kazakhstan and compare with Britain.
The British Parliament.
The British Parliament consists of two houses – The House of Lords and The House of Commons. The British Parliament has been called the Mother of Parliaments because many of the world’s legislatures have copied features from it. The House of Commons has 659 members, elected from the four main political units that make up the United Kingdom. Elections to the House of Commons are an important part of Britain’s democratic system. The House of Lords consists of around 1270 non-elected members. Its main legislative function is to examine and revise bills from the commons. It also acts in a legal capacity as the final court of appeal.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a constitutional monarchy. The monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, is the head of state. The monarchy in Britain can be traced back about 1200 years, although its role has changed significantly. The monarch must approve all bills passed by the Parliament before they become laws. The queen also has a weekly meeting with the prime minister to discuss public affairs. The queen’s chief public role is to attend ceremonial state occasions and to represent the United Kingdom in visits throughout the country and the world.
The United Kingdom is both a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy. The Parliament, the chief lawmaking body of the United Kingdom, meets in London. The Parliament consists of the monarch, the House of Commons and the House of Lords. Queen Elizabeth II acts as head of state, but a group of senior members of parliament called the Cabinet actually governs the United Kingdom. The prime minister leads the government.
The Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain or Lord Chancellor is a senior and important functionary in the government of the United Kingdom. He is the second highest ranking of the Great Officers of State. The Lord Chancellor is appointed by the Queen on the advice of the Prime Minister. The Lord Chancellor is a member of the Cabinet and is responsible for the efficient functioning and independence of the courts. One of the Lord Chancellor’s responsibilities is to act as the custodian of the Great Seal. The Lord Chancellor is also the chairman of the House of Lords. He sits on the woolsack, a large bag of wool covered with red cloth. It shows that wool made England rich.
Contrary to what the title would imply, the Speaker of the House of Commons does not speak – that is, he or she does not speak – that is, he or she does not make speeches or take part in debates. Officially the Speaker is the chairman of the House. That role is now largely ceremonial and today the Speaker’s central function is to maintain order in a debate. The Speaker is elected by all the members of the House of Commons. He belongs to one of the political parties in Parliament, but he never votes with other members. However, when the votes are equal, he votes with the government.
The members of the House of Commons meet in sessions which begin at the end of October and last for about one hundred and sixty days. The sittings usually begin at 10 o’clock in the morning and end in the late afternoon. All the time the Parliament is in session, a flag can be seen over the building, and when the House of Commons is still sitting after dark, there is a light over the face of Big Ben. The members of the House of Commons sit on two sides of the hall, because they traditionally represent the two major political parties. The prime minister and Cabinet members sit on the front bench on one side of the chamber. The leading members of the largest opposition party sit on the front bench on the other side.
The House of Commons consists of 659 elected members called Members of Parliament or MPs. Its main purpose is to elected for a period of 5 years. MPs can belong to different political parties, and the government of the country is formed by the party which has the greatest number of members (MPs) elected to Parliament.
The two largest political parties in the United Kingdom are the Conservative Party and the Labour Party. The Conservative Party developed from the Tory Party, which began in the late 1600s. the Labour Party began in 1900. Much of its support comes from labour unions, called trade unions. A third party, the Liberal Democrats, was formed in 1988. Other parties in the United Kingdom include nationalist parties in Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales. They favor independence from the United Kingdom.
The Liberal Party started in the mid-nineteenth century as a successor to the historic Whig party. ‘Whig’ was originally a Scottish term applied to horse thieves. In the late 18th century the Whig Party represented those who wanted electoral and parliamentary reforms. However the term “Whig” is seldom used today. By 1839 the term Liberal Party was being used and the first Liberal government was formed in 1868. In 1988 the old Liberal Party and the Social Democratic Party merged into a single party called the Liberal Democrats.
The Conservative Party dates back to the Tory Party of the late 18th century. This broadly represented the interests of gentry and merchant classes. The name Conservative was first used in January 1830 – “conservative” because the Party aims to conserve traditional values and practices. The Conservative Party today is the leading right – wing party. The term “Tory” is still used today.
The prime minister is usually the leader of the political party that has the most seats in the House of Commons. After each general election, the monarch ceremonially appoints the prime minister and asks him or her to form a government. The prime minister then picks a special group of about 20 ministers to make up the Cabinet. The prime minister is the head of the government.
The form of the government of the country is constitutional monarchy. Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom is queen of Canada. She is the official head of the state. The queen, on the recommendation of Canada’s prime minister, appoints a governor general who acts as her representative. However, the governor general performs only certain formal and symbolic tasks. Actually the prime minister directs the government.
Did you understand about Britain’s Parliament? If it is clear for you everybody look at the screen. There are questions about British Parliament. Let’s write their answers on the blackboard and put down your copy books
How many houses British Parliament consists? Two houses – the House of Lords and the House of Commons.
Who is the head of the state in Britain? Queen.
Who is the chairman of the House of Lords? Lord Chancellor.
Who is the chairman of the House of Commons? Speaker.
How many sites the members sit in the House of Commons? On two sites of the hall.
What does abbreviation “MP” stand for? Member of Parliament
What are the name two major British political parties? The Labour Party and
The Conservative Party.
What is the name of Liberal Party? The Whigs.
What is the name of the Conservative Party? The Tories.
Who is the head of the government in the United Kingdom? Prime Minister.
Conclusion: If you understood, everybody take piece of paper and write down some information about British Parliament. You must write one or two sentences. I’ll give you only three minutes to write about it. If you have finished, crumple up your papers, then throw each other your papers and read your group-mate’s sentences.
Giving the homework: To read and retell the lecture about British Parliament.
The lesson is over. Good bye!
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