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План урока Present Simple, Present Continuous, Present Perfect

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Lesson Plan

Year: 1 University: NVSU Date: February 9, 2015

Teachers: 2

Topic: Present Simple, Present Continuous, Present Perfect

Objects: 1) to revise Present Simple, Present Continuous tenses so that students could form all types of sentences of these tenses

2) to present Present Perfect so that students could recognize this tense in texts and use this tense in all types of sentences

Visuals: tables (Present Simple, Present Continuous), blackboard, flashcards, copies with exercises.

Language: tables and grammar exercises.

Blackboard:



The 9th of February

Present Simple Present Continuous







Present Perfect








Brief Notes:

I. Entry – 2 min.

1) Greeting –1 min.

2) Giving the lesson plan – 1 min.

II. Follow up Activities – 87 min.

1) Revising Present Simple and Present Continuous – 33 min.

- filling tables – 3 min.

- students’ explanations of the Present Simple, students’ examples – 5 min.

- teachers’ adding – 5 min.

- students’ explanations of the Present Continuous, students’ examples – 5 min.

- teachers’ adding – 5 min.

- doing exercises – 10 min.

2) Revising state verbs – 11 min.

- revising state verbs – 3 min.

- reading examples – 3 min.

- doing the exercise – 5 min.

3) Presentation of a new grammar item (Present Perfect) – 43 min.

- teachers’ explanations the rules, giving examples – 20 min.

- doing exercises – 23 min.

III. Closure – 1

1) Giving homework for the next lesson – 0,5 min.

2) Rounding off and saying good bye – 0,5 min.

Procedures:

I. Entry ( Warming-up Activities)

  1. Greeting 8:30

T1,2: Good morning, dear students. Nice to see you. We’re fifth-year students of our university. We are going to be your teachers during this double period. My name is Alina Igorevna. And my name is Victroria Valeryevna. TT

2) Giving the lesson plan 8:31

T1: Let’s start our lesson, revise grammar tenses which you learnt last semester and learn new one Present Perfect. At first, we start our lesson with Present Simple and Present Continuous. TT

II. Follow up Activities 8:32

1) Revising Present Simple and Present Continuous

- filling tables

T1: Now you should divide into two groups. Both groups should fill gaps in Present Simple and Present Continuous tables. (a teacher gives tables to two groups) T→Sts

T1: OK. Let’s check. The first tense is the Present Simple. How do we form this tense?

- students’ explanations of the Present Simple, students’ examples 8:35 Sts→T

St1: In affirmative sentences for pronouns I, you, we, they we use the infinitive. For example: We go to the university every day.

St2: And for pronouns he, she, it…we add –s to the verb. For example: He goes to the university every day.

T1: And negative sentences in Present Simple...

St3: We use the auxiliary verbs don’t/ doesn’t. For I, you, we, they we use don’t. For example: We don’t like fish. They don’t study French.

St4: And for he, she, it we use doesn’t. For example: She doesn’t wear dresses. He doesn’t buy expensive books.

T1: What about interrogative sentences?

St5: To form the question we use the auxiliary verb do/does. We use do I, you, we, they. For example: Do we go to the university every day? Yes, we do/ No, we don’t. And does for he, she, it.

St6: And we should remember that in interrogative questions with pronouns he, she, it we don’t add the ending –s to the main verb. For example: Does he go to the university every day? Yes, he does/No, he doesn’t.

T1: If we have question words such as why, where, when?

St6: We put these words on the first place and then we put auxiliary verb do/does. For example: When do we go to the university? Where does he go every day?

T1: If we want to form subject question…

St7: we put who/ what on the first place and then the main verb with ending –s. For example: Who goes to the university every day? Who cooks dinner for you every day?

T1: Great. Do you remember what time expressions we use in the Present Simple?

St8: Always, usually, every day/week/month, on Mondays/Tuesdays, in the morning/afternoon/ evening, at night/ weekend, etc.

- teachers’ adding 8:40 T→Sts

T1: In the Present Simple we have some other types of question. The alternative question with the conjunction or. For example: Does he go to the university or college? Do they live in England or Scotland?

T1: Next question is tag question. If the main sentence is affirmative, in the tag we use don’t/ doesn’t. For example: You live in Spain, don’t you? He works in this office, doesn’t he?

T1: If the main sentence is negative, the tag is affirmative. For example: They don’t have a big house, do they? She doesn’t study History, does she?

T1: Well done. Do you know when we use Present Simple? (A teacher puts flash cards with right answers on the blackboard. If students keep silent, teachers start to give a hint)

St1: We use Present Simple when we talk about facts, things that are always true or for routines and habits.

T1: Good. For example?

St2: I always wake up at seven o’clock.

T1: Right. Я всегда просыпаюсь в 7 часов, то есть действие происходит регулярно постоянно. In what other cases we can use Present Simple?

St3: The Present Simple is used for general truths and laws of nature.

T1: Yes. For example?

St4: It rarely rains in the deserts.

T1: Youre right. В пустынях дождь идет редко. Есть наречие частотности rarely. Other cases?

St5: When we speak about timetables or TV programmes.

T1: Very good. For example?

St6: The plane to London takes off at 6 p.m.

T1: Right. Самолет приземляется в 6 часов в Лондоне. Это его расписание. Он всегда приземляется в это время. And one more is sport commentaries, reviews and narration. For example: He kicks the ball and passes it to Peter (sport commentary) – Он пинает мяч и передает его Питеру. Действие идет одно за другим. Такое мы можем услышать в спортивных комментариях.

T2: Well done. Let’s revise the Present Continuous Tense. We translate this tense as Настоящее продолженное. How do we form Present Continuous?

- students’ explanations of the Present Continuous, students’ examples 8:45 Sts→T

St1: In affirmative sentences with pronounce I we put am, with pronounce he, she, it we put is and with pronouns you, we, they we put are. For example: He’s swimming now. They’re playing chess at the moment. (a teacher writes the example on the blackboard)

T2: Negative questions?

St2: In the negative sentence we add not to verb to be. For example: They aren’t organizing this party. He isn’t doing the shopping at the moment.

T2: What about interrogative sentences? General questions?

St3: In the interrogative sentences we put the verb to be on the first place. For example: Is he swimming now? Yes, he is/ No, he isn’t.

T2: If we have question words such as what, where, when, how …

St4: we put the question word on the first place, then verb to be, and then subject and after that the main verb with –ing. For example: What is he playing now? Where are they going on holidays?

T2: If we want to form subject question…

St5: We put who/ what on the first place and then is and the main verb with ending –ing. For example: Who is playing in the garden now?

T2: In the Present Continuous we use the following time expressions…

St6: Now, at the moment, these days, at present, tonight, nowadays, still, etc (a teacher puts flash cards with the Present Continuous time expressions on the blackboard).

- teachers’ adding 8:50 T→Sts

T2: Great. If we talk about alternative question, we use the conjunction or. For example: Are you playing chess or darts? Is he reading a book or watching TV?

T2: Next question is tag question. If the main sentence is affirmative, in the tag we use the verb to be in the negative form. For example: You are cooking dinner, aren’t you? She is meeting with her friend now, isn’t she?

T2: If the main sentence is negative, the tag is affirmative. For example: You aren’t cooking dinner now, are you? She isn’t meeting with her friend now, is she?

T2: T2: And when do we use the Present Continuous Tense? (A teacher puts flash cards with right answers. If the students keep silent, teachers start to give a hint)

St1: For action taken place now.

T2: You’re right. For example?

St2: She’s reading a newspaper right now.

T2: Great. Она сейчас читает газету. Есть слово right now – сейчас. Other cases?

St3: When we want to express our irritation/ annoying actions

T2: OK. For example?

St4: You’re always interrupting me.

T2: Yes. Ты всегда перебиваешь меня. Я высказываю недовольство. One more?

St5: For the near future events.

T2: Well done. For example?

St6: Jack is flying to Milan in an hour.

T2: OK. Джек летит в Милан через час. Это ближайшее будущее, у него в руках билет, он стоит в аэропорту. Он точно улетит в Милан. And also we can use the Present Continuous for changing or developing situations. For example: More and more forests are disappearing because of fires.

- doing exercises 8:55 Sts→T

T2: OK. Let’s do some exercises. (a teacher gives 2 exercises for Present Continuous to the students)

T2: Great. And now we are going to work with the exercises where we should put Present Simple and Present Continuous. (a teacher gives 2 exercises for the Present Simple and the Present Continuous to the students)

2) Revising state verbs 9:05 T→Sts

- revising state verbs

T1: Very good. Also you should know that in English we have state verbs. These verbs don’t normally have continuous tenses, because they describe a state rather than an action. For example:

1) Verbs which express likes and dislikes: like, love, hate, dislike, enjoy, prefer et c.

2) Verbs of perception: believe, know, notice, remember, forget, recognize, understand, release, seem, think, etc.

3) Verbs of the senses: see ,hear, feel, taste, look, smell, sound.

4) Some other verbs: be, contain, sit, include, matter, need, belong, cost, owe, mean, own, appear, want, have (possess), etc. ( a teacher puts flash cards on the blackboard)

- reading examples 9:08 T→Sts

T1: But as you know some state verbs have continuous tenses such verbs as think, taste, see, look, smell, feel, be, have but there is a difference in the meaning. ( a teacher gives copies to the students with examples, together we read the examples with explanations)

- doing the exercise 9:11 Sts→T

T1: OK. Let’s do the exercise where we should put the verbs into the Present Simple or into Present Continuous. ( a teacher gives the copies to the students)

3) Presentation of a new grammar item (Present Perfect) 9:16 T→Sts

- teachers’ explanations the rules, giving examples

T2: And now you know Present Simple, Present Continuous and let’s learn Present Perfect. We translate this tense as Настоящее совершенное. We use this tense when we want to describe an action which started in the past and continuous up to the present. For example: He has been a car salesman since 2010 – Он продавец машин с 2010 года. С 2010 года он работает продавцом машин и до сих пор им является.

T2: For actions which happened at an unstated time in the past. The exact time is not mentioned because it is not important. We put more emphasis on the action. For example: Kate has bought a new car – Кейт купила новую машину. Когда купила, где купила – нам не известно, нам важен результат – новая машина.

T2: We use Present Perfect for actions which have recently finished and their results are visible in the present. For example: They have done their shopping – Они закупили продукты. Нам не важно когда и где, мы видем, что у них в руках пакеты, то есть видим результат.

T2: And one more aspect is the sentences with words today, this morning/ afternoon, etc. when these periods of time are not finished at the time of speaking. For example: He has made ten pots this morning – Он сделал 10 горшков сегодня утром. При этом утро еще не закончилось, возможно, он сделает еще 5 штук.

T2: How do we form Present Perfect? In the affirmative sentences we put the auxiliary verb have/has with pronounces I, you, we, they we put have, with pronounces he, she it we put has and past participle. We form the past participle of regular verbs by adding –ed to the verb. For irregular verbs we see the third column of the list of irregular verbs. For example: I have bought a present. She has already eaten her lunch.

T2: In the interrogative sentences we put have/has before the subject. For example: Have they read the book? Has she read the book?

If we have question words such as what, where, when, how we put the question word on the first place, then the verb has/have, then subject and after that the main verb with adding –ed or the verb in the third form. For example: How long has she been an air hostess? When have they been in Moscow?

T2: If we want to form subject question, we put who/ what on the first place and then has and the main verb with ending –ed or putting the verb in the third form. For example: Who has ever been in London? Who has bought this game? Who has played this role?

T2: Another type of question is the alternative question. For example: Have you known him for six or seven years? Has she been in Japan or in China?

T2: Next question is tag question. If the main sentence is affirmative, in the tag we use the verb hasn’t/haven’t. For example: He has published a book, hasn’t he? They have known him for 7 years, haven’t they?

T2: If the main sentence is negative, the tag is affirmative. For example: He hasn’t published a book, has he? They haven’t known him for 7 years, have they?

T2: To form a negative sentence we put not between has/have and the past participle. For example: He hasn’t repaired the TV yet. They haven’t seen this film yet.

T2: We can define Present Perfect tense by following time expressions: how long, for, since, lately/recently, already, yet, just, always, ever, never, so far. Let’s look at these examples (a teacher gives copies with Present Perfect time expressions to the students).

Students with teachers read examples and translate them.

- doing exercises 9:36 Sts→T

T1: OK. Let’s do some drilling exercises for Present Perfect (a teacher gives copies with exercises to the students).

T1: Great. And now let’s do some exercises for Present Simple, Present Continuous and Present Perfect (a teacher gives copies with exercises to the students).

III. Closure 9: 59 T→Sts

1) Giving homework for the next lesson

T1,2: Good. You’re home assignment is these copies.

2) Rounding off and saying good bye

T1,2: Thank you for your work. We hope you liked this double period and good luck in grammar. Good bye.





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