Theme: Multilingualism is a way of freedom
1. Students will be able to define moral equity, public evidence, and accountability.
2. Students will be able to research for evidence.
3. Students will be able to express their ideas through discussion.
Resolution: An expression of opinion (for this exercise the resolution should include the word “should” but should not necessarily have the federal government as the actor).
Affirmative Team: The side in a debate that supports or attempts to prove the resolution true.
Negative Team: The side in a debate that opposes or attempts to disprove the resolution.
Format: World Schools Debate
Aspandiyar (A1): Dear audience, participants and honorable jury, good afternoon!
Asem (A2): Our debate today is devoted to “Multilingualism is a way of freedom”. Aspandiyar can you explain what multilingualism is?
(A1): Multilingualism is the act of using, or promoting the use of, multiple languages, either by an individual speaker or by a community of speakers.
(A2): Ok, thank you for your explanation! Some people can agree, but other people disagree with our today’s theme that Multilingualism is a way of freedom.
(A1): Yes, you’re right. Now, let’s start our debate! We welcome you to enjoy the discussion of this interesting theme.
(A2): How about you? Do you agree with the idea?
(A1): I think it will be better to give a chance to our debaters! But before starting our debate I want to introduce our VIP I mean judges:
(A2): Thank you very much for your coming! And do not forget to tell about to debate do’s:
Be polite and courteous.
Be respectful and supportive of your opponents.
Avoid in appropriate noises.
Allow others to express their opinions; do not monopolize the debate.
Use grammatically correct language.
Speak clearly, slowly, and loud enough to be heard by the audience.
Speak with passion and excitement.
When debating anything, its important to keep cool!
Good luck, debaters!
2. Main part. Debate Procedure.
Time-Keeper: So let me open the debate. The motion multilingualism is a way of freedom! It is proposed by the first team. So, the floor is given to P1. Time: 4 minutes.
1. Proposer 1
Good afternoon, Honorable Jury, Time-Keeper. Good afternoon, dear opponents.
Let me introduce myself and my team. The first speaker of P1. The second speaker in our team is P2. And the third speaker is P3.
Since the 2007-2008 academic year of the Republic of Kazakhstan
on the basis of the order №387 in August 7, 2007 by the Ministry of Science
there was a decision about multilingual education for gifted children. In today's world, there is over 7000 languages and learning at least one will help you in life massively. It is necessary to learn foreign languages. That's why pupils have got such subject as a foreign language at school. Everybody knows his own language, but it is useful to know foreign languages. We live in a multilingual world that is becoming increasingly globalized and it is therefore very important to know more than one language. Language is what makes us human. It is how we share our thoughts with the world. A world without language is unthinkable, without it there would be no way to communicate and express ourselves. The more languages you know, the more ways you have to communicate and express yourself. This is why learning many languages should be important, and why one language simply won’t do. Although it has been proven that it is easier for children to learn a second language, it is certainly never too late to learn, and the benefits definitely reward the effort and dedication.
Also, getting to a comfortable speaking level in a foreign language is a great motivator to get you out there and practicing your new language in a new country.
As you begin to learn a second language, you’ll find that the acquisition techniques you’re using can be applied to learning additional languages as well.
The positive cognitive effects of learning to speak a second language can train the brain to analyze and process different linguistic structures. It’s not specific to your first target language — it’s a skill that can be applied to learning any language.
(A1): Time is over. Thank you. The motion is opposed by the second team. The floor is given to O1. Time: 4 minutes.
2. Opposer 1
Good morning, Honourable Jury, Time-Keeper and dear opponents!
I’d like to introduce myself and our team. I’m O1, the first speaker. This is O2, the second speaker and O3 is our third speaker.
We agree with the statements given by the speaker P1. But we can’t agree with the motion of the debate.
In 2007, by order of the president of Republic of Kazakhstan – Nursultan Abishevich Nazarbayev, in 2033, multilingual education will be introduced in all state schools. It is said that the study of English language – is the proof of successful integration in global economics. But there is a bad side that we ignore.
A large amount of money is given by our government to paying for study exchanges between Kazakhstan and other countries. What if they put this money into development of our own education system.
On 26 July 2010, the Minister of culture of Kazakhstan Mukhtar Kul-Muhammed said: "the implementation of the set tasks will allow to achieve by 2020, the decisive results: the proportion of Kazakhs know the state language will grow from 60 to 95 %", "proportion of Kazakhs who speak Russian, will be at least 90 %, now it is 89 %. The proportion of Kazakhs who speak English, will be about 20 %".
• On 4 August 2011 the Ministry of culture of the Republic of Kazakhstan has prepared the bill, stating that: the appeals(complaints) to the state authorities and the responses from public agencies on appeals of individuals and legal entities and other documents, accounting and statistical, financial, technical and other documentation in the system of state bodies of the Republic of Kazakhstan, all records of public bodies must be in the Kazakh language(note the word "necessarily"). And maintain accounting and statistical, financial, technical and other documentation in the organizations of the Republic of Kazakhstan made a reservation, this information is provided in the Kazakh language, and only "if necessary" — in Russian. Name of legal. persons and objects since the adoption of the law will be given only in the Kazakh language. In education, the number of Kazakh groups and classes should not be less than 50 % (in kindergartens, schools, vocational schools, higher, secondary and post-secondary schools, proprietary).
• September 6, 2011 public figures demanded that the President of Kazakhstan to eliminate from the Constitution the paragraph about the use of the Russian language on a par with state — Kazakh. Signatory: co-Chairman of the ANSDP "Azat" Bulat Abilov, the Chairman of the party "AK Zhol" Satiraev, Hero of the Soviet Union pilot-cosmonaut of the Tohtabaev, people's artist of Scruples, Chairman of the green party "Rukhaniyat" Sericeomollis, as well as writers, publicists, and many others.
• December 14, 2012, "Kazakhstan by 2025 intends to translate the alphabet from Cyrillic to Latin," said the President of the country Nursultan Nazarbayev, speaking Friday at the solemn meeting devoted to the 21st anniversary of the independence of the country. "Now is the time to start the preparatory work for the translation by the year 2025 the Kazakh alphabet to Latin graphics", — said Nazarbayev. According to Nursultan Nazarbayev, the Kazakh Latin alphabet "in the Language of modern information." By that time, in 2025 the Kazakh language should become common and dominant in all spheres of life.Начало формыКонец формы
In conclusion I’d like to say that while we are learning the English language, our native language will be lost. It can be predicted from the example of Russian language. While Kazakhstan was being a part of Soviet Union, Russian language successfully entered our territory. The education was transferred into Russian, and now not only the youth, but also some adult people prefer Russian to Kazakh.
Now all the TV channels and radio stations broadcast in Russian. The youth visit only Russian and English sites, listen only to Russian and English music. A threat of dying of our mother tongue has already appeared. What will be, if we add one more language? It will be a huge load on minds of Kazakh students. Therapists and neurologists say that in aftermath it will cause a big damage on health of children, and not only physical, but psychological also.
A2: Time is over. Thank you. The floor is given to the P2. Time: 4 minutes.
Proposer 2 (4 minute)
Being fluent in a second language offers numerous benefits and opportunities. Learning a second language is exciting and beneficial at all ages. It offers practical, intellectual and many aspirational benefits.Whatever your age, being bilingual certainly has its advantages, especially in today's global society. Here are the top benefits of learning a second language:
In today's business dominated society, being bilingual can only be an advantage and gives you a competitive edge when searching for jobs.Companies who plan to expand into overseas market are constantly looking for bilingual staff, who of which are well-paid and receive excellent benefits, as they will ultiamtely give the company a huge competitive advantage.According to Eton Institute’s Language Development in the Workforce survey (September 2014), 89% of our clients stated that multilingual employees add value to the workforce and 88% stated that recruiting team members with language skills is important to their organization. A multilingual ability is definitely a competitive edge in today’s world.
Medical studies has shown the positive effects learning a second language has on the brain. Studies by York University showed that learning a second language significantly delayed the onset of many brain related diseases such as Alzheimer and dementia, compared to those who can only speak their native tongue.
One of the most phenomenal benefits of learning a new language? Doors are opened to you around the world. If you’re learning in a group setting, you immediately have new friends to share your new language with. If not, then once you go somewhere and are actually able to employ what you’ve learned, you’ll be surprised how open people are when you speak their mother tongue.
Austrian philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein is credited with saying that “the limits of your language are the limits of your world,” and he was right.
Knowing more than one language opens up your vacation destination possibilities. Traveling through a foreign country becomes much easier if you can speak the language of that country. Fluency isn’t required. Locals anywhere appreciate that you’ve taken the time to at least attempt to learn and communicate in their tongue. It shows a greater level of respect and is an easy way to meet new people.
You’re increasing your ability to replicate the process with multiple languages. This is called “metalinguistic awareness,” where your brain learns to identify the techniques of learning a language and break them down into a series of steps. After learning one language, you retain the muscle memory. Your brain will intrinsically understand how to learn a language and how different languages are structured, through increased awareness of syntax, grammar and sentence structure.
Researchers are also concluding that multilingual speakers are more creative than monolingual speakers. Learning a foreign language improves not only your ability to solve problems and to think more logically, it also makes you experiment with new words and phrases.
Use it or lose it. How many times have you heard that phrase? It is a simple fact – the more the brain is used, the better its functions work. A new language requires not only familiarity with vocabulary and rules, but also being able to recall and apply this knowledge. Learning a language gives your memory a good work out in the brain gym. This means that multilingual people have brains that are more exercised and quick to recall names, directions, facts and figures.
As a result of higher cognitive skills, studies show that the benefits of learning a new language include higher scores on standardized exams in math, reading comprehension and vocabulary by multilingual students compared to the scores of monolingual students. Children may ask why they have to learn this language, but parents and teachers know better! Language skills boost your ability to do well in problem-solving tasks across the board, a fact recognized through compulsory foreign language learning curriculum in schools.
You could run into a person of another culture that speaks another language almost anywhere and it will help if you can communicate with them. You may be able to help them if they need directions or something of that sort or maybe even show them around town.
A1: Time is over. Thank you. The floor is given to the O2. Time: 4 minutes.
Opposer 2 (4 minute)
“The computing, physics, chemistry, biology will be taught in English in the senior classes”, said Minister of Education and Science of Kazakhstan Aslan Sarinzhipov. I’m against his words because educational system of our country is not ready to make considerable changes at the present time. Some reasons of this are a luck of English teachers, no special linguistic schools in villages where English is taught profoundly, the knowledge of English of students who study in secondary schools is not satisfactory to learn the subjects in English(it is judging by my friends), even the number of universities where English is taught is very few. And there is a question: what does the student do on the lesson: learn new material or translate new words? It is the difficulties, now I will talk about the disadvantages of multilingualism.
The first argument. Let’s take the Kazakh-Turkish lyceum as an example. All subjects are taught in English there. As a result, the students are not ready for national testing in the eleventh grade because they don’t understand the school program in Kazakh language and they have no time to improve their knowledge. It is one simple example.
The second argument. One more example I want to prove that I’m against this idea. My cousin, the student of the fifth grade, studies in lyceum in the city of Almaty. He has learned English since the first grade. French since the third and Chinese since the fifth grade. Every summer we revise all material studied for the last year with him, and every summer I come to a conclusion that he doesn’t know normally any of these languages. Maybe it influences mentality of the child, maybe everything presses him, but it is definitely clear that it doesn’t bring him benefits, we think that the child is developing, actually all the information is mixed up in his head and he is not developing. It’s the consequence of multilingualism. We started trilingualism, don’t achieving bilingualism and the students don’t know well all three languages.
A2: Time is over. Thank you. The floor is given to the P3. Time: 4 minutes.
Proposer 3 (4 minute)
We live and work in the century when the knowledge of language is so important.
As this application, our president proclaimed about that Kazakhstan must be regarded as a high-educated country all over the world the population of which speaks in three languages, Kazakh language as a state language, Russian as a language of international communication and the last, English as a language of successful integration into global economics. Nowadays, multilingual education in the Republic of Kazakhstan is one of the main trend in the system of higher education. It is explained with that our country is multicultural. Knowledge of language is one of the factors which influences to the development of our coutry. It is known for all of us that only the state can successfully develop and blend well if there is provided several languages. In our country there live such nations like Korean, Turkish, Tatars and so on. By this way we show our great respect to each language and nation.
Travel and leisure Learning a new language opens up a world of new opportunities. If you choose to learn a commonly spoken language, such as Spanish, French or German, you can travel practically anywhere in the world and not have trouble with translations.
You can confidently go about your business and in another country and speak freely to locals and other travelers. You will have a much better experience as you can effectively communicate with much more people, which will ultimately open up your mind and put things into different perspectives regarding the different cultures of the world.
Improved first language as we go about our everyday lives, we rarely give a second thought to our own grammatical structure and vocabulary. However, when learning a new language, many people find they have a greater understanding of their first language.
Learning a second language focuses your attention on the grammatical rules constructions of that language. This experience gives people a new insight into their own language and ultimately leads to them improving their mother tongue, which will improve their everyday lives.
Achievement. Learning a new language is a an achievement anyone can be proud of and is extremely satisfying. Once the hard work and effort has paid off, you will experience the many benefits associated with learning a new language and you will have a new found confidence.
Learning a new language will open up our world in ways a monoglot would never have the chance of experiencing. Your mind will be constantly be engaged and you will gain an insight into many different cultures. Learning a second language also makes it easier to learn a third, which will certainly broaden your horizons.
Experience new cultures the world is a cauldron of rich and interesting cultures. Learning a new language allows you to access many different cultures across the world.
You will have the chance to see fascinating new things from a new perspective, which not many people can, and connect with the new people all over the world.
Different culture has its own music, style, history, literature and many more interesting things which you will be able to enjoy and understand. You will be able to connect through books, TV, the internet and converse with a whole countries worth of people, ultimately broadening your horizons, interests and views. A whole new world will be open to you.
The mind becomes keener. A study conducted in Spain showed that polyglots, or multilingual people, have alert and keen minds. They easily spot anything that is irrelevant or deceptive. The study was conducted comparing multilingual and monolingual subjects; and the former notably had the edge. The discipline that they developed in studying an unknown subject has molded them to become more perceptive. Thus, they learn to be critical-thinkers.
A1: Time is over. Thank you. The floor is given to the O3. Time: 4 minutes.
Opposer 3 (4 minute)
(A2): While our participants prepare their reply speech, we will work with the audience.
(A1): I’m pretty sure that they have some questions on the theme and our speakers will answer them. Let’s start.
Q1: Can you prove that studying three different languages won’t destroy our mother tongue?
Q2: How can you solve the problem of shortage of specialists and books in secondary and countryside schools?
Q3: Do you know, why English has become so popular and international language?
Q4: Why Kazakh can not become equal language as English?
(A1): ok, time is limited. I hope the audience are satisfied with answers.
(A2): Time is up. The floor is given to the first speaker of Opposers’ team to make a conclusion. Time: 4 minutes.
(A1):Thank you very much for your participation! It was unforgettable debate!
Now, it is time to summarize the debate and make conclusions!
(A2): Judges, you are welcome!
After the debate, the jury summarized the debate.
Time – keeper:
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