План-конспект урока английского языка в 7 классе
Тема: «Protection of the environment (Защита окружающей среды)»
Тип урока: урок закрепления изученного материала.
Форма урока: урок-презентация.
Цель: знакомство с экологическими организациями, их действиями, экологическим воспитанием, действиями граждан по охране природы.
учебный аспект - совершенствовать грамматические навыки употребления в речи страдательного залога в настоящем времени (Present Simple Passive);
догадываться о значении незнакомых слов по контексту;
развитие умения аудировать с целью извлечения конкретной информации;
развитие речевого умения (монологическая форма речи);
формировать умения и навыки учащихся вести беседу, высказывая свое мнение по теме.
Умение работать в команде;
воспитательный аспект - прививать школьникам любовь и уважительное отношение к природе, ответственности к экологическим проблемам, формирование потребности в участии сохранения природы, бережное отношение ко всему окружающему тебя.
развитие способности к сравнению, умозаключению;
развитие способности восприятия и применения грамматических структур, формулировать выводы и высказывать своё мнение на изучаемом языке.
Методы: словесный, наглядно-иллюстративный, частично-поисковый, фронтальная беседа.
Формы работы: индивидуальная работа, работа в парах, группах.
Оборудование: карта "Environmental Problems of Our Town", фотографии, репродукции картин с изображением природы, ИКТ, аудиозапись, картинки-схемы.
Введение в тему урока.
1. Т: Good afternoon. Today we are going to discuss the problem of environmental protection.
You know that people all over the world are worried about our environment. Today the ecology is very important. Children, do you know what does the word "ecology" mean?
Ecology is a science about nature and about relation of man with it.
Practically, it is a science studying whether we, human being, keep our common house, our planet Earth, in a good state and how we use the gifts it is giving us: water, air, land, plants, animals and minerals.
Ecology is a science which studies the relationship between all forms of life on our planet with its environment.
Children do you know what the main environmental problems are?
Air pollution, smog, water pollution, destruction of natural resources.
The ozone layer protects the world from the sun's rays. The chemical used in aerosol cans, refrigerators, and other products are destroying this layer.
The factories burn coal to produce the energy that keeps our light on. That burning coal causes the greenhouse effect (парниковый эффект) and acid rains (кислотные дожди).
2. The Earth is our environment. Land, air, water are important for flowers, trees, animals, birds, fish and people. If we are not worried about the Earth, some ecological problems appear:
Air and water are polluted
Forests are cut down
Animals are damaged
Wildlife is disturbed
Litter is put into water
Health is spoiled
The water is polluted.
But what is happening now? With AIR, WATER and LAND. Let us make some conclusion (summarizing)!
WHAT ARE THE RESULTS OF OUR INFLUENCE ON THE ENVIRONMENT?
We pollute the air. - We change the climate.
When the air is polluted the climate is changed.
We leave a fire. - We destroy the forest.
When the fire is left the forest is destroyed
We throw away plastic bottles. - We damage nature.
When the plastic bottles are thrown away nature is damaged.
We leave litter in the forests. - We hurt animals.
When litter is left in the forest animals are hurt.
We break trees. - We disturb birds.
When the trees are broken birds are disturbed
We throw litter in the rivers and seas. - We cause water pollution.
When litter is thrown in the river and seas water pollution is caused.
British and American children learn a lot about the environment at school.
All of them remember the three R's:
What can or must we
reuse? (использовать заново)
THE MATCHING. Let us look and check your ideas! Let’s divide into three groups and work into your groups thinking how we can help our nature using the rule of three R’s. I give you 3 minutes to discuss these questions into your working groups and then you’ll write your answers on the whiteboard. Each working group will have its own name. So the first group’s name will be “Reuse”, the second one will be “Reduce” and the third one will be “Recycle”.
Now, the time is over and let’s answer the questions:
What can or must we reuse? (Children go to the whiteboard and write down their answers: We must reuse glass bottles. We must reuse paper. We must reuse paper and plastic bags).
What can or must we reduce? (Children go to the whiteboard and write down their answers: We can reduce using electricity. We can reduce using water).
What can or must we recycle? (Children go to the whiteboard and write down their answers: We must recycle cartons. We can recycle newspapers. We must recycle paper. We can recycle plastic containers).
All these actions help us to reduce pollution, deforestation and not to damage the nature.
The pause to relax:
Sit comfortably. Close your eyes.
Breathe in. Breathe out.
Let’s pretend it`s summer. You are lying on a sandy beach. The sun is shining. The sky is blue. The weather is fine. The light wind is blowing from the sea. The birds are singing. You have no troubles. No serious problems. You are quite. Your brain relaxes. There is calm in your body. You are relaxing. Your troubles flout away. You love your relatives and friends. They love you too. You are sure of yourself, that you have much energy.
You are in good spirits.
Open your eyes. How do you feel?
P.1 I feel relaxed.
P.2. I feel well and ready to work.
T. Let’s continue our work then. There are over 300 nature centres in British cities. There are a lot of environment groups: Friends of the Earth, Greenpeace and others. What are these groups' concerns? Translate their mottoes!
Let’s talk about these environmental groups:
It is an international environmental organization, started in the 1960s in Canada. It has a policy of non - violent direct actions. Greenpeace message is "When the last tree is cut down and the last fish killed, the last river poisoned, then you will see that you can't eat money."
Friends of the Earth (the FOE)
It is an environmental pressure group. This organization was founded in the UK in 1971. The aim of the group is to protect the environment. The main concerns are air, sea, and river and land pollution; recycling, etc. "Friends of the Earth" has branches in 30 countries.
The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds
The RSTB (The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds) is a voluntary organization in Britain. It was founded in 1889 with the aim of protecting wild birds. The society has over 200,000 members.
The Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals
The RSPCA (The Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals) is an organization in Britain. The members of this organization protect animals.
10. Are you worried about nature?
The Earth is more than the place we call home. The Earth is our environment. It means that the land, air, water and wildlife that surround us affect the way we live. And the way we live affects the natural world outside our front door. A lot of people understand this and see urgent environmental problems. 52% think that water pollution is a problem. 43% think that when trees are cut down it is a problem. Air pollution is a problem for 32%.
11. Who is in Charge of the Planet? Children, do you like our country and our district? Do you want to see our motherland clean and tidy?
A lot of people think about the future of the planet. Some people take care of animals, others take care of birds, others are in charge of forests. Our Russia is nice and beautiful. It is large. There are some ecological problems in our area. What are they?
P1: I want to be first. Paper comes from trees. If we don't recycle paper, a lot of trees are destroyed. The countryside is spoiled. People cut down trees. Fires are started. We like flowers very much, but people shouldn't pick wild flowers. If trees are destroyed and people pick flowers and grass, birds and animals may disappear.
P 2: We throw away too much and in the wrong place. We leave litter near the river. The water is polluted and the fish in the river die. Local industry pours its waste into the rivers. The cleaning structures don't work well. People, help to keep all water clean!
P3: We should keep Rostov district tidy. It is our home. We must take care of it for ourselves and for future generations. There are many rare animals in our peninsula. Children from our school know them well because we have an excellent school museum. It's wonderful. Children, take care of birds and animals!
P4: Most of our lakes and rivers are rubbish near our town. I think that our factories and people do it. They throw away chemicals, old things, paper, clothes, toys, bottles and plastic bags. Maybe they don't know the 3R rules: reduce, re-use, and recycle. It's a pity! People, take litter home!
12. T: We've already spoken about ecology and the importance of keeping the environment clean. Pollution is getting worse and worse. But don’t you think that our school is also our environment? And it also needs our support. What can we do to keep our school, i.e. our environment clean and healthy? Now please discuss it in your working groups, and then let’s talk about it and write it down on the whiteboard.
- We must take second pair of shoes to school
- We must clean our classroom after the lessons
- We mustn’t throw paper bags, apple cores etc.
- We must keep our school clean!
T: Our short discussion is over. I'm sure that you're real friends of our planet. We all must do what we can to keep the air, water and land clean. You know that people all over the world are worried about our environment. The issue of ecology is important.
Homework: p. 81, ex.2, 3