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Цели Учебный аспект - совершенствование иноязычной коммуникативной компетенции школьников, что достигается за счет создания условий для дополнительной речевой практики продуктивного и рецептивного планов; систематизации и актуализации языковых, речевых знаний, навыков и умений; а также путем привлечения новых аутентичных материалов, отвечающих возрастным особенностям и интересам старшеклассников; увеличения в связи с этим количества изучаемых тем, предметов речи, видов и типов текстов, развитие и совершенствование навыков и умений устной и письменной речи, отправной точкой для самостоятельных личностно-ориентированных высказываний. Воспитательный аспект - формирование умения анализировать и давать оценку поступкам и событиям Социокультурный аспект-знакомство с системой образования США. Задачи развитие специальных учебных умений, обеспечивающих освоение языка и культуры: поиск и выделение в тексте новых лексических средств, соотнесение средств выражения и коммуникативного намерения автора, анализ языковых трудностей текста с целью более полного понимания смысловой информации, группировка и систематизация языковых средств по определенному признаку (формальному, коммуникативному), интерпретация лингвистических и культуроведческих фактов в тексте; анализ грамматических форм; увеличение объема лексических единиц для рецептивного и продуктивного усвоения. Цели и задачи урока
1. Where is your school situated? 2. What kind of a person is your form-mistress? 3. Is your school rather big? 4. How many floors are there? 5. Is there a library? 6. What do the classrooms look like? 7. Do you like your school? 8. How does the school look like? 9. What classrooms are there? 10.Where do all the celebrations take place? 11.Where can pupils go in for different sports? Warm-up activities
1. Live and learn. 2. Scientist- the way to skill. 3. The lesson the best wealth. 4. Education brings a child the world . 5. Learn young, learn fair. 6.Learn wisdom by the follies. Phonetic drills. Now watch the presentation “Education in the USA” Now watch the presentation “ Education in the USA”
The USA does not have a national system of education. All educational matters are left to states. 50 per cent of funds for education come from state sources, about 40 from local funds, and only 6 per cent from the federal government. There are two major types of schools in the USA— public which are free, and private, or fee-paying. Four of five private schools are run by churches and other religious groups. Education in the USA
Elementary education starts at the age of 6 and continues till 10-11 years. Secondary education is provided from the age 11 — 12. Intermediate school includes grades 6 through 9 for ages 11-12 up to 14—15. A senior high school may include grades 9—10 through 12. A senior high school may be comprehensive, general or vocational. A comprehensive school offers a broad program of academic and vocational education, a general school offers a more limited program.
. A vocational school focuses on vocational training with some general educational subjects. All such programs — academic, technical, or practical are generally taught under one roof. Nevertheless, many students of high school don't finish it. 1 per cent of American citizens at the age of 14 can neither read, nor write. High school students who wish to attend a college or a university go through one of the two standard tests — SAT (Scholastic Aptitude Test) and ACT (American College Test). They are given by non-profit, non-governmental organizations.
There are several ways to continue education: universities, colleges, community colleges, and technical and vocational schools. A university in the USA usually consists of several colleges; each college specializes in a subject area. There are colleges of liberal arts, colleges of education and business colleges. A program for undergraduates usually takes four years and leads to the Bachelor of Arts or Science degree. After that, students may leave the university or go on for a graduate or professional degree. The university may be funded from several different sources. A publicly funded university gets some money form the state government. A privately funded university gets money from private sources only. A university may be funded by a religious group.
The course of study in a community college lasts two years and doesn't lead to any degree. Community colleges may give courses in the regular academic subjects or subject like dental technology, sewing and other non-academic subjects. Not all students of community colleges have high school diplomas. Technical, or vocational schools have no academic programs and provide only job training. Programs may take from six months to two years and more. College students usually spend four years at the college, too, and get the Bachelor's degree. In contrast to universities, colleges don't have graduate or professional programs. Colleges in the USA differ greatly in size — they may include from 100 students to 5000 and more. Most of the larger institutions fall into the category of universities, the largest being the University of California, State university of New York, New York university, Columbia University and others.
1.At what age do American students start and finish their compulsory education? 2. How are the school years called in the United States? 3. The length of the school year varies among the states, doesn't it? 4. What are the basic components of American education? 5. Do all children have to attend a nursery school? 6. When does elementary education start? 7. What is the main aim of elementary education? 8. The secondary school curriculum doesn't imply a number of basic subjects, does it? 9. What are elective subjects? 10. Who is a guidance counselor? Checking comprehension
1) Listen to the information about the US system of education and circle the sentences in ex.1. p.102 1) that can be used to characterize the system of education in the USA. 1. Most children attend…..where education is free. 2. Some children attend either…..or…..where parents pay for their education. 3. Schools where children not only study but also live are called ….. . 4. Education is compulsory between ages….. . 5. At the age of 5 children start….. . 6. Comprehensive schools provide …. . 7. At the end of each stage pupils take….. 8. Children can get higher education at….. . 9. To enter a university you have to take….. Complete the table about the USA system of education.(AB ex.1) Listening for specific information
1. The USA free schools are called a) state schools. b) public schools C)private schools. 2. The education is compulsory between The ages a) 5 and 16. b) 7 and 18. c) 6 and 18. 3. At elementary school a student spends a) Either 5 or 8 years. b) Usually 3 years. c) 6 years. 4. High schools provide a) higher education. b) elementary education. c) secondary education. 5. In the USA students a) do not take any exams. b) do not take national exams. c) always take the SAT. 6. The USA universities and colleges accept a) Those students who have good SAT results. b) All the students. c) Those students who have passed entrance exams. Listen to the information about the system of the US education and for questions 1-6 choose the correct answer.
Complete the table about the USA system of education.(AB ex.1) Thus, students who attend public or private schools usually begin their formal education when they are six years old and continue for at least twelve years. Grades 1-5 make up the elementary school. Middle school consists of grades 6-8.High school is grades 9-12.
“I view education as the most subject which we as people are engaged in.” Abraham Lincoln. “Education brings a child the world.” Anonymous. “Teachers pass the torch of learning on to others.”Plato. “I teach to love, I love to teach …. My joy is measured by the children I reach.” Jan Kennedy. Translate some quotations:
School Policies and Requirements All students must know, understand and follow the policies, procedures and regulations of school as well as responsibilities. No person, on the basis of sex, shall be excluded from participations, or be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving federal financial assistance. Enrollment Only those students who live in the attendance area may attend school. The guidelines
The guidelines Absences Students must be punctual and attend every class. Any student who is on campus, but not in class will be considered ‘skipping’. These guidelines will be followed throughout the school year. Lost and Found Found articles should be turned in to the attendance office. These items should be donated to charity if not claimed by the end of each month.
Textbooks Textbooks will be issued in class the first week of school. These books are on loan and each student is responsible for the proper care and use of his/her books. In case of loss or abuse, the student must pay for the books. Hall Passes Any student out of class must have regulation hall pass. The guidelines
Medication No medication, including aspirin, is to be administrated to students by school personnel. Students who are required to take legally prescribed medication must report to an administrator. All medication, exclusive of asthma inhalers, must be brought upon arrival to school. School Supervision Students are allowed in the building after 3:10p.m.unless supervised by a teacher or other authorized adult. Before 8:10., all students must report to the cafeteria or gym. The guidelines
The guidelines Telephone Policy The office phones are for business use and are used by students only in the event of emergency. Teachers may allow students to use classroom telephones for emergencies as determined by the individual teachers. The use of the cell phones is prohibited between the hours of 8:10 a.m. and 3:10.p.m. Class Attendance Students are more successful when they attend school regularly. All students must report to the assigned classes. Any student in the hall during the classes must have a pass from the teacher or an administrator. A student who cuts class will receive a zero for all work missed and is a subject to disciplinary action from the administrator.
I study at the best school in the world. Here is an atmosphere of friendship and understanding, so I go to school with pleasure. Firstly, each lesson in our school is a mini-performance: different presentations, interesting experiments, exciting teachers’ stories and pupils’ discussions. For such lessons we should thank our teachers - the fairest, kindest, cleverest and most sociable people. Secondly, don’t think that we have only classes. Different events take place before, after and during the classes: concerts in connection with different holidays, children’s parties, sport competitions, Olympiads, contests, etc. Even during the usual break the senior students play gaily with the junior students! I would also like to tell about the friendship of the children from different classes. The students of our school always help each other in spite of their age difference, because only honest and responsible students study at our school. If you look at my school, you can think: “A typical school! There are millions of such schools everywhere.” No, my school is the best in the world. Why I like my school
My dream school My school is OK but I would like to make some changes. If I were a principal of the school I would cancel homework - I think it is wasting time! Then, I would make the breaks between lessons longer. Next, I would also improve the menu in school canteen - most of food is absolutely disgusting. I think students need more salads, fruit, and vegetables. My favorite school subject is English so in my ideal school I would like to have the subject every day. It is a good idea to have more practice and different researches or projects. The teachers have to be friendly, happy and experienced. So they have to be well paid! In the school of my dream I would also include more excursions and school trips. I think it is very important to travel with classmates and to share impressions. This is the idea of the school of my dream.
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