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Monday, 4th april. classwork. political System of Kazakhstan
Look through the list of the words and underline international ones state, republic, independent, ideal, sovereign, capital, flag, emblem, important, center, anthem, sun, eagle, ornament, hope, president, symbol, shanyrak, custom, tradition, history, nationality, folk, system, control, star.
Practice reading the following words: Constitution, the Constitutional Council, Parliament, the Majilis, the Senate, a senator, the Supreme Court, the judicial system, president, Prime Minister, referendum.
Match the word and the definition. 1.Constitution 2.Council 3.President 4.Senate 5.Majilis 6.A senator 7.The Supreme Court 8.Referendum a). is a group of people who are elected to govern a country or a city. b). is the main law of the country. c). is the lower House of Kazakhstan Parliament. d). is the leader of the republic. e). is the upper House of Kazakhstan Parliament. f). is a member of the law-making senate. g). is an occasion when all the people of the country can vote on an important issue (question). h). is the place where legal trials take place and where crimes are judged.
keys 1b; 2a; 3 d; 4 e; 5 c; 6 f; 7 h; 8 g.
New words: an anthem - гимн a coat of arms - герб a flag-staff – древко, флагшток a nomad - кочевник a law - закон a loadstar – путеводная звезда intention – намерение, цель to crown - короновать to elect - избирать to appoint - назначать to implement - выполнять voting – голосование
Read the sentences and finish them using the words above. 1. A song which has a special importance for a country and is sung on occasions is an _________. 2. A star that is used by a country or people to go ahead is a __________. 3. System of rules that everyone in a country must obey is the _______. 4. What you plan to do is your __________. 5.To choose somebody to do a special job by voting is __________. 6. To choose somebody for a job or position of responsibility is ____________.
The keys: 1anthem; 2a loadstar; 3the low; 4 intention; 5 to elect; 6 to appoint.
Kazakhstan is an independent and sovereign state. It has its own national flag, state emblem, and anthem. Astana is the capital of the republic and an important political center. The President and the government live and work in it. The main law of the state is the Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan. It was adopted in 1995. According to the Constitution Kazakhstan is a unitary state with a presidential form of Government. The President is elected for a five-year term by universal, equal and direct voting. The first President of the Republic Nursultan Nazarbayev was elected in 1991. Later in 1995 his term was extended by national referendum until the year 2000. The highest representative body is the parliament of the Republic. The parliament consists of two houses – the Senate and the Majilis acting on a permanent basis. Parliament’s upper house, the 47-seat Senate, has two members from Astana, two from Almaty, and two from each of Kazakhstan’s 14 oblasts (administrative regions). The president appoints the remaining fifteen members. Senators serve six-year terms. The members of the lower house of Parliament, the 107-seat Majilis, are elected to five-year terms. The voting age is 18. The government is headed by the Prime Minister. He is often given responsibility over the economy. Currently Karim Masimov is the Prime Minister in Kazakhstan. The judicial system of the Republic is executed by the Supreme Court and the local courts of the state. Control of Constitutional laws is implemented by the Constitutional Council, which consists of 7 members and is elected for period of 6 years. Currently Nursultan Nazarbayev is head of state. He effectively controls all three branches of the government.
Home task To compile 10 sentences; To make 5 questions