Державний навчальний заклад
«Бердичівське вище професійне училище»
з англійської мови
для учнів ПТНЗ по темі:
«Дозвілля і спорт»
викладач англійської мови
Гончарук Т.А., викладач англійської мови, спеціаліст другої категорії, ДНЗ «Бердичівське ВПУ»
Рецензент: Зданевич Л.М., заступник директора з навчальної роботи
Пропонований посібник – збірка текстів для читання із завданнями з англійської мови для учнів І курсу професійно – технічних навчальних закладів. Тексти підібрані і систематизовані згідно програми середньої загальноосвітньої школи для професійно – технічних навчальних закладів.
Посібник призначений для розвитку навичок читання та говоріння англійською мовою. До кожного тексту розроблено завдання на розвиток лексичних, граматичних та мовленнєвих навичок володіння мовою.
Посібник призначений для учнів та викладачів професійно – технічних навчальних закладів.
Схвалено методичною комісією суспільно – гуманітарних дисциплін
Протокол №6 від 12 січня 2016 року
Sport in Our Life
People all over the world are fond of sports and games. Sport makes people healthy, keeps them fit, more organized and better disciplined. It unites people of different classes and nationalities.
Many people do sports on their personal initiative. They go in for skiing, skating, table tennis, swimming, volleyball, football, etc. All necessary facilities are provided for them: stadiums, sport grounds, swimming pools, skating rinks, skiing stations, football fields. Sport is paid much attention to in our educational establishments. Gymnastics is a part of children's daily activity in the kindergartens. Physical culture is a compulsory subject at schools and colleges.
Practically all kinds of sports are popular in our country but football, gymnastics and tennis enjoy the greatest popularity. As for me, I go in for swimming. It needs mobility, liveliness and much energy. It keeps a person in a good form. I have been swimming for a 5 years. I get a real joy taking part in competitions or a simply swimming with my friends. Certainly, it’s a great distance between my manner of swimming and such favorites as Klochkova, but I do my training with great pleasure and hope to swim well as our best swimmers do.
Sport is very important in our life. It is popular among young and old people. Many people do morning exercises, jog in the morning, train themselves in clubs, in different sections and take part in sport competitions. Other people like sports too, but they only watch sports games, listen to sports news. They prefer reading interesting stories about sportsmen. But they don't go in for sports.
Physical training is an important subject at vocational schools. Pupils have got physical training lessons twice a week. Boys and girls play volley-ball and basket-ball at the lessons. There is a sports ground near our vocational school and pupils go in for sports in the open air. A lot of different competitions are held at vocational schools, a great number of pupils take part in them. All participants try to get good results and become winners.
The most popular outdoor winter sports are shooting and hunting, hockey and, in the countries where the weather is frosty and there is much snow — skating, skiing and tobogganing.
It's so nice to go to the skating-rink on a frosty sunny day. Some people prefer to be out of town in such weather and to sledge or to ski in the woods. Many people greatly enjoy figure-skating and ski-jumping.
Summer affords excellent opportunities for swimming, boating, yachting, cycling, gliding and many other sports. Among outdoor games football takes the first place in public interests; this game is played in all the countries of the world. The other games that have firmly established themselves in favour in different countries are cricket, volley-ball, basketball, and so on. Badminton is also very popular both with young and old.
All the year round many people indulge in boxing, wrestling, gymnastics and track and field events. Scores of young girls and women go in for callisthenics. Over the last few years aerobics has become popular with young girls and women.
Among indoor games which one can go in for all the year round are billiards, table tennis, draughts, chess, of course. The results of chess tournaments are studied and discussed by enthusiasts in different countries.
So, we have all grounds to say that sport is one of the things that makes people kin.
Exercise 1. Read the text “Sport in our life” and say if the sentences are true (T) or false (F).
1. People all over the world are fond of sports and games.
2. Sport makes people healthy.
3. Physical culture isn’t compulsory subject.
4. Pupils have got physical training lessons once a week.
5. The most popular winter sports are boating and cycling.
6. As for me, I go in for swimming.
Exercise 2. Answer the questions.
1. What are people all over the world fond of?
2. What unites people of every nationality?
3. What do people prefer to be out of town on a frosty sunny day?
4. What are the most popular outdoor winter sports?
5. What opportunities for sports does summer afford?
6. What game takes the first place in public interest?
7. When do many people indulge in boxing, wresting, athletics, gymnastics?
8. Who goes in for calisthenics?
9. Why is chess the great international game?
Exercise 3. Сrossword «Sports». Find the names of the sports and cross it.
Exercise 4. Match the sport and the description.
a. is done in water
b. a boat is need for it
c. is a team sport
d. is played by two or four with a ball
e. can be done alone
f. wind is necessary
g. is done on ice
h. swords are used for it
i. snow is necessary for it
j. can only be done by two
Exercise 5. What do you call a person who…
rides a bicycle
rides horses in races
drives cars in races
does the high jump
runs fast over short distances
throws a discus
does wind surfing
Exercise 6. Match the sport with the location.
Exercise 7. Which words written bellow are used with “go” (go climbing), and which words with “play” (play tennis)?
climbing, swimming, chess, table tennis, skating, tennis, bridge, body building, weightlifting, football, hockey, car racing, baseball, golf, basketball, horse riding, skiing, cycling, rugby, water skiing
Sport and games
People all over the world are very fond of sports and games. That is one thing in which people of every nationality and class are united.
The most popular outdoor winter sports are shooting, hunting, hockey and in the countries where the weather is frosty and there is much snow-skating, skiing and tobogganing. Some people greatly enjoy figure-skating and ski-jumping.
Summer affords excellent opportunities for swimming, boating, yachting, cycling, gliding and many other sports. Among outdoor games football takes the first place in public interest. This game is played in all the countries of the world. The other favourite games in different countries are golf, tennis, cricket, volleyball, basketball and so on. Badminton is also very popular.
All the year round many people indulge in boxing, wrestling, athletics, gymnastics and track and field events. A lot of girls and women go in for callisthenics.
Among indoor games the most popular are billiards, table tennis, draughts and some others, but the great international game is chess of course. The results of chess tournaments are studied and discussed by thousands of enthusiasts in different countries.
So we may say that sport is one of the things that makes all people kin.
Exercise 1. Read the text and put in the missing words.
I like to go in for sport. I like to play … very well, but I don't like to play …. I can … and … well.
I want to … with my friends. My mother likes to play …, but she doesn't like to play …. My father likes to play …, and we like to play … very well. My friends and I like to play … in summer and we can play it very well. We also like to play … in winter and we can do it well. I like to go to the … to play … My friends and I usually go to the … to play ….
Exercise 2. Phonetic exercise.
What sport do you prefer?
What activities don’t you like?
What summer sports do you know?
What winter sports do you know?
What sport is played all year round?
Exercise 3. Agree or disagree with the statements.
Sport builds character.
Sport makes you strong.
Sport takes a lot of time.
Sport is boring.
There are winter and summer Olympic Games.
Sport in Ukraine
Ukrainian sports have many glorious pages. In all times our sportsmen have been the strongest in many kinds of sports. Athletes from Europe and Asia, Africa and America have always been afraid of their Ukrainian opponents. People all over the world know such names as brothers Klichko, Yana Klochkova, Lilia Podkopayeva, many others and of course Andrey Shevchenko, who was recognized as the best goalkeeper.
In the Soviet Ukraine junior sport was well-developed. There were many sport clubs, stadiums, grounds and gyms all over the country. Many competitions between schools took place in every town. In our clubs the best coaches worked. Among the sports popular in our country are football, basketball, swimming, volleyball, ice hockey, tennis, gymnastics, and figure skating. A person can choose sports and games for any seasons and for any taste. Unfortunately the situation has changed to the worse in the nineties. If an athlete wants to reach a good result he has to train abroad. Many qualified coaches left Russia, because of the material factor. The number of free sports clubs for children reduced greatly. More children’s clubs became paid ones. Many stadiums and gyms were changed into markets and shops. Some talented athletes can’t regularly participate in competitions because they must go to other towns and live there at their own expenses, paying for the tickets, hotels and meals with their own money. Sports equipment and sports clothes are rather expensive, too.
But nevertheless Ukraine has remained the greatest sport power. Our sportsmen with brilliance defend the honour of our national flag.
Exercise 1. Complete the sentences.
Ukrainian sports have . . .
Athletes from Europe . . .
Among the sports popular . . .
A person can choose . . .
The number of free sports . . .
Our sportsmen with brilliance . . .
Exercise 2. Translate into English:
- безкоштовні спортивні клуби;
- брати участь у змаганнях;
- найкращий воротар;
- найкращі тренери;
- спортивне обладнання.
Famous Olympic champions of Ukraine
Date of birth: 4 December 1963 (Luhansk, Ukrainian SSR) Serhiy Bubka (Сергій Бубка) is six times world champion (between 1983 and 1997), European champion in 1986 and Olympic champion in 1988. He broke the world record for men's pole vaulting 35 times (17 outdoor and 18 indoor records). He was the first to clear 6.0 metres and the first and only to clear 6.10 metres (20 ft). He holds the current outdoor world record of 6.14 metres (20 feet 1 3/4 inches), set on 31 July 1994 in Sestriere, Italy and the current indoor world record of 6.15 meters, set on 21 February 1993 in Donetsk, Ukraine.
Date of birth: 15 August 1978 (Donetsk, Ukrainian SSR)
Liliya Podkopayeva (Лілія Подкопаєва) is the 1996 Olympic all-around champion. She is widely regarded as one of the best gymnasts in history. She is the proud owner of 45 gold, 21 silver and 14 bronze medals.
Date of birth: 7 August 1982 (Simferopol, Crimea, Ukrainian
Yana Klochkova (Яна Клочкова) is a Ukrainian swimmer, who has won five Olympic medals. 4 gold medals came in the 200 meter individual medley and the 400 meter individual medley at the 2000 and 2004 Summer Olympics. Her silver medal came in the 800 meter freestyle at the 2000 Summer Olympics.
Date of birth: 29 July 1984 (Kyiv, Ukrainian SSR)
Anna Bessonova (Анна Бессонова) is the number one rhythmic gymnast in Ukraine. In 2007, Bessonova became world champion at the World Rhythmic Gymnastics Championship in Patras winning the all-around gold medal. She won the bronze individual all around medals at the 2008 Beijing and 2004 Athens Olympics. Over the course of her career she has won 24 World Championship medals, 2 Olympic medals, 24 European Championship medals and 10 World Cup medals (60 in total).
Date of birth: 16 November 1977 (Dnipropetrovsk, Ukrainian SSR) Oksana Baiul (Оксана Баюл) is a Ukrainian professional figure skater. She is the 1994 Olympic champion in ladies' singles and the 1993 World champion.
Date of birth: 25 October 1977 (Semfiropol, Ukrainian SSR)
Kateryna Serebrianska (Катерина Серебрянська) started gymnastics in 1982 at age 4, her mother Liubov was her coach, at the Gratsia club in Simferopol. After that she went to the Ukrainian capital, Kiev, to train at the Deriugins School. Kateryna retired from Rhythmic Gymnastics in 1998. She is 178 cm / 5.8 ft in height. Serebrianska became the first female rhythmic gymnast to hold the European, World, and Olympic all-round titles at the same time. This record was tied by Alina Kabayeva at the 2004 Athens Olympics.
Date of birth: 17 January 1987 (Simferopol, Ukrainian SSR)
Oleksandr Usyk (Олександр Усик) is a Ukrainian amateur boxer who won the 2008 European Amateur Boxing Championships at light-heavyweight, the 2011 World Amateur Boxing Championships at heavyweight and the gold medal at the 2012 London Olympics in the heavyweight division. He is a southpaw.
At the 2012 Olympic Games in London after beating Italy's Clemente Russo (outscoring him by 6-3 in Round 3) Ukrainian boxer Oleksandr Usyk performed victory dance.
Date of birth: 5 May 1988 (Krasnodon, Luhansk region, Ukrainian SSR)
Denys Berinchyk (Денис Берінчик) is a Ukrainian amateur boxer. Berinchyk won the silver medal in the Light Welterweight division at the 2011 World Amateur Boxing Championships in Baku. Berinchyk is also former champion of World University Boxing Championships and European Boxing Cup at the amateur level. Denys Berinchyk won silver in light-welterweight boxing match at the London Olympics 2012.
Kateryna Tarasenko, Nataliya Dovgodko, Anastasiia Kozhenkova, Yana Dementieva
Kateryna Tarasenko, Nataliya Dovgodko, Anastasiia Kozhenkova, Yana Dementieva (Катерина Тарасенко, Наталія Довгодько, Анастасія Коженкова, Яна Дементьева) won the gold medal in the women's quadruple sculls rowing event at the 2012 London Summer Olympics.
Date of birth: 6 January 1986 (Lviv, Ukrainian SSR)
Yana Shemyakina (Яна Шемякіна) is a Ukrainian fencer (specialised in Epee) who won Bronze during the 2009 European Fencing Championships. Yana won Gold Medal in individual epee in 2012 in London Olympics.
Exercise 1. Read the dialogues in pairs and make up your own ones using the words in brackets.
a) — Is your father, a good football (volley-ball, basket-ball) player?
— Oh, yes, he is. He practises in football (basket-ball, volley-ball) every day.
— And what about you?
As for me, I’m a good runner (jumper, boxer). I don’t like to participate in any
b) — Our team will win the next soccer (volley-ball, basket-ball) match.
— Do you think so? As for me, our team isn’t ready to the match yet. And
besides, our best player is ill.
I don’t agree with you. Don’t forget that we trained a lot. And our new player
is a good sportsman.
— Let it be as you say.
Exercise 2. Which kind of sports is described?
1. Personal achievements is important to me in sport. I’ve just lifted my heaviest weights ever.
2. I prefer team games to individual sports. We’re playing well at the moment — all of the team are really good skaters.
3. I think it should be banned. The poor animals often get injured.
4. It felt like I had been running forever but I managed to finish the race.
5. I love adventure sports I tried it last year, but I kept falling off the board into the sea.
6. I don’t know why people watch it. It’s horrible to see two men hitting each other.
It is reasonable to think that athletic contests were first organized some 3,500 years ago in Greece. However ancient in origin at least four of the Greek sporting festivals had achieved major importance. They were the Olympic Games, held in Olympia. There are records of the champions of Olympia from 766 B.C. to A.D. 217. The first Olympic champion listed in the records was one Coroebus of Flis, a cook, who won the sprint race in 776 B.C. The Games were abolished in A.D. 393 by the Roman emperor Theodosius.
Baron Pierre de Cubertin conceived the idea of reviving the Olympic Games, and in 1896 the first modern Olympic Games took place in Athens. 13 nations sent nearly 300 representatives to take part in 42 events and 10 different sports.
Since then the Olympic Games took place every four years, except the years of world wars. In 1996 the 26th Olympic Games took place in Atlanta, the USA. 197 nations sent more than 11,000 athletes to those Games.
For the first time in the history of Olympic Games, the Ukrainian team took part in those Games and won 22 medals there. Nine of them were golden ones.
Exercise 1. Read the text once more and answer the questions.
Who was listed in the records as the first Olympic champion?
Who abolished the Olympic Games?
When did the first modern Olympic Games take place?
How many representatives took part in the first modem Olympic Games?
When did Ukraine send its representatives to the Olympic Games as an independent team?
Exercise 2. Translate into English in writing using the text.
Є всі підстави вважати, що перші атлетичні змагання були організовані близько 3500 років тому. Є офіційні записи про чемпіонів Олімпії з 766 р. до нашої ери. Олімпійські ігри були скасовані у 393 р. нашої ери. Перші сучасні Олімпійські ігри відбулись у 1896 р. У 1996 р. українська олімпійська команда вперше виступила як незалежна і завоювала 22 медалі.
Exercise 3. Try to guess the word according to its definition.
1. A football referee shows this when he sends a player off.
2. In this event you throw a pointed stick.
3. The type of medal a winner gets.
4. Someone who is good at sports.
5. This person performs in a gym.
6. In this event you throw a heavy disc.
7. (& 8 down) Event in which you jump over a horizontal bar.
8. A group of players.
9. A drug problem in sport.
10. The king of the gods in ancient Greece.
11. You get one if you came 1st, 2nd or 3rd.
12. The first modern Olympic Games were held in 1896.
13. Olympic city in 2008.
14. This race is over 42 km long!
15. Styles in this sport are freestyle, breaststroke and butterfly
16. A sport played on ice.
Olympic kinds of sport1.
стрибки у воду
стрільба з лука
Exercise 5. Ask and answer the questions.
1. What are the most popular Olympic events in your country?
2. Who are Olympic celebrities in your country?
3. Do you do any sports that are in the Olympics? How good are you?
4. Would you like to take part in the Olympics? Why? Why not?
Exercise 6. Brain-storming “What do you know about the history of the Olympic Games?”
1. When and where did the Olympic Games begin?
2. Why did the Olympic Games become the symbol of peace and friendship?
3. When did the Games in Greece stop?
4. Who renewed the Olympic movement?
5. When and where did the first modern games take place?
6. When was the International Olympic Committee set up?
7. Are Summer and Winter Games held separately?
8. What is the motto of the Olympics?
9. What is the Olympic emblem like?
10. What do five rings symbolize?
11. What do the colours symbolize?
12. When and where were the latest Olympic Games held?
Presenter. ...and now we’re going to take a look at extreme sports. What exactly are they? How dangerous are they? What makes people risk their lives to do them? Michelle is going to tell us all about them.
Michelle. Speed, excitement, danger. You can find all these in the various extreme sports that have become popular in the last ten years or so. Take bungee jumping. You jump off a bridge, like this one I’m standing on now, and you fall and fall, and then, just before you hit the ground or water, an elastic rope pulls you back. Other extreme sports appear just as crazy. In sky surfing you jump out of an aeroplane and use a board to “surf” the air, doing gymnastics in mid-air! Amazing! And extreme sports on land can be just as dangerous.
Winter sports have always had an element of danger. The new winter sports are even more dangerous. Foe example, snowboarding, which has all the excitement of surfing but on snow, is more dangerous than even skiing. Probably the most dangerous of all new winter sports is snowrafting. You sit in a rubber boat and sail down a mountain at great speed — and you can’t control the boat.
Of course, water sports have always been fun, in white-water rafting you sit in a small inflatable raft and go down a river at a great speed. Fast flowing mountain rivers are the best.
Then there is ice diving, for those people who are absolutely crazy. You put on diving equipment and dive under a frozen lake. And, if that’s not enough, you then try to walk upside down on the ice! Mm, I feel cold just thinking about it.
Exercise 1. Answer the questions
People do extreme sports in order to feel
Extreme sports have become popular in the last
People usually bungee j ump from
In sky surfing people do mid-air
Snowboarding has similarities with
not very dangerous
For white-water rafting you need
a big river
a warm river
a mountain river
swim under the ice
walk on the bottom of the lakes
walk upside down the ice.
Exercise 2. Find the odd one out
1. Ice hockey, cricket, rugby, weightlifting
2. Rowing, sky diving, water polo, surfing
3. Paragliding, horse racing, surfing, javelin (none of the others involve animals)
4. Boxing, fencing, discus, wrestling (all the others involve an opponent)
5. Horse racing, marathon, scuba diving, rowing (all the others use races)
6. Wrestling discus, javelin, long jump (all the others require equipment)
Sport in the USA
Baseball is the most popular sport in the United States of America. It is played throughout the spring and summer, and professional baseball team play well into the fall. Although no other game is exactly like baseball, perhaps the one most nearly like it is the English game cricket. In baseball there are nine men on each side. The two teams alternate at the bat (the offense) and the field (the defense).There are nine innings in a game. Every fall there is the World Series, a play-off for the professional championship between the top two teams of the nation — one the winner of the National League competition and the other of the American League.
Football is the most popular sport in the fall. The game originated as a college sport more than 75 years ago. It is played by almost every college and university in the country. The game is not the same as European football or soccer. In American football there are eleven players in each team, and they are dressed in padded uniform and helmets because the game is rough and injuries are likely to occur. The object of the game is to carry or forward pass the football across the opponent’s goal, or scoring line.
There are professional teams in nearly all the major cities of the United States. The number of spectators at professional football games is larger than at college games, because the professional players, quite naturally, are more skilled and perform more spectacularly.
Basketball is the winter sport in American schools and colleges. Many Americans prefer it to football because it is played indoors throughout the winter and because it is a faster game. Professional basketball teams exist, bur they do not attract as many fans as professional baseball team do.
Other spectator sports include wrestling, boxing and horse racing.
There are many participant sports in America. Golf is probably the most popular. Although the game originated in Scotland, it is possibly more popular in the United States than anywhere else.
But as much as Americans like to engage in sports or to watch games being played, they seem to have fully as much fun reading and talking about sports. The subject of sports is as inexhaustible as the enthusiasm of its lovers.
Exercise 1. Every eighth word in the text is omitted. Try to guess what it is.
My attitude to sport
Well, it is quite a strange question. ___ is no doubt if we ask this question to a 100 strangers in the street ___ answer will be the same. No one ___ the fact sport is useful, it helps ___ to keep fit, so the attitude is ___ positive. But unfortunately, the attitude alone cannot ___ us fit and healthy. There comes another ___ , what do we do to this ___ come true? And it is a pity ___ mention that of those 100 strangers about ___ half would answer “nothing” to this question. ___ question “Why? rises immediately and the answer ___ it depends on a great number of ___ .
So, what are these reasons?
Exercise 2. Answer the questions.
1. Have you seen any films about American cheerleading?
2. What can you say about American cheerleaders?
3. What are the most spectacular sports in the USA?
4. What is special about American football?
5. When was the first American baseball match held?
6. Describe the way of playing baseball.
7. When was basketball invented?
8. Do you know any famous American basketball players?
9. How many players are there in a basketball team?
10. Name some other sports that are popular in the USA.
Exercise 3. Say if the statements are true (T) or false (F).
1. Basketball is the most popular sport in the United States of America.
2. Baseball is played throughout the spring and summer.
3. In baseball there are seven men on each side.
4. There are nine innings in a game.
5. Football is the most popular sport in the fall.
6. Football originated as a college sport more than 70 years ago.
7. There aren’t professional teams in nearly all the major cities of the United States.
8. Basketball is the summer sport in American schools and colleges.
9. Professional basketball teams don’t exist in the USA.
10. The subject of sports is as inexhaustible as the enthusiasm of its lovers.
Sport in Great Britain
The English are lovers of competitive sports; and when they are neither playing nor watching games they like to talk about them; or when they cannot do that they think about them.
The game peculiarly associated with England is cricket. Organised amateur cricket is played between club teams, mainly on Saturday afternoon. A first-class match lasts for up to three days with six hours’ play on each day.
Cricket is making no progress in popularity. For the great mass of the British public the eight months of the football season are more important than the four months of cricket. There are plenty of amateur association football (or soccer) clubs, but professional football is big business.
Every large town has at least one professional football club. English “league” football is organised in four divisions,, with twenty-two or twenty-four teams in each. There is also, apart from the League games, a knock-out contest each season for the Football Association Cup. And the Cup Final, played in May each year in London, which is the culminating event of the season.
Rugby football (or ‘rugger’) is played with an oval-shaped ball, which may be carried and thrown (but not forward).There is some professional League rugby in the north, but elsewhere the game is played by amateurs. Rugby is also played at the great majority of “public schools”.
Most secondary schools have playing fields, and boys normally play rugby or soccer in winter and cricket in summer as a normal school activity; schoolgirls play tennis and rounders (a sort of baseball) in summer and netball and hockey in winter.
The more social adult games of golf and tennis are played by great numbers of people. There are plenty of tennis clubs, every town provides numerous tennis courts in public parks, and anyone may play tennis on a municipal golf-courses in Scotland but very few in England.
Next to Association Football, the chief spectator sport in English life is horse racing. There are many race tracks all over the country, and each of these has from two to about six “meetings” every year. British are very proud of watching horses and dog racing.
Athletic sports and gymnastics are practiced at school, but not many towns have running tracks for public use. Remarkably few people are interested in bicycle racing. On the other hand, rowing occupies a leading place in the sporting life of schools and universities which have suitable water near by, and several regattas, held mainly in summer, are great social occasions watched from the river banks by vast crowds of spectators.
Exercise 1. Complete the sentences.
1. The English are lovers of . . .
2. Every large town has . . .
3. Rugby football is played with . . .
4. Most secondary schools have . . .
5. There are plenty of tennis . . .
6. British are very proud of . . .
7. Athletic sports and gymnastics are practiced . . .
Exercise 2. Answer the questions.
What popular British sports do you know?
What kind of sport is especially associated with Britain?
What do you know about cricket?
Is football popular in the UK? Do you know any British football teams?
Why do many sport games have English names?
What famous sporting events in Britain do you know?
Does sport play an important part in British life? How can you prove it?
Exercise 3. Match the description with the sport.
Football a) Lifting a barbell or a set of dumbbells.
Tennis b) Two teams try to hit each other’s goal with a small ball.
Basketball c) A game played with a round ball and feet.
Horse racing d) Is played between two or four players with a small round
ball and a racket.
Cricket e) Two teams try to throw a ball into the opponent’s basket.
Weight lifting f) They run to see who is the first.
Exercise 4. Describe your attitude to go in for sports using the following phrases.
I think (that perhaps)
What I mean is
In my opinion/view
That’s a good idea but I prefer
Yes, that’s a good point. I agree with that.
I am not sure about that
I am not sure, but it seems to me that
You’ve got a different opinion, haven’t you?
To my mind
To my way of thinking
I can’t but agree with
On the one hand………..on the other hand
I’d like to add that
Personally, I believe that
Well, I feel that
Well, I can’t say for certain, but it seems to me
The beginning of golf
The game of golf began in Scotland. According to a legend, a shepherd amused himself in the field by hitting little round stones with his staff. One day, a stone happened to land in a rabbit hole. The shepherd then tried to repeat this feat. The friends took up the challenge, and that, the story goes, was the first golf match in history.
It is known for sure that the first golfer in was a Scottish shepherd, but it is known that the game golf as it is played today developed in Scotland. In fact, golf became so popular during the fifteenth century the government banned the game. In 1457 in hopes of getting many golfers to their jobs. The ban didn’t work, however, as few golfers were willing to give up sport.
In 1744, the first course designed especially for golf was built at Leith, Scotland. Until then, players used the wild, open land near the sea. In 1754, the world famous St. Amdrews coif course was built. Eager golfers still travel to Scotland for a chance to play this famous courde. The game was well established before a set of rules was organized and written. The first playing rules for golf were made official at St. Andrews in 1882.
Exercise 1. Complete statements by choosing the best answer (A, B, C, D).
1. As stated by the legend, who was the first golfer on history?
a) St. Andrews
b) a shepherd in a field
c) A member of Parliament
d) Scottish Leith
2. Why sis Parliament briefly ban the game?
a) Members played badly.
b) People played too much
c) Shepherd asked for this.
d) There were no rules.
3. According to the legend the first golf match in history was
a) between the members of Parliament.
b) played in the fifteenth century
c) amusing because of rabbits.
d) played with stones.
4. We can be sure that
a) the first golf player was a shepherd in the field.
b) at first golf was designed for shepherds.
c) Scotland is the country where is started and developed.
d) golf became extremely popular before the fifteenth century.
5. The first golf course was built by
a) a member of Parliament.
b) in a Scottish city.
c) near the sea.
d) St. Andrew.
Exercise 2. Say if the statements are true (T) or false (F).
1. The game of golf began in Wales.
2. According to a legend, a shepherd amused himself in the field by hitting little round nuts with his staff.
3. One day, a stone happened to land in a rabbit hole.
4. In fact, golf became so popular during the seventeenth century the government banned the game.
5. In 1744, the first course designed especially for golf was built at Leith, Scotland.
6. The first playing rules for golf were made official at St. Andrews in 1892.
Exercise 3. Translate into English Reproduce:
— Яке у Вас хобі?
— I am fond of playing golf.
— Ви давно граєте в гольф?
— I began to play golf when I was ten years old.
— Не могли б Ви навчити мене грати в гольф?
— I can try. But I must tell you that it is not very easy.
— Я знаю про це. Коли розпочнемо?
— Ви займаєтеся гольфом?
— Yes, very. Golf is very popular in this country.
— А які ще види спорту популярні?
— Cricket, rugby and tennis are very popular.
— Ви займаєтесь тенісом?
— No, I don't. I go swimming and skiing.
— Який збіг! Я також займаюсь плаванням.
— Swimming is very popular all over the world.
— Це правда.
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