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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Другие методич. материалы / Поурочные по английскому языку 8 класс
ВНИМАНИЮ ВСЕХ УЧИТЕЛЕЙ: согласно Федеральному закону № 313-ФЗ все педагоги должны пройти обучение навыкам оказания первой помощи.

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  • Иностранные языки

Поурочные по английскому языку 8 класс

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Date:

Grade: 8 а-б

The theme: KAZAKHSTAN: GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION

The aims:

1) To enrich their knowledge concerning the theme, on the new words, to practice its pronunciation and teach them to use the words in their speech.

2) To enrich pupils interest to the new material to develop.

Their speaking and thinking abilities to consolidate the

Material with asking and answering the questions, to

Develop their memory on the learning English words.

3) To raiser their interest to the English language widing.

Sky of golden Sun,

Steppe of golden seed,

Legend of courage —

Take a look at my country!

(from the “Kazakhstan Hymn” — the English version)


Organization moment:

Good morning girl’s and boy’s!How are you?I’m glad to see you!Who is on duty today?

What month is it now?What season is it now?What date is it today?Who is absent?Thank you!Sit down please!


Today we are going to learn new theme, to learn new words, to do some exercise, to checking up your home work, answer the question, read and translate, work in groups.


To checking up home work:

What was your home work?Are you ready?.

Do you understand me?Well, let’s begin!

Nice of you!Thank you!Sit down please!

Presentation new theme:

Teacher introduces the pupils with the theme and aims of the lesson.

Hello!

The school year has just begun. You will learn many things this year. We wish you success!

I. Warm-up activity

1. Answer the questions.

  1. What is your name?

  2. Where are you from?

  3. Where do you and your family live?

  4. Where and with whom did you spend your summer vacations?

  5. What do you know about your country?

  6. What places of interest in Astana and Almaty do you know?

  1. Practise reading and saying the words.

Kazakhstan, China, Russia, Turkmenistan,

Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, the Caspian Sea,

The South West, Syrdarya, Zaisan,

Balkhash, the Urals, Tengiz, Alakol

  1. Read and learn the proverbs and sayings.

Give corresponding proverbs in your native language:

  • There is no place like home.

  • East or West, home is best.

  • Home is where one starts from. (T.S.Eliot)

Ш 4. Look at the map and read the text for information about your country.

Kazakhstan: geographical location

Kazakhstan is the largest State in the Central Asia. Kazakhstan borders on China, Russia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Kirgizia. There is a long border coast line on the Caspian Sea in the Southwest.

The area of Kazakhstan is 2.753.000 square kilometers. Its population is about 16 million. The population lives mostly in towns and cities and large villages. The largest cities are Almaty, Astana, Karaganda, Shymkent and Pavlodar. Astana is the capital of the Republic. Astana is situated in the central part of the country.

There are 11000 rivers and streams, more than 7000 lakes in Kazakhstan. The four rivers are the main resources of water in the country. They are: Irtysh in the east, Syrdarya in the southwest, Ili in the southeast and ural in the northwest of the country. The largest lakes are Ralkhash, Zaisan, Alakol and Tengis. The flora and fauna of the country are different: the forest-steppe, steppe, deserts and semi-deserts. They depend on the climate of the zone: they are richer in the south and poorer in the north.

5. Answer the questions.

  1. Where is the Republic of Kazakhstan situated?

  2. What is the size of the area of Kazakhstan?

  3. What can you say about the population of the Republic?

  4. What is the capital of the Republic?

  5. Where is it situated?

fv) 6. Look at the map of Kazakhstan and say what states Kazakhstan borders on.

7. Read the text once more and find the description of the geography of the country. What can you add to this?

  1. Grammar: Cardinal Numerals

  • When words like hundred, thousand, and million come after a number, they are used in the singular form:

  • The area of Kazakhstan is 2.753.000 (two million seven hundred fifty three square kilometers).

The population is about 16 million (sixteen million).

  1. There are 11000 rivers (eleven thousand rivers) in Kazakhstan.

  1. Read the following' correctly.

3 million books; 5 thousand lakes; 700 students.

















Date:

Grade: 8 а-б

The theme THE CLIMATE IN KAZAKHSTAN

The aims:

1) To enrich their knowledge concerning the theme, on the new words, to practice its pronunciation and teach them to use the words in their speech.

2) To enrich pupils interest to the new material to develop.

Their speaking and thinking abilities to consolidate the

Material with asking and answering the questions, to

Develop their memory on the learning English words.

3) To raiser their interest to the English language widing.

Organization moment:

Good morning girl’s and boy’s!How are you?I’m glad to see you!Who is on duty today?

What month is it now?What season is it now?What date is it today?Who is absent?Thank you!Sit down please!


Today we are going to learn new theme, to learn new words, to do some exercise, to checking up your home work, answer the question, read and translate, work in groups.


To checking up home work:

What was your home work?Are you ready?.

Do you understand me?Well, let’s begin!

Nice of you!Thank you!Sit down please!

Presentation new theme:

Teacher introduces the pupils with the theme and aims of the lesson.

THE CLIMATE IN KAZAKHSTAN

  1. Warm-up activity

  1. Listen, read and act out the dialogue in pairs.

Bob: It’s a fine day today, isn’t it?

Susan: Oh, yes! It’s nice and sunny today. Not a cloud in the sky.

Bob: Yeah. Much better and warmer than yesterday. It’s good to see the Sun shining brightly. Let’s hope it will keep fine for the weekend.

Susan: They say it’s going to get even warmer.

Bob: Fine. I bate cold and rain. Especially when you are on a tour about the mountains.

Susan: Any plans for the weekend?

Bob: Yeah. I’m going to invite my new American friend to a traditional mountain tour with hunting.

  1. Practise reading and saying the words:

Cool and wet. What a sunny day!

Cold and windy. What a rainy day!

Warm and sunny. What a windy day!

Wei and foggy. What a hot day!

Read the English sayings and remember what they mean:

It rains cats and dogs — Дождь льет как из ведра.

All seasons are beautiful — У природы нет плохой погоды.

It looks like raining — Похоже, будет дождь.

II. Read the sentences to know how to understand and use the words below:

cause [ko:z] v. — to make something happen, usually something bad: Water pollution can cause many diseases. The flood caused many troubles. The fire was caused by electricity fault.

advantage [ad'va:ntid3] n. — something that makes a person, a thing more likely to succeed than others: The advantage of education.

advantageous ^asdvgn'teic^ss] adj. — likely to make smth. or smb. more successful: It is advantageous to know English as a foreign language. The advantageous geographical location of Kazakhstan makes it possible to develop tourism.

influence ['influans] v. — to affect: Climate influences plants, animals and humans.

influence ['influsns] n. — an affect: Climate has a great influence on the plants and animals.

III. Read the text and entitle it, then answer the questions.

The climate of the country is strongly continental. It is cold in winter and hot in summer. Rain usually falls in spring and autumn. Snow falls in all areas but not at the same time. Winter temperatures are very different in Shymkent and Pavlodar. The northern regions have long and hard winters and short summers. In the south snow falls as a rule in November or December. Sudden cold winds and snowfalls in winter often cause troubles for people. In spring green grass and flowers of different colors cover flat, lands, hills and mountains.

Questions:

What can you say about the climate in Kazakhstan?

Is the climate always the same in different parts of our country? Prove it!

What causes troubles for people?

The geographical location of Kazakhstan is advantageous for tourism. Why?

What do you know about the Great Silk Way?

What cities are located along the ancient Great Silk Way?

Why are there many tourists in Turkestan, Taraz and Otrar?

  1. Word formation V7 1. Look at the tables and remember:

Noun + Suffix-y = Adjective

wind+ у = windy fog+ у = foggy cloud+ у = cloudy mist+ у = misty snow+ у = snowy sun+ у = sunny rain+ у = rainy

Adjective + Suffix -Iy = Adverb

+ iy

late+ ly = lately quick+ ly = quickly cold+ ly = coldly real+ ly =really calm+ ly = calmly strong+ ly = strongly bright+ ly = brightly

  • Say it in English.

Климат Казахстана резко-континеитальный.

Солнечный день — идеальный день для прогулки в горах.

Погода дождливая, но не холодная.

В последнее время климат меняется.
















Date:

Grade: 8 а-б

The theme ASTANA - THE CAPITAL OF KAZAKHSTAN

The aims:

1) To enrich their knowledge concerning the theme, on the new words, to practice its pronunciation and teach them to use the words in their speech.

2) To enrich pupils interest to the new material to develop.

Their speaking and thinking abilities to consolidate the

Material with asking and answering the questions, to

Develop their memory on the learning English words.

3) To raiser their interest to the English language widing.

Organization moment:

Good morning girl’s and boy’s!How are you?I’m glad to see you!Who is on duty today?

What month is it now?What season is it now?What date is it today?Who is absent?Thank you!Sit down please!


Today we are going to learn new theme, to learn new words, to do some exercise, to checking up your home work, answer the question, read and translate, work in groups.


To checking up home work:

What was your home work?Are you ready?.

Do you understand me?Well, let’s begin!

Nice of you!Thank you!Sit down please!

Presentation new theme:

Teacher introduces the pupils with the theme and aims of the lesson.

ASTANA - THE CAPITAL OF KAZAKHSTAN

I. Warm-up activity

1. Read and learn the poem by heart.

My motherland, My Kazakhstan

by Udi Damti

My motherland, she is so beautiful and bright,

She gives me home, a shelter and light.

And we are proud of her history,

Full of struggles and victories.

We got this country from God as a gift,

Not just to take, but mostly to give.

Our motherland takes care of you and me,

And only here can we stay forever free.

2. Answer the questions.

When did Kazakhstan declare its independence?

What is the capital of Kazakhstan?

What cities of Kazakhstan do you know?

What is the official language of our country?

II. Reading and Speaking

Read the text and be ready to tell your classmates everything you know about Astana.

Astana

Astana (the former Akmola) was founded in 1830 as a fortification of Russian Empire. In 1862 stanitsa Akmola got the status of a town. In the course of time Akmola became the centre of trade fairs where merchants from all over Kazakhstan, Russia, Central Asia, India and other countries gathered to sell cattle and agricultural products. For a long time Akmola was an outpost of Russian Empire seeking the way to develop trade and its political influence upon Central Asia in XVIII-XIX centuries. With the growth of anti-tsarist and revolutionary public mood the Akmola prison became overcrowded with those who wanted freedom. In March 1917 the Soviet Power was established in Akmola.

Many changes have taken place since then. Akmola played an important role in supplying the Soviet Army with raw material 10

and products during the Second World War. In 1961 Akmola was renamed intoTselinograd and became the centre ofTselinny Krai. In 1992 the city got its name Akmola again and since October 1997 Akmola has become a new capital of Kazakhstan. Later on it got its present name Astana. Astana is a modern growing, political, financial, economic, scientific and socio-cultural centre of the state. There are a lot of magnificent beautiful buildings, higher educational establishments, colleges and secondary schools, hotels, banks and other commercial structures in.

Answer the questions.

When was Akmola founded?

What was Akmola famous for at that time?

What role did Akmola play during the second World War and after that?

When did Akmola become the capital of the Republic of Kazakhstan?

What is Astana famous for now?

1. Read President N.Nazarbayev’s words about the Astana Summit.

The Astana Summit: a step into the 21 Century.

...the Astana Summit was attended by 73 official delegations from all participating states and partners. International organizations demonstrated their readiness to further dialogue about the changes in the largest international security structure. It should be noted that OSCE summit in Astana became the most representative forum of the Organization. I would say that Kazakhstan’s chairmanship of the OSCE has played an important role.

(The OSCE — The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe. OSCE is the largest regional and security organization in the world that gathers 56 participating States and has 19 field missions).

2. Try to find more information about the Astana Summit and answer the questions.

When did OSCE summit in Astana take place?

Why did the President of Kazakhstan decide to organize OSCE summit in Astana?

How many delegations attended the Astana Summit?

When and where were the previous OSCE summits held?



















Date:

Grade: 8 а-б

The theme ALMATY, ITS PLACES OF INTEREST

The aims:

1) To enrich their knowledge concerning the theme, on the new words, to practice its pronunciation and teach them to use the words in their speech.

2) To enrich pupils interest to the new material to develop.

Their speaking and thinking abilities to consolidate the

Material with asking and answering the questions, to

Develop their memory on the learning English words.

3) To raiser their interest to the English language widing.

Organization moment:

Good morning girl’s and boy’s!How are you?I’m glad to see you!Who is on duty today?

What month is it now?What season is it now?What date is it today?Who is absent?Thank you!Sit down please!


Today we are going to learn new theme, to learn new words, to do some exercise, to checking up your home work, answer the question, read and translate, work in groups.


To checking up home work:

What was your home work?Are you ready?.

Do you understand me?Well, let’s begin!

Nice of you!Thank you!Sit down please!

Presentation new theme:

Teacher introduces the pupils with the theme and aims of the lesson.

ALMATY, ITS PLACES OF INTEREST

Warm up activities Do you know that...

  • the word “Almaty” in the Kazakh language means “grown with apple trees”.

  • Almaty is located in the area of extensive earthquakes and mudsl ides.

  • the 7-th Winter Asian games were held in Astana and Almaty in 2011?

Read the text about Almaty and say where Almaty is situated.Almaty

The city is situated at the height of 700—900 m above the sea level. Its territory is 250 sq. km, its population is 1.3 million people.

The most important places of interest are sport complex “Medeo”, skiing centre “Chimbulak”, various museums and theatres. Almaty is the place of the National Academy of Sciences, universities, higher educational establishments, hundreds of secondary schools.

In 1997 in connection with the transfer of the capital to Astana, Almaty got the particular status of political, financial, economic, scientific and cultural centre of the state. Almaty is a real pearl of Kazakhstan. It is one of the centres of the international tourism and one of the attractive cities in the Euro-Asian continent.

Modern Almaty is a sport centre. Almaty won the international recognition thanks to such events as “Asian Games 2011”. Almaty will host the World Winter Universiada of 2017. By the opening of the Universiada, the city will have a sports village, new ice palace and many other modern facilities built in its territory.

2. Make up 5 questions about Almaty and ask your classmates to answer

them.

What places of interest in Almaty do you know?

III. Brush up your grammar

  • Read the sentences to see how to use the Present Continuous Tense and the Past Continuous Tense.

  • [ was reading a book all day long yesterday.

  • I am watching TV now.

2. Say 3 things of what you are doing (your friend is doing) now (at the

present moment) and 3 things of what you do (your friend does) everyday (usually).

Example: My friend is having a good time now. My friend is watching TV now. He usually watches TV in the day time.

3. Ask one of your classmates w hat he (she) wras doing last night when

somebody came. Ask questions till you guess what he (she) was doing.

Example: — Were you reading a book when Mother came?

  • No, I wasn’t.

  • Were you watching TV?

  • No, I wasn’t.

  • Were you working with your computer?

  • Yes, I was.

Say 3 things of

  • what you (your classmates) were doing when the teacher came into the classroom;

  • what your parents were doing at 8 o’clock yesterday;

  • what you were doing when your friend once came to see you.

Ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country.

(John F. Kennedy)
































Date:

Grade: 8 а-б

The theme WE ARE THE CITIZENS OF KAZAKHSTAN

The aims:

1) To enrich their knowledge concerning the theme, on the new words, to practice its pronunciation and teach them to use the words in their speech.

2) To enrich pupils interest to the new material to develop.

Their speaking and thinking abilities to consolidate the

Material with asking and answering the questions, to

Develop their memory on the learning English words.

3) To raiser their interest to the English language widing.

Organization moment:

Good morning girl’s and boy’s!How are you?I’m glad to see you!Who is on duty today?

What month is it now?What season is it now?What date is it today?Who is absent?Thank you!Sit down please!


Today we are going to learn new theme, to learn new words, to do some exercise, to checking up your home work, answer the question, read and translate, work in groups.


To checking up home work:

What was your home work?Are you ready?.

Do you understand me?Well, let’s begin!

Nice of you!Thank you!Sit down please!

Presentation new theme:

Teacher introduces the pupils with the theme and aims of the lesson.

WE ARE THE CITIZENS OF KAZAKHSTAN

Warm-up activity

Read the poem, discuss it and then learn it.

Eagles

Eagles strike And eagles seize.

Eagles fly

Whenever they please.

They catch the wind And high they fly.

They reach for life And reach for more.

Read and say the words correctly.

|i:j eagles, reach, please, seize [ai] strike, fly, high, life

3. Answer the questions.

What do you know about eagles?

Are eagles strong or weak birds?

Where do they usually live?

What do eagles symbolize?

Reading.

  • Read the proverbs and sayings, explain what they mean:

  • No one knows what he can do till he tries (Publicius Sysur).

  • I’m a part of the world and the world is a part of me (a child’s rhyme).

  • Read and say the words correctly.

Citizens, sovereign, prosperous, independence, celebrate, mighty, patriots, strategy, responsible, teenagers.

Read the text and discuss it.

Dear friends! My name is Daniel (though my friends call me Dan). I’m 14. My family and I live in Almaty. We are all the citizens of the sovereign Kazakhstan and we believe in the prosperous future of our country. Kazakhstan got its independence on the 16-th of December in 1991. Many changes have taken place since then. People are living better. There are more beautiful buildings, more factories and plants, more cars. Shops have more different food and clothes.

The 16-th of December has become one of the best holidays for the people in the Republic of Kazakhstan. We celebrate this holiday with pride. We get together in the Republic Square and in the parks to celebrate this holiday: we sing songs, dance and watch concerts.

Answer the questions.

When did Kazakhstan get its independence?

What changes have taken place since then?

How do people celebrate the Day of independence?

What does the President’s message “Nurly Zhol” say?

Why is the message specially addressed to young people?

What do you think about the President’s message to the people of Kazakhstan?

What can you say about Daniel?

III. Reading and Speaking.

1. Before reading the text say what you know about Nauryz. Then read the text and answer the questions.

Nauryz

Kazakhstan has many different customs and traditions. The most important Kazakh holiday of the year is “Nauryz” — the Kazakh New Year.

On March 22-nd people from smaller villages come to bigger cities. Families get together to help one another on constructing a “yurt” which is the traditional Kazakh home.

Questions:

When is Nauryz celebrated?

Where do families get together?

What are the yurts made of?

What are the Kazakh people’s traditional dishes?

How are the yurts decorated?

What musical instruments do Kazakh people play?

What other important features of Nauryz do you know?

In pairs speak about the celebration of Nauryz in your family /town/ city/aul.

Speak on the following situation.

Suppose you are asked by your host-family in the USA to tell them something about Kazakh traditions. Describe how we celebrate Nauryz. What traditions do we keep?

















Date:

Grade: 8 а-б

The theme OUR ENVIRONMENT

The aims:

1) To enrich their knowledge concerning the theme, on the new words, to practice its pronunciation and teach them to use the words in their speech.

2) To enrich pupils interest to the new material to develop.

Their speaking and thinking abilities to consolidate the

Material with asking and answering the questions, to

Develop their memory on the learning English words.

3) To raiser their interest to the English language widing.

Organization moment:

Good morning girl’s and boy’s!How are you?I’m glad to see you!Who is on duty today?

What month is it now?What season is it now?What date is it today?Who is absent?Thank you!Sit down please!


Today we are going to learn new theme, to learn new words, to do some exercise, to checking up your home work, answer the question, read and translate, work in groups.


To checking up home work:

What was your home work?Are you ready?.

Do you understand me?Well, let’s begin!

Nice of you!Thank you!Sit down please!

Presentation new theme:

Teacher introduces the pupils with the theme and aims of the lesson.

OUR ENVIRONMENT

I. Warming up activities

Answer the questions about ecology.

Why do people speak about ecology so often nowadays? What makes ecology an important science?

When did people start speaking about ecology first?

The information of what sciences does ecology use?

What are some of the problems ecologists are trying to solve?

How can the environment influence a living thing? Can you give an example?

What is human ecology? What does it study?

What is your natural environment? Do you think it is healthy?

1. Read the text “Our Environment” and find the equivalents of the words and word combinations after the text.

Our Environment

The environment is all the things we need to be able to live — clean water to drink and to wash with, air to breathe and healthy food to eat. We can’t live without plants and animals. They help to make the soil, they clean water and air, and they give us all our food.

Russian equivalents:

чтобы мы могли жить; воздух, чтобы дышать; формировать почву; столько, сколько сможем; мы вырубаем леса; мы загрязняем окружающую среду; мы производим массу отходов; мы сбрасываем бытовые и промышленные отходы; сливаем ядовитые отходы; опасный для дыхания.

© 2. Complete these sentences:

People can’t live without....

People need to make our planet... .

We would like to see our rivers and lakes....

It is dangerous to....

© 3. Read the text and match its paragraphs with the titles. There are 6 titles but only 5 paragraphs. One title is extra.

Land without Trees

No Air to Breathe

Dangerous Waters

Toxic Food

Problems Important for Everyone

No food for Animals

  • The word environment means what is around us. People who live in big industrial centers, cities and towns live in a town environment. For others their environment is the countryside. Everybody who lives in towns or in the country breathes air, drinks water, and uses soil, which should be clean. But are they really clean?

  • The water in the oceans, seas and rivers has become polluted in many places. If people drink this water, they can get ill or even die. People use oceans and seas as big dump and pour industrial and domestic waste into them. And so fish become toxic. It is very dangerous for people to eat such fish. Water birds leave places with toxic water. A lot of trees on the coast die, too.

  • The food we eat is not always healthy as fruit and vegetables can grow on polluted soil and become dangerous too. The meat we get from sheep and cows can be bad for our health if these sheep and cows eat grass that grows on polluted land.

  1. People cut down trees and many birds and animals can’t liave home in their usual places and they begin dying out. II’ the situation doesn’t change, soon we shall live in a very different world — a world without a number of species that we know now.

Nowadays people feel that it is more difficult to breathe: in big cities the air has become badly polluted. Most of the pollution comes from cars and buses. Old people and little children feel bad and get ill because of the polluted air.

III. Speaking activities

  1. Say if you find life in a big city rather dangerous nowadays. Think over the following':

  • The air to breathe

  • Badly polluted

  • A lot of cars

  • Not many trees

  1. Say if in your opinion it is important to be a member of some ecological organization. Mention the following:

  • It is important to help wild birds and animals to survive.

  • It is necessary to protect wild life on the planet.

  • It is important to make the population of endangered species larger.

  • It is necessary to stop people who kill endangered birds and animals.

  • It is important to protect animals’ habitats.

  • It is much easier to do these things if you belong to some organization.

Unusual Badge

Jane: Miss Chapman, may I ask you something?

Miss Ch.: Yes, Jane, what is it? Jane: What’s that badge you are wearing?

Miss Ch.: This panda badge? It shows that I am a member of WWF.

Jane: What’s WWF? I’ve never heard of it.

Miss Ch.: WWF means “Worldwide Fund for Nature”. It’s an international organization that protects wildlife on the planet. I believe WWF needs our support because it is very important to help wild animals to survive.

Jane: What do they do to help animals to survive?

Miss Ch.: Different things. Mostly they help endangered animals. For example, if the population of some species is very small, it means they can become extinct. Ecologists protect them and try to make their population larger.

Jane: I see. That’s very interesting. They are like Greenpeace. I’d like to work with Greenpeace. I think they are very active and brave. They stop those people who kill endangered animals and destroy their habitats.

Miss Ch.: I know all ecological organizations are useful. The more of them the better. Everyone should do what they can.

Prepare a talk on the topic “Our Environment”. Inyour talk, mention the following:

how clean and safe the place where you live is

if there is any danger of air, water or nuclear pollution there

if the place where you live is rich in birds and animals

what in your opinion should be done to make your environment better







































Date:

Grade: 8 а-б

The theme NATURE AND ECOLOGICAU PROBLEMS

The aims:

1) To enrich their knowledge concerning the theme, on the new words, to practice its pronunciation and teach them to use the words in their speech.

2) To enrich pupils interest to the new material to develop.

Their speaking and thinking abilities to consolidate the

Material with asking and answering the questions, to

Develop their memory on the learning English words.

3) To raiser their interest to the English language widing.

Organization moment:

Good morning girl’s and boy’s!How are you?I’m glad to see you!Who is on duty today?

What month is it now?What season is it now?What date is it today?Who is absent?Thank you!Sit down please!


Today we are going to learn new theme, to learn new words, to do some exercise, to checking up your home work, answer the question, read and translate, work in groups.


To checking up home work:

What was your home work?Are you ready?.

Do you understand me?Well, let’s begin!

Nice of you!Thank you!Sit down please!

Presentation new theme:

Teacher introduces the pupils with the theme and aims of the lesson.

NATURE AND ECOLOGICAU PROBLEMS

Warming up activity Listen, read and learn the poem, written by the American poet Robert Frost (1874-1963)

The woods are lovely, dark and deep.

But I have promises to keep, And miles to go before I sleep And miles to go before I sleep.

(from “Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening”).

2. Read the sayings and express your opinion.

N ever does nature say one thing and wisdom another (J uvenal). We would be happy if we studied nature more in natural things and acted according to nature, whose rules are few, plain and most reasonable (William Penn).

Read the sentences and the words to know how to understand

and use them:

area (n) ['еэпэ] — a part of smth. (the country, a city, or a town): They live in Alaska, the coldest area of the USA. Winters are cold in this area.

region (n) ['п:с1з(э)п] — a large area of land whose geography is different from other areas: There are 15 regions in Kazakhstan.

exhaustion (n) [ig'zo:stJ(9)n] — the use of all that you have of something: the exhaustion of water, of mineral resources.

resource (n) [ri'zD:s] — something that you can use to achieve something. Kazakhstan is rich in mineral resources. The Internet is a useful resource for teaching English.

III. Match the words with their definitions:

strategy a) something very important that must be done;

to threaten b) a plan or a method for achieving something;

priority c) a part of something;

area d) to tell smth. that may cause trouble to some

body;

well-being e) a state of people which includes health, social

safety

Read the text and discuss it in pairs:

The areas of ecological disaster are the Aral Sea which has become shallow and Semipalatinsk Region after testing a nuclear bomb in 1950. The Syrdaria River and the Lake Balkhash are strongly polluted. Another environmental problem is the exhaustion of water resources.

Questions:

What are the areas of ecological disaster in Kazakhstan?

What can you say about the Syrdaria River and the Lake Balkhash?

What are the main priorities of the State according to the Strategy 2030?

What other environmental problems threaten the life of the people?

V. Dialogue

  • Read and listen to the dialogue, then role — play it in pairs.

Ann: Good morning!

Aidar: Good morning! How are you today?

Ann: Just fine, thanks. How игеyou?

Make up your own dialogue on the following situation:

You are going to see your friend who has been away on a trip to the Aral Sea area. Find out what is ecological situation there.

VI. Word Formation

Give the opposites by adding “un”, look up the meaning of the words in the dictionary. Example: happv=unhappv

usual, known, important, pleasant, natural, necessary, popular, friendly, countable, easy, comfortable, able, lucky.

Give the opposites by adding “in”, “im”, “ir”. Explain their meaning:

complete, correct, attentive, accurate, active, visible, rational.

Give the meaning of the compound words; consult a dictionary if

necessary:

wildlife, wildboar, wildcat, wildworld.

Form new verbs from the given ones by adding the prefix “re”. Give their meaning:

read, write, translate, mark, consider, view, examine, act, print, call, cognize, cover, count, create, collect, form, turn, make, move, place, produce, tell.

VII. Auding: “The singing Mountain”.


















Date:

Grade: 8 а-б

The theme NATURAL DISASTER

The aims:

1) To enrich their knowledge concerning the theme, on the new words, to practice its pronunciation and teach them to use the words in their speech.

2) To enrich pupils interest to the new material to develop.

Their speaking and thinking abilities to consolidate the

Material with asking and answering the questions, to

Develop their memory on the learning English words.

3) To raiser their interest to the English language widing.

Organization moment:

Good morning girl’s and boy’s!How are you?I’m glad to see you!Who is on duty today?

What month is it now?What season is it now?What date is it today?Who is absent?Thank you!Sit down please!


Today we are going to learn new theme, to learn new words, to do some exercise, to checking up your home work, answer the question, read and translate, work in groups.


To checking up home work:

What was your home work?Are you ready?.

Do you understand me?Well, let’s begin!

Nice of you!Thank you!Sit down please!

Presentation new theme:

Teacher introduces the pupils with the theme and aims of the lesson.

NATURAL DISASTER

Warm-up activity

Practise reading and saying the words:

[o] coming, moving, carrying, rushing, hiding, making, blowing, running, thinking, asking, standing, listening, squawking, holding, raining, sitting.

A tornado is about to strike this family’s farm. They are all frightened. It is moving quickly towards them, but they have already noticed that it is coming. The mother has taken the baby; the father has called the children. The boys are carrying some of the animals: a cat and three puppies. The family is rushing to the storm cellar, where they will be safe under the ground.

©3. Read the second part of the text and find out what will be happening when tornado comes. Part II

When the tornado hits, they will be sitting in the storm cellar. They will not be moving around; they’ll be hiding in the safest part of the cellar. The mother will still be holding the baby, but the animals will probably be running around, making noise. Each person will be listening to the sounds of the storm. They will hear chickens squaking and they will hear the wind blowing. They will all be thinking about the farm and asking themselves questions about it. “What will farm look like when we come out of the storm cellar?” “Will the house still be standing?” “Will the barn still 26

bo standing?” “Will all the animals be alive?” “Will it be raining very hard?” “Will the family survive?”

Answer these questions What do you think of the family?

II. Grammar: The Future Continuous Tense.

The Future Continuous is used:

to express an action which will be in progress at a certain time in the future.

Example: At this time tomorrow, we will be working in the garden.

Read and Remember!

Verbs of Mental Activity or Mental State, which do not take the Continuous Tenses: believe, hate, hear, know, like, love, need, own, see, have (meaning to own); some exceptions are idioms with have. These idioms are used in the Continuous Tenses: to have fun, to have a party, to have a good lime, lo have a bad time, to have trouble: We shall be having a good time tomorrow at the party.

Remember!

As you have learned, some verbs cannot be used in the Continuous Tenses. When you are speaking or writing about future time, such verbs take the Simple Future Tense. Verbs of Mental Activity or Mental State do not take Continuous Tenses: believe, hate, hear, know, like, need, own, see.

Grammar Practice

  • Comment on the use of the Future Continuous Tense. Talk to your partner about similar things.

What will you be doing at this time on Sunday?

I think I’ll be playing tennis with my friends. And you?

I’ll probably be reading in the park

What will you be doing at this time tomorrow?

at 5:00 p.m. at 3:00 p.m. at 9:00 p.m.

wash dishes watch TV

walk my dog play games on a computer

write a composition read a book

do my homework

IV. Say whal other people will be doing at a given moment in the future.

Example: I’m going to watch TV from 9 to 10 o’clock tonight (at 9.30). — So, at 9.30 you will be watching TV.Jim is going to study from 7 till 10 o’clock this evening (at 8.30 this evening). — So,...We are going to clean the flat tomorrow from 9 till 11 o’clock (at 10 o’clock tomorrow morning). — So,...We are going to spend next Saturday lying on the beach (in the afternoon next Saturday

V. Answer the following questions to let your partners know what other people will be doing.

Example:

Are you going to bed early? (write a report)

No, I’m not going to bed early, because I’ll be writing a report.

  • Are you going to watch the football match tomorrow? (read a book)

  • Is your brother going to enter the University? (work)

VI. Say what a person will be doing at a definite future moment.

Example : He is sleeping now (when I arrive tonight). He will be sleeping when I arrive tonight.

  • Helen is wearing a blue dress now (at the party tomorrow).

  • Steve is lying in the sun (tomorrow morning).

  • We are having lunch now (at 1 o’clock).

  • VII. You misheard your partner who’s talking about his /her plans. Ask him/her a question to get the necessary information.

Example: This time next week I shall be swimming in the Black Sea. (Where ). Where will you be swimming next week?

I’ll be having a few days’ holiday in Turkey. (How long....)

We shall be working in the garden this time tomorrow. (With whom )

VIII. Act out a conversation using the Future Continuous Tense and the vocabulary.

A. Tomorrow I’ll be flying to London.

A. Will you really?

IX. Auding: “Nature and Ecology today”.


Date:

Grade: 8 а-б

The theme ECOLOGY AND DISASTERS

The aims:

1) To enrich their knowledge concerning the theme, on the new words, to practice its pronunciation and teach them to use the words in their speech.

2) To enrich pupils interest to the new material to develop.

Their speaking and thinking abilities to consolidate the

Material with asking and answering the questions, to

Develop their memory on the learning English words.

3) To raiser their interest to the English language widing.

Organization moment:

Good morning girl’s and boy’s!How are you?I’m glad to see you!Who is on duty today?

What month is it now?What season is it now?What date is it today?Who is absent?Thank you!Sit down please!


Today we are going to learn new theme, to learn new words, to do some exercise, to checking up your home work, answer the question, read and translate, work in groups.


To checking up home work:

What was your home work?Are you ready?.

Do you understand me?Well, let’s begin!

Nice of you!Thank you!Sit down please!

Presentation new theme:

Teacher introduces the pupils with the theme and aims of the lesson.

ECOLOGY AND DISASTERS

Warm-up activity

  • Practise reading and sayings the words:

Ecology [ii'kolscfei], flood [fkd], tornado [toi'neidsu], earthquake ['3:0kweik], tsunami [tsu:'na:mi], volcano [vol'keingu], disaster [di'zaists]

2. Read the proverbs and saying and explain their meaning:

  • Nature is our Mother (Latin proverb).

  • My heart’s in the Highlands, my heart is not here.

My heart’s in the Highlands a chasing the deer (Robert Burns).

  • Speak to the Earth, and it shall teach thee.

  • Nature, to be commanded, must be obeyed (Francis Bacon).

II. Speaking

In pairs or small groups, discuss the following:

Do you think it is necessary for people to study nature? Why? How can it help us in our everyday life?

Do you think you know much about nature? Do you want to know more? Why?

Let’s learn the new words.

  • Read the sentences to know how to understand and use the words.

drought [draut] n. — drought is caused by the lack of rain for ;i long period of time when crops die.

tsunami [tsunami] n. — a very large wave of water caused by underwater earthquakes in the sea: More than 80% of tsunami happen in the Pacific Ocean. They are caused by underwater earthquakes.

earthquake ['aiGkweik] n. — sudden shaking movements of the ground: The Spitak earthquake in Armenia in 1988 destroyed the cities of Spitak and Leninakan. Some earthquakes are caused not only by natural reasons.

  • Read and match the words with their definitions:

Flood, tornado, earthquake, drought, tsunami, volcano

  • a sudden shaking of the earth’s surface, which may cause great damage;

  • a very violent wind in the form of a tall wide pipe of air that spins at a great speed;

  • a very high, quickly travelling sea wave caused by an undersea earthquake or similar disturbance;

IV. Read and listen to the text and answer the question:

What causes death and suffering for people?

Environmental problems of the modern world are caused by ecology and disasters. They are dangerous for human lives. The nuclear attack on Japan in 1945, numerous technological accidents, pollution, wars and terrorism, earthquakes, tsunami, floods and drought cause

Read Steve’s story about his most exciting experience. Discuss the story with your partners.

My Most Exciting Experience

Last summer my family and I went to a campsite near the river in the South of France. We put up our tent on the hill at the end of the campsite. One evening all the campers were sitting in front of their tents. Suddenly it started to rain heavily. People picked up their things and ran into the tents. It rained all night.

3. Answer the questions.

  • Where did Steve and his family go?

  • Where was their tent?

  • What happened one evening?

  • What did Steve find out in the morning?

  • What did the police do when they arrived?

  • Why did Steve say that they were lucky?

  • Was it really an exciting experience?

  • What was your most exciting experience? When was it?

Home-task. Write an essay about your most exciting experience.

  • Auding: “Coyote team Work”




























Date:

Grade: 8 а-б

The theme Test yourself

The aims:

1) To enrich their knowledge concerning the theme, on the new words, to practice its pronunciation and teach them to use the words in their speech.

2) To enrich pupils interest to the new material to develop.

Their speaking and thinking abilities to consolidate the

Material with asking and answering the questions, to

Develop their memory on the learning English words.

3) To raiser their interest to the English language widing.

Organization moment:

Good morning girl’s and boy’s!How are you?I’m glad to see you!Who is on duty today?

What month is it now?What season is it now?What date is it today?Who is absent?Thank you!Sit down please!


Test yourself

Choose the correct form of the verb.

This time next week I in the Black Sea.

  • shall be swimming;

  • shall swim;

  • will swim.

She said she in the garden at 3 o’clock next

Monday.

  • would work;

  • will work;

  • would be working.

She told me his name after he

  • left;

  • had left;

  • was leaving;

  • was left.

I saw Ann yesterday. She a walkman.

was wearing;

wore;

wears;

would wear.

He asked me where I when I came to London

next time.

  1. will stay;

  2. would stay;

  3. stayed;

  4. stay.

  1. Use the appropriate article where necessary.

  1. an;

  2. a;

  3. the;

  4. no article.

Ann is interesting personality.

I’ll go to sport competition.

She has sense of humour.

She is fond of Tchaikovsky’s music.

Doctors say that walkman is especially

dangerous for health.

Make up sentences putting the words in the right order.

a) Columbus; b) America; c) discovered; d) was; e) by.

a) the; b) championships; c) begin; d) when; e) did;

  • Wimbledon; g) ?

Fill in the prepositions where necessary.

Don’t judge appearances.

He coached them the Olympics.

What are the advantages going train?

Choose the correct word to till in (say, tell).

Do you know how to “thank you” in French?

Are you good at jokes?

Can you me something about Moscow?

I asked her what her name was and she

me her name was Kitty.

She she lived in London.

Give the English equivalents.

Стихийные бедствия причиняют страдания людям.

Важно защитить живую природу на планете.

Казахстан богат минеральными ресурсами.

Наш главный приоритет — наука.

Астанастолица Казахстана.

Give yourself a score

Mistakes:

0—3 - Excellent job!

4—10 - Good job!

More than 10 — Try again.

Good luck!


















Date:

Grade: 8 а-б

The theme SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY IN OCR LIFE

The aims:

1) To enrich their knowledge concerning the theme, on the new words, to practice its pronunciation and teach them to use the words in their speech.

2) To enrich pupils interest to the new material to develop.

Their speaking and thinking abilities to consolidate the

Material with asking and answering the questions, to

Develop their memory on the learning English words.

3) To raiser their interest to the English language widing.

Organization moment:

Good morning girl’s and boy’s!How are you?I’m glad to see you!Who is on duty today?

What month is it now?What season is it now?What date is it today?Who is absent?Thank you!Sit down please!


Today we are going to learn new theme, to learn new words, to do some exercise, to checking up your home work, answer the question, read and translate, work in groups.


To checking up home work:

What was your home work?Are you ready?.

Do you understand me?Well, let’s begin!

Nice of you!Thank you!Sit down please!

Presentation new theme:

Teacher introduces the pupils with the theme and aims of the lesson.

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY IN OCR LIFE

Warm-up activity

Read the sayings and discuss them:

Science is the knowledge of consequences and the dependence of one fact upon another (Thomas Hobbes).

Science says the first word on everything, and the last word on nothing (Victor Hugo).

There is no royal road to science (Euclid).

Science is built of facts the way a house is built of bricks; but an accumulation of facts is no more a science than a pile of bricks in a house (Henri Poincare).

Read the sentences to know how to understand and use the

words:

to keep up with = (phrasal verb) — to move with the same speed as someone or smb.: He had to hurry to keep up with her. By studying hard, she managed to keep up with her group-mates. We always try to keep up with new technologies. We try to keep up with what is happening. The boy could hardly keep up with his father who moved quickly.

invention [in'venj(3)n] n. — a machine, tool or system that someone has made, designed a thought for the first time: The invention of the internet changed the world. The invention of electricity changed the way people had lived for many centuries.

Ш] III. Read the text, pay attention to the underlined words and answer the questions.

It is difficult to keep up with technology these days. The constant appearance of new inventions and innovations means that whenever we buy a high-tech device, it becomes outdated after a year. Luckily, though most of us keep up with the sustainability of gadgets. For example, nearly everyone has a mobile phone, and the old ones work the same way as the new, though with fewer capabilities. Another example is with broadband: this type of internet service has been around for so long that most people have it these days and they don’t need to change it because it works well and is sustainable.

Questions:

Why do you think it is difficult to keep up with technology these days?

What helps us to keep gadgets for a long time?

Do you often buy high-tech devices?

Do you have broadband at home?

Are your gadgets sustainable ?

IV. Work in groups of 3 and discuss: which of the following do

you think will be around in 20 years’ time? Do you believe they will be still around in 50 years’ time? Why? Why not?

Digital music players Voice recognition mobile phones

Touch screen tablets

  • DVD players

  • Electric trains

  • Hybrid cars

  • Eye scanner

  • Smart board

The interactive HD TV

  • The phrasal verbs with Keep

to keep up with (fashion, high-tech

Use the corresponding English equivalents:

Держаться наравне с кем-то (чем-то), держаться в отдалении; продолжать что-то, не вмешиваться; утаивать новости.

Translate into Russian:

Keep off the grass!

Keep away the medicine from the children!

He kept on reading when I came in.

We try to keep up with high-tech.

He kept back the news.

Use the appropriate phrasal verbs:

  • Она старается не отставать от моды.

  • Не ходите по траве!

  • Не вмешивайтесь в их дела (affairs).

  • Он утаил документы.

  • Мы соблюдаем старые семейные традиции.

  • Уберите лекарства от детей!

  • Сейчас трудно держаться на уровне с технологиями: они быстро устаревают.
















Date:

Grade: 8 а-б

The theme THE MOST IMPORTANT INVENTIONS IN THE HISTORY OF MANKIND

The aims:

1) To enrich their knowledge concerning the theme, on the new words, to practice its pronunciation and teach them to use the words in their speech.

2) To enrich pupils interest to the new material to develop.

Their speaking and thinking abilities to consolidate the

Material with asking and answering the questions, to

Develop their memory on the learning English words.

3) To raiser their interest to the English language widing.

Organization moment:

Good morning girl’s and boy’s!How are you?I’m glad to see you!Who is on duty today?

What month is it now?What season is it now?What date is it today?Who is absent?Thank you!Sit down please!


Today we are going to learn new theme, to learn new words, to do some exercise, to checking up your home work, answer the question, read and translate, work in groups.


To checking up home work:

What was your home work?Are you ready?.

Do you understand me?Well, let’s begin!

Nice of you!Thank you!Sit down please!

Presentation new theme:

Teacher introduces the pupils with the theme and aims of the lesson.

. THE MOST IMPORTANT INVENTIONS IN THE HISTORY OF MANKIND

I. Warm-up activity О* 1. Let us speak about the history of inventions.

They say that the history of Mankind is actually the history of inventions. How well do you know history? Do you know about these discoveries and inventions? About their role for mankind?

  • Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone.

  • The planet Pluto was discovered in 1930.

  • Braille, a system of writing for blind people, was invented in the 19-th century.

Who invented the radio?

Who invented the light bulb?

When was the computer invented?

What was invented in China?

What did Alfred Nobel invent?

Who discovered America?

3. Read the following words and say how you understand them:

That’s one small step for a man and one giant leap for the mankind”.

(Neil A. Armstrong, an American cosmonaut after his flight to the Moon on Apollo II, in July 20, 1969)

II. Jigsaw Reading

The two stories below are jumbled up. Sort them out according to the titles:

How did the microscopes get invented?

The invention of the telescope.

  • More than 400 years ago in Holland Zacharias Jansenn made lenses for eyeglasses. Some of his lenses made things look bigger. He found that he could put two lenses together to make things look a lot bigger. So, in about 1593 Zacharias built the first microscope (“micro” means “small”, “scope” means “to see”).

Several different people say they have invented the telescope. Many historians believe it was invented in 1608 by Hans Lippershey who made glasses in Holland.

He discovered that by placing two lenses inside a tube, distant objects seemed to be much closer.

After the 1-st telescope invention much more powerful telescopes have been developed: radio, X-ray, and gamma-ray telescopes helped us to learn about Solar System, the Milky Way and the universe itself.

The Great Italian scientist Galileo Galilei (1564—1642) with the help of telescopes discovered Jupiter’s four largest satellites, spots on the Sun, hills and the phases of Venus.

The first microscope made things look 20 to 30 times larger than they are.

Another man who lived in Holland, Anton Leeuwenhoek made microscopes that could magnify objects up to 200 times. He was the first man to see bacteria!

The telescope is the most important tool for investigating astronomy.

Answer the questions.

  • What does the word microscope consist of and what does it mean?

  • Who and from what country was the inventor of a microscope? How did he do it?

  • When was the first microscope built?

  • What were the main characteristics of the first microscope made by Zacharias Jansenn?

  • Who was the first man to see bacteria with the help of microscope? What were the main characteristics of his microscope?

  • Who was the first inventor of the telescope? What do historians say?

  • What were the main characteristics of the first telescope?

  • What made it possible to do with powerful telescopes?

  • What did the great Italian scientist Galileo Galilei discover with the help of telescopes?

  • In what branch of science is telescope the most important tool?

  • Have you ever used a telescope or a microscope? When? Why?

2. Work in pairs. Tell your partner in short about the importance of the . discovery of telescopes and microscopes.

Brush up your Grammar: Present, Past and Future Simple

Passive

To be + 3rd form of the Verb

Change from Active into Passive:

They say Popov invented the radio; b) Columbus discovered America; c) She cleans the house every day.

Pick out sentences with the verbs in the Passive Voice from the text. Qfy IV. Auding: “How to be a successful inventor”














Date:

Grade: 8 а-б

The theme MASS MEDIA I1M OUR LIFE

The aims:

1) To enrich their knowledge concerning the theme, on the new words, to practice its pronunciation and teach them to use the words in their speech.

2) To enrich pupils interest to the new material to develop.

Their speaking and thinking abilities to consolidate the

Material with asking and answering the questions, to

Develop their memory on the learning English words.

3) To raiser their interest to the English language widing.

Organization moment:

Good morning girl’s and boy’s!How are you?I’m glad to see you!Who is on duty today?

What month is it now?What season is it now?What date is it today?Who is absent?Thank you!Sit down please!


Today we are going to learn new theme, to learn new words, to do some exercise, to checking up your home work, answer the question, read and translate, work in groups.


To checking up home work:

What was your home work?Are you ready?.

Do you understand me?Well, let’s begin!

Nice of you!Thank you!Sit down please!

Presentation new theme:

Teacher introduces the pupils with the theme and aims of the lesson.

MASS MEDIA I1M OUR LIFE

  • Guess the meaning of the following words:

Mass media [mass'mi:dia],

important [im'poitent]

information [infa'meijn]

relax [ri'laeks] (v)

channel ['tfaenal]

television, satellite television

internet ['intanet]

programme f'prougram]

corruption [кэ'глр/эп] (n)

massive f'maesiv]

economic crizis [ika'nomik'kraisis]

diplomatic visits [dipb'mstik'vizits]

terrorism ['terarizml

traditions [tr3'dij(3)nz]

technologies [tek'nolic^iz]

  • Read the sentences to know how to use the words: viewer ['vju:a] (n) — someone who is watching television programmes: The show attracted 2 million viewers.

FM [ef'em] frequency modulation — a system used in broadcasting radio signals of high quality.

to provide (v) — to give smb. smth. that they want or need: a taxi from the airport will be provided. Synonym: supply.

to supply [sa'plaij (v) — to provide someone or smth. with smth. that they need or want: Can you supply a list of books? They supplied me with food.

negotiation [nig3uji'eij(3)n] (n) (often plural) — formal discussion in which people try to search an agreement, especially in business or politics.

corruption [кэ'глр/эп| — dishonest or illegal behaviour by officials or by people of power, especially when they accept money in exchange of doing things for someone: The bank was closed down because of the corruption of the officials.

coverage ['клу(э)пс1з] (n) — news about smth. on television or radio or in the newspapers: The event was given wide media coverage. All the newspapers give full coverage of the World championship.

the Media ['mi:dia] (n) — pi. (medium)Radio, television newspapers, the internet and magazines are the Mass Media. Angolian media reported that an agreement had been reached.

to relax [ri'iasks] (v) — to rest and allow oneself to become calm: Sit down and relax.

Questions for discussions.

What belongs to mass media? (What is mass media?)

How do we get information that we need?

What information can be found in mass media?

What kind of programmes do Discovery Channels broadcast?

What Radio music programmes do you know? What do you think of them?

Why can one be lost in the information ocean of television?

What is your favourite TV Programme? Why?

What TV programmes do your parents prefer?

Do you think everyone should have a computer? Why?

What is the value of Internet?

III. Read the text and discuss it in small groups: part 1 — group 1, part 2 — group 2, part 3— group 3.

Mass Media

Mass Media has become an important part of our life. We all have already become listeners, readers, viewers. We get information we need while we are reading newspapers and magazines, watching TV, listening to the news on the radio. If

you want to relax, you can just switch on any FM station and enjoy music or you switch on your TV set, choose one of the music channels and have a fun. Nowyou can hardly imagine that years ago there were no FM radio in the state, no satellite television and internet at all.

Newspapers, with their different kinds of news can supply any kind of information. They carry articles that cover the latest international and national events, all kind of news, advertising, fun stories, biographies of well-known people, etc. You can find newspapers also with the radio and TV programmes, where a full coverage of commercial, financial and public affairs is given. There are newspapers and magazines for young people. They give news, events and reports on education, sports, cultural life, entertainment, fashion, etc. There are many advertising programmes now.

Radio broadcasts are valued mainly for their music programmes (Europe Plus, Russian Radio, etc.).

Give the English equivalents to the following:

  • Я думаю, что невозможно представить нашу жизнь без радио, телевидения и интернета.

  • Радио и телевидение широко используются в современном мире.

  • Радио и телевидение информируют нас о текущих событиях, о новых достижениях в науке, о политических событиях и предлагают большое количество программ — образовательных и развлекательных.

  • Моя любимая радиостанция — “Европа плюс”.

  • Мои любимые телевизионные каналы — “Дискавери” и “Евразия”, потому что они удовлетворяют мои интересы лучшим образом.



Date:

Grade: 8 а-б

The theme RADIO AND TV IN MY LIFE

The aims:

1) To enrich their knowledge concerning the theme, on the new words, to practice its pronunciation and teach them to use the words in their speech.

2) To enrich pupils interest to the new material to develop.

Their speaking and thinking abilities to consolidate the

Material with asking and answering the questions, to

Develop their memory on the learning English words.

3) To raiser their interest to the English language widing.

Organization moment:

Good morning girl’s and boy’s!How are you?I’m glad to see you!Who is on duty today?

What month is it now?What season is it now?What date is it today?Who is absent?Thank you!Sit down please!


Today we are going to learn new theme, to learn new words, to do some exercise, to checking up your home work, answer the question, read and translate, work in groups.


To checking up home work:

What was your home work?Are you ready?.

Do you understand me?Well, let’s begin!

Nice of you!Thank you!Sit down please!

Presentation new theme:

Teacher introduces the pupils with the theme and aims of the lesson.

RADIO AND TV IN MY LIFE

I. Read and discuss the text.

I think it is impossible to imagine our life without radio and TV. Radio and TV are widely used in today’s world. It is one of the quickest means of spreading news and information. Radio plays an important role in reflecting the life of society and building opinions, in entertainment. Radio supplies us with information well enough but on TV everything is much more real. Radio and TV keep us informed about current events, the latest developments in science and politics and offer a great number of programmes which are both instructive and entertaining. So, they give us a lot of useful information.

Questions for discussion

Are radio and TV widely used in today’s world?

What role do radio and TV play in our lives?

Do you listen to the radio?

What are your favourite radio stations?

What kind of movies do you prefer to watch?

What are your favourite TV channels?

What other means of spreading news and information do you know?

II. Speak about your favourite TV programmes in small groups.

III. Make up a list of advantages of your favourite TV programme.

  • Speaking

I - Discuss the following' text.

Lots of people pretend that they never read advertisements, but I his is doubtful. It is hardly possible not to read advertisements these days. And what fun they often are! Just think what a railway station or a newspaper would be like without advertisements. A cheerful witty advertisement makes us happy. Advertisements perform a useful service to the community. For instance, you can find a job, buy or sell a house, announce a birth, marriage or death in “Small ads” columns. No other item in a newspaper provides such entertaining reading or offers such a deep insight into human nature.

There are advertisements practically everywhere you look in the city or a village.

2. Express your opinion about the following statements:

  • Any kind of advertising should be banned from the media.

  • Some advertisements are great fun, especially those that are shown in cinema.

  • Advertising changes our style of living.

  • Every advertisement is a big lie.

  • Many advertisements promise a lot more than there is to the product.

  • Advertising for tobacco and alcohol should be forbidden.

  • Grammar: Modal Verb Could + Perfect Infinitiv

Modal Verbs Could + Perfect Infinitive is used for events which were possible in the past but didn’t happen.

Examples'. 1. He could have drowned! (it was possible for him to drown but it didn’t happen).

VI. Grammar Practice

1. Say it in English.

Он мог бы утонуть, но брат спас его.

Она бы могла легко выиграть на чемпионате, но ей не повезло.

Ты бы мог позвонить! Почему не позвонил? Мы беспокоились.

Бородин мог бы быть хорошим химиком, но стал знаменитым композитором.

Say 3 sentences of what could have taken place in the past but it didn’t happen.

Example: The film has disappointed me: the young man could have become rich but he didn’t. The girl could have become a star but she didn’t. They could have married but this didn’t happen. What a life!

Grammar: Modal Verb should + Perfect Infinitive

Modal Verb should + Perfect Infinitive shows that the action was desirable but it didn’t happen.

Example: 1. I should have worn a tie for the job interview (It was a good idea but I didn’t do it).

  • I should have invited him to the party (It was a good idea for me to do so but I didn’t do it)..

VII. Grammar practice

  • Say it in English.

Ты не должен был ходить туда вчера.

Тебе нужно было бы оставаться в постели. У тебя грипп!

Надо было бы лучше готовиться к экзамену. А теперь у тебя “двойка”.

2. Speak on the following situations. Express your reproach

(упрек) and give some pieces of advice.

Your friend failed his exam.

You have been told that your friend while playing football in the yard broke the window glass. Express your attitude to what lias happened.

  • Homestay language holidays!

The natural way by staying with an English host-family as a paying guest.

We have carefully selected families in the South — West of England to

match your age, interests and background.

  • International Summer Schools! Brush up your English.

20 lessons per week. Interesting social programmes.

  • Write a letter asking for additional information.

Date:

Grade: 8 а-б

The theme TELEVISION AND CHILDREN

The aims:

1) To enrich their knowledge concerning the theme, on the new words, to practice its pronunciation and teach them to use the words in their speech.

2) To enrich pupils interest to the new material to develop.

Their speaking and thinking abilities to consolidate the

Material with asking and answering the questions, to

Develop their memory on the learning English words.

3) To raiser their interest to the English language widing.

Organization moment:

Good morning girl’s and boy’s!How are you?I’m glad to see you!Who is on duty today?

What month is it now?What season is it now?What date is it today?Who is absent?Thank you!Sit down please!


Today we are going to learn new theme, to learn new words, to do some exercise, to checking up your home work, answer the question, read and translate, work in groups.


To checking up home work:

What was your home work?Are you ready?.

Do you understand me?Well, let’s begin!

Nice of you!Thank you!Sit down please!

Presentation new theme:

Teacher introduces the pupils with the theme and aims of the lesson.

TELEVISION AND CHILDREN

  • Pronunciation

Read the words correctly (if necessary, consult your dictionary).

entertain [ents'tein], amusement [a'mjuizmsnt], magic box, rush [taJ], choose [tju:z], sandwich ['saenwidjj, interfere [inta'fia], quiet j'kwaist], glued [glu:d], civilization [siv(3)lai'zeij(a)n].

II. Read and discuss the following text. Express your opinion.

Television is doing a great harm. It is a real monster.” How often we hear statements like this! Television hasn’t been with us all the time, but we are already beginning to forget what the world was like without it. What did we use to do before there was television? First of all, we never found it difficult to spend our free time. We used to enjoy civillized pleasures. For instance, we used to have hobbies, we used to entertain our friends and be entertained by them, we used to go outside for our amusements to theatres, cinemas, restaurants and sporting events. We even

used to read books and listen to music. All that belongs to the past. Now all our free time is regulated by the “magic box”. We rush home to be in time for this or that programme. A sandwich and a glass of tea will do — anything if only it doesn’t interfere with the programme.

TIL Say what you think about the following.

Children and TV is a great problem.

Television must offer children instructive but not too difficult, entertaining but not thoughtless programmes.

On the one hand, television prevents children from spending their pastime in the street, on the other hand, it helps them to learn a lot about our world and develop their imagination. What is more important?

Children should watch only interesting and useful programmes, and not all the programmes for several hours running.

Television is not harmful, but if you let a child watch TV programmes without choice, he simply becomes a passive viewer.

Parents should give their children an opportunity to discuss with them what they have seen.

IV. Word study 1. Learn Ihe following topical vocabulary

Magazine programme — programme which is a mixture of “hard” news and feature items;

Wild life programme — programme showing animals, birds, in their natural environment;

Quiz programme — programme on which members of the audience are asked questions, in case of correct answer they receive prizes; sitcom (situational comedy) — short film providing entertainment;

Soap” opera-play (an afternoon television regular feature) — which originally appeared on the radio and was sponsoured by soap advisers, continuing from day to day, presenting emotinal and melodramatic situations like many operas of the 19-th centure (thus named “soap” operas);

Video clip — minifilm, about the length of a song, interpreting or dramatizing a song;

Western — uniquely American film presenting myth about pioneering, courageous Americans.

2. Which of the programmes do you like best. Why?

3. Fill in Television Questionnaire.

How many hours a week do you less than 5 hours spend watching television? 5—10 hours

10—15 hours more than 20 hours

What sort of programmes do you like watching?

Are there any sorts of programmes you like or dislike?

  • the news

  • discussion programmes

  • documentaries

  • plays

  • films

  • serials

What is your favourite programme?

Are there any educational programmes you would like to use?

Practise the following dialogue. Say what your opinion on the topic is.

Four university students discuss advantages and disadvantages of television. Michael and Ann are Russian students, John is an American student and Ruth is an English student.

John: I think television is one of the worst inventions the man ever made. It occupies all our spare time. We rush home to be in time for this or that programme.

Ann: I can’t agree with you, John. Television makes it possible for people who live far away from cultural centres to watch theatrical productions, concert, music and drama competitions, international and national sports events and what not.

Ruth: I do agree with Ann in this. That’s an advantage the television has. Unfortunately children are the ones who suffer most.

John: Yes. Some American children spend more time in front of TV-sets than in front of the teacher. Too much television is bad for children.

Michael: Children should be taught what programmes to watch. Most of our educational programmes are really good and informative. I used to enjoy them when a child.

Ruth: We also have very good educational programmes — especially the one called “Play school”. It teaches the alphabet and arithmetic so that it seems like a game. That’s the way to teach young children. What I hate is violence which looks even more violent on colour television.

John: Yes, that’s really awful. There’s always a film of violence on one of the channels. I think children feel indifferent when people are killed.

Michael: I doubt that. Can’t your teachers do something about it? They should protest. But television companies take no notice of them. These films sell well.

2. Continue the following story which begins with the following words:

I don’t often have a chance to watch TV programmes in the daytime on weekends but last year when I was laid up with pneumonia for almost a month I...”

3. Work in groups of four. One pair of students prepares arguments for

the statement; the other pair prepares arguments against it.

The violence on TV and in movies creates violence in real l ife.

There should be more educational TV programmes and movies.

Movie stars and television heroes are of no value to society.

Radio and television should not be commercial;

Radio and television have made newspapers unnecessary.

Do you agree?

Home-task. Ex. 2. Continue the story in writing.




































Date:

Grade: 8 а-б

The theme THE INTERNET SERVICES

The aims:

1) To enrich their knowledge concerning the theme, on the new words, to practice its pronunciation and teach them to use the words in their speech.

2) To enrich pupils interest to the new material to develop.

Their speaking and thinking abilities to consolidate the

Material with asking and answering the questions, to

Develop their memory on the learning English words.

3) To raiser their interest to the English language widing.

Organization moment:

Good morning girl’s and boy’s!How are you?I’m glad to see you!Who is on duty today?

What month is it now?What season is it now?What date is it today?Who is absent?Thank you!Sit down please!


Today we are going to learn new theme, to learn new words, to do some exercise, to checking up your home work, answer the question, read and translate, work in groups.


To checking up home work:

What was your home work?Are you ready?.

Do you understand me?Well, let’s begin!

Nice of you!Thank you!Sit down please!

Presentation new theme:

Teacher introduces the pupils with the theme and aims of the lesson.

THE INTERNET SERVICES

  • Read the sentences to know how to understand and use the topical words.

huge [hju:c±5] — of very great size or quantity, tremendous: There was a huge building in the centre of the city.

network [netwa:k] — smth resembling a net of a number of parts, lines that cross or interconnect: a network of railways connects all parts of the country.

database n. — collection of data. The Internet is a huge database of knowledge.

  • Express in one word:

  • Smth. resembling a net of numbers, parts and lines.

  • The same as very big, great, tremendous.

  • A collection of data that you can get in the Internet.

Express your agreement or disagreement.

Internet has become one of the most important facts of modern life. It is very much a part of the modern world. Its effects are felt all over the world. It has entered homes, stores, airports and factories.

Questions to discuss.

  • Are your parents worried that you work too much with computer?

  • Do you find Internet more interesting than anything else?

  • What do you like more: to read books, to watch TV, or to use Internet?

IV. Proverbs for the Internet

The Internet, it is widely believed, will change the way English is used. Perhaps the process is already starting?

Home is where you hang your @.

You can’t teach a new mouse old clicks.

Don’t bite off more than you can view.

Give a man a fish and you will feed him for a day; teach him to use the Net and he won’t bother you for weeks.

Explain these new proverbs to your partner.

V. Reading. The Internet

  • Read and discuss the text.

The Internet is a huge network of computers. Public Internet began in the late 70’s. The Internet is very helpful, because it is a huge database of knowledge. Everyone should have the Internet as a means of communication. Besides data one can get from the Internet, we can also send and receive e-mail (electronic mail).

Answer the questions.

What is the Internet?

When did public Internet appear?

In what way can the Internet be useful to everyone?

What can you say about the advantages of the e-mail?

What search programmes do you know? Which ones do you use?

Say it in English.

Интернет это огромная сеть компьютеров.

  • Массовое использование интернета началось в конце 70-х годов.

Speaking in pairs:

  • Have you got a computer? What kind?

  • Do you use the Internet? How often?

  • What is e-mail?

Grammar: The Subjunctive Mood

The verbs in the subjunctive Mood show unreality of the actions that corresponds in Russian to the verbs with the particle бы”: Я бы... Если бы я была/был...

If I had time! — Если бы у меня было время!

If he came early!

If he did it tomorrow

If it were summer now!

Working vocabulary:

device — устройство

processing — обработка

intelligence — разум

hardwareоборудование

softwareпрограммы

proceduresпроцедуры, операции

dataданные

performвыполнять

mannerманера, способ

various — различные

to convert — превращать

to store — хранить

digital — цифровой

Answer the questions.

What does the term “computer” describe?

Is computer intelligent?

What are the four components of a computer system?

What is software?

What’s the difference between the hardware and software?

In what way do the terms “data” and “information” differ?

How does computer convert data into information?

4. True or False? Prove it.

  • Computer is made of electronic components, so it is an electronic device.

  • Computer has no intelligence until software is loaded.

  • There are four elements of computer system: hardware, software, diskettes and data.

2. Speak on the following situation: Suppose, you are asked by one of your friends to explain to him/her what computer is, its advantages.

III. Reading

  • Read the text for more information about computer.

Webster’s Dictionary gives us the following definition of the hardware — the devices composing a computer system.

Computer hardware can be divided into 4 groups:

input hardware

processing hardware

storage hardware

output hardware

Input hardware collects data and inputs them into the computer. The most common input devices are: a keyboard, a mouse, a scanner.

Storage hardware is to store computer instruction and data. The most common ways of storing data are hard disk, floppy disk and CD-ROM (compact disk read only memory).

Floppy disk (diskette) — a thin, usually flexible plastic disk coated with magnetie material, for storing temporary computer data and programmes. CD-ROM is a compact disk on which data can be stored.

Software are the programmes that tell the hardware how to perform a task. Without software instructions, the hardware doesn’t know what to do.

Questions for general comprehension.

  • What is the Webster’s Dictionary definition of the hardware?

  • What groups does hardware consist of?

  • What is input hardware?

3. Work in pairs. Tell your partners about the hardware and software.

  • Give explanations if necessary.

  • Grammar Revision: Should + Perfect Infinitive

Read the sentences and express your advice using modal verb shoidd + Perfect Infinite

My friend caught a cold but he didn’t go to the doctor.

He couldn’t work with his computer because something got wrong with it. But he didn’t ask anybody for help.

He couldn’t use the computer programme because he didn’t have CD-ROM in his computer.

She couldn’t send me an electronic letter because she didn’t know my E-mail.

V. Read the text for more information.

William Henry Gates, known as Bill Gates, is probably the richest man in America. He is the world’s most famous computer engineer. He designed a book on the computer language BASIC and created many computer programmes and operating systems for computer, such as DOS (disk operating system), Windows NT ( New technology) developed by the company named Microsoft.

Task:

Say at least 3 things Bill Gates is famous for.

Word study TO 1. Match the words in the box with the definitions.

a modem a mouse

a computerphobe a disk

the Internet computer nerd

a flat piece of plastic you use for storing computer information;

a small object which you move with your hand to give instructions to a computer;

a computer system which allows millions of computer users around the world to exchange information;

a piece of electronic equipment that allows you to send information along telephone wires from one computer to another;

someone who is very interested in computers;

someone who dislikes or is afraid of computers.

  • Ask and answer the questions in pairs.

  • Are you a computer nerd or a computerphobe?

  • What is a modem (a disk, a mouse) ?

  • What is Internet?









































Date:

Grade: 8 а-б

The theme COMPUTER: HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE

The aims:

1) To enrich their knowledge concerning the theme, on the new words, to practice its pronunciation and teach them to use the words in their speech.

2) To enrich pupils interest to the new material to develop.

Their speaking and thinking abilities to consolidate the Material with asking and answering the questions, to Develop their memory on the learning English words.

3) To raiser their interest to the English language widing.

Organization moment:

Good morning girl’s and boy’s!How are you?I’m glad to see you!Who is on duty today?

What month is it now?What season is it now?What date is it today?Who is absent?Thank you!Sit down please!


Today we are going to learn new theme, to learn new words, to do some exercise, to checking up your home work, answer the question, read and translate, work in groups.

To checking up home work:

What was your home work?Are you ready?.

Do you understand me?Well, let’s begin!

Nice of you!Thank you!Sit down please!

Presentation new theme:

Teacher introduces the pupils with the theme and aims of the lesson.

COMPUTER: HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE

I. Pronunciation

Practise reading and saying the words.

huge [hju:d^], service ['s3:vis], search rambler [raembla], yandex ['ja:ndeks], yahoo [ja:'hu:], bother ['Ьэбэ].

Read the new proverbs:

Home is where you hang your @ (at).

You can’t teach a new mouse old clicks.

Don’t bite off more than you can view.

Give a man a fish and you will feed him for a day; teach him to use the net and he won’t bother you for weeks.

3. How do you understand the new proverbs?

II. Reading and speaking

Can you imagine your life without a mobile phone? What for do you use your mobile phone?

In the list below mark the things you do with your phone and say what is more important for you and why:

to call somebody

to recieve calls from somebody

to listen to music

to use it as a torch

to play games

to take photos

to chat on the Internet

to use it as an alarm-clock

to use it as a USB

to use it for taking notes What else can you do with your mobile? (Work in pairs)

III. Read the short text and answer the questions.

Are you on E-mail?

Dear friend!

People have been writing letters for centuries. Young people write letters to their pen-friends in other countries, — but nowadays most of them have their own personal computers (P.C).

E-mail or electronic mail is a system which allows people to send each other messages by computer. Today it is more common I о ask someone’s E-mail address than for their postal address.

Do you have E-mail?

With whom do you communicate by E-mail?

Do you check your E-mail every morning (every day)?

What message do you usually send and receive by E-mail?

Is E-mail of great help to you?

IV. New grammar: reported speech

When we report someone’s words in the present there is no change of tenses.

Direct speech (the actual words) John often says to me: “I want to go to Brazil” (Present Simple)

Reported speech (Indirect speech)

John often says to me that he wants to go to Brazil. (Present Simple)

I shall see many interesting places there

(Future Simple)

... that he will see many interesting places there (Future Simple)

When we report someone’s words in the past there is always change of tenses.

Several years ago John said to me:

I want to go to Brazil”

(Present Simple).

Several years ago John said to me

that he wanted to go to Brazil (Past Simple).

I have found a new job last year” (Present Perfect).

he had found a new job the year before

(Past Perfect).

I’m leaving tomorrow” (Present Continuous).

he was leaving the next day (Past Continuous).

I’m going to start a new life” am/is/are going to (Present Continuous)

....he was going to start a new life. Was, were going to (Past Continuous)

I’ll write to you when I get

there”

will/won’t

(Future Simple).

he would write to me when he got there. Would, wouldn’t (Future in the Past).

You can come and see me”. Can/can’t

....I could come and see him. Could/couldn’t

Pay attention to the following changes in the reported speech in the past.

this — that tomorrow — the next day

these — those last year — the year before now — then here — there

General and alternative questions in Reported speech are introduced with “if” and “whether”: John asked me if (whether) I lived in Almaty.

V. Clare has just arrived at San Francisco airport where she suddenly saw her friend John. Report the questions they asked each other.

Example:

Where are you from?

He asked her where she was from.

Are you travelling alone?

He asked her if she was travelling alone.

Have you got any luggage?

How long are you going to be here?

Where will you stay?

What are you doing here, John?

Where are you going, John?

When are you coming back?

Complete the reported questions. Use a wh-word or how.

  • asked her where she was going and she said she was going to the beach.

  • asked her and she said her name was Jane.

  • She asked me and I told her I lived in London.

  • She asked me and I told her my favourite writer

was Pushkin.

  • She asked me and I told her I had been to Paris.

asked her and she said her favourite sport was tennis.

I asked her on the beach and she said she liked

to swim and to read.

I asked her and she said she was leaving the next day.

Reported statements (^= 1. Report the statements from

the speech bubles.

Daniel’s doing very well in maths.

You can be anything you want to be.

My favourite sport is basketball.

It’ll rain overnight.

People in Brazil use the internet more than anyone.

Trainers are still in fashion today.

The new hospital will be built in 5 years.

2. Read the story and then rei speech.

Daniel’s teacher told us

I’m sure

Roger said

When I was little my father told me

On the weather forecast last night they said

600 years ago people thought

7. She sent me a letter saying

8.

The

press report

said

9.

Tell

your brother

that

10

Dan

told me


11

She

said


it to your partner using reported

Two middle-aged friends hadn’t seen each other for ages. One of them had become particularly thin and the other — very fat. At first they didn’t recognize each other. At last one of them exclaimed: “Why! Bless my soul! It’s Dick! I’m sure you haven’t been eating ever since I saw you last!”

And you, — replied the other, “I’m sure you have been doing nothing but eating ever since.”



Date:

Grade: 8 а-б

The theme OUR FUTURE WITH NEW TECHNOLOGIES

The aims:

1) To enrich their knowledge concerning the theme, on the new words, to practice its pronunciation and teach them to use the words in their speech.

2) To enrich pupils interest to the new material to develop.

Their speaking and thinking abilities to consolidate the

Material with asking and answering the questions, to

Develop their memory on the learning English words.

3) To raiser their interest to the English language widing.

Organization moment:

Good morning girl’s and boy’s!How are you?I’m glad to see you!Who is on duty today?

What month is it now?What season is it now?What date is it today?Who is absent?Thank you!Sit down please!


Today we are going to learn new theme, to learn new words, to do some exercise, to checking up your home work, answer the question, read and translate, work in groups.


To checking up home work:

What was your home work?Are you ready?.

Do you understand me?Well, let’s begin!

Nice of you!Thank you!Sit down please!

Presentation new theme:

Teacher introduces the pupils with the theme and aims of the lesson.

OUR FUTURE WITH \EW TECHNOLOGIES

I. Reading and Speaking

Head what other people say about our future. Express your agreement and disagreement.

People will discover new planets and will build plants and factories there.

Robots will perform the work people do now and people will have much more free time to employ themselves.

Computer will replace teacher.

The nuclear weapons will be destroyed. There will be long lasting peace and no war.

Genetic engineering will become a major industry. People will live to at least 130 years.

Children will not go to school — they will be able to use computers at home. They will have their workstations at home and communicate by computer as described by William Davis in his book Lucky generation (1906).

People will be able to have access to 500 television channels; have homes connected to local video libraries; have instant access to the CD-ROM best games and collection of favorite pop music; call up the Encyclopedia Britannica in a few seconds; to have the world at our fingertips.

Robomaids will make beds and tidy rooms.

2. What will your life be like in 2030? Tell other people in your group. Use the phrases below to express your view on the future:

  • think...will...; I don’t think...will...; Perhaps ...will/will not ...; I hope...

II. Reading and Discussion

Read the text and discuss it with your partners.

The Future-teller

Ray Douglas Bradbury is one of the most famous modern science fiction writers. He himself, however, prefers to call himself “the future-teller” or “the wizard”.

Bradbury was born on August 20,1920 in Greentown, USA.

  • is family was poor and he couldn’t afford buying books. Once at the age of 12 he wrote his own continuation of the book “The Martian Warrior” by E.Barrouse.

Bradbury loves books and hates those who do not. In 1951 he wrote one of the greatest novels, his famous “Fahrenheit 451” about a new, “sick” society with its cruel anti-human laws, which consists of immoral and empty people, who burn great books, the spiritual treasures of mankind and suppress individuals who want to save their human dignity. But Ray Bradbury is an optimist and he finishes the novel with the ray of hope — the human beings will win in their struggle against the immorality.

His other great works are about the people exploring space, new planets, about a nuclear war on the Earth, about Death and Life.

All his books make us think about our present and future, about our lives and the great planet Earth we live on.

No Death and Darkness!... Let’s choose Life and Light!”

Answer the questions.

  • What is Ray Bradbury famous for?

  • What does he prefer to call himself?

  • When and where was he born?

  • When did Ray Bradbury begin writing?

  • What is his attitude to books?

  • What books written by B. Bradbury do you know?

  • What are his books about?

  • What does Ray Bradbury say about the Future?

  • Do you share his views?

What other science-fiction writers predicting Future do you know.

Write a project on this writer. Work in groups of 4 or 5.



























Date:

Grade: 8 а-б

The theme Test yourself

The aims:

1) To enrich their knowledge concerning the theme, on the new words, to practice its pronunciation and teach them to use the words in their speech.

2) To enrich pupils interest to the new material to develop.

Their speaking and thinking abilities to consolidate the

Material with asking and answering the questions, to

Develop their memory on the learning English words.

3) To raiser their interest to the English language widing.

Organization moment:

Good morning girl’s and boy’s!How are you?I’m glad to see you!Who is on duty today?

What month is it now?What season is it now?What date is it today?Who is absent?Thank you!Sit down please!


Test yourself

  • Express in one word.

to provide someone with smth.;

dishonest or illegal behaviour by officials;

to rest and allow yourself to become calm;

smth. very bad that causes damage;

to stimulate smb. to do smth.

Say it in English using Modal verb could + Perfect Infinitive:

  • Она могла бы заболеть. Было очень холодно;

  • Он чуть не утонул, но брат его спас;

  • Она могла бы выиграть чемпионат, но неожиданно заболела;

  • Он мог бы стать спортсменом, но стал учителем;

  • Я мог бы поехать в Лондон учиться, но остался в Москве.

Express your advice, using Modal verb should + Perfect Infinitive.

  • The boy missed classes and failed his exams;

  • The girl didn’t wear warm clothes in winter and caught a cold;

  • She had the flue but she didn’t take any medicine;

  • He spent too much time with computer and became tired;

  • He was rude with his little brother.

Use the appropriate articles where necessary.

Internet is huge network of computers;

People communicate through e-mail;

www is part of Internet;

  • You can play computer games through www;

. basic work of computer is to process information.

Translate into English:

Жаль, что я сейчас не в Лондоне;Жаль, что я не знала китайский язык;

Жаль, что он не здесь;Жаль, что она не с нами;

Как жаль, что я не знал об этом раньше.

Give yourself a score

Mistakes:

0—3 — Excellent job!

4—10 — Good job!

More than 10 — Try again.

Good luck!

Date:

Grade: 8 а-б

The theme EDUCATION IN KAZAKHSTAN AND THE USA

The aims:

1) To enrich their knowledge concerning the theme, on the new words, to practice its pronunciation and teach them to use the words in their speech.

2) To enrich pupils interest to the new material to develop.

Their speaking and thinking abilities to consolidate the

Material with asking and answering the questions, to

Develop their memory on the learning English words.

3) To raiser their interest to the English language widing.

Organization moment:

Good morning girl’s and boy’s!How are you?I’m glad to see you!Who is on duty today?

What month is it now?What season is it now?What date is it today?Who is absent?Thank you!Sit down please!


Today we are going to learn new theme, to learn new words, to do some exercise, to checking up your home work, answer the question, read and translate, work in groups.


To checking up home work:

What was your home work?Are you ready?.

Do you understand me?Well, let’s begin!

Nice of you!Thank you!Sit down please!

Presentation new theme:

Teacher introduces the pupils with the theme and aims of the lesson.

EDUCATION IN KAZAKHSTAN AND THE USA

I. Read the text and share your ideas about modern education.

Every one in our country has the right for education. It is said in our Constitution. But it is not only a right, it is a duty, too. Every girl and every boy in our country must go to school to get education. There are thousands of schools in our country where pupils get knowledge in different subjects. Nowadays schools have become different. What are modern schools? Share your ideas with your classmates.

II. There are new words for you to learn. Say what these words mean in the text, education [edju:'keijn], n. modem ['modan], adj. knowledge ['nolidj], n.

Look up the following words in your dictionary: last [la:st], v

get acquainted ['geta'kweintid]

Read the sentences to know how to use the words:

start [sta:t], v. — To start means to begin. It’s started to rain. You should start to save money, then you’ll be able to buy something. How shall we start meeting? Start each page on the 2-nd line;

start, n. — Start is a beginning of activity or development. The runners lined up at the start;

ordinary ['oidinari], adj. — not unusual, common. If nothing unusual happens we shall move in the ordinary way. He is an ordinary student at school;

primary ['praimari], adj. — earliest in time or order of development. There are many primary schools in our town;

secondary ['sekandsri], adj. — coming after smth. that is first or primary: a secondary school is a school for children over 11 years old;

comprise [ksm'praiz], v. — to comprise means to consist of, be made of, include. The United Kingdom comprises England,

Wales, Scotland and Northern Island. Primary and secondary schools together comprise eleven years of study;

curriculum [ka'rikjubm], n. — a course of study offered in a school, college or university. The secondary school curriculum includes many interesting subjects;

compulsary [kam'pAlsari], adj. — Compulsary means put into force by the law, order. Education is compulsary for all children in Great Britain;

last [la:st], v. — to continue existing or happening for a particular time. Our holiday lasts 10 days. The hot weather lasted until October. The game lasted 80 minutes.

V. Speak on the proverbs:

Knowledge is power.

A little knowledge is dangerous.

Learning is a great treasure that will follow its owner everywhere (Chinese proverb).

VI. To the following sentences put questions beginning with the words in brackets:

  • His family moved into Almaty from Semey two years ago. (Who?)

  • She started her business not so long ago. (What?)

  • At the start of her business no one helped her. (Did?)

  • If nothing unusual happens we shall move in the ordinary way. (Shall?)

  • After four year primary school he went to secondary school. (Where?)

  • Primary .and secondary schools together comprise eleven years of study. (What?)

  • Education is compulsary for all children in the Bepublic of Kazakhstan. (Is?)

  • A school year lasts 9 months. (How long?)

  • Grammar Revision: Sequence of Tenses

Remember! If the main clause (sentence) is in the Past Simple, the verb in the Subordinate Clause will be in one of the Past Tenses.

Look at the examples:

She knew (Past Simple)

that

Altai liked biology (Past Simple)

She knew (Past Simple)

that

He was playing chess at 5 o'clock (Past Continuous)

She knew (Past Simple)

that

Ho had done his homework (Perfect Past)

1 le said (Past Simple)

that

He would finish his work soon (Future in the Past)

1 le asked me (Past Simple)

if

I had been to Paris before. (Past Perfect)

VIII. Complete the sentences with the correct forms of the verbs.

When he came home she (to read) an interesting

story about animals.

Kate entered the classroom when John (to stand)

at the blackboard.

When his mother returned home he already (to

do) his home exercises.

Asel liked to listen to pop-music when she (to

be) younger.

She didn’t sleep when her brother (to play)

the piano.

When she came to his home she not (to know)

that he (to leave) for Astana.

Aidar told us that he (to invite) us to his birthday

party in January.

My sister promised that she (to finish) her work in

two days.

He asked me if I (to live) in Paris 2 years before.





Date:

Grade: 8 а-б

The theme SCHOOLS IN KAZAKHSTAN

The aims:

1) To enrich their knowledge concerning the theme, on the new words, to practice its pronunciation and teach them to use the words in their speech.

2) To enrich pupils interest to the new material to develop.

Their speaking and thinking abilities to consolidate the

Material with asking and answering the questions, to

Develop their memory on the learning English words.

3) To raiser their interest to the English language widing.

Organization moment:

Good morning girl’s and boy’s!How are you?I’m glad to see you!Who is on duty today?

What month is it now?What season is it now?What date is it today?Who is absent?Thank you!Sit down please!


Today we are going to learn new theme, to learn new words, to do some exercise, to checking up your home work, answer the question, read and translate, work in groups.


To checking up home work:

What was your home work?Are you ready?.

Do you understand me?Well, let’s begin!

Nice of you!Thank you!Sit down please!

Presentation new theme:

Teacher introduces the pupils with the theme and aims of the lesson.

SCHOOLS IN KAZAKHSTAN

I. Listen to the text “My Primary School”. Learn the new information about the education in the primary school.

My Primary School

My name is Aidar. I am 14 years old and now 1 am living in Astana, the capital of Kazakhstan. I started school at the age of seven. It was an ordinary school in Almaty where

my family lived before. After four years of primary school I went to secondary school. Primary and secondary schools together comprise eleven years of study. Nine years of classes are compulsary in our republic.

The primary school curriculum included such subjects as Kazakh, Maths, Russian, Drawing, Physical training and Music. We had also Nature classes. Our school was not an English school but we had English classes which started in the 2-nd form.

Our school year began on the first of September and ended in May. It lasted 9 months. We had 4 holidays a year: winter, spring, summer and autumn. On the first of September we got acquainted with our teachers and had our first lessons. Every lesson lasted fourty five minutes. Every day we had 4 or 5 lessons. We usually had a lot of homework and it took us 2 hours to do it. If we didn’t know how to do our homework we usually ask the teachers for help.

II. Answer the questions.

What age did Aidar start school at?

When did he go to secondary school?

How many years of study do primary and secondary schools comprise?

How many years of study are compulsary in our republic?

What subjects does the primary school curriculum include?

When does the school year begin and end?

What holidays do you have every year?

When do you get acquainted with your teachers?

How long does every lesson last?

How many lessons did you have every day when you studied at primary school?

What will you do if you don’t know how to do your home work?

III. Fill in the correct prepositions.

Astana is the capital Kazakhstan.

I started school t he age of seven.

Nine years classes are compulsary.

Our school year usually begins the first

September.

. the first of September we get acquainted

our teachers.

  • Complete the sentences.

  • After four years of school classes I went to

school.

  • Primary and secondary schools together eleven

years of study.

  • The primary school curriculum such

subjects as Kazakh, Maths, Russian, Drawing, Physical Training and Music.

  • Our school year begins on the first of September and ends in May. It 9 months.

  • On the first of September we with our teachers.

  • V. Say in English.

Я пошел в школу в семь лет. 2. Это была обычная школа.

После четырех лет учебы в начальной школе я перешел в среднюю школу. 4. Начальная и средняя школа вместе составляют одиннадцать лет учебы. 5. Девять лет занятий в школе являются обязательными в нашей республике. 6. Курс начальной школы включает такие предметы, как казахский язык, математика, русский язык, рисование, физвоспитание, музыка и природоведение. 7. Наш учебный год начинается 1 сентября и заканчивается в мае. Он продолжается девять месяцев.

VI. Tell us about your primary school using the new words:

ordinary, primary, secondary, comprise, compulsary, curriculum, include.

VII. Let’s learn the poem “The School”. Listen and repeat after me.

The School

The school has doors that open wide And friendly teachers wait inside.

Hurry, hurry, let’s go in,

For soon the lessons will begin.

Books and pencils I will need,

When I start to write and read, Lots to learn and lots to do.

I like to go to school, don’t you?











Date:

Grade: 8 а-б

The theme SECONDARY EDUCATION

The aims:

1) To enrich their knowledge concerning the theme, on the new words, to practice its pronunciation and teach them to use the words in their speech.

2) To enrich pupils interest to the new material to develop.

Their speaking and thinking abilities to consolidate the

Material with asking and answering the questions, to

Develop their memory on the learning English words.

3) To raiser their interest to the English language widing.

Organization moment:

Good morning girl’s and boy’s!How are you?I’m glad to see you!Who is on duty today?

What month is it now?What season is it now?What date is it today?Who is absent?Thank you!Sit down please!


Today we are going to learn new theme, to learn new words, to do some exercise, to checking up your home work, answer the question, read and translate, work in groups.


To checking up home work:

What was your home work?Are you ready?.

Do you understand me?Well, let’s begin!

Nice of you!Thank you!Sit down please!

Presentation new theme:

Teacher introduces the pupils with the theme and aims of the lesson.

SECONDARY EDUCATION

Listen and learn the new words.

Guess what these words mean: school yard ['sku:l ja:d], n portrait ['po:trit], n computer [kgm'pjuita], n classroom ['kla:sru:m], n discussion [dis'kvfn]

Look up the following words in your dictionary: ground ['graund], n, adj cloak-room ['kbuk,ru:m], n assignment [э sainment], n famous l/feimss], adj topic ['topik], n

Read the sentences to know how to use the words:

ground ['graund], n. — Ground is the surface of the earth. The branch of the tree broke and fell to the ground. A football ground is always green.

locate ['lsu'keit], v. — To locate means to fix or set in a certain place. They decided to locate their new house in the country. The school is located near the river;

floor [fb:], n. — 1. The surface on which one stands indoors. There were many toys on the floor of the room. 2. A level of a building, storey. The office of the bank is on the 5-th floor. I live on the ground floor and every day see many people passing by in the street. The ground floor means the floor level with the street;

gymnasium [d3im'neizi3m], n. — Gymnasium is a hall for sport exercises. Many of our secondary schools have their own gymnasia.

during ['djusrir)], prep. — He swims in the nearest river every day during the summer. We’re open from 10 o’clock until 6 o’clock during a week

topic ['topik], n. — Topic is a subject for talk, conversation or writing. An ordinary topic for talking is weather or current events.

computer [k9m'pju:t9], n. — Computer is an electronic calculating machine that can store and recall information and make calculations at very high speed. More than 3 000 secondary schools in our country have computer classes.

wide [waid], adj. — Large distance from side to side, covering a large space or range of things. There are many wide streets in our town.

widespread ['waidspred], adj. — found, placed or used in many places. Such animals as foxes and wolves are widespread on the lands of our country. The Internet is becoming a wide-spread technology in our country. English is the most wide-spread language in the world.

Translate the following sentences into your native language.

There is a football ground near our school but it is not green. The pupils of the primary classes like running about the school playground.

Our house is located in the centre of the town.

Children like to play on the floor of a dining room.

  • live on the ground floor but my friend lives on the first floor.

  • The home assigneinent in maths was very difficult and no one could do it.

  • If you can name 7 national famous writers it means that you know something about literature.

  • Do you often do sport exercises in the gymnasium of your school?

  • When it rains we do not play outside during the breaks.

  • If you can work with a computer you can send and receive different information.

  • English is the most widespread language in the world.

V. Listen and read the text. While reading the text try to compare the school described in the text with your school.

Our school

Our school is large. It is located not far from the centre of the city. If you come to our school you will see a wide school-yard around it and a sports ground behind the school. We usually have Physical Training lessons there when the weather is fine.

Our school has got three floors. There are several classrooms for the pupils of the primary school on the ground floor. There is a cloak-room, a dining room and a library there too. In the library you can find many interesting books. Our pupils often go there when they want to find something interesting for their home assignment or out-class activity. If you look around the library hall you will see many portraits of famous English, Kazakh and Russian writers on the walls.

When you enter and go to the right along the corridor you will see the dinning room, where teachers and pupils have their dinner. Near the dining room you will see the Gymnasium. The pupils like to go there because many of them like PT lessons.

The classrooms for secondary forms and computer rooms for all pupils are on the first and the second floors. There we have two Kazakh class-rooms, English, Russian, Physics, Geography and other class-rooms. Every pupil of our school learns one of foreign languages: English, German or French. We learn English because at the present time it is the most widespread language in the world. At the English lessons we learn new words, grammar, poems, read texts, ask and answer questions. Most of all we like to speak English. During the English lessons we also do many exercises with video and smart board.

VI. Suppose your friend is going to come to your school. Tell him what will happen if...

If you come to our school...

If you come to our library...

If you look around the library hall...

If you go along the corridor...

If you want to find some interesting books...

If you go to the sports ground behind the school...

If you come to our computer rooms...

If there is a Physical Training lesson...

If it rains during the breaks...

If you look into a classroom ...

a Home-task: ex.: 4, reading the text.

Date:

Grade: 8 а-б

The theme SCHOOLS IN OUR COUNTRY

The aims:

1) To enrich their knowledge concerning the theme, on the new words, to practice its pronunciation and teach them to use the words in their speech.

2) To enrich pupils interest to the new material to develop.

Their speaking and thinking abilities to consolidate the

Material with asking and answering the questions, to

Develop their memory on the learning English words.

3) To raiser their interest to the English language widing.

Organization moment:

Good morning girl’s and boy’s!How are you?I’m glad to see you!Who is on duty today?

What month is it now?What season is it now?What date is it today?Who is absent?Thank you!Sit down please!


Today we are going to learn new theme, to learn new words, to do some exercise, to checking up your home work, answer the question, read and translate, work in groups.


To checking up home work:

What was your home work?Are you ready?.

Do you understand me?Well, let’s begin!

Nice of you!Thank you!Sit down please!

Presentation new theme:

Teacher introduces the pupils with the theme and aims of the lesson.

SCHOOLS IN OUR COUNTRY

I. Let’s talk about your school.

Answer the questions.

Is your school large or small? Where is your school located?

Is there sports ground near your school?

How many floors has your school got?

Are there class-rooms for the primary forms in your school?

Where are these class-rooms located?

Is there a cloak-room on the ground floor?

Your school has a library, hasn’t it?

Why do you go to the library?

What will you see if you look around the library hall?

Why do the pupils like to go to the gymnasium?

Where are the class-rooms for secondary forms located?

Has your school got computer rooms?

Which floor is your class-room located on?

Why do you learn English?

What do you do during your English classes?

  • II. Complete the sentences.

  • Our school is far from the centre of the town.

  • If you come to our school you will see a . school

yard around it and a sports behind it.

  • Our school has got three .

  • The primary classes are located

Our home in Maths and English were very

difficult.

If you look around the library hall you will see many of writers and actors.

The pupils like to go because they like sports

games.

The class rooms for forms and —

rooms for all pupils are located on and

floors.

English is the most in the world.

III. Say in English.

Если вы придете в нашу школу, то увидите широкий школьный двор и спортивную площадку.

Начальная тпкола находится на первом этаже.

Кабинеты казахского, английского и русского языков расположены на втором и третьем этажах.

Английский язык — один из самых распространенных языков в мире.

IV. Tell the class.

If you come across an Englishman/woman who is interested in your school what will you tell him/her? Work in pairs. For the purpose of making the story you may use the content of the text.

V. Put the correct prepositions.

  • When we came to school we saw a wide school yard it and a sports ground it.

  • There are several class-rooms the ground floor.

  • Some portraits famous writers were

the walls of the office.

  • Every pupil learns one foreign languages.

  • English is the most widespread language the

world.

VI. Write a letter about your school to your pen-friend abroad. The size of the letter should be not less than 10 sentences.

VII. Retell your letter to the class.

  • Let’s learn new words.

Guess the meaning of the following words.

Infant ['infant] junior ['d3u:njs] private ['praivit] uniform ['ju:nifo:m]

Read the sentences to know how to use the words: junior ['cfeumjs], adj. — younger. My junior brother likes to play chess. Junior pupils begin their lessons in the afternoon;

infant ['infant], n. — Infant is a very young child. There were some infants playing on the sand in the yard;

private ['praivit], adj. — Private means personal, one’s own, not shared with others. It’s wrong to read private letters. Private schools are not connected with government;

uniform ['ju:nifo:m], n. — Uniform is a certain type of clothes which all members of a group wear. The pupils of our schools don’t wear uniform. Policemen and soldiers wear dark uniforms;

attend [э tend], v. — Attend means to go, to be present. All pupils must attend lessons at school. I shall attend the meeting at 5 o’clock;

strange ['streindj], adj. — It is strange that you have not met him on his way to the station. The place he came to was very strange.

science ['saisns], n. — Science is a branch of knowledge studied by Physics, Biology, Chemistry and other science subjects; infant schools are the schools for children from five to seven;

modern school ['moidsn ,sku:l] — Modern school is a type of secondary school which does not prepare pupils for university or future study;

grammar school [дгагтэ sku:l] — Grammar school is a school for children over the age of 11, where they study languages, sciences and other subjects for the examination which may lead them to university;

comprehensive [,kompri'hensiv] school — Comprehensive school teaches pupils of all abilities and from all social classes. The pupils are taught there from the age of 11;

core [кэ:], n. — Core means the most important or central part of something. English, Mathematics and Science are called 'core’ subjects of secondary education;

blazer ['bleizs], n. — Blazer is a jacket for men or boys, sometimes with a special sign of a school.

X. Translate the following sentences into your native language.

My junior brother goes to infant school.

Private school is a new type of school in our country.

We don’t wear any school uniform.

It is not strange that he likes to study such subjects as Physics and Biology. He is going to enter the university.





































Date:

Grade: 8 а-б

The theme SCHOOLS IN THE USA

The aims:

1) To enrich their knowledge concerning the theme, on the new words, to practice its pronunciation and teach them to use the words in their speech.

2) To enrich pupils interest to the new material to develop.

Their speaking and thinking abilities to consolidate the

Material with asking and answering the questions, to

Develop their memory on the learning English words.

3) To raiser their interest to the English language widing.

Organization moment:

Good morning girl’s and boy’s!How are you?I’m glad to see you!Who is on duty today?

What month is it now?What season is it now?What date is it today?Who is absent?Thank you!Sit down please!


Today we are going to learn new theme, to learn new words, to do some exercise, to checking up your home work, answer the question, read and translate, work in groups.


To checking up home work:

What was your home work?Are you ready?.

Do you understand me?Well, let’s begin!

Nice of you!Thank you!Sit down please!

Presentation new theme:

Teacher introduces the pupils with the theme and aims of the lesson.

SCHOOLS IN THE USA

I. Reading and Speaking

Listen and read aloud the text “Education in the USA” paying attention to the names of American schools. Try to remember the main features of secondary education.

Education in the United States of America

Americans place a high value on education. In the United States, education is mainly the responsibility of the state and local governments. The amount of money spent on education differs from state to state. Each of the 50 states controls and directs its own school. The subjects studied also differ a little.

Children start going to school when they are five and continue studying until they are 16 or older. Compulsory education begins at the age of five when children go to primary school. Primary education lasts for 6 years. First, they attend the nursery school at the age 3 and 4, then infant school from 5 to 7. In infant schools, children do not have real classes. They just are acquainted with teachers, classrooms. They learn the alphabet, numbers and how to add them.

When the children are seven they go to junior school which they attend until eleven. They study there for four years. Then they go to high school. At high school, pupils study English, Mathematics, Science, Geography, History, Art, Music, Foreign Languages and Physical Training .

About 90 percent of all children attend public school, which is free. The other 10 percent go to private schools, which often include religious education. They are similar to the public schools but parents must pay for their children at schools. Almost every elementary school curriculum includes English, mathematics, science, social studies, music, art and physical education. Many

schools include classes teaching basic computer skills. After graduating from high schools a great number of Americans go to colleges and universities. The school year usually runs from September to June. At the high school level, there are some specialized schools. They include schools that emphasize vocational subjects such as business or auto mechanics. Most high schools are general schools. High school students are often involved in the non-academic activities that their school offers, for example, in drama clubs, sports teams, or the school newspaper.

American institutions of higher education include technical training schools, community colleges, and universities which contain one or more colleges and graduate schools offering masters or doctoral degree programmes.

Children in some schools wear a uniform. A boy’s uniform consists of a special suit, a school cap, a tie and a blazer. A girl’s uniform consists of a hat, a coat, a skirt and a blouse. As usual, their uniforms are dark but they may differ.

As you have just read American education has many different faces but one purpose. Its purpose is to develop pupil’s abilities and prepare them for life in the modern world.

  1. Look at the chart and remember how long education lasts in different types of schools.

School Nursery Infant Junior High Higher Age 3-4 5-7 7-11 11-17 17

3 . Answer the questions.

When do children start going to school in the USA?

When does compulsory education begin?

How long does primary education last?

What do children do in nursery schools?

When do children go to junior school?

How long do they study at junior school?

What do pupils study at high schools?

What are the types of high schools in the USA?

What are the “core” subjects?

Who goes to private schools?

Would you like to have school uniform?

4. Complete the sentences on the basis of the text.

  • Compulsory education in the US begins at the age of five when children go school.education lasts for six years.

When children are seven they go to

which they until eleven.

English, Maths, Science are called

A boy’s consists of a special suit, a school cap,

a tie and a blazer.

5. True or False?

In the USA children start going to school when they are seven.

subjectsCompulsory education begins at the age of 11.

Primary education lasts for five years.

In infant schools children learn how to write and read, and do mathematics.

Boys and girls study at junior school for six years.

Children wear uniform, dark as a rule.

6. Choose a topic from the list below for a talk in small groups. Then

  • share your ideas with the whole class:

  • Nursery school

  • Junior school

  • High school

  • Private school

II. Grammar Revision: The Present Perfect Continuous Tense

1. Read the sentences and recollect how the Present Perfect Continuous tense is used:

  • It has been raining for 3 hours already.

  • It is 12 o’clock. Bob has been working since 9 o’clock. It’s time to have a break!

  • We have been living in Almaty since 1999.

  • Bobert has been playing the piano so well since he began to train regularly.

  • Why are you so hot? — 1 have been running all the way.

  • What’s the matter with you? — I’ve got a headache. I’ve been writing Christmas postcards since early morning.

  • 1 have been waiting for you at the Museum for an hour!

2. Answer the questions using the Present Perfect Continuous Tense.

Since when have you been studying at this school?

For how long have you been studying English?

Since when have you been living in Almaty (your city, your town, your village) ?

III. Grammar. The Past Perfect Continuous Tense

for some

time, for an hour, since 3 о 'clock, when he came

+/-

I, we, you, they

had/hadn t

been + ing

he, she, it

The class had been discussing the article for some

time when Henry came in.

John said he had been phoning his mother every evening for a month.

?




I, we,


had

you, they,

been + ing


he, she, it


For how long had the children been playing on the computer when Father arrived?

©1. Use Past Perfect Continuous to complete the sentences.

Her eyes were red. It was clear she (cry). 2. Mrs. Thompson (wait) for 3 quarters of an hour before the secretary came. 3. Jane was tired. She (do) her room since afternoon. 4. Alec said he (stand) there since 6 o’clock. 5 Jill (study) English for five years before she visited the USA. 5. It was late at night when he realized that he (work) with computer for 5 hours.

2. Choose the proper tense: Past Perfect or Past Perfect Continuous.

When Mother got home she found that little Kitty (paint) her room. 2. It (rain) for several days before the wind changed.

  • We (cook) for the party all day long but by 8 o’clock in the evening the tables (to be la) yet. 4. He said he (to want) to the British Museum all his life. 5. When Father came the children (play) computer games for 3 hours.
















Date:

Grade: 8 а-б

The theme COMPARING THE SYSTEM OF EDUCATION IN THE USA AND KAZAKHSTAN

The aims:

1) To enrich their knowledge concerning the theme, on the new words, to practice its pronunciation and teach them to use the words in their speech.

2) To enrich pupils interest to the new material to develop.

Their speaking and thinking abilities to consolidate the

Material with asking and answering the questions, to

Develop their memory on the learning English words.

3) To raiser their interest to the English language widing.

Organization moment:

Good morning girl’s and boy’s!How are you?I’m glad to see you!Who is on duty today?

What month is it now?What season is it now?What date is it today?Who is absent?Thank you!Sit down please!


Today we are going to learn new theme, to learn new words, to do some exercise, to checking up your home work, answer the question, read and translate, work in groups.


To checking up home work:

What was your home work?Are you ready?.

Do you understand me?Well, let’s begin!

Nice of you!Thank you!Sit down please!

Presentation new theme:

Teacher introduces the pupils with the theme and aims of the lesson.

COMPARING THE SYSTEM OF EDUCATION IN THE USA AND KAZAKHSTAN

  • Reading and Speaking Ш 1. Read the text and discuss it.

Education in Kazakhstan

The educational system in Kazakhstan is conducted in two languages — Kazakh and Russian and consists of several levels at state educational establishments: nursery schools, primary schools, secondary schools and tertiary institutions.

Children start school at the age of 6-7 and finish at 17. As a rule, a child attends the school, located in the neighborhood. 80

The first stage of education in Kazakhstan is primary school for grades one through four.

The second stage is secondary school for middle grades from five through nine. Upon graduation from nine year secondary school, students are given the choice of either continuing to attend the same school (senior grades 10-11) or entering professional lyceums, vocational schools or colleges which provide a number of useful skills. To be admitted to the university one has to pass a series of oral or written tests. The system of higher education prepares highly-skilled experts 011 economy, transport, agriculture, medicine, languages and others.

Today the young people of Kazakhstan have an opportunity to choose and get various types of education and build their lives according to their ambitions. Studying foreign languages and development of computer skills by pupils is of a special importance. The educational perform in the Republic of Kazakhstan is going on.

2. Answer the questions.

Is education in Kazakhstan compulsory?

What languages is education conducted in?

What is the 1 -st stage of education and how long does it last?

What is the secondary stage?

Where do children study after secondary education?

3. Choose one of the pictures and discuss it with your partners in pairs, then share information with the class. The following questions will help you:

  • Pupils of what school do you see in the picture (primary school or professional lyceum)?

What is their age?

What are they doing?

Do you think they are interested in their lesson?

Are they taught useful skills at school?

Are you taught useful skills at your lessons?

4. Compare the systems of education in the USA and Kazakhstan.

Read the additional information about the education in Kazakhstan and discuss it in class.

  • Before going to school, children attend nursery school until they are six or seven.

  • Compulsory education begins in our country at the age of six/seven, when children go to primary school.

  • The secondary stage begins from the 5-th form when children start studying a lot of new subjects, such as Literature, History, Natural Sciences and others.

  • Examinations are taken at the end of the 9-th and the 11 -th forms.

  • Some children may leave school after the 9-th form and continue their education at vocational or technical schools or colleges.

  • Besides secondary schools, there are other types of schools in Kazakhstan. There are specialized secondary schools with intensive study of a certain subject, for example Foreign Languages, Literature, Physics and others.

  • There are also specialized art, music, ballet and sport schools for gifted children and special schools for handicapped children.

  • Secondary education in our country is free of charge. Among secondary schools there are gymnasiums, colleges and lyceums, most of them are private.

  • There are institutes, universities and academies among higher educational institutions.

  • In 1992, Kazakhstan system of higher education adopted the western model — a 4 years course of studies with getting the Bachelor degree after graduation and a 2 years course of study with getting the Master’s degree after graduation.

  • In order to enter a higher educational institution young people have to take an entrance examination. Only those who

What is their age?

What are they doing?

Do you think they are interested in their lesson?

Are they taught useful skills at school?

Are you taught useful skills at your lessons?

© 4. Compare the systems of education in the USA and Kazakhstan.

Read the additional information about the education in Kazakhstan and discuss it in class.

  • Before going to school, children attend nursery school until they are six or seven.

  • Compulsory education begins in our country at the age of six/seven, when children go to primary school.

  • The secondary stage begins from the 5-th form when children start studying a lot of new subjects, such as Literature, History, Natural Sciences and others.

  • Examinations are taken at the end of the 9-th and the 11 -th forms.

  • Some children may leave school after the 9-th form and continue their education at vocational or technical schools or colleges.

  • Besides secondary schools, there are other types of schools in Kazakhstan. There are specialized secondary schools with intensive study of a certain subject, for example Foreign Languages, Literature, Physics and others.

  • There are also specialized art, music, ballet and sport schools for gifted children and special schools for handicapped children.

  • Secondary education in our country is free of charge. Among secondary schools there are gymnasiums, colleges and lyceums, most of them are private.

  • There are institutes, universities and academies among higher educational institutions.

  • In 1992, Kazakhstan system of higher education adopted the western model — a 4 years course of studies with getting the Bachelor degree after graduation and a 2 years course of study with getting the Master’s degree after graduation.

  • In order to enter a higher educational institution young people have to take an entrance examination. Only those who

successfully pass entrance testing are admitted free of charge. In other cases, education is given on the commercial basis.

©III. Choose the right answer. True or False:

The secondary stage begins from the 6-th form when children start studying a lot of new subjects, such as Literature, History, Natural Sciences and others.

Some children may leave school after the 9-t,h form and continue their education at vocational or technical schools or colleges.

In 1999, Kazakhstan system of higher education adopted the western model.

In order to enter a higher educational institution young people have to take an entrance examination.

Examinations are taken at the end of the 9-th and the 11-th forms.



























Date:

Grade: 8 а-б

The theme A LETTER FROM AN AMERICAN GIRL

The aims:

1) To enrich their knowledge concerning the theme, on the new words, to practice its pronunciation and teach them to use the words in their speech.

2) To enrich pupils interest to the new material to develop.

Their speaking and thinking abilities to consolidate the

Material with asking and answering the questions, to

Develop their memory on the learning English words.

3) To raiser their interest to the English language widing.

Organization moment:

Good morning girl’s and boy’s!How are you?I’m glad to see you!Who is on duty today?

What month is it now?What season is it now?What date is it today?Who is absent?Thank you!Sit down please!


Today we are going to learn new theme, to learn new words, to do some exercise, to checking up your home work, answer the question, read and translate, work in groups.


To checking up home work:

What was your home work?Are you ready?.

Do you understand me?Well, let’s begin!

Nice of you!Thank you!Sit down please!

Presentation new theme:

Teacher introduces the pupils with the theme and aims of the lesson.

A LETTER FROM AN AMERICAN GIRL

I. Read the text and be ready to answer questions.

A letter from an American girl

Dear friends,

I'm writing this letter from America. My name is Lucy John. I’m thirteen years old. I go to a secondary school. In our country there are many schools where boys and girls study together, but there are also some boys’ schools and some girls’ schools.

Our school is very large and we have very many teachers and pupils. We have a headmistress, a deputy head, more than thirty teachers and about a thousand pupils. As it is a comprehensive school there are many academic and non- academic subjects. You may choose even such subjects as nursing and housekeeping.

We go to school five days a week, from Monday to Friday. On Saturday and Sunday we have no lessons. I get to school at 8.45 and start my lessons at 9 o’clock. We have five lessons in the morning: two before break (in which we drink our milk) and three after break. After our lunch we have two more lessons. School ends at 3.40 and I usually go home.

When I get home I start doing my homework. At school I learn thirteen subjects: English, Mathematics, French, German, Science, History, Geography, Needlework, Art, Games, Physical Training, Music and Religious instruction and computer classes.

In conclusion I would like to ask you some questions. Do schools in Kazakhstan differ greatly from our school? Do boys and girls study together or in separate schools? What subjects are taught at your school? How many subjects do you study? What is your school day like? Is it different from our school day? Please, write to me about your school.

Best wishes. Lucy John

II. Work in pairs. Tell your partner what you will answer Nell Smith to her questions.

Do schools in Kazakhstan differ greatly from comprehensive schools?

Do boys and girls study together or in separate schools?

What subjects are taught at your school?

How many subjects do you study in the eighth form?

What is your school like?

Is it different from her school day?

III. Grammar:

Continuous (Progressive) Forms of the Passive Voice

Present Continuous Passive

Past Continuous Passive

am being

is being + V3 are being

was being

were being + V3

+

Where are the letters? They are being written at the moment.

  1. A new school is being built in our street.

  • I entered the room and saw that the letters were being written.

  • When I came back home a new school was being built in our street.

-

  • The article is not being translated.

  • The toys are not being made now.

  • When I telephoned Vic told me that the article was not being translated.

  • The factory didn't work. The toys were not being made at the moment.

?

Is the fax being sent?

Are the magazines being looked through?

  1. Was the fax being sent when the director called?

  2. Were the magazines being looked through when the mail arrived?

Complete the sentences using the correct form of the verbs.

1. Such long bridges seldom (are built/are being built).

Excuse the mess. The house (is painted/is being painted).

  • can’t give you the articles now. They (are translated/are being translated). 4. Room 47 is not ready yet. It (is cleaned/is being cleaned). 5. At the moment a new road (is built/is being built) round the city. 6. Such books (are not translated/are not being translated) easily. 7. We are expecting guests. Tables (are laid/ are being laid). 8. Your room will be ready soon. The beds (are made/are being made).

  1. 1. John said they couldn’t take photos. The camera (was repaired/was being repaired). 2. When they arrived home the walls of the dining room (were painted/were being painted).

  1. We couldn’t get inside. The floors (were washed/were being washed). 4. Computer games (were not played/were not being played) when I was your age. 5. Last summer this edition of the novel (was not sold/was not being sold). 6. When Mr. Brown phoned, the article still (was translated/was being translated).

  • When 1 lived in Germany, newspapers (were brought/were being brought) to us early in the morning. 8. I entered the hotel at 8. Everybody was busy. Rooms (were prepared/were being prepared) for the arriving guests.

  • Say 2 sentences of what is being done at the moment. For example: Many huge buildings are being built in Astana.

Auding: “The Smell of bread”.









Date:

Grade: 8 а-б

The theme MY SCHOOL DAY

The aims:

1) To enrich their knowledge concerning the theme, on the new words, to practice its pronunciation and teach them to use the words in their speech.

2) To enrich pupils interest to the new material to develop.

Their speaking and thinking abilities to consolidate the

Material with asking and answering the questions, to

Develop their memory on the learning English words.

3) To raiser their interest to the English language widing.

Organization moment:

Good morning girl’s and boy’s!How are you?I’m glad to see you!Who is on duty today?

What month is it now?What season is it now?What date is it today?Who is absent?Thank you!Sit down please!


Today we are going to learn new theme, to learn new words, to do some exercise, to checking up your home work, answer the question, read and translate, work in groups.


To checking up home work:

What was your home work?Are you ready?.

Do you understand me?Well, let’s begin!

Nice of you!Thank you!Sit down please!

Presentation new theme:

Teacher introduces the pupils with the theme and aims of the lesson.

MY SCHOOL DAY

Before the lesson.

Aidar: Hi. Nick! I have got something interesting to tell you.

Nick: Really? What is it?

Aidar: Well, I’ve got acquainted with an English boy of my age.

Nick: Who is he and where from?

Aidar: He is John Smith. His father has come to Astana from London as a businessman for several weeks. John came with him too.

Nick: It’s really interesting. Are you going to introduce him to me?

Aidar: Not only to you. Let’s invite him to our class. I think he will agree.

Nick: If he agrees we shall ask him to tell us something about English schools.

Asel: What are you talking about?

Aidar: It’s a secret. It isn’t for girls!

Asel: A secret? What kind of secret for girls?

Nick: No secret at all. Aidar has got a good idea. He proposes to invite an English boy John Smith to meet with our class.

Asel: Oh! It’s really a good idea but first we should ask our English teacher for the permission to do it.

Aidar: Right. Let it be so!

II. Grammar: Indirect Specli. Change the following sentences into Indirect (reported speech).

Example:

Aidar says: “I have got something interesting to tell you”.

Aidar said that he had got something interesting to tell us.

Aidar says: “I have got acquainted with an English boy of my age”.

Nick asks him: “Who is he and where from?”

Aidar answers: “He is John Smith. His father has come to Astana from London as a businessman for several weeks.”

Nick asks Aidar: “Are you going to introduce him to me?”

Aidar answers: “Not only to you. Let’s invite him to our class. I think he will agree.”

Asel asks: “What are you talking about?”

Nick says: “No secret at all, Aidar has got a good idea. He proposes to invite an English boy John Smith to meet with our class”.

Asel agrees: “Oh! It’s really a good idea but first we should ask our English teacher for the permission to do it.”

Listen and read the text and learn the information about a day at an English school. If you don’t know some words look them up in the dictionary.

One day John Smith came to our class. We asked him to tell us about a day at an English school. He told us about his own day at school. Let’s follow his story.

I usually get up early in the morning when it is nearly 8. I take my bicycle and drive to school. At five minutes to nine I am at school. There goes a bell. I hurry to the classroom for the first lesson.

At 11 we have mid-morning break, when most of the boys and girls go out into the play-ground. On the playground they can play until it is time to go back inside for lessons. The boys usually play football, and the girls play with a ball. Then the bell goes. It is time for the lessons again and they all hurry inside.

There are lessons till 1 o’clock, when it is time for lunch. Nearly all school children in England have their lunch at school. The break for lunch lasts about an hour. After lunch there is still time to go out and play. In summer everyone wants to go outside in the sun. When it is raining the boys and girls go to the classrooms and read or do their homework.

At 2 o’clock lessons start again. The children do different lessons like History, Geography and Maths.

At 3 o’clock it is time for games. The boys play football in winter and cricket in summer. The girls usually play grass-hockey in winter and tennis and team games in summer.

Lessons are over at 4. The children collect their books they need to do their homework and hurry to go home. Very soon after 4 o’clock the school is empty, except for a few children and teachers. One or two children have to stay behind as a punishment for bad behaviour.

IV. Did you guess the meaning of the words?

Mid-morning in the sentence: “At 11 we have mid-morning break, when most of the boys and girls go out into the playground”;

to go back inside in the sentence: On the play-ground they can play until it is time to go back inside;

lunch in the sentence: Nearly all school children in England have their lunch at school;

to go outside in the sentence: In summer everyone wants to go outside in the sun;

collect in the sentence: The children collect the books they need to do their homework and hurry to go home;

empty in the sentence: Very soon after four o’clock, the school is empty except for a few children and teachers?

punishment in the sentence: One or two children have to stay behind as a punishment for a bad behaviour.

V. Let’s talk about your school day

Tell the class

when you get up;

when you are at school;

when the bell goes at your school;

when your lessons start;

what you usually do at your first lesson;

when you have the longest break;

what you do during the breaks;

what games you play in the school yard;

what you do when the lessons are over;

how long your lessons last.

VI. Phrasal verbs with “get”

Read and remember.

get on (bus)

get off (to leave a bus)

get down to (to start

doing smth.) get over smth. (to stop

thinking about smth.)

to get through smth. (to manage to deal .with difficult situation)

get on with smth. (to continue with smth.)

get around (to travel to place)

around to smth. (finally do smth.)

get along with (to be friendly with.)

Read the sentences to know' how to use the phrasal verbs:

The dog got awav from me in the yard.

How are you getting on with your class?

  • cannot get over that awful film.

  • Finally he got around to doing his work in the garden.

  • I saw him in the bus. He got on Pushkin Street. He got off in Gorky Street.

  • I don’t want you here. Get away of my way.

  • She was ill and got behind with her school work.

  • She will get back at 5.


























Date:

Grade: 8 а-б

The theme TEST YOURSELF

The aims:

1) To enrich their knowledge concerning the theme, on the new words, to practice its pronunciation and teach them to use the words in their speech.

2) To enrich pupils interest to the new material to develop.

Their speaking and thinking abilities to consolidate the

Material with asking and answering the questions, to

Develop their memory on the learning English words.

3) To raiser their interest to the English language widing.

Organization moment:

Good morning girl’s and boy’s!How are you?I’m glad to see you!Who is on duty today?

What month is it now?What season is it now?What date is it today?Who is absent?Thank you!Sit down please!


Today we are going to learn new theme, to learn new words, to do some exercise, to checking up your home work, answer the question, read and translate, work in groups.


To checking up home work:

What was your home work?Are you ready?.

Do you understand me?Well, let’s begin!

Nice of you!Thank you!Sit down please!

Presentation new theme:

Teacher introduces the pupils with the theme and aims of the lesson.

Complete the sentences.

The dog from me and I could not catch it.

get by bicycle, but my brother gets

It is time to stop talking and get

_our work.

Choose the correct preposition to complete each of the following sentences:

_on foot.

We were on vacation in Greece. We got.

back;

out;

over.

It is OK. Don’t worry. You will get

along;

on;

through.

yesterday.

this.

I am really tired because I got at 5 am this

morning.

around;

up;

on.

We went there on bus. We got the bus.

  • down;

  • off;

  • out of.

The dog got from me in the park.

  • away;

  • behind;

  • off.

Home-task: ex.: 2, read the text.















































Date:

Grade: 8 а-б

The theme SPEAKING ABOUT SCHOOLS

The aims:

1) To enrich their knowledge concerning the theme, on the new words, to practice its pronunciation and teach them to use the words in their speech.

2) To enrich pupils interest to the new material to develop.

Their speaking and thinking abilities to consolidate the

Material with asking and answering the questions, to

Develop their memory on the learning English words.

3) To raiser their interest to the English language widing.

Organization moment:

Good morning girl’s and boy’s!How are you?I’m glad to see you!Who is on duty today?

What month is it now?What season is it now?What date is it today?Who is absent?Thank you!Sit down please!


Today we are going to learn new theme, to learn new words, to do some exercise, to checking up your home work, answer the question, read and translate, work in groups.


To checking up home work:

What was your home work?Are you ready?.

Do you understand me?Well, let’s begin!

Nice of you!Thank you!Sit down please!

Presentation new theme:

Teacher introduces the pupils with the theme and aims of the lesson.

SPEAKING ABOUT SCHOOLS

I. What do you think?

Tell us

  • what you think about your school;

  • where your school is located;

  • what subjects you like best;

  • bow to get better results in learning;

  • when you started studying at primary school;

  • when you .entered a secondary school;

  • what you are going to do after finishing nine year compulsary education;

  • what you think about American secondary schools;

  • what is good in American schools;

  • what is the purpose of education in the USA;

  • what you think about a school day in American schools;

  • what type of school you’ll visit if you are in London.

  • Should everyone get acquainted with American education?

  • Should our government pay much more attention to the secondary education?

Put each of the following words in the correct place in the text below:

Take, state school, specialize, pass, secondary school, subjects, fail, private schools, marks.

Dan started his new school at the age of 11. There are many kinds of schools from this age, but the general word for them is Dan’s school is a government school, usually

called a (b) Some parents pay to send their children

to a (c) At first Dan will take a lot of different (d)

(history, chemistry etc.) but, after a few years, he will

begin to (e) in things he is good at and interested in.

Then he will (f) some exams. If he can (g)

a number of exams with good (h) (A.B.C), it will

help him to get a good job. Of course he hopes he doesn’t (f)

© III. Put the correct preposition from the following list:

from, in, with, between, of, at, to, on

  • Harry started school the age of five.

  • They have a holiday Christmas.

  • There is a holiday the summer, too.

  • The teachers the school are very young.

  • Dan goes a secondary school.

  • He’ll probably pass good marks.

  • Betty is a teacher English.

  • Her pupils are 12 and 18.

  • She is very strict them.

Make up sentences to say what school subjects You are...

  • good at (c) interested in (e) keen on

  • bad at (d) bored with

  • Choose from the following list of subjects only one and find the meaning in the dictionary.

Literature Biology Chemistry History

Mathematics Sport Geography Computers

Physics Languages

VI. Use complete sentences to answer the following questions about schools in your country and your education.

Do children usually go to nursery schools?

At what age is education compulsory in the USA and your country?

What different kinds of secondary schools are there in the USA and Kazakhstan?

Are there many private schools in the USA and Kazakhstan?

Do you specialize in certain subjects at school? Which ones?

Did you take any exams? What were the results?

Are different kinds of secondary schools mixed?

When do you have holidays?

How long are they?

Do you do a lot of homework at school?

Do the pupils of your school behave well at school?

VII. Translate the following sentences into English.

После окончания четырехлетней начальной школы она пошла в среднюю школу.

Обучение в начальной и средней школах продолжается одиннадцать лет.

Школьный год продолжается девять месяцев.

Девятилетнее обучение является обязательным для всех.

Обязательное обучение в США начинается с пяти лет.

Когда детям исполняется семь лет, они идут в начальную школу, которую заканчивают в одиннадцать лет.

Главные предметы в американской школе — английский язык, математика, биология и химия.

Американские школьники носят школьную форму.

Мальчики и девочки в частных американских школах не учатся вместе.


HOME-task: ex.: 3 and 7.




Date:

Grade: 8 а-б

The theme A DAY AT SCHOOL

The aims:

1) To enrich their knowledge concerning the theme, on the new words, to practice its pronunciation and teach them to use the words in their speech.

2) To enrich pupils interest to the new material to develop.

Their speaking and thinking abilities to consolidate the

Material with asking and answering the questions, to

Develop their memory on the learning English words.

3) To raiser their interest to the English language widing.

Organization moment:

Good morning girl’s and boy’s!How are you?I’m glad to see you!Who is on duty today?

What month is it now?What season is it now?What date is it today?Who is absent?Thank you!Sit down please!


Today we are going to learn new theme, to learn new words, to do some exercise, to checking up your home work, answer the question, read and translate, work in groups.


To checking up home work:

What was your home work?Are you ready?.

Do you understand me?Well, let’s begin!

Nice of you!Thank you!Sit down please!

Presentation new theme:

Teacher introduces the pupils with the theme and aims of the lesson.

A DAY AT SCHOOL

  • Discuss the following text. Compare the day of English pupils with that of our schoolchildren. Speak about the differences.

Hi! My name is Debbie. I want to tell you something about a typical day at my school.

Come and spend a day at an English school. It is nearly 9 on a Monday morning and the boys and girls are coming to school

again after Saturday and Sunday. Some of them walk to school, some come on their bicycles and others who live far from the school come by bus.

It is eleven o’clock: time for the midmorning break. The boys and girls go out into the playground to collect their milk: every boy and girl at school in England is given milk every day. When they have drunk their milk, they can play until it is time to go back inside for lessons.

After break there are more lessons. Then it is one o’clock. Time for lunch! Nearly all schoolchildren in England have their lunch at school, though some who live very near to their school, go home. The break for lunch lasts about an hour. After lunch, there is still time to go out and play.

At two o’clock lessons start again. In this school children do not do lessons like history, geography and maths — the girls learn to type and sew and to cook and the boys do metalwork and woodwork.

At three o’clock it is time for games. At English schools girls usually play hockey in winter and tennis in summer; the boys play football in winter and cricket in summer.

Lessons finish at four. The children collect the books they need to do their homework and go home. Very soon after four o’clock the school is empty, except for a few children and teachers. One or two children have to stay behind as a punishment. Others are staying for a club or society which has its meeting after school. Then they will go home too and the school will be empty —until tomorrow.

What do you think of the advantages of school uniform? And the disadvantages?

This is what some British teenagers think about school. Do you share their opinions?

Everything would be OK if we didn’t have grades, tests and reports all the time, if there was less pressure”. Martin.

Most lessons are boring. Sometimes I just have to doodle on my desk or write letters. Otherwise I’d fall asleep.” Janet.

It’s always the teacher who decides what we’re going to do. What we need is more democracy.” Gary.

In my opinion homework is a waste of time!” Liz.

I’d like school better if I could talk whenever I like. Normally we just have to be quiet, listen and nod our heads.” Carol.

Without a bit of discipline no one would ever learn anything. That’s what I think, anyway.” Mark.

So far I haven’t learned much to help me in later life. What’s the point of doing art, music and maths, for example?” Steve.

What makes me mad is teachers who think that boys are cleverer in maths and science subjects.” Jenny.

We can’t do without school. School is not a place for fun like discos.” Melanie.

IV. Speak about a day at your school (work in pairs).

Write a short essay about a day at your school (5 sentences).

Brush up your Grammar. Modal verbs equivalents.

We often use must, have to and have got to in place of each other, but sometimes not. We tend to prefer mustwhen we refer to ourselves (with //we): I really must weed this garden.

~ with you to express urgency: You must phone home at once.

pressing invitations or advice: You must come and see us. You must repair that fence.

We often use have to (or have got to) to refer to outside authority:

I have (got)' to pay my road tax soon.

Supply the forms must or have (got) to :

Sometimes more than one form is possible.

  • We really do something about having this house

decorated.

  • We pay this electricity bill by the end of the

week.

  • You write and let us know you’ve arrived

safely.

  • 1 be at my desk by 9.00 every morning.

  • We always clock in when we arrive at work.

  • All visitors report to the duty officer.

you always slam the door when you

come in?

You really come and see the new extension to our

house some.











Date:

Grade: 8 а-б

The theme EDUCATION

The aims:

1) To enrich their knowledge concerning the theme, on the new words, to practice its pronunciation and teach them to use the words in their speech.

2) To enrich pupils interest to the new material to develop.

Their speaking and thinking abilities to consolidate the

Material with asking and answering the questions, to

Develop their memory on the learning English words.

3) To raiser their interest to the English language widing.

Organization moment:

Good morning girl’s and boy’s!How are you?I’m glad to see you!Who is on duty today?

What month is it now?What season is it now?What date is it today?Who is absent?Thank you!Sit down please!


Today we are going to learn new theme, to learn new words, to do some exercise, to checking up your home work, answer the question, read and translate, work in groups.


To checking up home work:

What was your home work?Are you ready?.

Do you understand me?Well, let’s begin!

Nice of you!Thank you!Sit down please!

Presentation new theme:

Teacher introduces the pupils with the theme and aims of the lesson.

EDUCATION

I. Listen and read the words below

  • Guess the meaning of the words:

realize instruction computerize vision

basic distance electronics

method talent life-long

  • Look up the following words in your dictionary: responsible, prosperity, priority, content, create.

II. Read the sentences to know how to use the words.

responsible [ris'ponsgbl], adj. — Having the duty of looking after someone or something so that one can be blamed (by the stated person) if things go wrong. You are responsible to your mother for keeping the house tidy. He is a responsible person and can be trusted to carry out orders;

prosperity [pros'periti], n. — Prosperity means the state of having good fortune and success. The prosperity of the country depends on the national resources: in industry and agriculture. Person's prosperity is connected with his professional skills;

priority [prai'oriti], n. — Priority means state position or right of being first in position. The badly wounded take priority for medical attention over those slightly hurt. The arranging of this business agreement is a top priority. The top priority in the government actions is certainly basic education;

realize [ris'laiz], v. — To realize means to carry out something; make real a hope or purpose. He realized his purpose to become a good sportsman;

reform [ri'fo:m], v. — To reform means to improve. Harry has completely reformed his character now — he stopped taking drugs;

top [top], n. — Top is the highest part of a thing. The tops of Alatau Mountains are always covered with snow;

basic ['beisik], adj. — Basic is that which is more necessary than anything else, and on which everything else depends or is built. The basic rules of learning grammar are connected with the use of language for communication. Basic education in our country continues nine years;

content ['kontent], n. — Content means the subject matter of a book, paper, document etc. I like the style of this book but I don't like the content;

method ['meGad], n. — Method means a way or manner of doing something. That's not a good method for making people like you. The method of teaching a language depends on the teacher, the method of learning, it depends on the pupil;

computerize [kam'pjuitaraiz], v. — Computerize means to use a computer to store information to use it as a tool of education. Now many firms, libraries and shops are computerized. It helps to find very quickly the necessary information;

create ['kri'eit], v. — To create means to produce something new. They have just created a new machine which opens the new stage in production of goods;

life-long ['laif loo], adj. — Life-long means lasting all one's life. My life-long friend is always ready to help me and my relatives. Life-long education is becoming more important than ever before;

electronics [ijek'troniks], n. — 1. Electronics is a branch of physics and technology that deals with behaviour of electrons.Electronics is the branch in industry that makes such products as radio, television and recording apparatus;

electronic [ilek'tronik], adj. — Connected with electron and with all apparatus that works by electronics;

pillar ['pila], n. — 1) Pillar in its physical meaning is vertical structure of stone, wood or metal used as a support, 2) person who is the main supporter of society. Abai was a pillar of the society;

foundation [faun'deijsn], n. — It means the act or action of starting the building or planting something. The foundation of the first Kazakh state university took place over 70 years ago;

implementation [.implimsn'teijn], n. — “Implementation” means carrying out or putting something into practice. The implementation of new technology in industry is a duty of all businessmen;

vision ['vi3n], n. — “Vision” is used in our text as a power of imagination and expression;

Who is responsible in your family for keeping the house tidy?

The prosperity of our country depends on people’s ability to create good products for selling abroad, doesn’t it?

What is the top priority in the government actions?

The content of what school subject is most interesting to you?

Do you know the level of your own abilities to study school subjects?

Have they been instructed about their behaviour before starting the trip to the mountains?

Do you agree with the statement that life-long education is necessary for everyone?

IV. Brush up your Grammar. Ability: can, could and be able to

We use can to say that something is possible, that someone has ability or an opportunity. The negative is cannot or can’t.

Can and can’t

Vicky: How many instruments can you play, Natasha?

Natasha: Threethe violin, the clarinet and the piano.

Vicky: That’s terrific. You haven’t got a piano here, though.

Natasha: No, but I can go to the music room in college and play the one in there.

Vicky: I’m not musical at all. I can’t even sing.

Can and be able to

In some structures we always use be able to, not can:

То-infinitive: It’s nice to be able to go to the opera.

ylfter a modal verb: Melanie might be able to help us.

Present perfect: It’s been quiet today. I’ve been able to get some work done.

Complete the conversation using can or a form of be able to.

Harriet: Hello, David. I’m sorry I haven’t been able to come and see you before.

I’ve been really busy lately. How are you?

David: I’m OK, thanks. (1) (I/walk)

around now.

The doctor says (2) (I/g°)

back to work soon.

It’ll be nice (3)

again. I hate being stuck here like this

I haven’t (4)

interesting.




































Date:

Grade: 8 а-б

The theme SCHOOLS OF FUTURE

The aims:

1) To enrich their knowledge concerning the theme, on the new words, to practice its pronunciation and teach them to use the words in their speech.

2) To enrich pupils interest to the new material to develop.

Their speaking and thinking abilities to consolidate the

Material with asking and answering the questions, to

Develop their memory on the learning English words.

3) To raiser their interest to the English language widing.

Organization moment:

Good morning girl’s and boy’s!How are you?I’m glad to see you!Who is on duty today?

What month is it now?What season is it now?What date is it today?Who is absent?Thank you!Sit down please!


Today we are going to learn new theme, to learn new words, to do some exercise, to checking up your home work, answer the question, read and translate, work in groups.


To checking up home work:

What was your home work?Are you ready?.

Do you understand me?Well, let’s begin!

Nice of you!Thank you!Sit down please!

Presentation new theme:

Teacher introduces the pupils with the theme and aims of the lesson.

SCHOOLS OF FUTURE

Let’s talk about your future schools

1. Tell the class

what you think about your future education;

how you understand the words “compulsory education”;

why it is called “basic education”;

what kind of changes in the system of education can be seen now;

what changes in your opinion can take place in the educational system;

what purpose in your own education you consider the top priority.

II. Listen, then read the text trying to get the main idea of it.

Education for the 21-st Century

Time and tide wait for no man”.

(English saying)

The 21-st century has just started. We are living in a new century. Now it is time to think about the future of education.

Today it is clear for everyone that we are moving towards the changes in many sectors of life and education. It is a well known fact that the development of the nation, its prosperity and wealth depend on the people’s education. Most people understand that education needs changes. What kinds of changes are needed? Who is responsible for realizing these changes? The question is not easy to answer.

We know that the government of the country has a programme of reforming the system of education in our Republic and it is responsible for the implementation of the reform programme.

The top priority in the State is certainly basic education which is compulsory for all children. The main purpose of compulsory education is to involve all children into schools, but this is not

(get) out

(do) anything

the only task of the educational reform. The changes of content, curricula, methods of and technologies of teaching and learning are also planned. The reform presupposes to computerize the process of teaching and learning. Some steps have already been taken in this direction: about 3000 class-rooms in the country have already been computerized. Computerized teaching and learning can help to create the system of life-long education for everybody.

Life-long learning is the main priority in the 21 century. Lifelong learning must be a personal credo for every citizen of Kazakhstan. There are many other changes in the field of education: modern schools like Miras or Nazarbayev schools and university and exchange programmes. The answer to the question is: learn to know, learn to do, learn to live together and learn to be. These four pillars should be the foundation for education in our future.

III. Complete the sentences using the text.

Today it is clear for everyone that we are moving towards....

It is a well known fact that the development of the nation, its prosperity and wealth ..

We know that the government of the country has... .

The top priority in the government actions is certainly...

The purpose of compulsory education is

The reform presupposes to

About 3000 class-rooms have already been

Computerized teaching and learning can help

We can suppose in the nearest future electronics will be used in

If you ask us what must be learnt by everyone in future we shall tell you ... .

These four pillars should be the foundation for ... .

IV. Say it in English.

Вы правы. Мы живем в новом веке и пора подумать о будущем нашего образования.

Сегодня каждому ясно, что нас ожидают большие изменения в жизни и образовании.

Развитие нации, ее процветание и благополучие зависят от уровня образования.

Конечно, у правительства есть программа реформы образования.

Для правительства важнейшим приоритетом является базовое образование.

Главная цель — привлечение всех детей к обязательному школьному образованию.

Планируются также изменения в содержании образования, учебных курсов и методах преподавания и обучения.

Реформа предполагает компьютеризацию процесса преподавания и обучения.

V. Brush up your grammar. Complex Object

Subject + Predicate (active voice) +

Noun/Pronoun + Infinitive

I

want

my brother

to work

She

let

him

go to the club

They

make

me

cry

1. Say it in Russian:

I want my mother to take me to the shop.

What made her live in this village?

She likes me to dance with her sister.

In my childhood my granny never let me walk until I ate my dinner.

2 . Rewrite these sentences using the Complex Object:

  • My son will play football and basketball”, — said the man. — The man wanted...

  • You can go to the cinema with your friends”, — says my mother. — My mother lets me...

  • Clean your room, now!” — said my brother. — My brother made me...

  • Wail for me after school,” said my friend to me. — My friend wanted ...

  • It will be great if you enter the university” — said my father. My father would like...

  • Open the brackets using the Complex Object:

  • We’d like (the teacher, look trough) our copybooks.

  • Children don’t want (parents, be late) for their school concert.

  • Does he let (you, stay) in this house any longer?

  • She doesn’t like (teacher, make) angry.

  • Alex (Helen, want) to be very bright.

too

I


My friend

Read a book

We

Want

Me

Go to the theatre

You

Would

This girl

Have a breakfast

He, she

Let

Her teacher

Look for some information

They

Make

Our sister

Meet our Granny


Like...to



education, n holiday, n nature classes, n move, v start n and v ordinary, adj primary, adj secondary, adj comprise, v curriculum, n compulsory, adj last, v

school yard, n modern school, n comprehensive school, n blazer, I) public schools, n punishments, n empty, adj responsible, adj top, n distance, n

Words to remember

assignment, n famous, adj topic, n ground, n locate, v gymnasium, n during, prep wide, adj widespread, adj infant, adj j unior, adj private, adj uniform prosperity, n realize, v content, n life-long, adj create, v ability, n vision

computerize, v foundation, n

portrait, n computer, n discussion, n ground floor, n cloak-room, 11 grammar school, n subject, n core, adj register, n collect, v attend, v strange, adj science priority, n reform, n basic, adj electronics, n instruction, n talent, n

implementation, n electronic, adj

Names of subjects

Mathematics, Geometry, Latin, Algebra, Cookery, Wood Work, Drama, Gymnastics, Craft, Biology, Chemistry, Art, Music, Religion, Physics, Computer, English, History, German, etc.

I


My friend

Read a book

We

Want

Me

Go to the theatre

You

Would

This girl

Have a breakfast

He, she

Let

Her teacher

Look for some information

They

Make

Our sister

Meet our Granny


Like...to



education, n holiday, n nature classes, n move, v start n and v ordinary, adj primary, adj secondary, adj comprise, v curriculum, n compulsory, adj last, v

school yard, n modern school, n comprehensive school, n blazer, I) public schools, n punishments, n empty, adj responsible, adj top, n distance, n

Words to remember

assignment, n famous, adj topic, n ground, n locate, v gymnasium, n during, prep wide, adj widespread, adj infant, adj j unior, adj private, adj uniform prosperity, n realize, v content, n life-long, adj create, v ability, n vision

computerize, v foundation, n

portrait, n computer, n discussion, n ground floor, n cloak-room, 11 grammar school, n subject, n core, adj register, n collect, v attend, v strange, adj science priority, n reform, n basic, adj electronics, n instruction, n talent, n

implementation, n electronic, adj

Names of subjects

Mathematics, Geometry, Latin, Algebra, Cookery, Wood Work, Drama, Gymnastics, Craft, Biology, Chemistry, Art, Music, Religion, Physics, Computer, English, History, German, etc.

I. Warm-up activities

Read the proverbs and sayings below and say what they mean:

Do noble things; do not dream them all day long (Charles Kinsley).

Saying is one thing and doing is another.

Every man is the architect of his own future (Appius Claudius Caecus).

To be a man is, precisely, to be responsible (Antoine de Saint Exupery).

Whenever the art of medicine is loved, there is love of humanity (Hippocrates).

In his message “Strategy Kazakhstan 2050” President Nursultan Nazarbayev said: “You are the embodiment of all our hopes for future. What is being done today is for you. The future of the country is in your hands. Your new way of thinking is an important factor for achieving the aims which nowadays seem to be far and unattainable”.

To whom were the words addressed? Why?

  • Reading and Speaking

1 Read and say the words correctly. Consult your dictionary: mission, qualified specialist, inspire, carrier, competence, diagnoses, geologist, journalist, specialized, issues, researches, particular.

2. Read the text below and then discuss it:

My future profession

My name is Svetlana. I am in the eighth grade. There are many different professions in the world, but I want to become a doctor. After finishing school, I am going to enter the medical University. It seems to me that it’s my mission. I like to help people. To become a doctor I must be good at studies because a doctor is a noble and responsible profession. We trust doctors the main thing what we have — our life and that’s why a doctor must be a qualified specialist. He must help people at any time of the day. A doctor can’t make a mistake. A qualified specialist always makes diagnoses and treats patients correctly. Human life often depends on the professionalism of doctors. They must be very helpful and open-hearted people. A doctor must always

worry about the health of his patients. He must be able to inspire patients with faith. My mother and grandmother are doctors. They are proud of their profession and like it. I consider that a doctor is the best profession in the world.

Answer the following questions.

What do you want to be in future?

What field would you l ike to be in?

What do you know about your future profession?

Is this profession new or old?

What do you need to get this profession?

What do you think about new professions in our life?

Is education necessary to be successful in life?

4. Read and say what profession you would like to choose.

Choosing a profession

Choosing a profession can be a very difficult decision. Professions in our life are the roads we take, our carriers we make.

Careers do not just happen. People train for them. How much training is needed depends on the kind of a profession chosen. Some jobs take only a few months of training. Others take several years. Certain professions need college or university education.

Whatever profession you choose you should learn, learn and learn. And you should love people. There is a song that says, “People who like people are the luckiest people in the world”. So, people who feel like this may have a job that deals with people all the time.

Ecologists

There are some kinds of jobs that deal with environment we live in. Ecologists study the environment and try to find ways to protect it from pollution and disasters. The earth is our home and we must always keep it clean to make people happy.

Doctors

We know that health is above wealth.

Health is important to people. People who lose their health are not very happy. Doctors and

their assistants have a duty to the people: they help to take care of their health. A person who wants to become a doctor goes to a special medical college or university. But having graduated from the medical University one should prove his/her professional competence in practice.

Geologists

Geologist are scientists who study the nature of the Earth, the way in which it was formed and how it has changed over time. They know that these things are still changing today. Geologists help to find oil, gold, coal, gas and copper. If you like to work outdoors, you may want to be a geologist.

Journalists

A journalist is a person who collects, writes or distributes news or other current information. A journalist can work with general issues or is specialized in certain issues. For example, a sports journalist covers news in the world of sports.

Journalist researches, writes, and reports an information to present it in the sources, he conducts interviews, takes pictures, makes reports and various types of editorial work. Journalists sometimes risk their lives and find themselves in danger, particularly in the war when reporting in the areas of armed conflicts or in the states that do not respect the freedom of the press.

5. Answer the questions:

What professions would you like to choose?

Who (or what) helps you to choose your future profession?

What do you think of the profession of a ....?

Speak about your plans for future. Work in pairs.

Write a project “My Future Profession” (78-80 words)

Warm-up activity

Read the jokes below and reproduce them in reported speech.

Student: Teacher, would you punish me for something I

didn’t do?

Teacher: No, why?

Student: I didn’t do my homework.

* * *

Teacher: Johnny, give me a sentence with a direct object. Pupil: Teacher, everybody thinks you are charming! Teacher: Thank you, Johnny, but what’s the object?

Pupil: A good report.

* * *

Teacher: What’s the plural of “man”, Millie?

Pupil: Men.

Teacher: Good, and the plural of “child”?

Pupil: Twins.

  • * *

Teacher (examining home works): Jim, this looks like your

father’s handwriting.

Jim: No wonder. I used his pen.

* * *

Teacher: What do we see over our heads in fine weather? Jimmy: The blue sky, sir.

Teacher: And when it rains?

Jimmy: An umbrella, sir.

СЖ* И. Brush up your Grammar:

Complex object

I

He

see/ saw

me


She

watch

us

do (Infinitive) something

They

notice

him


Pete

hear

her

doing (Participle 1) something

Mary

feel

them


We




1. Pay attention to the differences in the meaning of the sentences with the complex object:

I saw the little boy cross the street.

I saw the little boy crossing the street.

He felt someone’s hand touch his shoulder.

My brother noticed me talking to the policeman.

2. Make up as many sentences as possible:

They

saw

her

dancing

He

heard

them

singing

The teacher

noticed

the girl

climb the hill




speaking English

Use “to” where necessary to complete the sentences:

  • 1 didn’t notice him leave the room.

  • We all want you be happy.

  • Mother didn’t let her go to the cinema.

  • They didn’t let me watch TV.

  • Jack’s father is a sportsman and he wants his son be a

sportsman too.

Translate into English:

  • Я хочу, чтобы ты сказала мне правду.

  • Я никогда не слышала, как она поёт.

  • Родители не разрешали ей носить джинсы.

  • Ее заставили сказать правду о случившемся.

  • Все родители хотят, чтобы их дети были счастливы.

  • Мои родители хотят, чтобы я стала врачом.

Put questions (what, who, why) to the sentence:

Jack’s parents never let him make any important decisions.

6. Ask and answer the questions. Work in pairs.

What do/ don’t you want to be in future? Why?

What do/ don’t your parents want you to be in future? Why?












Date:

Grade: 8 а-б

The theme TEST YOURSELF

The aims:

1) To enrich their knowledge concerning the theme, on the new words, to practice its pronunciation and teach them to use the words in their speech.

2) To enrich pupils interest to the new material to develop.

Their speaking and thinking abilities to consolidate the

Material with asking and answering the questions, to

Develop their memory on the learning English words.

3) To raiser their interest to the English language widing.

Organization moment:

Good morning girl’s and boy’s!How are you?I’m glad to see you!Who is on duty today?

What month is it now?What season is it now?What date is it today?Who is absent?Thank you!Sit down please!


Presentation new theme:

Teacher introduces the pupils with the theme and aims of the lesson.

Test yourself

I. Choose the correct form of the word.

If I to London I’ll try to visit many places of

interest.

will go;shall go;go.

What people be able to protect if they are

environment-educated?

would;will;should.

If I much money I’ll buy a new bicycle.

will have;have had;have.

If they go lo high schools they have a good

secondary education.

would;shall;will.

As you American education has many different

faces but one purpose.

just had read;just read;have just read.

Put the appropriate article where necessary.

After four years of primary school classes he

went to secondary school.

a;an;the;

no article

There is cloak room, dining room and

library on the ground floor.

a;an;the;

no article.

  1. First they attend infant school from five to

seven.

a;

an;

the;

no article.

  • Make up sentences.

a) numbers; e) to;learn; f) them;and; g) add;how; h) they.

a) private; e) in;there; f) schools;some; g) are.England;

Fill in prepositions where necessary.

I started school the age of seven.

in;at;after.

The computer classes are located the first floor.

at;on;in.

Every pupil learns one foreign langnages.

about;of;from.

  • Choose the correct word to fill in.

The girls and boys in England attend school

at the age from 11 to 16.

primary;

junior;

secondary.

15 , , are called “core” subjects.

History;

Art;

Geography.

English;

Physical Education;

Maths;

Science;

Music.

Fill in the correct word.

  • The primary school curriculum such

subjects as Kazakh, Russian, Drawing and Physical Training.

  • On the first of September we got with our teachers.

  • There is a sports behind the school.

  • If you look around the library hall you will see many of writers and actors.

2education in England begins at the age of five.

  • When children are seven they go to school

which they attend until eleven.

  • Boys and girls do not study together at schools.

  • A boy’s consists of a special suit, a school

cap, a tie and a blazer.

all school children in England have their

lunch at school.

At 2 o’clock lessons again.

Give yourself a score Mistakes:

0—3 — Excellent job!

4—10 — Good job!

More than 10 — Try again.

Good luck!






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