Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:
Note: like + to –inf = it’s a good idea; it’s useful I like to eat a healthy breakfast. (specific preference) To express general preference He likes cooking. (in general)
GERUND AND INFINITIVE GERUND INFINITIVE After certain other verbs, such as : fancy prefer avoid give up burst out go on keep (on) like mind (-/?) delay mention deny hate postpone imagine involve excuse suggest admit finish After certain other verbs, such as : advise hope afford help agree learn arrange promise decide teach expect manage choose offer fail refuse happen seem want would love would like would prefer
1. She agreed ____________(buy) a new chandelier. 2. My parents wanted me ________(be) at home at 10 o’clock. 3. Avoid ___________(make) silly mistakes. 4. They go on ___________ (listen) to loud music. 5. I enjoy ____________(write) postcards. 6. My sister likes __________ (bake) cakes. 7. Mike postponed _________ (do) the exam. 8. I don’t mind __________ (live) with only a little money. 9. Jane hopes __________(pass) her exams next month. 10. He promised __________(write) soon. 11. I prefer _________(travel) to London rather than Paris. 12. They deny _________(cheat) in the exam. 13. I can’t afford ________(buy) a new laptop for Christmas. 14. She suggested __________(inform) the students about the law. 15. They decided ___________ (join) the club. to buy to be making listening writing baking doing living to pass to write travelling cheating to buy informing to join
GERUND INFINITIVE After certain expressions: I’m busy it's no use ... it's no good ... It’s (not) worth What’s the use of can’t help can’t stand there's no point in look forward to What about…? How about…? After certain expressions: to tell the truth- сказать по правде to begin with- начнем с того что to cut a long story short – короче говоря to say nothing of – не говоря уже о to put it mildly – мягко выражаясь to say the least of it – по меньшей мере After "too“, "enough": He’s too short to reach the top shelf. He isn’t tall enough to reach the top shelf.
GERUND INFINITIVE After prepositions : accuse of persist in agree to prevent from approve of succeed in be afraid of suspect of congratulate on depend on thank for dream of think of feel like burst out insist on give up object to be good at apologize for be fond of After adjectives: glad (ex : glad to know...) pleased (ex :pleased to meet you...) disappointed (ex :disappointed to hear...) difficult happy sorry (I’m sorry to have spoilt your mood.) willing
1. He was afraid ____ waking her. 2. I’m looking forward ___ going on holiday. 3. My friend succeeded ___ translating this text. 4. The poor thanked Robin ___ having helped them. 5. He has always dreamt ___ visiting other countries. 6. He persisted ___ trying to solve that problem. 7. The cold weather prevented them ______ going for a walk. 8. They accuse him ___ having robbed the house. 9. All the happiness of my life depends ___ your loving me. 10. I object ___ his borrowing money from you. 11. My friend is good ___ playing football. 12. She complains __________ bullying. 13. She doesn’t feel _________working on the computer. 14. Laura apologized ______ being late. 15. The girls insisted ____ going out with Kerry. of to in for of in from of on to at about like for on
GERUND or INFINITIVE ? The verbs : begin/start/continue can be followed by the gerund or the infinitive with little or no change in meaning
GERUND or INFINITIVE ? The verbs : stop/try/remember can also take both, but the meaning changes
WHAT’S THE MEANING? STOP I’ve stopped watching cartoons. He stopped drinking coffee because it keeps him awake. (Meaning: Stop an activity) We stopped to go to the toilets at the petrol station. She stopped to eat a sandwich and then continued studying. (Meaning: Stop for a while in order to do sth else)
WHAT’S THE MEANING? TRY Let’s try restarting the computer. Try going to bed earlier. You might feel better. (Meaning: See if it works/do sth as an experiment) I ‘ve tried to understand his English, but I was unsuccessful. The divers tried to find the sunken treasure but they couldn’t. (Meaning: Make an effort)
WHAT’S THE MEANING? REMEMBER Remember to bring your portfolio to the class tomorrow. She remembered to lock the door. (Meaning: Don’t forget) I remember collecting marbles in our old neighbourhood. I don’t remember turning off the TV. (Meaning: Past memory/recall a past event)
WHAT’S THE MEANING? REGRET I regret to tell you that your application has been rejected. We regret to inform you that Flight 714 to Boston has been cancelled. (Meaning: be sorry/To apologise for something bad. To inform something bad. This is used in more formal situations.) I regret not saying goodbye before leaving. I regret shouting at him that way. (Meaning: To be sorry now for something we did in the past./have second thoughts)
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This power point presentation is designed to be used to teach the basic use of gerund and infinitive.
All teachers have hard time explaining the use of either infinitive or gerund after verbs.The main principle here is: the more practice - the better.
This power point presentation is designed to help your students to cope with this grammar. This PPT starts by explaining what gerunds are and moves into when we use them. There are fully animated examples for each.
I insist on learning the verbs by heart.
You can't object to learning a gerund if you are here.
I hope you're looking forward to learning more verbs followed by gerund.
I got used to using gerunds in my speech, and I want you to be used to using them freely.
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