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Практический материал по подготовке к ЕГЭ по английскому языку (I вариант)
Раздел 1. АУДИРОВАНИЕ (30 минут) Вариант 1
B1. Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего А-F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды.
1. Free university education should be offered only to a certain group of people.
2. It would be expensive for governments to give scholarships to many students.
3. Getting higher education free makes people irresponsible and lazy.
4. Free university education gives more chances for the right career choice.
5. Part of countries' budget should be given to pay for people's higher education.
6. You give more weight to university education if you pay much for it.
7. Fees paid by students for university education should be reasonable.
Вы услышите короткое интервью. Определите, какие из приведенных утверждений А1-А7 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 - True), какие не соответствуют (2 - False) и о чем в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 – Not Stated). Вы услышите запись дважды.
A1. Kevin's father started playing baseball the year Kevin was born.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
A2. The baseball season of 1971 was great.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
A3. Kevin's family usually left New York when baseball season was over.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
A4. The house Kevin's family rented was in a quiet and comfortable area.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
A5. Kevin used to spend a lot of time in the kitchen.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
A6. Grandma Stevenson was a good cook.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
A7. Mrs. Stevenson gave Kevin a bath every day before putting him to bed.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
Вы услышите интервью. В заданиях А8-А14 обведите цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.
A8. Most football matches Lois went to were memorable because of
1) the violent confrontations between rival fans. 2) the feeling of being part of the event.
3) overcrowded conditions in the stadiums.
A9. According to Lois, the best way to get a ticket for Premier league matches is to
1) pay extra at the booking office. 2) turn to an independent distributor. 3) book on the Internet well in advance.
A10. Lois put the blame for the defeat in the match between England and Portugal on
1) the referee. 2) David Beckham. 3) Portugal's forward.
A11. What does Lois think about David Beckham?
1) His talent of a football player is exaggerated. 2) He is a better footballer than a model.
3) He owes much of his popularity to his wife Victoria.
A12. In Ghana a lot of families encourage their boys to
1) build their football careers in premiership clubs abroad.
2) go abroad to study at football academies.
3) play for the national premier leagues in their own country.
A13. Why is Nana so concerned about the fate of young footballers in Ghana?
1) They are taken away from their homes and no one ever comes back.
2) Their parents don't know what happens to them when they are playing in big leagues.
3) Many young footballers have no chance to fully develop their abilities.
A14. Once Nana was a witness to violence at a football match where
1) hooligans surrounded the police and started fighting with them.
2) the police had to use special equipment to break up the fight.
3) the police managed to stop the fight using dogs and horses.
Раздел 2. ЧТЕНИЕ (30 минут) Вариант 1
В2. Установите соответствие между темами A-H и текстами 1-8. Используйте каждую букву только один раз. В задании одна тема лишняя.
A. Studying from Home
B. Personal Development Is Important
C. Modern Tools for Studying
D. Finding the Right Activity for You
E. Studying and Living at School
F. Specialized Schools
G. Assessing Academic Progress
H. High-Tech School
1. In the earliest days of computers, the only computer education was about computers. We, and computers, have come a long way since those days. Now computers have invaded every aspect of modern life. Education is no exception. Students can use word processors for writing, spreadsheets for mathematics and science, and databases for organizing information. Lately, the Internet has become a recognized way of getting information.
2. There are many advantages to distance learning. For homeschoolers, it's a great way to safely get a head start on college before completing high school. In addition, many students don't have the ability to leave home for maybe family or work obligations. Another huge advantage is the cost savings. Through distance learning, you avoid room and board fees that will have to be paid by a traditional student.
3. In Great Britain many children go to boarding schools. A good boarding school can be an excellent placement for an orphaned child, because everyone is treated equally and fairly there. Many parents with non-traditional careers or those undergoing difficult transitions like divorce find boarding schools excellent alternatives. Boarding school can help children grow in independence, and friendships formed in boarding school often last a lifetime.
4. Considered by many to be a diamond in the rough of the Parkside area, the school boasts a curriculum that encourages technological literacy. The 170 local 9th grade students don't carry any books or pencils. The school supplies every student with their own laptop. They create multimedia presentations with Microsoft PowerPoint, receive assignments via e-mail, and conduct research online. So far, the unique program has had positive results.
5. Chorister's schools are educational establishments which have a special emphasis on religious choir singing. These schools are usually attached to a cathedral, church or chapel, where the school choir sings. Choir schools do not exclusively educate choristers: about 15,000 pupils are taught at chorister schools in the UK, but only around 1,000 of those are choristers. Tony Blair, for example, attended The Chorister School but was not himself a chorister.
6. For the majority of college and university students, involvement in extracurricular activities plays an essential role in the collegiate experience. Students become involved in extracurricular activities not only for entertainment, social, and enjoyment purposes, but most importantly, to gain and improve skills. A wide and diversified range of extracurricular activities exists on US campuses, meeting a variety of student interests.
7. The test is an important-benchmark in ensuring that students will be successful in meeting the challenges they will face either in college or the workplace. If they are not able to meet the standards of the exam, how can we expect them to be successful in life? Examinations can be traumatic for both students and their teachers. But just because nobody really enjoys them, we should not disregard them as a necessary part of the education process.
B3. Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 1-6 частями предложений, обозначенными буквами A-G. Одна из частей в списке A-G лишняя.
It is claimed that San Francisco is the most interesting city in the USA. The history of San Francisco started in 1776, 1_________. They founded a mission and dedicated it to St. Francis.
Several times San Francisco was hit by earthquakes. As a result of the 1906 earthquake three-fourths of the city was burnt down. But within 7 years, the city was almost completely rebuilt and started growing up. Several years ago, another serious earthquake hit the city, but it did not cause much damage because the buildings were well protected against the forces of nature. Now San Francisco is a little smaller than Washington, D.C. in area 2___________.
San Francisco occupies the northern end of a peninsula, with the Pacific Ocean to the west and San Francisco Bay to the north and east, 3______. San Francisco is famous for its bridges, fog and foghorns. The greatest attraction of San Francisco is the Golden Gate Bridge, 4______. It is 1.6 kilometres long. The height of its towers is 227 meters. When opened in 1937, it was the world's longest and tallest suspension bridge. San Francisco is called the city of hills because it has 40 hills. It is famous for its picturesque cable cars, which climb these hills, and for its bright houses that cling to the hills along steep and narrow streets.
And of course, San Francisco has a lot of museums. But if you are tired of museums and shops, you can go to Shakespeare Garden, 5_______.
San Francisco is a city 6_______. It has a reputation as an intellectual, liberal, and slightly crazy city and his sights attract millions of tourists every year.
A. which create a feeling of admiration
B. but with a slightly bigger population
C. which has become an internationally recognized symbol of the city
D. where new and different ideas can be explored
E. where you can find every flower and plant ever mentioned by the bard
F. so it is surrounded on three sides by water
G. when the Spanish occupied this area in the name of the king of Spain
Прочитайте рассказ и выполните задания А15—А21. В каждом задании обведите цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному вами варианту ответа.
Today was a rice day, fifty-pound sacks of white rice in trucks bearing an elephant logo. The same happy elephant appeared on the bags, its head raised to the sky, the trunk curved like an S. 'Elephant,' Todd said. He said it because a labourer was staring at it intently, which meant he wasn't working. ‘That's right,’ the man said. ‘I couldn't remember the word.’ He was the only other human at the loading dock this morning. The man didn't have a name, just a number, like the rest of the robots.
That could be me, Todd thought as he watched him work side by side with his silent mechanical counterparts, lifting, carrying, and dropping bags of rice from the back of the truck to the warehouse. A bad car accident, a bad fall from a ladder, and that could be me. Or a bad memrip.
At lunch, Todd thought of things he could sell. Everything he owned of any value, he could touch: his grandfather's watch, his grandmother's wedding ring, a gold necklace belonging to some forgotten relative. His car, too, but that was out of the question as he needed it to work. He got up from his chair and scanned the floor below, the robots still working away, a sea of metallic shoulders rising and falling in unison, strangely beautiful in a way. Over by the forklift sat 8831, his eyes as blank as the piece of bread he was eating.
Two weeks from today was Todd's thirtieth wedding anniversary, and even if he were to pawn the watch, the ring, and the necklace, he knew he wouldn't even come close to having enough for Paris. That's where Sue had wanted to go for as long as he could remember. They didn't have the money to honeymoon there, but that was okay because back then, there had been plenty of time. They were young, both healthy and working, so they would save a little here and there and in a couple of years, they would be walking up to the Eiffel Tower at night arm in arm, find themselves underneath the arch and look up at the beacon that shines on this city of lights.
But then came two sons and three recessions and a second mortgage. A hysterectomy for her, a double bypass for him, and now here he was, nine years short of retirement, supervising a team of robots and a retarded man, thinking about folks who could sell things they couldn't touch, like stocks and bonds and whatever else he couldn't even fathom, people with money who would pay to experience another's most cherished moments.
Silly. That would be Sue's word for it if this were a story she'd overheard. For a trip, what a silly thing to do. But it was more than a trip. It was their life together. There was life and there was death, and it seemed to Todd that if he waited any longer, there wouldn't be any difference between the two.
He opened the filing cabinet and rifled through the folders. Name: Lopez, Manny. Age: 46. Tax Status: Married. In all the years he'd been here, only a handful of human workers had come and gone. All of them were handicapped in some way; they came through the city welfare program, and 8831 was no exception.
Manny's wife picked up on the second ring. Todd told her who he was, and after he assured her that her husband was not hurt, he was fine, he was a great worker, he asked her what he wanted to know. She listened without interrupting him; then there was a lengthy silence.
'Why?' she asked.
'Does it matter?'
'I can report you.'
'I know.' More silence.
'He did it because he loved me. Loved,' she said, hardening. 'Not loves.'
'I heard you.'
Then she hung up, and for the rest of the day, Todd replayed the conversation in his mind. Should he have lied to her, made up some story about a sick mother, a dying child? He wasn't good at talking, especially on the phone. People thought he was unfriendly, hostile. A woman once told him his voice sounded like broken stones rattling in a cage.
The horn blared at five, time for the two humans to go home and the robots to be reconditioned and put in standby.
(Adapted from 'Paris, at Night' by Sung J. Woo)
A15. That morning, at the loading docks
1) there were only robots. 3) there were two people.
2) there was only one human. 4) there were a handful of people.
A16. At launch Todd was thoughtful because
1) he needed money for a trip. 3) he wanted to pawn the watch, the ring, and the necklace.
2) he owned a lot of valuable things. 4) he needed a new car to work.
A17. Todd and his wife didn't worry that they had no money to honeymoon in Paris because
1) they had already been there. 3) they didn't want to go there.
2) they planned to go there the following year. 4) they were ready to earn money for this trip.
A18. Todd and Sue had not been to Paris yet because
1) Todd was about to retire. 3) Todd was always busy supervising a team of robots.
2) they had had more important things to spend money on. 4) Sue thought it was a silly idea.
A19. Manny Lopez was
1) a robot. 3) mentally disabled.
2) a welfare officer. 4) an exception.
A20. Todd called Manny's wife because he wanted
1) to get acquainted with her. 3) to find out what had happened to Manny.
2) to know whether Manny loved her. 4) to tell Manny's wife that he was a great worker.
A21. Todd was
1) a sociable person. 3) thinking about the conversation with Manny's wife the whole day.
2) hostile to people. 4) bad at communicating with people.
Раздел 3. ГРАММАТИКА И ЛЕКСИКА (40 минут) Вариант 1
Прочитайте текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами, обозначенные номерами В4—В10, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию.
Learning a Language
I'm going to start off by saying that the B4______EASY way to learn a new language is by taking formal classes.
Last year I B5_______ TAKE a 40-minute English class once a week and it was definitely worth the money.
If you B6______ NOT HAVE the time or money to attend classes, you can of course teach yourself any language you want. If you have absolutely no prior knowledge of the language you B7______ TRY to learn, start by buying the same textbooks that schools use.
What makes using textbooks such a great tool for learning, is that they B8________ WRITE in a context that makes it easy to understand. Besides, you can use the Internet, which is the greatest resource of knowledge that mankind ever B9______HAVE.
But remember! You B10____ NOT GET any better without speaking and listening to the language. No matter what path you take in learning a new language, this is by far the most important step.
Прочитайте текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами, обозначенные номерами В11—В16, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски соответствующими словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы В11—В16.
The Two Faces of the Internet
There are different ways one can look at the Internet. The positive side is that people from around the globe could B11_____ ACT with one another in a matter of seconds.
Instant messaging is the most popular form of communication online today. People are informed about the B12___ AVAILABLE of their friends and can have numerous conversations at the same time.
Another advantage is that there is an B13_____FINITE amount of knowledge and information one can get from the Internet.
Internet-able students have the possibility to access information at an B14_____ BELIEVE pace, and creating their reports becomes less tedious.
The negative side is that people who use the Internet for an excessive amount of time are B15________ PARTICULAR prone to social isolation and depression.
We must admit that internet B16______ ADDICT is a growing problem with teenagers nowadays.
Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами А22—А28. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям А22-А28, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов.
The Garden Party
They could not have had a more perfect day for a garden-party if they had ordered it. Only the blue was veiled with a haze of light gold, as it is sometimes in early summer. The gardener had been up since A22 _____, mowing the lawns and sweeping them. As for the roses, you could not help feeling they understood that roses are the only flowers that impress people at garden parties, the only flowers that everybody is certain to know. Breakfast was not yet over before the men came to put A23____the tent.
'Where do you want the tent put, mother?' asked Laura. 'My dear child, it's no use asking me,' replied her mother. 'I'm A24______to leave everything to my children this year. Forget I am your mother and treat me as an honoured guest.'
Her sister Meg could not A25____ go and supervise the men. She had washed her hair before breakfast, and she sat drinking her coffee in a green turban, with a dark wet curl stamped on each cheek.
So Laura flew away, still holding her piece of bread-and-butter. It's so delicious to have an A26___ for eating out of doors, and besides, she loved having to arrange things. She always felt she could do it so much better than anybody else.
Four men in their shirt sleeves stood grouped together on the garden path. They carried staves covered with rolls of canvas, and they had big A27______ bags slung on their backs. They looked impressive. Laura wished now that she had not got the bread-and-butter, but there was nowhere to put it, and she couldn't throw it A28______. She blushed and tried to look severe as she came up to them.
Раздел 4. ПИСЬМО (80 минут) Вариант 1
C1. You have 20 minutes to do this task. You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend Jenny who writes:
...At school we are doing projects on the greatest capitals of the world. I've decided to write about Moscow. Could you tell me about your city? What is special about your capital? Do you love your city? Why?
As for the latest news, our basketball team won in the school championship last week...
Write a letter to Jenny. In your letter tell her about Moscow, ask 3 questions about her school life. Write 100—140 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.
C2. You have 60 minutes to do this task. Comment on the following statement.
Lots of teenagers want to work part-time to earn their pocket money. However, their parents are often against it.
What is your opinion? Write 200 — 250 words. Use the following plan:
- make an introduction (state the problem)
- express your personal opinion and give 2-3 reasons for your opinion
- express an opposing opinion and give 1-2 reasons for this opposing opinion
- explain why you don't agree with the opposing opinion
- make a conclusion restating your position
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