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Практический материал по подготовке к ЕГЭ по английскому языку (III вариант)
Раздел 1. АУДИРОВАНИЕ (30 минут) Вариант 3
B1. Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего А-F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды.
1. Free university education should be offered only to a certain group of people.
2. It would be expensive for governments to give scholarships to many students.
3. Getting higher education free makes people irresponsible and lazy.
4. Free university education gives more chances for the right career choice.
5. Part of countries' budget should be given to pay for people's higher education.
6. You give more weight to university education if you pay much for it.
7. Fees paid by students for university education should be reasonable.
Вы услышите короткое интервью. Определите, какие из приведенных утверждений А1-А7 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 - True), какие не соответствуют (2 - False) и о чем в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 – Not Stated). Вы услышите запись дважды.
A1. Kevin's father started playing baseball the year Kevin was born.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
A2. The baseball season of 1971 was great.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
A3. Kevin's family usually left New York when baseball season was over.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
A4. The house Kevin's family rented was in a quiet and comfortable area.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
A5. Kevin used to spend a lot of time in the kitchen.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
A6. Grandma Stevenson was a good cook.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
A7. Mrs. Stevenson gave Kevin a bath every day before putting him to bed.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
Вы услышите интервью. В заданиях А8-А14 обведите цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.
A8. Most football matches Lois went to were memorable because of
1) the violent confrontations between rival fans. 2) the feeling of being part of the event.
3) overcrowded conditions in the stadiums.
A9. According to Lois, the best way to get a ticket for Premier league matches is to
1) pay extra at the booking office. 2) turn to an independent distributor. 3) book on the Internet well in advance.
A10. Lois put the blame for the defeat in the match between England and Portugal on
1) the referee. 2) David Beckham. 3) Portugal's forward.
A11. What does Lois think about David Beckham?
1) His talent of a football player is exaggerated. 2) He is a better footballer than a model.
3) He owes much of his popularity to his wife Victoria.
A12. In Ghana a lot of families encourage their boys to
1) build their football careers in premiership clubs abroad. 2) go abroad to study at football academies.
3) play for the national premier leagues in their own country.
A13. Why is Nana so concerned about the fate of young footballers in Ghana?
1) They are taken away from their homes and no one ever comes back.
2) Their parents don't know what happens to them when they are playing in big leagues.
3) Many young footballers have no chance to fully develop their abilities.
A14. Once Nana was a witness to violence at a football match where
1) hooligans surrounded the police and started fighting with them.
2) the police had to use special equipment to break up the fight.
3) the police managed to stop the fight using dogs and horses.
Раздел 2. ЧТЕНИЕ (30 минут) Вариант 3
В2. Установите соответствие между темами A-H и текстами 1-7. Используйте каждую букву только один раз. В задании одна тема лишняя.B2
A. Use Silence
B. Gestures and Posture
C. Audience Awareness
D. Sensible Dress
E. Distinct and Audible Speech
F. Consider Context
G. Speaking Through Eyes
H. Strategic Listening
1. The first thing that a good speaker does is looks at the audience and takes a pause before beginning his speech. This helps to create a good impression on the audience. Throughout the speech, the speaker should maintain eye contact with the listeners, otherwise they will feel that they are being ignored and it is quite likely that they also ignore whatever he is trying to convey.
2. Proper variation in emotion and tempo of the voice improves the quality of performance. Accurate pronunciation of words with due stresses wherever required must be done. One more important thing while communicating is that your voice must be clear and loud enough for the audience to hear it. A loud voice can be a strong point for being an effective speaker.
3. Concentrate on your ideas and do not get distracted by the activities performed by the audience, for example, smiling or whispering. To make your communication successful get the clue about the listeners and their interests. Think over the age, sex and background of the people. See whether the audience is patient enough to handle you for hours. Check out if they are friendly or hostile.
4. Facial expressions reveal what thoughts are running through a person's mind. So while communicating, make sure that your facial expressions reveal your interest for the subject on which you are communicating. The body movements while speaking must coordinate with your convincing power. They must add to the things which are more effectively caught visually than verbally.
5. If you are trying to improve your own communication, concentrate on ways to make your nonverbal signals match the level of formality necessitated by the situation. Some situations require more formal behaviour that might be interpreted very differently in any other setting. So when you are communicating with others, always take into account the situation in which the communication occurs.
6. Don't be afraid to pause and breathe. Listeners need time to reflect on what you are saying. Just like we need 'white space' and punctuation on the written page, we need pauses when we speak. Talking non-stop is a huge drawback. Having the confidence to pause for a few seconds in between sentences commands attention rather than diverts it.
7. The appearance plays an important role in presenting ourselves to society. The people who wear clothes suitable to their body structure look attractive. A person's physical appearance creates a definite impact on the communication process. Our clothes should not be too modern for the people whom we are interacting with. However, they should be able to create a positive impression on them.
B3. Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 1-6 частями предложений, обозначенными буквами A-G. Одна из частей в списке 1-7 лишняя.
Ever wonder 1___? There's actually quite a bit of science going on behind the scenes, with several components working together to bring you that digital-quality signal.
Your channel selection begins with the programming sources themselves. Companies like Showtime, HBO or Cinemax create their programming. Channel providers then purchase rights to this programming 2________. Once a provider has their programming in place, they turn their attention to the broadcast centre to compress and convert the programming for satellite broadcast.
Your Dish Network Programming originally arrives as a digital stream of video, which is then compressed and converted through an encoder, typically using the MPEG2 format. This format reduces the overall size of the video, 3___________.
Once encoded, the video is then encrypted 4_______. After the video has been encrypted, it is sent to the provider's satellite, strategically positioned in the sky.
The satellite itself uses a dish similar to your own satellite dish, to receive the video and send it back down to Earth. When the satellite sends the signal back down to Earth, it is picked up by your satellite dish, a small round antenna that receives the satellite's broadcast and sends the video on to your satellite TV receiver.
The satellite TV receiver is that little black box that sits inside your home and allows you to choose 5______. The receiver actually performs several important functions in the satellite viewing process, including the decryption of the signal itself. If you remember, the satellite signal was scrambled by the provider to protect it from un-paying consumers. Your receiver 'de-scrambles' that signal and converts the signal into a format 6________. Together these amazing components create a vividly clear digital picture for over 200 satellite channels.
A. which channel you want to watch
B. including a power source and a computer system
C. so that the broadcast can only be viewed by paying subscribers
D. so that they can broadcast the shows via satellite
E. how your satellite TV system works
F. making it possible for a satellite to broadcast hundreds of channels at the same time
G. that your television can handle
Прочитайте рассказ и выполните задания А15—А21. В каждом задании обведите цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному вами варианту ответа.
Jonte faced playtime with mixed feelings. When the bell rang, the others would rush into the open air, laughing and chattering. He felt left out. Yet these were also times he enjoyed. He could daydream about how things might have been.
Sometimes, though, he would watch the play — not directly, that would have been impossible — but on the big screen in one of the classrooms. Cheering on his friends made him feel part of the action. Even through the screens, however, watching for long often made his eyes hurt. Sunlight reflected strongly off the silvery turf, and even more from the trees around the ground. Players in motion trailed flashes of light which left black spots in his vision.
It was during a tense game that the summons came through. The shelter Principal, no less, wanted him at once in his office. Jonte uttered a mild swearword, though realising that he had already been watching too long — his head was aching. He made his way to the admin sector, signalled his arrival and went in. The Principal was behind his desk directly opposite the door. He was a small man, with metallic black hair cut short, silver-grey hands in constant fidgety motion and an expression of perpetual irritation. He waved in the direction of a chair placed in front of the desk.
But to Jonte's surprise, there were several other people in the office. It was difficult at first to see them all clearly: not only had the effects of watching the match still to wear off, but the lighting was poor. Perhaps the Principal had only remembered at the last minute to close the heavy shutters and switch on a lamp.
As his vision returned, Jonte's surprise grew. The six men and two women, who sat in a half circle to one side, judging by their job tags, were senior ... very senior. Four were from the administration. The two women and the other two men seemed to be scientists from different research bodies.
Jonte was used to the fact that other people were inscrutable. He would have been able to tell from gazing in a mirror into his own eyes, with their blue irises surrounding dark pupils, how he was feeling, even if he hadn't known yet. But other people's eyes were silver discs, giving away nothing. He could sometimes see from the rest of their faces whether they were happy or sad, smiling or frowning; but their skin reflected the light, so that he could never be quite sure. From the way they were sitting, he thought, the visitors seemed anxious.
'Jonte', the Principal said, 'these people have a favour to ask, and I hope you can help them. Please sit down.' Jonte's surprise grew. What possible favour could these people want from someone like him? ‘I’ll help if I can,' he said.
'You know,' the Principal went on, 'that you have had to grow up here because going outside would be dangerous. Your body wouldn't be able to withstand the radiation, even at night-time. Ordinary people are born with protection; but in your case...'
'So you see,' one of the women interjected quickly, 'you are really a very interesting young man. We want you to let us get to know you better.'
The people here,' the Principal resumed, 'are from the government's science and research council. They would like to take you to one of their centres in the south, where the facilities are supposed to be better than we can provide...'
'But I'm quite happy here,' Jonte felt he should say. 'My friends...'
'...and in any case,' the Principal insisted a trifle sourly, 'you wouldn't be able to stay much longer. The shelter is being closed down.'
Jonte took this in. 'So when do I have to go?' he asked.
'If you can pack your things together quickly,' one of the men replied, 'we should like to move you this evening ... say in an hour. Is that all right?'
An hour! The suddenness of it all puzzled Jonte. His condition had been known from the moment he had been born when his parents so he had been told had handed him over for special care. But it also excited him. Apart from a short journey when he had been much younger to a medical centre, he could not remember ever having left the shelter. He didn't really have much to pack anyway.
(Adapted from 'Fear No More' by George Anthony)
A15. When his friends rushed into the open air during playtime, Jonte felt
1) embarrassed. 2) annoyed. 3) lonely. 4) bored.
A16. When the summons came through, Jonte was
1) glad that he was able to have a rest. 3) eager to know what had happened.
2) annoyed that he had to stop watching the game. 4) in a hurry.
A17. The people in the Principal's office were all
1) of high rank. 2) very old. 3) researchers. 4) from the administration.
A18. In paragraph 6 the word 'inscrutable' means
1) not wishing to talk. 2) unhappy. 3) pretending to be kind. 4) showing no emotion or reaction.
A19. Jonte had to grow up in the shelter because
1) he was an orphan. 3) his body was unable to withstand high temperature.
2) the world outside the shelter was dangerous. 4) he would not manage to survive in the open air.
A20. The people offered to take Jonte to one of their centres because
1) Jonte was not quite happy here. 3) the Principal didn't want Jonte to stay in the shelter.
2) it was well equipped. 4) the shelter could not provide good education for Jonte.
A21. Jonte was surprised because
1) he had not known about his condition. 3) he had to leave the shelter urgently.
2) he had never left the shelter before. 4) he didn't have much to pack.
Раздел 3. ГРАММАТИКА И ЛЕКСИКА (40 минут) Вариант 3
Прочитайте текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами, обозначенные номерами В4—В10, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию.
Choosing a Career
Jane had always wanted to be a nurse and help B4___ PERSON in need. Her father, however, thought that nursing was not a suitable profession for her.
When she left school, she B5___ OFFER a job as a doctor's receptionist.
Jane B6___ NOT WANT to take the job, so she decided to talk to her friend Ann about what she should do.
When Jane came to Ann's house, Ann met her in the garden. 'Hello, Jane! You look so unhappy! What B7_____ THINK you about?'
While Jane B8___ EXPLAIN her problem, Ann's mother shouted to the girls to come over. She said that Ann's father B9___ HAVE an accident and he was in hospital.
When they arrived at the hospital, Jane was amazed to see her father B10____ SIT on the bed in a very good mood. 'Oh, Jane, the nurses here are really wonderful. And I think ...' Jane smiled. She knew what her father was going to tell her.
Прочитайте текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами, обозначенные номерами В11—В16, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски соответствующими словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы В11—В16.
Edinburgh is one of the most written-about cities on earth. Built on ancient volcanoes and first established because of its secure and B11 ______ DEFENCE position, the capital of Scotland has become a crossroads.
B12_______ PRACTICAL everyone who comes to Scotland today spends some time in this city.
Edinburgh is the second most popular tourist destination in Great Britain and it's not hard to see why. Its midsummer B13_______ NATION festival is one of the biggest in the world.
Edinburgh is a delight to explore on foot: most of its B14____ ATTRACT are contained within a compact central area.
With streets steeped in history and a thriving B15_____ CULTURE scene, Edinburgh offers the perfect balance between traditional and contemporary things.
The area around the city has many B16_____ HISTORY towns and scenic villages, which are also great for exploring.
Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами А22—А28. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям А22-А28, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов.
In the remote southern seas there is a cluster of islands. Each island is inhabited by a different race of people. Although physically they look alike, you can tell them A22____ by their styles of dress and their distinctive dialects. Each island has its own unique form of architecture. The only similarity between them is that each race builds in a manner that is A23___ odds with the environment. On rocky hillsides there are wooden huts and in wooded valleys you can see towns of brick. Arid uplands are irrigated and planted with leafy gardens, whereas, on fertile plains, the parks are paved with stone. A24___ their differences, the islanders coexist peacefully. There is rivalry over certain fishing waters but it rarely A25 ____ to more than a few heated exchanges.
At the centre of the archipelago, perhaps in the most favoured spot of all, lies an island that has been deserted for many generations. It looks very different from the rest: darker, taller, silent. There is no obvious reason A26_____ its abandonment as it has good soil and plenty of freshwater.
Long ago, it was inhabited by farmers and fishermen much like everywhere else in the archipelago, but everything changed when they started building the first wall. As soon as it was finished a second circle of battlements began to rise from the centre, slightly narrower than the one before, so that from faraway the island A27______ an enormous wedding cake.
Nobody can explain why the wall was started but there are many theories as to why it was never finished. Some say that so many had perished during its construction, that no one dared halt the work and thereby admit that it had all been in vain. Others claim that the builders simply A28____ out of materials. But one thing is certain, the predicted threat never arrived and the people at the centre of the archipelago had, quite simply, bricked themselves in.
2) In spite
Раздел 4. ПИСЬМО (80 минут) Вариант 3
C1. You have 20 minutes to do this task.
You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend Mark who writes:
...Guess what! All my friends are going to 'Waterland' next week and I can't swim! What shall I do? If I go with my friends, they will be teasing me all the time, I have wanted to learn to swim for a long time but I feel embarrassed to start learning at my age. What would you advise me to do? Is it difficult to learn how to swim? How many lessons will I need?
Well, I'd better go now as my mum's calling me for dinner.
Write back to Mark. In your letter answer his questions, ask 3 questions about his favourite sports. Write 100—140 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.
C2. You have 60 minutes to do this task. Comment on the following statement.
Lots of teens believe that it's important to look nice. However, adults often think that young people pay too much attention to their appearance and fashion. What is your opinion? Do you care what you wear?
Write 200 — 250 words. Use the following plan:
- make an introduction (state the problem)
- express your personal opinion and give 2-3 reasons for your opinion
- express an opposing opinion and give 1-2 reasons for this opposing opinion
- explain why you don't agree with the opposing opinion
- make a conclusion restating your position
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