Эл. №ФС77-60625 от 20.01.2015
Практический материал по подготовке к ЕГЭ по английскому языку (IV вариант)
Раздел 1. АУДИРОВАНИЕ (30 минут) Вариант 4
B1. Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего А-F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды.
1. Free university education should be offered only to a certain group of people.
2. It would be expensive for governments to give scholarships to many students.
3. Getting higher education free makes people irresponsible and lazy.
4. Free university education gives more chances for the right career choice.
5. Part of countries' budget should be given to pay for people's higher education.
6. You give more weight to university education if you pay much for it.
7. Fees paid by students for university education should be reasonable.
Вы услышите короткое интервью. Определите, какие из приведенных утверждений А1-А7 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 - True), какие не соответствуют (2 - False) и о чем в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 – Not Stated). Вы услышите запись дважды.
A1. Kevin's father started playing baseball the year Kevin was born.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
A2. The baseball season of 1971 was great.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
A3. Kevin's family usually left New York when baseball season was over.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
A4. The house Kevin's family rented was in a quiet and comfortable area.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
A5. Kevin used to spend a lot of time in the kitchen.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
A6. Grandma Stevenson was a good cook.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
A7. Mrs. Stevenson gave Kevin a bath every day before putting him to bed.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
Вы услышите интервью. В заданиях А8-А14 обведите цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.
A8. Most football matches Lois went to were memorable because of
1) the violent confrontations between rival fans. 2) the feeling of being part of the event.
3) overcrowded conditions in the stadiums.
A9. According to Lois, the best way to get a ticket for Premier league matches is to
1) pay extra at the booking office. 2) turn to an independent distributor. 3) book on the Internet well in advance.
A10. Lois put the blame for the defeat in the match between England and Portugal on
1) the referee. 2) David Beckham. 3) Portugal's forward.
A11. What does Lois think about David Beckham?
1) His talent of a football player is exaggerated. 2) He is a better footballer than a model.
3) He owes much of his popularity to his wife Victoria.
A12. In Ghana a lot of families encourage their boys to
1) build their football careers in premiership clubs abroad. 2) go abroad to study at football academies.
3) play for the national premier leagues in their own country.
A13. Why is Nana so concerned about the fate of young footballers in Ghana?
1) They are taken away from their homes and no one ever comes back.
2) Their parents don't know what happens to them when they are playing in big leagues.
3) Many young footballers have no chance to fully develop their abilities.
A14. Once Nana was a witness to violence at a football match where
1) hooligans surrounded the police and started fighting with them.
2) the police had to use special equipment to break up the fight.
3) the police managed to stop the fight using dogs and horses.
Раздел 2. ЧТЕНИЕ (30 минут) Вариант 4
В2. Установите соответствие между темами 1-8 и текстами A-G. Используйте каждую букву только один раз. В задании одна тема лишняя.
1. What Books Do the British Read?
2. Do We Really Need Poems?
3. Horror Stories
4. Science Fiction
5. Mountains of Books!
6. Why Do We Read Books?
7. Reading Books Is a Waste of Time
8. Early American Literature
A. For the really scholarly reader, the British Library (a department of the British Museum) has more than 10 million volumes, occupying 320 kilometres of shelf space. At present, the library is obliged to house a copy of every book published in the country. This obligation, however, will probably disappear in the future. It's just too difficult to organize. In the future it could take up to two days to find a particular book.
B. Some people read for instruction, and some for pleasure and only few read from force of habit. Let us admit that reading with us is just a drug that we cannot get along without. Books are necessary to people when they travel, study at school or at the University, when they want to relax or while away the time in a nasty traffic jam. Books are necessary for us though some people don't read much.
C. The average English person considers poetry to be “nice” for children, becoming for girls, and appropriate for women and teachers. Few people read and fewer pay for it. The reason for disliking poetry is that most people believe poetry should only be concerned with certain “nice” themes and topics such as birds, flowers, trees and love. But the fact is that life in all its forms can be the theme of poetry.
D. Although the British are comparatively uninterested in formal education, and although they watch a lot of television, they are nonetheless enthusiastic readers. The vast majority of the books that are read in Britain could not be classified as "serious" literature. Britain is the home of what might be called "middlebrow" literature. For example, the distinctly British genre of detective fiction is regarded as entertainment rather than literature.
E. There was no written literature among the more than 500 different Indian languages and tribal cultures that exist in North America before the first Europeans arrived. As a result, Native American oral literature is quite diverse. Narratives from quasi-nomadic hunting cultures like the Navajo are different from stories of settled agricultural tribes such as the Acoma. Different religious variations enter into the oral literature as well.
F. At the turn of the 19th century a new kind of story writing emerged as a separate category of literature. At that time writers like Jules Verne and H.G Wells wanted to interest their readers in the excitements and dangers of new developments in technology and science. Many modern writers have used such a genre to make us think about social or political development in our own time.
G. Everyone thinks about the supernatural - things that cannot be explained and things that are frightening. People have always been fascinated by the supernatural. We are afraid but we are curious. Stories of mysterious and thrilling events frighten us and attract us. These stories tell us about ghosts and spirits, about monsters and walking human corpses. These stories are full of violence and very often they take place in gloomy castles.
B3. Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A-F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1-7. Одна из частей в списке 1-7 лишняя.
The British Parliament is a legislative body in the country. It has a long history. It was during the 17th century A _____ as the supreme legislative body. After the English Civil war between the Parliament and the king (B ______) the Parliament adopted the style it still uses today. Two houses or chambers were created. The first house, the House of Commons, consisted of ordinary people elected to represent areas known as “constituencies.” This house debated and created laws C _______.
Members of the second house, the House of Lords, had the power to veto any suggestions made in the House of Commons. It is still the same today, except D _______ now. They can no longer veto the laws passed by the Commons, and women can now take positions in both Houses. The ruling monarch still has the right to call the Parliament E ______ in the autumn. The monarch will read a speech in the House of Lords, written for her/him by the Prime Minister. No ruling monarch is allowed in the House of Commons. After the monarch’s speech members of the Parliament go to the House of Commons. There they carry on the work of government party by debates, in which all members take part, and partly by committee meetings F _______ .
1. which fewer members attend
2. which the Parliament had won
3. which she/he opens every year
4. which were then sent to the House of Lords
5. that Parliament established itself
6. that it is impossible to take part in it
7. that the government appoints some Lords
Прочитайте рассказ и выполните задания А15—А21. В каждом задании обведите цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному вами варианту ответа.
I will never forget that significant day in my life when Laura went away to college and our lives changed forever. She woke me up at 4:30 in the morning with a big smile on her face, telling me it was time to go. I woke up with a sick feeling in my stomach like something was already missing. I had been dreading this day for weeks. I pulled myself out of bed and looked across the room at my sister packing up the last bit of her things. She was as excited as she would be before a vacation.
“I can’t believe I’m going to be in college! It’s going to be so much fun!” Laura’s eyes lit up. I was happy for her, but at the same time I was bitter about the situation. Listening to her talk about how excited she was, hurt my feelings. It felt like she wouldn’t even miss me, or our family.
Once everything was all packed up, we got into the van and got ready to leave. As we slowly backed out of the driveway, I looked over at my sister’s face, and she looked back with a soft smile on her face that I will never forget. She was moving out and would not be back. This was the end of her childhood. This was the end of high school and living with me. She was now at the point where she needed to be tested on everything she had learned throughout her childhood.
As we continued driving, I closed my eyes and tried to doze off. Even though I was that tired, I couldn’t fall asleep. The song “Don’t Forget to Remember Me” came on the radio.
Suddenly all conversations in the car died down. As the song played throughout the car, I could not help but cry, though I was trying as hard as I could to hold back my tears.
After three long hours of driving, we had arrived at the University of Iowa. We all spent a couple of long hours trying to fix up her new dorm room and unpack her things. Her room here looked nothing like our room at home. It was filled with many colors and an octopus-like, tall, bright pink lamp with at least 8 light bulbs and many bright colored rugs. On the walls were collages of pictures. She was going to have a good four years in this room and was now someone else’s roommate instead of mine. As we got ready to say our goodbyes, everything seemed calm.
“I don’t know what to say, so I’m just going to say good luck, make good choices, I’ll miss you and I love you,” I stuttered out through my tears. She smiled back at me while I spoke and without saying anything, I knew she was going to miss me as much as I would miss her.
I cried the whole drive home, trying as hard as I could to hold it in but it overpowered me. A sick feeling took over my stomach and I felt queasy. It was a feeling I had never felt before and a loss I had never gone through. At home, I walked into the empty room, I looked at Laura’s belongings scattered in all corners of our room. She still had pictures of herself on the walls. There was a lonely glass of water, half empty, sitting on her night stand. All of our childhood memories poured through my mind and all I could think about was how far away she was. I knew that it would take me a little while to adjust to my new life without my sister because she was someone I could talk to about anything and know that she would always be there and understand.
A15. The narrator had a “sick feeling” in her stomach because she
1) woke up very early. 3) did not feel well.
2) was rather upset. 4) did not want to go.
A16. The feelings of the narrator were hurt because Laura
1) insulted the family. 3) was rather thrilled.
2) made up jokes. 4) decided to go on vacation.
A17. The end of Laura’s childhood is signified by
1) her wish to learn to drive. 3) the beginning of her independent life.
2) the exams she needs to take. 4) the need to test her knowledge.
A18. The situation was more distressful for the family because
1) the music affected them. 3 ) the road was bad.
2) they were crying. 4) they had been driving for a long time.
A19. Laura didn’t say anything to the narrator when they were leaving because
1) the narrator refused to listen to her. 3) the situation wasn’t calm.
2) they were constantly crying. 4) everything was obvious.
A20. Which of the following was NOT left by Laura in her room?
1) a glass of water. 3) photographs of herself.
2) memorable books. 4) her pieces of furniture.
A21. The author expected that in a while she would
1) get used to living alone. 3) move far way from there.
2) make a new friend. 4) visit her sister.
Раздел 3. ГРАММАТИКА И ЛЕКСИКА (40 минут) Вариант 4
Прочитайте текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами, обозначенные номерами В4—В10, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию.
Jane was the only child in the family. She wanted a pet not to feel lonely. She thought that it would be B4_____ GOOD to buy a parrot than a dog because they could talk.
So, she took all the money which she B5_____ SAVE and went to the pet shop.
When she came to the pet shop, the shop assistant told her that parrots B6______ BE disobedient pets. Jane didn’t know what to do.
An Englishman in Japan
Once an Englishman stayed at a big hotel in Japan, where the servant was very polite. The Englishman wanted to get up early one morning and B7_______ SAY to the servant, “Wake me up at 6 o’clock, please”.
At 6 o’clock in the morning the servant came into the Englishman’s room very quietly. When he saw that the Englishman B8_______ SLEEP, he took a piece of paper and wrote a few words on it.
Then he quietly B9______ LEAVE the room. The Englishman woke up at 11 o’clock, saw the piece of paper on the table and read it “Dear Sir, it B10 ______ BE 6 o’clock now. Please, get up.”
Прочитайте текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами, обозначенные номерами В11—В16, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски соответствующими словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы В11—В16.
St.Mary College of Winchester in Oxford was founded by William of Wykeham. He was Bishop of Winchester, a rich and B11_____ POWER man.
His B12______ MAGNIFY foundation soon became known as “New College” to distinguish it from the older House of the Blessed Mary the Virgin in Oxford, founded in 1326.
William of Wykeham as other founders before him, wanted his college to produce educated clerks to be B13____ ADMINISTER of Church and State, or to teach others.
He also introduced new principles into the scheme of university B14____ EDUCATE, thus earning his college the name “new” in more than temporal sense.
To ensure a supply of students B15________ ADEQUATE versed in Latin, he founded his school in Winchester, which for many years was the only source of scholars.
To this day the college is famous for its B16______ SPACE garden and is responsible for its maintenance.
Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами А22—А28. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям А22-А28, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов.
At the Doctor’s
One lesson a man learns in the Harvard Business School is that an executive is only as good as his health. David never felt happy without a regular check-up; he rather enjoyed being A22____ he was in good shape, but perhaps should take things a little easier. His secretary, Miss Rentoul, had therefore A23_____ an appointment for him with a Harley Street doctor.
Dr Robert Oakley was by anyone’s standards a successful man. At thirty seven he was tall and handsome, with a head of dark hair that A24____ as if it would never recede. He had a classic strong face and the self-assurance that came from proven success. He still played squash twice a week and often visited a swimming pool. Robert had A25_____ fit since his Cambridge days, which he left with a Rugby Blue and an upper-second class degree.
David Kesler arrived A26_____ time on his appointment. He had been warned by Miss Rentoul that in England doctors and dentists cancel if you are late and still charge you.
He stripped and lay on Robin Oakley’s couch. The doctor took his blood pressure, listened to his heart, and made him A27______ out his tongue. As he tapped and poked his way over David’s body, they chatted.
Then Robin prodded David’s abdomen for a few seconds. “Good muscular wall, not fat, no A28____ of enlarged liver. Young man, you are in good physical shape,” he said smiling.
Раздел 4. ПИСЬМО (80 минут) Вариант 4
C1. You have 20 minutes to do this task. You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Cathy who writes:
… Yesterday my friends and I went to the café. During our lunch we discussed a lot of topics. What kind of things do you talk about with your friends and where do you prefer to talk? Do you discuss the same things with your parents? Why/why not?
Last week I watched a musical…
Write a letter to Cathy. In your letter answer her questions, ask 3 questions about the musical. Write 100–140 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.
C2. You have 60 minutes to do this task. Comment on the following statement.
Some people think that teenagers should work starting from the age of 14.
What is your opinion? Do you agree with this statement? Write 200–250 words.
Use the following plan:
- make an introduction (state the problem)
- express your personal opinion and give 2–3 reasons for your opinion
- express an opposing opinion and give 1–2 reasons for this opposing opinion
- explain why you don’t agree with the opposing opinion
- make a conclusion restating your position
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