Логотип Инфоурока

Получите 30₽ за публикацию своей разработки в библиотеке «Инфоурок»

Добавить материал

и получить бесплатное свидетельство о размещении материала на сайте infourok.ru

Инфоурок Иностранные языки Другие методич. материалыПрактикум по английскому языку "Прогулка по городу"

Практикум по английскому языку "Прогулка по городу"



Омский лётно-технический колледж гражданской авиации имени А.В. Ляпидевского

- филиал федерального государственного бюджетного образовательного учреждения

высшего образования «Ульяновский институт гражданской авиации

имени Главного маршала авиации Б.П. Бугаева»

(ОЛТКГА - филиал ФГБОУ ВО УИ ГА)



Предметная методическая комиссия

«Иностранный язык»



Абрашина Т.П.



Практикум по английскому языку

на тему: «Город. Прогулка по городу»


(дополненное)


в помощь курсантам специальностей:

11.02.06 «Техническая эксплуатация транспортного радиоэлектронного оборудования» (по видам транспорта)

25.02.03 «Техническая эксплуатация электрифицированных и пилотажно-навигационных комплексов»

25.02.01 «Техническая эксплуатация летательных аппаратов и двигателей»

25.02.04 «Летная эксплуатация летательных аппаратов»









2016

Рассмотрено и одобрено на заседании ПМК ИЯ


Протокол № 2 от 14 октября 2015г.


Составитель:

преподаватель ПМК ИЯ ОЛТК ГА - филиал ФГБОУ ВО УИ ГА Абрашина Т.П.


Рецензент:

преподаватель ПМК ИЯ ОЛТК ГА - филиал ФГБОУ ВО УИ ГА Юрченко В.А.

руководитель областного методического объединения преподавателей иностранных языков Омских СПУЗ Паршукова Л.Е.





Абрашина Т.П. Практикум по английскому языку на тему: «Город. Прогулка по городу » -2-е изд., Омск, 2016 – 34 стр.




Практикум составлен по одному из разделов дисциплины «Английский язык» в соответствии с рабочей учебной программой. Ориентирован на курсантов 1 курса специальностей 11.02.06, 25.02.03, 25.02.01, 25.02.04. Практикум включает тексты, тематическую лексику, диалоги и развернутую систему упражнений. Тематика текстов отражает повседневные жизненные ситуации.















© Абрашина Т.П. 2-е издание, переработанное, (дополненное), 2016

© Оригинал-макет: Абрашина Т.П., Попов М.Г.

Оглавление



ВВЕДЕНИЕ

Данный практикум представляем материал 2-го раздела рабочей программы «Основной курс». Он ориентирован на курсантов 1-го курса всех специальностей и имеет цели ознакомить курсантов с разговорной лексикой, отработать некоторые разделы грамматики, повысить интерес курсантов к изучению английского языка, систематизировать прежние знания английского языка и совершенствовать навыки устной речи.

Практикум включает в себя тему основного курса «Город. Прогулка по городу».

Выбор тематики издания обоснован и актуален. Текстовой основой данного пособия являются материалы, содержащие обширный страноведческий материал. Тексты и упражнения имеют разную степень сложности и доступны курсантам с разным уровнем подготовки. В качестве коммуникативных упражнений предлагаются ролевые игры, диалоги, различные творческие задания, занимательные упражнения, направленные на дальнейшее развитие и совершенствование умений и навыков в области современного разговорного английского языка.

I VOCABULARY

town город

street улица

avenue проспект

lane переулок

highway шоссе

square площадь

house дом

building здание

church церковь

cathedral собор

theatre театр

museum музей

circus цирк

monument памятник

railway station вокзал

bus station автовокзал

airport аэропорт

park парк

car park автопарк

playground детская площадка

seaport / river port морской / речной порт

post office почта

newsagent киоск «Печать

bank банк

hotel гостиница

hospital больница

restaurant ресторан

café кафе

chemist's / drugstore аптека

police station полицейский участок

market рынок

supermarket универсам

store shop

bridge мост

library библиотека

swimming pool бассейн

stadium стадион

school школа

university университет

castle замок

palace дворец

place of interest достопримечательность

tourist турист

industrial индустриальный

historical исторический

boring скучный

to be famous for быть знаменитым

to go sightseeing ходить на экскурсию

to be well-known быть известным

outstanding выдающийся

modern современный

pavement тротуар

subway подземный переход

crossroads перекресток

fountain фонтан

crossing наземный переход

fly-over эстакада


Means of Transport Транспорт


саг машина

taxi такси

bus автобус

trolleybus троллейбус

underground/tube/metro метро

bicycle велосипед

motorcycle мотоцикл

tram трамвай

train поезд

double-decker двухэтажный автобус

ship судно, пароход

steamer пароход

yacht яхта

ferry паром

canoe каноэ

submarine подводная лодка

glider планер

plane самолет

boat лодка

carriage повозка

van фургон, вагон

lorry грузовик

tip-up lorry самосвал

coach междугородный автобус

sportcar спортивная машина

hovercraft судно на воздушной подушке

speedboat катер

helicopter вертолет

skateboard скейтборд

tank танк

to travel by (bus, etc.) ездить на ...

to travel on foot ходить пешком

speed скорость

traffic lights светофор



Say what there is in the street


hello_html_418ce5cd.jpg



police station

  1. bridge [brid3)

  2. city library

  3. hotel [hau'tcl]

  4. restaurant |'rcstarDrj|

  5. cafe ('Icajfci)

  6. bank (baMjkl

  7. traffic light ['lra;fiklait|

  8. subway ['sAbwei]

  9. bus station

  10. car |ko:]

  11. car park |'ka: pa:k|

  12. market |'ma:kit|

  13. supermarket |'sju:p9 ma:kit|

  14. hospital I'hDspitjl]

  15. bookshop ('buk/Dp]

  16. toy shop ('tDi /эр]

  17. crossing ('krDSio)

  18. crossroads ('krDsraudz)

  19. corner |'кэ:па]

  20. church (tja:t;i

  21. pavement ['peivmant]

  22. playground ('pleigraund)

  23. railway station

  24. road (raudj

  25. post office


II DIALOGUES

hello_html_106fa760.jpg

To read, to enact and to learn by heart.


1

А. Excuse me. How do I get to Trafalgar Square, please.

В. Take bus number 5.

А. Where's the nearest bus stop?

B. It's down there on the right.

A. Thank you.

2

А. Excuse me. How can I get to the British Museum, please?

B. Take the underground.

A. Where's the nearest station?

B. Go straight on to the traffic lights, then turn left and take the first turning on the right.

A. Thank you.

3

A. Excuse me. What is the way to the London Dungeon Museum?

B. It's in Tooley Street. Go down High Street as far as the Tooley Street. The Museum will be on your right.

A. Is it very far?

B. It will take you ten minutes or a quarter of an hour.

A. Is there a bus?

B. I don't know. There's the policeman over there. Go and ask him. He will give you all the information you want

III TEXTS FOR READING


hello_html_106fa760.jpg

1 DOVER


Dover is a large town in the south-east of England. It is a big busy port and an important link between Britain and Europe. Dover is sometimes called the "Gateway to Europe".

There are many interesting places to see in Dover. There is a Roman lighthouse, and the remains of a Roman house. There is also an old castle on top Castle Hill. If you like flowers and trees, there are some very beautiful gardens in the center of the town. Dover is also famous for its chalk cliffs - the renowned "White Cliffs of Dover".


hello_html_7a7e1f5d.jpg

Exercises

1 Find the English equivalents in the text.

Юго-восток Англии, меловые скалы, быть знаменитым, старый замок, римский маяк.

2 Answer the questions.

1 Why is Dover called the "Gateway to Europe"?

2 Where is Dover?

3 What is Dover famous for?

4 How can you prove that Dover was founded by the Romans?

5 Is it a city or a town?


hello_html_106fa760.jpg

2 NEW YORK

They call it "The Big Apple". Everyone wants to bite it.

What is so special about New York? Is it the Empire State Building? The Statue of Liberty? Madison Avenue? Broadway? Greenwich Village?

New York is all this and a little bit more. Some people love it, some hate it. It is the city of contrasts. It can be beautiful and it can be ugly. It can be friendly and it can be rude. It ban be good and it can be bad. But it is never boring. It is the most exciting city in the world. There is a saying: "If you can't do it in New York, you can't do it anywhere. "When you say the word Manhattan, many tourists think of big stores, skyscrapers and hotels. They forget about Greenwich Village, which is the heart of the city. This is the area of art, latest fashions, old films, books. It is the exact opposite to the Fifth Avenue and Park Lane. Harlem is sometimes called Black Manhattan. It is known for its street life. It is especially famous for its music and jazz clubs. Louis Armstrong and Duke Ellington, who were two of the greatest jazz musicians, first started to play in Harlem.


hello_html_b125cc7.jpg

hello_html_m7a1170da.jpg



hello_html_m542a08e2.jpg

hello_html_7a7e1f5d.jpg

Exercises

1 Answer the questions.

1 How is New York sometimes called?

2 What are the main attractions in New York?

3 What is the symbol of New York?

4 Where is it situated?

5 What do you know about Greenwich Village?

6 What is so interesting about Manhattan?

7 How is Harlem called?

8 What is Harlem famous for?

9 What famous musicians came from Harlem?

10 What saying about New York do you know?

2 Find some more information about places of interest in New York.

3 Make 5-6 true or false statements based on the text.

hello_html_106fa760.jpg

3 SOME FACTS ABOUT LONDON

London is really three cities: the City London, the City of Westminster, the City of Southwark.

London has got a population of about 8 million people. That's 13 per cent of Britain's population.

London stands on the River Thames. There are 27 bridges over the Thames

London and 8 tunnels under the river. London is 46 kilometres from north to south and 58 kilometres from east to west.

hello_html_7a7e1f5d.jpg

Exercises


1 Ask questions to the text about London.

2 Find out other interesting facts about London.

3 Can you describe places of interest and show them on the map (figure 1)


hello_html_70691bb9.jpg


hello_html_49fefec4.jpg

hello_html_71adc175.jpg

hello_html_208220c3.jpg

hello_html_106fa760.jpg

4 PLACES OF INTEREST IN LONDON

The Buckingham Palace


The Buckingham Palace is the Royal residence. It was built in 1703 by the Duke of Buckingham. King George III bought the palace in 1761. It is now the official home of Queen Elizabeth and the British Royal Family. There are nearly six hundred rooms in the palace and three miles of red carpet.

Bhello_html_m74bde231.jpghello_html_7a2f1094.jpguckingham palace is like a small town, with a police station, two post offices, a hospital, a bar, two sport clubs, a disco, a cinema and a swimming pool. Two men work full-time to look after the 300 clocks. About 700 people work for the Palace.



Figure -1

5 OMSK

Omsk is one of the oldest Russian towns. Omsk is situated on the banks оf the Irtysh and Om rivers. It was founded in 1716. The population of our city is more than one million. Before the revolution Omsk was just like any other Siberian town: wooden houses, unpaved, dirty, crooked streets, no parks and gardens. Omsk was a place of exile. Decemberists and revolutionaries were exiled by the tsarist government to Omsk. By the end of the 19-th century the Great Trans Siberian Railway has been put through our town.

Now Omsk is a large industrial, scientific and cultural center of Western Siberia. It produces goods in sum of more than 6 billion rubles a year. Some items are being supplied to more than 60 countries all over the world.

The pride of our city is the first Oil Refinery. There are also a number of other plants in Omsk such as the Synthetic Rubber plant, the Type-making plant, the Smoke-Black plant and others.

Omsk is considered a city of students. There are all kinds of educational institutions in Omsk: universities, technical schools, secondary' schools and others. The A.S. Pushkin library has become the biggest one in our city. There are a lot of varieties for leisure - theatres, museums, conceit halls, exhibitions, sports grounds, Palaces of Culture, discotheques and swimming pool. They are worth visiting.

But at the same time Omsk is the city with its own unsolved problems. We live in the period of great changes. We strive to revalue many respects and start life afresh. Our energies are directed to creating required productive, living and spiritual conditions for the Omsk residents.

hello_html_7a7e1f5d.jpg


Exercises

1 Ask questions to the text about Omsk.

1 Where and when was Omsk founded?

2 What is the population of Omsk?

3 How was Omsk like before the revolution?

4 What are the main plants of Omsk?

5 Why is Omsk considered a city of students?

2. Compose the sentences.

  1. Omsk, 1716, to be founded, in.

  2. To be, a, modern, it, city.

  3. To be, the, of, population, our, more, city, than, million, one.

  4. Omsk, a, of, industrial, Siberia, center, large, Western, cultural, to be, scientific, now, and.

  5. Great, we, period, in, live, changes, the, of.

hello_html_m658456aa.jpg

IV MORE EXERCISES

Prepositions of movement

along to

down across

into turn left/right

out of straight on

over towards

past away from

through between

under take the first/second

up turning on the left/

round right


Mind the prepositions

fly to Oxford Britain

travel to

come to

get to

leave for Moscow Ireland

arrive in London England

(big city)

arrive at Oxford

(smaller place)


1 Put instead of points the necessary prepositions.

In 1271 Marco Polo left Venice ... Persia.

Sometime later he arrived ... China.

In 1272 he got... Tibet.

In 1292 he went... India.

In about 1294 he went back ... Persia.

He arrived ... Tabriz in 1294 or 1295.

At the end of 1295 he came back ... Venice.

2 Look at the map (figure 2) and find your way to the following places. Answer the question, make up the dialogues.

1 You are at the post office. What is the way to the state bank?

2 You are at the market. What is the way to the library?

3 You are at the bus station. What is the way to the restaurant?

4 You are at... . What is the way to ... ?

hello_html_1319ee83.jpghello_html_500b81a9.jpg


Figure - 2

V SPEECH EXERCISES

hello_html_7a7e1f5d.jpg


1 Prepare a picture story of your town or city

a Find some pictures of the most famous places.

b Write captions for them.

c Find some interesting facts about your town or city.

d Write them in your essay.

2 Talk about a city or town you’ve visited.

Use the texts as a model.

3 Draw a map of your district. Describe your route to college, using correct prepositions.

4 Use the map of any city. Describe the tour route.

5 Describe any place of interest you advise us to visit. Use the following words and phrases.

Type of place

capital

historical city/town

tourist centre

industrial city seaside

town

suburb, village in the country

mountain village, etc.


Geographical position

in the north / south / west / east of

in the centre of

on the coast

on the river

in a valley

on a plain

in the mountain, etc.


Surrounding area

rural

urban

flat

hilly

mountainous dry,etc.

Places of interest


church

cathedral

monument

palace

square

museum

opera house

town hall

parliament building

port

market

stadium

gallery

academy

abbey

park

library


  1. Make a story about the cities using the chart below.


Moscow

London

Tokyo

New York

Rome Rome

founded by as

1147

Dolgoruky

43

Romans

1456

Edo

1609

New Amsterdam

753 BC Romulus

population

9,000,000

6,754,000

11,807,000

7,071,639

2,831,000

area


1,580

sq.km

1,250

sq.km

956

sq.km

1,508

sq.km

location

center

64 km from the sea

Pacific

coast

Atlantic

coast

24 km 1 from sea

attractions

Kremlin

Red

Square

Tower

Westminster


statue of Liberty skyscrapers

cathedral Colosseum




VI EXTRA ACTIVITIES

hello_html_7a7e1f5d.jpg


1 Guess the hidden words


TREAETH, YBRALIR, UMUSEM, TARKEM, DRIGBE, CLASTE, THOPILAS


2 Solve the puzzles


1 Find 18 words, related to town. They may go in any direction.


Words to be found

police restaurant

café bar

pub car

pavement library

bridge way

phone post office

car park taxi

road market

hospital hill


hello_html_m238c56f7.jpg



2 Find fourteen forms of transport.


Words to be found


motocycle underground

train speedboat

car

bicycle

rocket

lorry

hello_html_m61363a1b.jpgtank

boat plane

bicycle helicopter

rocket bus

lorry ship


hello_html_6640f017.jpg


3 Gone with the Wind

Some letters are missing from the buildings after a strong wind. Can you replace

them?(figure 3)

4 Mistakes on the signpost

There are spelling mistakes in the words. Can you correct them?(figure 4)

5 Follow the way

Look at the map (figure 4). Follow the instructions and find the way to ... . Can you find where are you going?

While walking along the way to pick up letters. At the end of the route you will get the pass-word.

Walk through the gate and go along the road as far as the bridge. Cross the river over the bridge, turn right and go as far as the crossroads. Turn left and walk along the forest on your left as far as the village. Turn left at the crossroads and go through the village to the hill. Climb up the hill. Have a little rest under the tree and then go down the hill. Go past the church and take the second turning to the right. Walk along the bank of the swan lake. It will be on your right. And in one minute you will get to ... .

Where will you get?

hello_html_7a44e966.jpg

Figure - 3


hello_html_5d10dd2.jpg

Figure - 4


hello_html_m55f2ffc7.jpg

Figure - 5



6 Complete the street plan

Read the description below and draw the symbols in their correct position.

There is a church in North Street. Next to the church, west of it, there is a hotel.


hello_html_1258a332.jpg


Also next to the church, on the corner of East Street, there is a book shop. Next to the book shop, just south of it, there is a post office. In front of the post office there is a tree, and behind the post office there is a swimming pool. Opposite the post office there is a coffee bar.

7 Odd man out

The words in each group have something in common, but one of them stands out as different. Pick out the different word and explain the difference.

1 bicycle 4 street

car lane

lorry avenue

helicopter pavement

2 caravan 5 underground

flat tram

cottage taxi

castle train

3 cathedral 6 park

museum square

theatre street

milk shop library

VII TEST

hello_html_7a7e1f5d.jpg


1 Translate the Russian words into English (Figure 6).

2 Answer the questions, using preposition. Give three or four variants.

a Where is the chemist?

b Where is the school?

c Where is the library?

3 Complete the dialogues.


At the hotel

1

  • Excuse me, can you tell me the way to the theatre, please?

  • Certainly. Go ....

2

  • Excuse me, what is the nearest way to the city park?

  • Oh, go ... .


hello_html_m57f318f2.jpg

Figure - 6

VIII GRAMMAR COMMENTARY


hello_html_106fa760.jpg



1 Prepositions of place

on in under

near at between

in front of among above

by opposite behind

next to to the left to the right

in the middle in the corner

round the corner on the corner

at the end of over there


2 Prepositions of movement


through across along

up down out of

away from from into

past straight on to

over turn left turn right

under behind in front of

as far as round off

on to towards/to

hello_html_m3ccf0ce1.gif

To fly to Oxford England

To travel to

To come to

To go to

To get to (informal)

hello_html_m3ccf0ce1.gif

To leave for Paris France

Thello_html_m3ccf0ce1.gifo arrive in Madrid (in a part of the town)

Spain (place- area which surrounds a person)

Thello_html_m3ccf0ce1.gifo arrive at Pall Mall (by train, at the station)

Bahrain (place – point on a journey. But don’t

use AT for larger countries)


Thello_html_m3ccf0ce1.gifo go by train ( means of transport)

To travel by

BUT: to go on foot

hello_html_m3ccf0ce1.gif

3 Requests (modal verbs)


can (could) -могу (физические возможности)

may-могу (разрешение)

should (would)-следует

must -обязан

Вежливые просьбы:

Can you

Could you ...

Should you…

Would you …


KEYS TO THE EXERCISES


hello_html_106fa760.jpg


Extra Activities


1 Hidden words


Theatre, library, museum, market, bridge, castle, hospital.


2.1 Town words


hello_html_759db306.jpg


2.2 Transport words


hello_html_4577986.jpg


3 Gone with the wind


1 cinema

2 restaurant

3 bank

4 hotel

5 swimming pool

6 bookshop

7 school

8 post office

9 supermarket

10 newsagent


4 Mistakes on the signpost


1 ice rink

2 market

3 park

4 church

5 snack bar

6 bank

7 bookshop

8 restaurant

9 supermarket

10. football match at four o’clock

11 a new snack bar on the beach


5 Follow the instructions


You will come to the QUEEN,S CASTLE


6 Complete the street plan


hello_html_58123b13.jpg


7 Odd man out

  1. helicopter

  2. castle

  3. milk shop

  4. pavement

  5. taxi (individual) / train (out of the town)

  6. library


Test

1 Words


1 city park

2 museum

3 bookshop

4 playground

5 school

6 post office

7 car park

8 supermarket

9 theatre

10 chemist

11 swimming pool

12 café

13 market

14 hotel

15 restaurant

16 library

17 police station

18 bank

19 church

20 railway station

21 crossing

22 crossroads

23 traffic lights


2 The location

a.

The chemist is next to the swimming pool.

The chemist is opposite the theatre.

The chemist is at the corner of the Queen Street, etc.

b.

The school is at the end of the Long Street.

The school is in front of the playground.

The school is behind the bookshop, etc.

c.

The library is to the right of the police station .

The library is opposite the church across the street.

The library is in the Green Street, etc.



3 Dialogues


At the hotel

1

Go along the Bright Street as far as the library. Turn right. Go past the library to the chemist. The theatre is opposite the chemist’s across the street.


2

Cross the Long Street. Go up the street as far as the traffic light. Turn left and go along the Queen Street as far as the crossroads. Cross the Green Street. The city park is to your right across the street.


3

Turn left and go up the Long Street past the cafe. Cross the Queen Street and go straight on as far as the post office. The car park is behind the post office.

Рекомендуемая литература


1. Бейзеров В. А Английский для путешественников. Ростов- на- Дону, Феникс, 2012

2. Киселева З. А. Совершенствуй английский и познавай мир, Ростов- на- Дону, Феникс, 2012

3. Губарева Т. Ю. Грамматика английского языка в таблицах и схемах. Москва, «Лист» 2010

4. Брюсова Н. Г., Лебедева Н. А. Города и столицы мира. Москва, Издательский дом «Дрофа» 2011.



Скачать материал
Скачать материал

Найдите материал к любому уроку, указав свой предмет (категорию), класс, учебник и тему:

также Вы можете выбрать тип материала:

Скачать материал

Вам будут интересны эти курсы:

Оставьте свой комментарий

Авторизуйтесь, чтобы задавать вопросы.

  • Скачать материал

    Настоящий материал опубликован пользователем Абрашина Татьяна Павловна. Инфоурок является информационным посредником и предоставляет пользователям возможность размещать на сайте методические материалы. Всю ответственность за опубликованные материалы, содержащиеся в них сведения, а также за соблюдение авторских прав несут пользователи, загрузившие материал на сайт

    Если Вы считаете, что материал нарушает авторские права либо по каким-то другим причинам должен быть удален с сайта, Вы можете оставить жалобу на материал.

    Пожаловаться на материал
    • 06.12.2016 4985
    • DOCX 10.5 мбайт
    • Рейтинг: 5 из 5
    • Оцените материал:
  • Автор материала

    • На проекте: 5 лет и 3 месяца
    • Подписчики: 0
    • Всего просмотров: 64471
    • Всего материалов: 59