Phrasal Verbs: Main List from A to C
Фразовые глаголы: Основной список от A до C
Phrasal verbs with postpositions and phrasal verbs with prepositions and nouns are included in the Main List and listed alphabetically. Only the most common and the most useful meanings of phrasal verbs are listed. The Main List is divided into three parts. This is the first part.
Фразовые глаголы с послелогами и фразовые глаголы с предлогами и существительными включены в Основной список и даются в алфавитном порядке. Только самые распространенные и самые полезные значения фразовых глаголов даны в списке. Основной список разделен на три части. Это первая часть.
Verbs, with definitions
account for - to give an explanation
How can you account for your absence at the meeting?
account to - to provide a report on money spending to someone
You will account to the financial director for the money you spend.
отчитываться перед кем-то за денежные траты
accuse of - to charge someone with something wrong (e.g., a crime, an offense)
He was accused of murder. They accused him of murder. He was accused of stealing money. She accused him of lying.
обвинить кого-то в (в преступлении, совершении проступка)
act on - to act in accordance with some advice or information
He acted on the tip received from an insider and made a lot of money.
действовать согласно какому-то совету или информации
act out - to illustrate or play out by actions or by gestures and words
Let's act out the second episode of the play. He acted out his meeting with the boss in a very funny way.
изображать, иллюстрировать путем разыгрывания сцены
act up - to behave badly or in a strange manner
Her little son often acts up in public. I can't go to your party because my back is acting up again. The coffee machine is acting up again.
вести себя плохо, странно; капризничать
add to - to put something together with something else
She added a little milk to coffee. Add two to three. How much do you get?
добавить, прибавить что-то к чему-то
add up - to give a reasonable result
It doesn't make sense; the facts don't add up. These figures don't add up.
складываться, сходиться в логичный результат
agree about / on - to have the same opinion as someone else
They agree about everything. They don't always agree on the way children should be raised.
соглашаться друг с другом по каким-то вопросам
agree on - to decide on doing something
They agreed on selling the house. They agreed on a plan how to make Mr. Smith pay right away.
договориться о чем-то
agree to - to consent to something
She will never agree to your plan.
согласиться на что-то
agree with - 1. to have the same opinion as someone else; 2. to be in accordance with something
1. I don't agree with you about it. I don't agree with your plan. 2. Your report doesn't agree with these facts. Fried meat doesn't agree with my stomach.
1. соглашаться с кем-то, чем-то; 2. соответствовать, быть согласным чему-то
answer for - 1. to answer in the name of someone; 2. to be responsible for one's own or someone else's actions
1. I'll answer for my mother. 2. He will have to answer for what he has done. Parents answer for their children's behavior.
1. отвечать от имени кого-то; 2. отвечать за, нести ответственность за свои или чьи-то действия
answer to - 1. to account to, report to someone; 2. to respond to (a name)
1. You will answer to the financial director for the money you spend. 2. The dog answers to the name Spotty.
1. отвечать перед, отчитываться перед кем-то; 2. откликаться на (имя)
apply for - to make an application or request for something
He applied for the position of tour guide. I would like to apply for a job in engineering.
подать заявление с просьбой о чем-то (например, о приеме на работу)
apply to - 1. to make an application or request to someone; 2. to be applicable to something; 3. to place in contact with something
1. Apply to the boss and ask for a pay raise. 2. Does this rule apply to all cases? 3. Apply this ointment to the swollen knee three times a day.
1. обратиться к кому-то с заявлением, просьбой; 2. быть применимым к чему-то; 3. наложить что-то (напр., мазь) на что-то
approve of - to speak favorably of someone, something
Her father doesn't approve of her boyfriend. Her mother doesn't approve of smoking.
одобрять кого-то, что-то
argue about - to disagree or quarrel about something
What are they arguing about? He is always arguing about something.
спорить, ссориться о чем-то
argue with - to disagree or quarrel with someone
Stop arguing with me!
спорить, ссориться с кем-то
arrive at - 1. to come to some place in a city; 2. to come to some decision, conclusion
1. He arrived at the airport two hours before the flight. 2. I arrived at a different conclusion. How did she arrive at this strange decision?
1. прибыть в какое-то место в городе; 2. прийти к какому-то решению, выводу
arrive in - to come to some city; reach one's destination
They arrived in London yesterday. We arrive in Rome at 6:30 in the morning.
прибыть в какой-то город; достичь пункта назначения
ask about - to ask for information about someone, something
He asked me about my relatives. He asked me about my future plans.
спросить о ком-то, чем-то
ask for - to request something
He asked for a cup of coffee. He asked for help.
попросить о чем-то
ask for it - to ask for trouble
If you come to work late every day, you're asking for it / you're asking for trouble.
напрашиваться на неприятности
ask out - to invite someone for a date
John asked Liz out yesterday. They went to a French restaurant.
пригласить на свидание
assist in / with - to help someone with something
He assisted me in my work. He assisted me with my report.
помочь кому-то в чем-то, с чем-то
back down - to give in
He never backs down in an argument.
back into - to enter or hit by moving backwards
The car backed into a driveway. A truck backed into John's new car.
въезжать, входить, врезаться задом
back off - 1. to move back; 2. to back down
1. The dog barked, and we backed off in a hurry. Back off, we need space! 2. Back off, Tom, it's my job!
1. отступить, отодвинуться назад; 2. отступить, уступить
back out - 1. to move out backwards; 2. to fail to keep a promise
1. There was not enough space to turn the car around, so I backed out. 2. It is too late to back out now. If you back out, you'll have to pay a fine.
1. выехать задом; 2. уклониться от выполнения обещания
back out of - 1. to exit some place by moving backwards; 2. to fail to keep a promise
1. The car backed out of the driveway. 2. It is too late to back out of the agreement now.
1. выехать из чего-то задом; 2. уклониться от выполнения обещания
back up - 1. to block the passage; 2. to support someone, something
1. That accident backed up the traffic for hours. 2. She always backs him up. I have a lot of facts to back up my theory.
1. устраивать затор; 2. поддерживать кого-то, что-то
be above - 1. to be at a higher level than something; 2. to be superior (in rank, quantity, quality, moral standard)
1. The painting is above the mantelpiece. 2. The financial director is above the financial manager. The weight of this box is above 100 kilograms. He is above suspicion. He is above such trifles.
быть выше чего-то, кого-то (букв. и в переносн. смысле)
be after - 1. to be later than the specified time; 2. to try to get something; 3. to criticize someone and keep asking to do something
1. It was after eleven at night. It is ten minutes after five. 2. He doesn't love her. He is after her money. 3. His mother is after him to get a haircut.
1. быть позже какого-то часа; 2. пытаться получить что-то; 3. приставать к кому-то, чтобы сделал что-то
be against - to oppose something
I am against your plan.
быть против чего-то
be ahead of - to be in front of the others; to be more advanced than the others
The leader of the car race is two miles ahead of the other cars. He is ahead of everyone in his math class. Her thinking was ahead of her time in many ways.
быть впереди, обогнать других (букв. и в переносн. смысле)
be around - 1. to be nearby; 2. to be still living, active, popular
1. Let's find her. She is around somewhere. 2. Is his old Uncle Peter still around? This singer has been around since I was a schoolgirl.
1. быть поблизости; 2. все еще здравствовать, быть активным, популярным
be away - to be out of town
Tom is away on vacation.
быть в отъезде
be back - to return
He'll be back in two hours.
be behind - 1. to be located behind; 2. to lag behind; 3. figuratively: to lie behind something
1. The yard is behind the house. 2. He is behind the other students in his group. 3. I wonder who is behind this plan. I wonder what is behind his suggestion.
1. быть позади кого-то, чего-то; 2. отставать от; 3. переносн.: стоять за, скрываться за
be in - 1. to be present; 2. to be fashionable
1. Tom isn't in. Can you call back later? 2. High heels are in again.
1. быть на месте, присутствовать; 2. быть в моде
be in for - to expect trouble, punishment
If you come to work late every day, you are in for trouble.
ожидать неприятностей, наказания
be into - to be interested in something
He is into computers. She is into jazz.
интересоваться, увлекаться чем-то
be off - 1. to be disconnected; 2. to leave
1. Yesterday electricity was off, and water was off too. 2. I must be off now.
1. отключить (воду, электричество); 2. отправляться, уходить
be on - 1. to be switched on; 2. to be shown on screen
1. The light is on. She must be at home. 2. Let's watch TV. What's on?
1. быть включенным; 2. показывать в кино, по ТВ
be out - 1. to be not in; 2. to be out of fashion
1. He is out right now. He'll be back soon. 2. Miniskirts are out this year.
1. отсутствовать; 2. быть не в моде
1. be out of - not to have; 2. be out of town - to be away
1. We are out of time. We are out of sugar. 2. He is out of town now. He'll be back in three days.
1. не иметь в наличии; закончиться; 2. быть в отъезде
be over - to end
The day is not over yet. The war is over.
be through - to finish
No more food, thank you. I'm through.
be through - to go through something
She's been through a lot of suffering.
пережить, пройти через что-то
be through with - to finish doing something
I'm through with this work. I'm through with this book.
закончить с чем-то
be up - 1. to rise; 2. to end (about time)
1. She is not up yet. The prices are up again. 2. Your time is up. Hand in your exam papers, please.
1. подниматься; 2. закончиться (о времени)
be up against - to be opposed by serious problems
Our company is up against serious attempts of hostile takeover.
столкнуться с проблемой, с серьезными трудностями
be up to someone - to be someone's decision or responsibility
Would you like to go to the park or to the zoo? - It's up to you. I have to ask my father. It's up to him to decide. It's up to you to close the office every day at six.
быть на чье-то усмотрение, под чью-то ответственность
be up to something - 1. to reach some level, degree; 2. to be able to do something; 3. to think up something tricky; to be engaged in something interesting
1. I'm up to my ears in work right now. Your report is not up to your usual standard. 2. I'm not up to doing this work right now. 3. What are you up to? What have you been up to lately?
1. достичь какого-то уровня, степени; 2. быть в состоянии выполнить что-то; 3. задумать что-то хитрое; заниматься чем-то интересным
be with - 1. to be on the same side with someone; 2. to listen to and understand someone's explanations
1. We are with you. We will help you. 2. Are you still with me? I'm afraid I'm not with you. Can you explain it again?
1. быть на чьей-то стороне; 2. слушать и понимать объясняемое кем-то
be within - to be inside or part of something
This park is within city limits. I'll help you if it is within my power.
быть в пределах чего-то
beat at / on - to knock loudly on something
Why are you beating on the door?
колотить в (дверь)
beat out - to hit repeatedly
The drummer beat out the rhythm of the song. I'm beating my brains out over this problem!
beat into - to put in by beating
Beat the eggs into the mixture. You can't beat anything good into his head.
вбить что-то во что-то
beat to - to get ahead of someone in something
I wanted to say it, but he beat me to it. He beat me to the finish line.
опередить кого-то в чем-то
beat up - to beat
Beat up the eggs. Those guys beat him up, and he is in the hospital now.
become of - to happen to someone
What will become of him?
произойти, стать с кем-то, чем-то
beg for - to ask for something
He begged for money. He begged for mercy.
молить о чем-то
begin with - to start with something
Let me begin our party with a drink to Tom's health. Begin with Chapter 3.
начать с чего-то, чем-то
believe in - to have faith in someone, something
He believes in you. She believes in justice for all.
верить в кого-то, что-то
belong to - to be property of someone
This house belongs to his son. This bag belongs to me.
bend down / over - to stoop down
She bent down to pick up a penny.
bend over backwards - to make a great effort to do something
She bends over backwards to please him in everything, but he doesn't appreciate it.
стараться изо всех сил сделать что-то
benefit from / by - to do good to someone; to gain advantage or profit from something
You will benefit from a good rest at the seaside resort. As a future doctor, she benefited a lot from her hospital experience. He benefited greatly from his move to Rome.
получить пользу, преимущество, выгоду от чего-то
bet on - to make a bet on something
Don't bet on this horse. He will do it, you can bet on it. No, I won't bet on it.
поспорить, поставить на что-то
bet with - to have a bet with someone
I won't bet with you. You always win.
поспорить с кем-то
beware of - to be cautious of someone, something
Beware of the dog! Beware of what you wish.
остерегаться кого-то, чего-то
bite into - to begin to eat
She bit into the sandwich hungrily.
bite off - to separate part of something by biting
He bit off a piece of bread and began to chew. The boss will bite my head off if I don't finish this report today.
bite on - to bite
The dog bit him on the leg.
black out - 1. to make dark so that nothing can be seen; 2. to faint, to lose consciousness
1. The lights and windows were blacked out before the air raids. He blacked out the names in that text. 2. She blacked out, fell down, and hurt her knee.
1. затемнять (окна, свет); вымарывать (текст); 2. потерять сознание
blame for - to say that someone is responsible for something wrong
She blamed him for the loss of her bag. She blamed him for losing her bag. Who is to blame for this terrible mistake?
винить кого-то в чем-то
blame on - to place the responsibility for something wrong on someone
She blamed everything on him. He blames it on her, of course. The police blamed the accident on him.
возлагать вину за что-то на кого-то
blast off - 1. to blow up; 2. to launch (a spaceship)
1. The explosion blasted off several houses. 2. The spaceship blasted off early in the morning.
1. взорвать; 2. стартовать (о космическом корабле)
bleed for - to sympathize with someone; to feel for someone
My heart bleeds for her.
bleed to death - to lose a lot of blood
He almost bled to death.
истекать кровью до смерти
blow away - to be taken away by the wind
I dropped the newspaper, and the wind blew it away.
blow off - to let the steam escape; to reduce tension
Open the lid a little to let the steam blow off. He is quite hot-tempered and needs to blow off steam.
выпустить пар (букв., фигур.)
blow out - to stop burning by blowing
She blew out the candles one by one.
задуть (огонь, свечу)
blow over - to subside, to end
When will this snowstorm blow over? Wait till his anger blows over, then talk to him. The rumors, the scandal, and your troubles will blow over soon.
blow up - to explode
The gas pipe blew up, and several people were hurt. The criminals threatened to blow up the building. When her father learned that she had dropped out of school, he blew up.
boast of / about - to brag about something
He boasted of owning the largest collection of jazz records in town.
хвастаться, хвалиться чем-то
borrow from - to take something from someone with a promise to give it back
I borrowed fifty dollars from Tom. I borrowed a bicycle from Kate.
одолжить что-то у кого-то
bounce off / from - to rebound from something
The ball bounced off the wall.
отскочить от чего-то
break away (from) - to escape (from someone)
They caught him, but he managed to break away. He broke away from the police and escaped.
вырваться, убежать (от кого-то)
break down - 1. to become broken; 2. to go to pieces
1. My car broke down yesterday. 2. When she heard the news, she broke down and cried.
1. сломаться (о приборе, машине); 2. сильно расстроиться
break in - 1. to enter by force; to get in by breaking the door; 2. to interrupt someone's conversation; 3. to train, to accustom
1. The robbers broke in at night. They broke in the door. 2. Please don't break in when I'm speaking with another person. 3. He is breaking in his new horse. I'm breaking in my new shoes.
1. ворваться внутрь силой; взломать дверь; 2. вмешиваться в разговор, перебивать; 3. приучать, обкатывать, разнашивать
break into - 1. to divide into parts by breaking; 2. enter by force; 3. to interrupt someone's conversation; 4. begin some action suddenly
1. She broke the chocolate into four pieces. 2. They broke into the house at night. 3. Why did you break into their conversation? 4. He broke into laughter. She broke into a run.
1. разломить на части; 2. ворваться внутрь силой; 3. вмешиваться в разговор, перебивать; 4. неожиданно начать какое-то действие
break off - to separate by breaking
She broke off a piece of chocolate. Their relationship broke off soon.
отломить(ся); разорвать отношения, дружбу
break out - to begin suddenly
The war broke out two years ago. The fire broke out in the kitchen. The flu epidemic broke out suddenly.
break through - to advance, to achieve success
The question was very difficult to solve, but finally we broke through.
сделать прорыв, добиться успеха
break through something - to get through something
They broke through the wall at last.
пробиться сквозь что-то
break up - 1. to break something into pieces; 2. to terminate, to put an end; 3. to cease having a relationship
1. He broke up a bar of chocolate and began to eat the pieces one by one. 2. The meeting finally broke up at ten o'clock. The police broke up the fight. 3. Their marriage broke up. Tom and Liz broke up last week.
1. сломать на куски; 2. закончить, положить конец; 3. прекратить (личные) отношения
break with - to sever relations; to cease one's connection with someone or something
He broke with his family. He broke with his old friends. He broke with the past.
порвать отношения; прервать связи с кем-то или чем-то
bring about/on - to cause to happen
The new reform will bring about a lot of changes. His actions brought on a crisis in the company finances. Rainy weather brought on her backache again.
bring along - to bring (with you) to some place
There is a nice lake there, so bring along your swimsuit. You can bring a friend along, if you want.
принести, привести с собой
bring back - 1. to return; 2. to recall, to remember again
1. Please bring back my book. 2. This music brings back old memories.
1. принести обратно; 2. воскресить в памяти
bring in - to yield (crop, money, profit, income)
His job doesn't bring in much money, but it's a good place to start, and he likes it.
приносить (урожай, деньги, прибыль, доход)
bring into - to cause someone to get into some state or activity
The seriousness of the situation brought him into action.
привести кого-то в какое-то состояние или действие
bring off - to succeed in something difficult, to achieve
Nobody thought that he would be able to bring off his plan, but he managed to do it.
достичь успеха в чем-то трудном, справиться с чем-то
bring out - 1. to reveal; 2. to make public, to publish
1. Her presence brings out the best in him. This light brings out the beauty of this gemstone. 2. He brought out a new book last year.
1. выявить; 2. выпустить в свет, опубликовать
bring over - to bring (a guest) to someone's home
You can bring over a couple of friends to the party on Friday.
привести с собой кого-то к кому-то в гости
bring up - 1. raise children; 2. introduce a new topic
1. They brought up their children in Italy. 2. Max brought up this question, not I.
1. воспитать детей; 2. поднять новую тему
brush aside / brush off - to refuse to pay attention to something; to ignore
I told him about that problem, but he brushed aside my warnings. They just brushed me off, that's all.
отмахнуться от (замечаний, вопросов, человека)
brush up on - to review; to improve one's knowledge of something by studying
She made quite a few mistakes on her test, so she needs to brush up on her spelling. Brush up on irregular verbs.
освежить, восстановить знания; улучшать знание чего-то путем изучения
buckle up - to fasten the seatbelt in a car
Many people get hurt in a car accident because they forget to buckle up.
пристегнуть (ремень в автомобиле)
build up - to increase, to make bigger, to strengthen gradually
This huge field has been built up with new houses. Her hopes to cure the child were building up. His savings are building up. He needs to build up his English vocabulary. Take your umbrella; the clouds are building up. Every morning a traffic jam builds up on this street.
наращивать, увеличивать, усиливать постепенно
bump into - to meet someone by chance
I bumped into an old friend today.
случайно встретить, столкнуться с кем-то
bundle off - to send someone away in a hurry, to pack someone off
His relatives unceremoniously bundled him off back to his hometown because he was not good enough for them.
спровадить, отослать кого-то быстро и без церемоний
bundle up - to dress warmly, to put on more clothes for warmth
Bundle up; it's freezing outside. The child was bundled up in warm clothes.
закутываться, надевать больше одежды для тепла
burn down - to burn to the ground
The camp fire was burning down, so we put more wood into it. Several houses were burned down by the fire.
догореть, сгореть полностью
burn out - 1. to burn completely; 2. to stop functioning
1. Several houses were burned out by the fire. 2. The light bulb in the kitchen is burned out. Please replace it. After years of hard work he burned himself out.
1. выгореть, сгореть полностью; 2. перегореть
burn up - 1. to burn brightly and strongly; 2. to burn completely; 3. to become very angry
1. We added a couple of dry logs, and soon the fire burned up. 2. The paper burned up in a second. 3. He gets burned up every time someone mentions his daughter's divorce.
1. разгореться, гореть ярким пламенем; 2. сгореть полностью; 3. сильно разозлиться
burn with - to want something very much
He's burning with the desire to get rich.
burst in - to rush in
He never just enters the room; he always bursts in.
быстро войти, влететь
burst into - 1. to rush in; 2. to start doing something suddenly
1. He burst into the room. 2. She burst into tears. He burst into singing.
1. стремительно войти; 2. неожиданно начать делать что-то
burst out - 1. to rush out; 2. to start doing something suddenly
1. She jumped to her feet and burst out (of the room). 2. He burst out laughing. She burst out crying.
1. стремительно выйти; 2. неожиданно начать делать что-то
burst with - to be extremely full of something
She was bursting with the desire to tell everyone about her success. He is bursting with pride. The room was bursting with people.
быть переполненным чем-то
butt in - to interrupt someone's conversation
I hate it when he butts in with remarks about everything.
встревать в разговор
buy off - to bribe, to pay someone in order not to do something
He tried to buy off a journalist who was going to expose his illegal activity.
откупиться, дать взятку, чтобы не делали что-то
buy out - 1. to become the sole owner of a company by buying the whole of it; 2. buy out of - to bribe someone in order to be free from something
1. He bought out his partner's share and became the sole owner of the company. 2. He faced serious criminal charges, but his father bought him out of prison. He also bought him out of military duty.
1. стать единственным собственником компании, выкупив ее целиком; 2. откупиться, чтобы освободиться от чего-то
call at - to dial someone's number and speak
Call me at 555-3246.
позвонить по какому-то номеру телефона
call back - to return a call
I called him at six, but he wasn't in. He called me back at seven.
call for - 1. to go and get; 2. to summon, to ask for; 3. to require something
1. I'll call for you at seven. 2. He called for a waiter. He called for help. 3. This situation calls for quick action. This happy event calls for a celebration.
1. зайти за кем-то, чем-то; 2. позвать, вызвать, попросить; 3. требовать чего-то
call in - to invite a specialist for consultation and help
We called in an interior designer to help us with redecorating.
вызвать специалиста для консультации и помощи
call off - to cancel something
He called off his dogs and let me in. The open-air concert was called off because of rain. The police decided to call off the search for the missing man.
call on / upon - 1. to visit someone; 2. to appeal to someone (for an answer, advice, help)
1. He calls on her when he is in Rome. 2. He called on a technical specialist. He called on God for help.
1. навестить кого-то; 2. обратиться к кому-то (за ответом, советом, помощью)
call up - to telephone, to call by phone
I called up a friend, and we went to a movie. He called me up at six o'clock.
calm down - to relax, to stop worrying
Calm down! Everything will be all right.
camp out - to go camping, to live in tents
They like to camp out in the woods in summer.
жить в палатках под открытым небом
care about - 1. to like someone; 2. to be interested in something
1. He cares about his little sister. 2. I don't care about your opinion.
1. любить кого-то; 2. интересоваться чем-то
care for - 1. to like someone; 2. to want something; 3. to look after someone
1. He cares for his little sister. 2. Do you care for a drink? 3. Will you care for my cat while I'm away?
1. любить кого-то; 2. хотеть чего-то; 3. присмотреть за, позаботиться о ком-то
carp at - to find fault with someone, something
Stop carping at me! The teacher always carps at my translation from French.
придираться к кому-то, чему-то
carry away - 1. to remove, to take away; 2. (usually passive) to excite someone greatly or excessively
1. The hurricane carried away the boats. 2. He was carried away by the music and didn't hear the doorbell.
1. унести; 2. (обычно passive) сильно, чрезмерно увлечь чем-то
carry on - 1. to continue doing something without stopping; 2. to behave excitedly, foolishly
1. The lifeguards carried on their search for the missing child in spite of the wind and huge waves. Carry on with your work. 2. I hate it when she carries on like this.
1. продолжать (упорно, без остановки) делать что-то; 2. вести себя возбужденно, глупо
carry out - to fulfill, to complete
He needs to do a lot of things to carry out his plan.
выполнить, довести до конца
carry through - 1. to fulfill, to complete (despite difficulties); 2. to support someone through a difficult time
1. Despite all the obstacles, he carried his plan through. 2. His will power and his wife's support carried him through in his struggle with cancer.
1. выполнить, довести до конца (несмотря на трудности); 2. помочь кому-то пережить трудное время
cast away - 1. to throw away; to discard; 2. (passive) to be shipwrecked
1. He casts away his mother's money. She cast away her old friends when she became rich. 2. Several passengers of the sinking ship were cast away on a desert island.
1. выбрасывать; бросать; 2. (passive) потерпеть кораблекрушение
cast down - (passive) to make someone feel sad or depressed
She was really cast down when she learned that he got married.
(passive) повергнуть в печаль, уныние
cast out - to throw out; to expel
Several disloyal employees were cast out (of the company).
catch on - 1. to become popular; 2. to understand quickly, to grasp mentally
1. The tune is very catchy. The song caught on quickly. 2. She is a quick learner. She catches on very fast.
1. стать популярным; 2. быстро схватывать, улавливать суть
catch up on - to bring up to date, to make up for the lack of something
I need to catch up on my reading. I need to catch up on sleep.
восполнить, наверстать упущенное
catch up with - 1. to reach the same level or position as someone ahead; 2. to bring up to date, to make up for the lack of something
1. She was too fast; I couldn't catch up with her. She is always trying to catch up with the richer neighbors. He has to study harder to catch up with the other students. 2. I need to catch up with my studies.
1. догнать, сравняться с кем-то; 2. восполнить, наверстать упущенное
cave in - to fall inwards
The roof caved in during the fire.
просесть, провалиться внутрь
change for - to exchange something for something, to trade for
Can I change this bag for that one? Could I change these dollars for euros, please?
обменять что-то на что-то
change into - 1. to put on a different set of clothes; 2. to turn into, to convert into something different
1. I need to change into warmer clothes. 2. The little boy in the fairy tale was changed into a monster. I'd like to change these dollars into pounds, please.
1. переодеться в другую одежду; 2. превратить во что-то другое
change to - to make a change to something different
She changed her name to her husband's name when they got married. Autumn changed to winter. I'd like to change these dollars to pounds, please.
заменить, менять на что-то другое
charge at - to attack someone
The bull charged at him.
нападать на кого-то
charge for - to ask as a price for service or goods
How much do you charge for a single room?
просить цену за услуги или товары
charge with - to accuse of something
He was charged with murder.
предъявить обвинение в чем-то
cheat into - to talk someone into doing something by a trick
He cheated her into giving him a large sum of money.
обманным путем уговорить кого-то сделать что-то
cheat on - to be unfaithful to one's wife (husband)
He's been cheating on his wife for years.
изменять жене (мужу)
cheat out of - to trick someone out of something
He cheated her out of her money.
выманить у кого-то что-то обманным путем
check in - to register (at the hotel at arrival, at the airport for the flight)
He reserved a room in advance and checked in quickly. She went to the airport, checked in (for her flight), and went to a cafe for a cup of coffee and a sandwich.
регистрироваться (в гостинице при вселении, на рейс в аэропорту)
check into - 1. to register at a hotel or a hospital at arrival; 2. to analyze, investigate something
1. We checked into the River Hotel at night. She checked into a hospital two days ago. 2. He checked into the matter and discovered several interesting things.
1. регистрироваться при размещении (в гостинице, больнице); 2. анализировать, исследовать что-то
check off - to mark an item on a list (usually with a check)
Check my name off the list.
отметить пункт в списке (обычно птичкой)
check on / check up on - to check, to inspect, to examine, to investigate
We need to check on her work regularly. The detective is checking up on her former connections. They checked up on him and decided against hiring him.
проверять, выяснять, внимательно изучать кого-то, что-то
check out - 1. to pay the bill and leave (the hotel); 2. to check, to verify
1. He checked out at noon. 2. The information that he gave us checks out fully.
1. оплатить счет и выписаться (из гостиницы); 2. выверить, подтвердить правильность
check out of - to pay the bill and leave (the hotel)
I checked out of the hotel at noon.
оплатить счет и выписаться (из гостиницы)
chew on - 1. to chew something; 2. to consider something for a long time
1. My dog likes to chew on my shoes. 2. He chewed on this issue for a week.
1. жевать что-то; 2. долго обдумывать что-то
chew over - to consider something for a long time
He chewed over this issue for a week.
долго обдумывать что-то
choke on - to suffocate because of swallowing something
She choked on a fish bone. He choked on a cherry pit.
подавиться чем-то и поэтому задыхаться
choke with - to suffocate with (emotions)
He was choking with anger.
задыхаться от (эмоций)
chop down - to cut down (a tree)
First, they chopped down the tree.
chop off - to cut off
Then they chopped off the branches.
chop up - to cut up, to cut into pieces
Finally, they chopped up the trunk of the tree.
порубить на части
claim from - to demand something from someone
He claimed $10,000 from her. He claimed damages from the other driver.
требовать что-то от кого-то
clean of - to remove (stains, dirt)
I cleaned your shirt of the stains.
очистить что-то от (пятен, грязи)
clean out - 1. to empty and clean (closet, drawer); 2. to use up all of one's money
1. You promised to clean out the closet. 2. The purchase of the new car cleaned out his savings.
1. вычистить (чулан, выдвижной ящик); 2. израсходовать весь запас денег
clean up - to clean, to wash, to tidy up; to get rid of unwanted things
We need to clean up the apartment before the party. Please wait here. I need just a couple of minutes to clean up. The police are going to clean up the slums.
чистить, мыть(ся), прибраться; избавляться от ненужного
clear away / off - 1. to remove objects for more space; 2. to disappear (about the fog, smoke); 3. to leave some place
1. After dinner my daughter helped me to clear off the table. 2. The clouds cleared away. The fog is clearing off. 3. The police cleared off the crowds.
1. расчистить, убрать; 2. рассеяться, проясниться (о тумане, дыме); 3. уйти, покинуть какое-то место
clear out - 1. to empty and clean (closet, drawer); 2. to leave some place
1. You promised to clear out the closet. 2. As soon as her father returned, her boyfriend cleared out. The police cleared out the building.
1. вычистить (чулан, выдвижной ящик); 2. уйти, покинуть какое-то место
clear up - 1. to become brighter (about the weather); 2. to clean, to tidy up; 3. to make clear, to explain
1. The weather is clearing up. 2. We need to clear up the living room. 3. I really want to clear up this mystery. Let me clear it up.
1. проясниться (о погоде); 2. прибрать, привести в порядок; 3. выяснить, прояснить
click with - to have success with someone
This song clicked with me right away.
нравиться, иметь успех у кого-то
close down - to shut down
The plant was closed down recently, and the workers lost their jobs.
закрыть предприятие (прекратить работу)
close in on - to get closer to someone with the aim of attacking or capturing
He has a feeling that his enemies are closing in on him. The criminals closed in on him.
приближаться к кому-то, чтобы напасть, захватить
close up - to shut or stop completely
This road is closed up because of the flood. The summer camp closes up in September.
полностью закрыть что-то
clutch at - to grab at something
The little girl clutched at her mother's arm. He clutched at the opportunity.
ухватиться за что-то
come about - to arise, happen
How did this question come about?
come across - to be understandable, to get across
The meaning of his message doesn't come across. Did her poem come across to you?
быть понятным, дойти до кого-то
come across something - to find by chance
Yesterday I came across an interesting article on vegetarian cooking.
наткнуться на (информацию, статью)
come along - to join someone
I'm going to the park. Would you like to come along?
присоединиться к кому-то
come back - to return
We were away on vacation. We came back yesterday.
come by - to drop in / drop by
Come by one of these days.
заглянуть в гости
come down - 1. to go down; 2. to fall
1. She came down the stairs. 2. The tree came down with a loud crash.
1. спуститься вниз; 2. упасть
come down to - 1. to get to the core of the matter; 2. to go down in status, wealth
1. It all comes down to the question of money. 2. I can't believe he came down to stealing!
1. сводиться к (сути чего-то); 2. докатиться, опуститься до чего-то
come down with - to become ill
I can't come to your party. I'm coming down with a cold.
заболеть чем-то, слечь в постель
come from - to be from some place
He comes from a small town in France.
быть родом из какого-то места
come in - to enter
Please come in and take a seat.
come into - to enter (some place, position, state)
Mary came into the room. He came into fortune when his aunt died. The military came into power in 1978. The law came into effect last month.
войти в (какое-то место, положение, состояние)
come off - 1. to become detached; 2. to remove (stains); 3. to end successfully
1. Two buttons came off my coat in a crowded subway car. 2. I don't think these coffee stains will come off. 3. His plan didn't come off. Our dinner party came off nicely.
1. отвалиться, оторваться; 2. сойти (о пятнах); 3. закончиться удачно, удаться
come off it - (slang) stop kidding, lying, behaving in a foolish manner
Oh, come off it! Stop telling me tales. Come off it! Give me a break!
(сленг) прекратить разыгрывать, придуриваться, врать
come on - (informal; imperative) 1. hurry up; 2. to express disbelief
1. Come on, let's go. We're already late. 2. Oh, come on! Give me a break!
(неофиц.; как побуждение) 1. поторопись; ну же; 2. для выражения неверия
come out - 1. to go out; 2. to be published; 3. to become known (about information, secrets); 4. to result, to end in some way
1. The door opened, and Jim came out. 2. His new book came out last month. 3. The truth will come out one day. 4. I was serious, but my words came out as a joke. His plan didn't come out well.
1. выйти из; 2. выйти (о книге); 3. стать известным (об информации, секретах); 4. закончиться каким-то результатом
come out of - 1. to go out of (some place); 2. to result in something
1. The door opened, and Jim came out of the room. 2. I don't know what will come out of this.
1. выйти из (какого-то места); 2. закончиться каким-то результатом
come out with - to confess, to reveal something
A year ago he came out with the truth about his role in that scandal.
признаться, открыть правду
come over - to visit informally
Can you come over for dinner on Friday?
зайти, заглянуть к кому-то
come through - 1. to be seen; 2. to complete successfully; 3. to do what is expected or wanted
1. His ignorance of these facts came through at the interview. 2. He was between life and death for some time, but he came through. 3. He always comes through for us. Her father came through with a nice check.
1. проявиться; 2. успешно завершить, пережить что-то; 3. сделать ожидаемое или желаемое
come through something - 1. to be seen through something; 2. to complete something successfully
1. The sun came through the clouds. 2. He was between life and death for some time, but he came through the operation successfully.
1. проявиться сквозь что-то; 2. успешно завершить, пережить что-то
come to - to reach (some place, result, position, state)
She came to Moscow yesterday. The bill comes to $150. The struggle came to an end in July. The military came to power in 1978. He fainted, but he came to himself quickly. I came to the conclusion that I wanted a different job. It came to me that I had seen him before.
прийти к (месту, результату, положению, состоянию)
come up - 1. to go up; 2. to appear
1. The prices are coming up again. 2. This information came up during the meeting. His name came up during our conversation. I'll tell you if anything good comes up.
1. повышаться; 2. возникнуть, появиться
come up to - to come closer to someone
He came up to me and asked my name.
подойти к кому-то
come up with - to think up and suggest (an idea, a plan)
Tom came up with a brilliant idea.
придумать и предложить (идею, план)
comment on - to give one's opinion about something
He commented on the current situation.
compare to - examine to see the similarity between two objects
This writer is often compared to Leo Tolstoy. He compared her paintings to the most interesting paintings of our time.
сравнить, чтобы увидеть сходство; уподобить что-то чему-то
compare with - to examine to see the difference or similarity
Compare this car with that car. This writer is often compared with Leo Tolstoy.
сравнить, чтобы увидеть разницу или сходство
complain about - be dissatisfied with something
She is always complaining about her job. She complained about her noisy neighbor.
жаловаться о, на что-то, кого-то
complain to - to make a complaint to someone
Complain to the manager. Complain to the police about his action.
concentrate in - to gather at some place
The majority of the population is concentrated in big cities.
концентрироваться в каком-то месте
concentrate on - to give full attention to something
They concentrated their efforts on getting the contract. I am trying to concentrate on my work.
концентрировать на чем-то
congratulate on - to express praise (for success, achievement)
He congratulated me on my new job. She congratulated him on his excellent speech at the conference.
поздравить с чем-то (с успехом, достижением)
connect to - to join, to connect two objects
I can't connect this wire to the plug. Are you connected to the Internet? Can you connect me to Mr. Cole?
подсоединить к чему-то, соединять с кем-то, чем-то
connect with - 1. to have a connection with; 2. to join, to connect two objects
1. This bank is connected with several big banks. Her work is connected with music. 2. This bus connects with a train at Maple street. Can you connect me with Mr. Cole?
1. иметь связь с кем-то, чем-то; 2. соединять с кем-то, чем-то
consent to - to agree to something
Her father consented to her marriage.
дать согласие на что-то
consist of - to be composed of (parts, ingredients)
Water consists of hydrogen and oxygen. The book consists of five chapters.
состоять из (частей, ингредиентов)
contribute to - to give time, money, energy to something
He contributed a lot of money, time, and effort to this research.
внести вклад во что-то
cool off - 1. to become less hot; 2. to calm down
1. Wait till the engine cools off. 2. Talk to him when hel cools off.
1. остыть; 2. успокоиться
cope with - to be able to handle, to deal with something
I hope I can cope with this problem.
справиться с чем-то
correspond to - to match, to agree with something
Your information corresponds to the facts I have.
correspond with - to be in correspondence with someone
He corresponds with some of his old friends.
переписываться с кем-то
count down - to count backward to zero
They are ready to launch the rocket. They have already started to count down.
считать в обратном порядке до нуля
count in - to include
Who wants to go to the lake on Sunday? - I do. Count me in.
включить в список
count on - to depend on, to rely on someone
You can always count on me for help.
рассчитывать на кого-то
count out - to exclude
Tom is sick, so count him out.
исключить из списка
count to - to count to some number
Close your eyes and count to 20.
считать до какого-то числа
cover for - to substitute for, to replace someone
Can you cover for me for an hour? Can you cover for Jim while he is away?
заменять, подменять кого-то
cover up - to conceal the truth by lying
He tried to cover up his crime. She covered up for him.
скрыть правду обманом
crash into - to hit, to run into something
His car crashed into a truck. He crashed into a tree and hurt his head.
врезаться во что-то
cross out / off - to remove (words) from a written text
He crossed out these words. He crossed out her name. He crossed her name off the list.
вычеркнуть, зачеркнуть (слова)
cut down - 1. to chop down (a tree); 2. to reduce something; 3. to destroy, defeat, kill
1. Why do they cut down so many trees? 2. We need to cut down our expenses. 3. Many young lives were cut down in the war.
1. срубить (дерево); 2. сокращать, урезать; 3. уничтожить, сразить
cut down on - to reduce something (out of necessity)
We spend too much. We really need to cut down on our expenses. The doctor advised her to cut down on chocolate.
сократить, урезать что-то (из-за необходимости)
cut in - to interrupt someone's conversation
I hate it when he cuts in with remarks about everything.
встревать в разговор
cut into pieces - to cut up
She cut the vegetables into pieces.
порезать на кусочки
cut off - 1. to chop off; 2. to disconnect (electricity, water, telephone)
1. He cut off the end of the rope. 2. My telephone connection was cut off.
1. отрезать, отрубить; 2. прервать, отключить (электричество, воду, телефон)
cut out - 1. to cut out of (paper); 2. to exclude, to remove
1. He cuts out newspaper articles and sticks them to the wall. 2. The doctor told her to cut out fat food. Cut out the details. Cut out this paragraph; the report will be better without it.
1. вырезать из (бумаги); 2. исключить, убрать
cut it out - (slang) to stop doing something
I don't want to talk about it! Cut it out!
(сленг) прекратить что-то
cut up - to cut into pieces
Cut up these onions and carrots.
порезать на кусочки
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