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Present Perfect (правило и упражнения)

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We use the Present Perfect to say that an action happened at an unspecified time before now. The exact time is not important. What important is the result! We CAN use the Present Perfect with unspecific expressions such as: ever, never, once, many times, several times, before, so far, already, yet, etc.



Negative

I haven’t worked

You haven’t worked

He hasn’t worked

She hasn’t worked

It hasn’t worked

We haven’t worked

You haven’t worked

They haven’t worked

Affirmative

I have worked

You have worked

He has worked

She has worked

It has worked

We have worked

You have worked

They have worked

Question

Have I worked?

Have you worked?

Has he worked?

Has she worked?

Has it worked?

Have we worked?

Have you worked?

Have they worked?

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Irregular verbs do not follow this pattern, and instead take on an alternative pattern.

I have written (irregular verb) I have not written Have I written?

He has written (irregular verb) He has not written Has he written? etc.

Ex. I have done my homework! (It is not important when you did it; the important thing is that you have already done it by this time!)











Have you ever…?

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Look at the picture and say what has happened.

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Look at the picture and say what has happened.

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Look at the picture and say what has happened.

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Put the verbs into present perfect and ask your partner using the pattern.

Cook soup, fly a plane, ride a bicycle, watch cricket, copy your homework, swim in the ocean, write a poem, be on a TV show, fall asleep during the lesson, go to the mountains, eat a snake, be to a foreign country.





3. My friend is so lucky! (he win in a lottery) __________________________________________

4. It smells so nice! (mom bake a cake) __________________________________________

















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Ask as in the example.

  1. I can’t find my keys. (you lose them) Have you lost them?



  1. Mom, can I go out? (do your homework) _____________________________________













Answer the questions, as in the example.

Can you go out with me? (not do homework et)

Sorry, I can’t. I haven’t done my homework yet.

  1. Do you want to see Home Alone? (see it twice) ___________________________________

  2. Why don’t you call her? (forget her number) ___________________________________

  3. Is my dinner ready? (not cook it yet) ___________________________________

  4. Will your brother play football? (break his leg) ___________________________________

  5. Open the door! (lose my keys) ________________________________





6. Why do you want to go to France? (not be there yet) _____________________________________

7. Do you think you can do it? (do it a million times) _________________________________________

8. Where are we? I don’t know (lose our way) _________________________________________

9. Why does she act like this? (fall in love) _________________________________________

10. Why is it so quiet? (the kids fall asleep) _________________________________________



















Put the verbs in brackets into Present Perfect, Past Simple, Present Simple, Future Simple and translate.

Hi, Kate! How are you?

It ________________(be) so long since I last _______________ (write) to you ,sorry for that I _______ __________(be) very busy! But I have a lot of news!

As you know I _______________(be) very busy lately moving to London. It________ (be) so great here! I wish you were here with me! I_______________ (rent) a flat, I_______________(unpack) most of my things and I_____________ (buy some furniture), so the flat looks quite nice now. I want to paint the walls as well but I _______________ (not buy) the paint yet.

I _______________ (not enter) the university yet, but I hope that I _______________(be able) to do it soon. The problem is that I _______________ (not decide) yet what I want to be. I _________________(think) of becoming a teacher, what do you think?

Well, that’s all my news. Write back soon, and tell me what you’ve been up to lately.

Love, Jane.







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Write a letter to Jane, talking about your recent news.

___________________________________

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