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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Другие методич. материалы / Present Perfect ( Таблица, правило, упражнения)

Present Perfect ( Таблица, правило, упражнения)

  • Иностранные языки

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Утвердительная

I have worked

We have worked

You have worked

They have worked



He has worked

She has worked

It has worked



Вопросительная

Have I worked?

Have we worked?

Have you worked?

Have they worked?


Has he worked?

Has she worked?

Has it worked?




Отрицательная форма

Полная форма

I have not worked

We have not worked

You have not worked

They have not worked


He has not worked

She has not worked

It has not worked



Краткая форма

I haven’t worked

We haven’t worked

You haven’t worked

They haven’t worked


He hasn’t worked

She hasn’t worked

It hasn’t worked



Краткий ответ

Yes, I have

Yes, we have

No, I haven’t

No, they haven’t

Yes, he has

Yes, she has

No, he hasn’t

No, she hasn’t













Помни! В Present Perfect

у правильных глаголов окончание -ed

у неправильных глаголов особая 3-я форма.

Workworkedworked (правильный глагол) Writewrote - written (неправильный глагол)

Sendsent - sent (неправильный глагол)



Мы используем Present Perfect:

для выражения прошедшего действия, которое уже произошло или не произошло, при этом время неважно или неизвестно:

Ex. (I have already read that report)

- Когда говорим о своем опыте, о том, что с нами уже произошло к данной секунде

(I have been to France.)

- Когда говорим об произошедших изменениях

(You have grown since the last time I saw you)

- когда говорим о достижениях человечества. При этом не указываем точное время.

(Man has walked on the Moon. Our son has learned how to read).

- когда говорим о действии, которое еще не произошло. (James has not finished his homework yet)











PRESENT PERFECT используется для выражения прошедшего действия, которое уже произошло или не произошло к данной секунде, при этом время не важно

или не известно!







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Сигнальные слова

ever, never, once, many times, recently, several times, before, so far, already, yet, since, for.











1.Put the verbs in brackets in the correct form.

1. We …………. just …………………. …………(to talk) about it.

2. He …………… already…………….. ……..(to learn) the rule.

3. I…………… already ……………………..(to solve) the problem.

4. The rain…………………………………….. (to stop).

5. The weather…………………………….. (to change), and we can go for a walk.

6. She…………….. already………………… (to come) from school

7. I……………... already…………………….. (to do) my homework.

8. They……………. never…………………… (to be) to Washington.

9. My dad……………………................... (to buy) a new laptop.

2. Write the verbs in the correct form of the Present Perfect.

1. …………….. you ever…………….. (to be) to New York?

2. …………….. he ever……………..(to fall) into the sea?

3. ………........ they ever………………. (to miss) the bus?

4. ……………… your sister ever………………….(to study) German?

5. ……………….Toby…………………..(to find) his blue pen?

6. ………………. the Millers………………….(to arrive) yet?

7. ………………… we……………..(to save) enough money for a new car?



















3. Complete the sentences with haven’t/hasn’t.

1. I ……………………. seen that movie yet. 7. Sue and Walter ………………. washed their car yet.

2. George ............……… been to France. 8. Andrew ………………………. repaired his bike.

3. The rain ………………… stopped yet. 9. Carol …………………………. read a computer magazine yet.

4. People ……………………. traveled to Mars 10. I …………………… eaten your apple!

5. James ……………………. finished his homework yet. 11. The train ………………….. arrived yet.

6. We ………………………. received your invitation 12. You …………………….. written the test yet.




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We use “for” when we measure the duration – when we say how long something lasts.

I have known her for a long time

I have lived here for ten years.

Since” gives the starting point of actions, events or states. It refers to when things began.

I've been waiting since 7 o'clock.

I have known him since January.

4. Look at the example and do the same.

1. We have bought a new TV set.

Have we bought a new TV set?

We haven’t bought a new TV set.

2. The students have left the room.

............................................................................

............................................................................

3. You have passed your driving test.

............................................................................

............................................................................

4. I have lost my keys.

............................................................................

............................................................................

5. He has written about a hundred novels.

............................................................................

............................................................................

6. She has done her homework.

............................................................................

............................................................................

7. My brother has repaired the chair

............................................................................

............................................................................

8. They have been to England twice.

............................................................................

............................................................................

9. My friends have traveled a lot.

............................................................................

............................................................................









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5. Choose “for” or “since”

1. They've been married……………… twenty-five years.

2. She has been a professional singer ……………….1989

3. Mary has kept a diary ………………… she was ten years old.

4. We've been together only …………………… a few days

5. Jane has worked here ………………two weeks already

6. You haven't smoked ………………......two months.

7. They haven't visited us ………………Christmas.

8. She has been in hospital …………………..Monday

9. He hasn't played the piano ……………… he was a boy.

10. We've lived here…………………… seventeen years.

11. I haven't met Jill ………………….. the end of school.

12. I haven't slept ……………………….. 48 hours.

























6. Write short answers.

1. Have you ever missed the bus? Yes, ................ 6. Has she written the test? No, ................

2. Has he ever fallen into the sea? No, ................ 7. Have you passed your driving test? Yes,...............

3. Have they been married for 25 years? Yes, ................ 8. Has she phoned yet? Yes, ................

4. Have the students left the room? No, ................ 9. Has the postman come? No,..............

5. Have you finished your job? Yes, .............. 10. Have you seen this movie? Yes, ..............







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Дата добавления 27.08.2016
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Другие методич. материалы
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