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Mass Media in the UK Newspapers
Fleet Street Fleet Street has been the home of the British press for 300 years. Here are published almost all Britain’s national newspapers. Here also are the headquarters of many magazines, foreign and provincial press bureaus, international news agencies
“The Fourth Estate” “The Fourth Estate” means that the press is an addition to Legislative, Executive, and Judicial branches of power
“Qualities” National Dailies Title, Foundation Date Political Tendency Circulation The Daily Telegraph (1855) Con 1,138,000 The Guardian (1821) Ind (Lib) 470,000 The Times (1785) Con 450,000 The Independent (1886) Ind 375,000 The Financial Times (1888) Ind 206,000
The Daily Telegraph The Daily Telegraph is a daily morning broadsheet newspaper distributed throughout the UK and internationally. In January 2009 the Telegraph was the highest selling British broadsheet newspaper. It has been politically conservative in modern times, therefore the paper is often referred to as the Torygraph.
The Guardian The Guardian is a British national daily newspaper owned by the Guardian Media Group. It is unique among other British newspapers in being owned by a foundation (the Scott Trust). Founded by textile traders and merchants, The Guardian had a reputation as an “organ of the middle class”. It is known to be to the left of political spectrum. This is reflected in the paper’s readership. It’s nickname is Grauniad because the paper has a reputation for frequent typographical errors.
The Times The Times is a daily national newspaper published in the United Kingdom since 1785, when it was known as The Daily Universal Register. The newspaper was printed in broadsheet format for 219 years but switched to compact size in 2004 partly in an attempt to appeal to younger readers and partly to appeal to commuters using public transport.
The Independent The Independent is a British newspaper published by Tony O’Reily’s Independent News & Media. It is nicknamed the Indy, while the Sunday edition is the Sindy. Launched in 1986, it is one of the youngest UK national daily newspapers. It is regarded as leaning to the left politically, although it has not affiliated itself to any political party. The Independent has a reputation for its emphasis on views, rather than on news. Not surprisingly so, T. Blair once called The Independent a “Viewspaper”.
The Financial Times The Financial Times (FT) is a British international business newspaper. The FT specialises in business and financial news. The FT is the only paper in the UK providing full daily reports on the London Stock Exchange and world markets.
“Populars” National Dailies Title, Foundation Date Political Tendency Circulation The Sun (1964) Con 4,146,000 The Daily Mirror (1903) Lab 3,061,000 The Daily Mail (1896) Con 1,792,000 The Daily Express (1900) Con 1,679,000 The Daily Star (1987) Con 1,013,000
The Sun The Sun is a daily tabloid published in the UK and Ireland. It has the highest circulation of any daily newspaper in the world. The Sun relies heavily on stories and scandals involving celebrities and the entertainment industry. It contains sections such as Bizarre (pop music stories and gossip) and TV Biz (television stories, concentrating on soap operas and reality TV).
The Daily Mirror The Daily Mirror is a British tabloid newspaper founded in 1903. Twice in history its title was changed to read simply The Mirror. It contains cartoon strips, comics, a letters page, a problem page, “shock issues” intended to highlight a particular news story.
The Daily Mail The Daily Mail is a British daily middle market tabloid newspaper. It is the UK’s second biggest-selling daily newspaper after The Sun. The Daily Mail was Britain’s first daily newspaper aimed at the newly literate “lower-middle class market resulting from mass education”. It was from the outset, a newspaper for women, and is still the only British newspaper whose readership is more than 50% female.
The Daily Express The Daily Express is a conservative British tabloid newspaper. The Daily Express select front-page stories that follow recurring themes, and often ignore the major news of the day in favour of spurious stories. During 2009 and 2010, health stories were very popular. For example, they featured the discovery of rather unusual potential cures for diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease or cancer. The usual headlines: “Sunshine vitamins cut risk of cancer”. The Daily Express also features global warming stories.
“Qualities” National Sundays Title, Foundation Date Political Tendency Circulation The Sunday Times (1882) Ind (Con) 1,362,000 The Observer (1791) Ind (Lib) 749,000 The Sunday Telegraph (1961) Con 716,000
The Sunday Times a Sunday broadsheet newspaper. The Sunday Times and its sister newspaper The Times were founded independently and came under common ownership only in 1996. The Sunday Times occupies a dominant position in the quality Sunday market. It publishes: 1) The Sunday Times Rich List, an annual survey of the wealthiest people in Britain and Ireland, equivalent to the Forbes 400 list in the USA. 2) the Bestseller List of bestselling books in Britain 3) a list on the 100 best UK-based companies to work for.
“Populars” National Sundays Title, Foundation Date Political Tendency Circulation The News of the World _ 5,213,000 The Sunday Mirror _ 2,747,000 The People _ 2,723,000 The Sunday Express _ 1,932,000
The News of the World The News of the World is a British tabloid newspaper published every Sunday. It can be considered the Sunday sister paper of the Sun. The newspaper concentrates on celebrity-based scoops and populist views. The News of the World is the largest selling English-language newspaper in the world.
Other newspapers in the UK The evening papers (Evening Standard, Evening News) Provincial and local papers which serve towns and areas outside London (The Birmingham Post) Periodicals and weeklies. The old-established weeklies are The Economist, The New Statesman, The Spectator.