Название документа Adverbial clauses.pptx
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Adverbial clauses Time clauses Conditional clauses Purpose clauses Reason clauses Result clauses Concessive (contrast) clauses Place clauses Clauses of manner I have lived here since my childhood. Unless you do as I say, I’ll punish you. I’ve come here in order that you could speak to me. I am here because you need me. You should go there at once so that you can arrive in the morning. I wouldn’t say I’m shopaholic, although I do sometimes spend a lot of money. He left the mobile where it lay. He ran to the house as though he wanted to escape.
Purpose clauses 1. With “to” infinitive phrase. I left the party early to catch the last bus. or I left the party early in order to catch the last bus. or I left the party early so as to catch the last bus. For negative She went downstairs barefoot so as not to 2. With in order that, so, so that. (usually modals are used) Refers to the present - can, may, will, shall be heard. in order not to I have brought some coffee and a few sandwiches so that you can have a bite. Refers to the past – could might should. I I packed swimsuits too so that we could have a swim. in order that, so, so that spoke slowly and clearly so that the audience could understand my explanations. so as to I walked out into the garden so as to weed the flowerbeds.
Reason clauses. 1. Talking about a possible situation explaining the reason why someone does something. I am here just in case anything unusual happens. Present simple I’ll stay here in case she arrives later. 2. In case expresses a precaution. If refers to a result. while You insure things in case they are stolen. (before they are stolen) You should telephone the police if your things are stolen. (you telephone after they have been stolen)
Time clauses. I’ll tell him this funny story when he comes. Future tenses are not used Every time when I meet Alex I remember our trip. Каждый раз, когда я встречаю Алекса, я вспоминаю о нашей поездке.
Match the underlined adverbial clauses with their types. 1. Alice went to the city where she was born. 2. As we had some doubts about the accuracy of the information, we couldn’t accept their offer. 3. I had to live in the country so as to be able to look after my invalid cousin. 4. She behaves as if she were a child. 5. He won’t be tired when he comes. 6. Although she was annoyed, she couldn’t help smiling. 7. We won’t be able to begin on time if he is late. 8. You should go there at once so that you can arrive in the morning. a) conditional clause b) purpose clause c) time clause d) clause of manner e) result clause f) place clause g) contrast clause h) reason clause f h b d c g a e
Название документа синтаксис.pptx
Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:
Morphology & Syntax
grammar morphology syntax the noun, the verb the adjective the article, the pronoun the numeral, the modal verbs the adverb, the preposition the conjunction Types of sentences, their meaning
sentence declarative interrogative imperative exclamatory general questions alternative questions disjunctive questions special questions positive sentences negative sentences Do you like Maths? Is it a boy or a girl? She is a German, isn’t she? What are you doing? Read this sentence. What beautiful flowers! Watch out for the car !
• - full stop (period) ? - question mark ! - exclamation mark Main punctuation marks
Members of a sentence. the subject the predicate likes He Smoking for your health. My mother in Kiev. winter. is harmful was born Ann can ride a bike.
The secondary members of a sentence the object the attribute the adverbial modifier direct indirect prepositional I rely on you. He wrote them a letter. He wrote a letter to them. A new dress. A garden wall. My book. The first lesson. A book to read. A sitting boy. Enchanted castles. Modifier of place Modifier of time Modifier of manner He always waited for her patiently at the theatre.
Adverbial modifiers of indefinite time always often sometimes never occasionally seldom generally, etc before the main verb to be after modal verbs auxiliary verb He always comes on time. She is often late. I can sometimes understand him. I have never been there.
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