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William SHAKESPEARE Life and creative works
William Shakespeare was born on the 26th of April in 1564 in Stratford- on- Avon. He grew up in the family of artisan and merchant John Shakespeare. His father wanted his son to be an educated person, and William was sent to the local grammar school where he learned Latin and classical Greek. When the boy studied at school he had no free time/ When he had a rest William liked to go to the forest and to the river Avon.
At that time actors and actresses visited Stratford-on-Avon. William liked watch them. He was fond of their profession and he decided to become an actor. He went to London. There he became an actor. He began to write plays too.
At the age of 18 he married Anne Hathaway, with whom he had three children: Susanna, and twins Hamnet and Judith. Anne Hathaway was born in Shottery, a small village just to the west of Stratford-upon-Avon, England. Hathaway was 26 years of age when she married but Shakespeare was only 18.The age difference between William and Anne was typical of couples of their time. W. Shakespeare (18 years old) W. Shakespeare’s wife
SUSANNA HALL was the eldest child of William Shakespeare and Anne Hathaway. As most women in seventeenth century in England ,Susanna and her sister Judith never received any education and did not learn to read and write. Susanna was married John Hall. They had only one child, a girl Elizabeth. She was Shakespeare’s granddaughter. Susanna died in 1649, at the good age of sixty – six.
Elizabeth Hall was Shakespeare’s granddaughter. She was well educated. Her first husband was the wealthy barrister Thomas Nash, son of Shakespeare ‘s good friend ,Anthony Nash .They lived in Abington Manor in New Place where Nash died in 1645. New Place
New Place Four years later Elizabeth was married her second husband, John Barnard, who was knighted in 1661 by Charles II. Elizabeth had no children and was Shakespeare’s last descendant . She died in 1670, when she was 62 birthday.
Shakespeare’s son Hamnet died, on the 11th of April in 1596 and was buried, while his father was on tour in Kent. The cause of death is unknown , although PLAGUE and FAMINE were rife at that time in the Stratford area. Hamnet was 11 years old . He was the only son of W. Shakespeare . HAMNET’S GRAVE
Judith Quiney was the second daughter of W. Shakespeare and the twin of Hamnet. She was married in 1616 to Thomas Quiney, a vintner of Stratford - upon – Avon, in Holy Trinity Church. Judith and Thomas had 3 children: Shakespeare, Richard and Thomas. Shakespeare died as an infant in 1617; Richard and Thomas died in 1639, 19 and 21 years old. Judith had outlived all of her children by seven years. She died in 1662.
William Shakespeare was both an actor and a playwright. In his works Shakespeare described important and dramatic events of life. He produced thirty seven plays. William Shakespeare wrote a lot of poetry. His poems have been published in many languages.
The most famous works of Shakespeare are “ Othello”, “King Lear”, “Hamlet”, “Romeo and Juliet”, “Venus and Adonis”, “Midsummer dream”, “A lot of noise from nothing”, “Venice’s merchant”, “How do you like it”, “Twelfth night”, “Measure for measure”, “Othello”, “Macbeth”, “Anthony and Cleopatra”, “Winter fairytale”, “Storm”. All this works are full of love, passion, power. There are a lot of modern films based on these works.
“Romeo and Juliet” “Romeo and Juliet” was and still it is one of the most popular plays of William Shakespeare. It was played more than 2 000000 times, there are a lot of films based on the story of two lovers from enemy families. “Hamlet” and “Othello” are also very popular. These plays are called “classical”.
Scenes from Shakespeare's Comedies and Tragedies. Adelaide
Romeo and Juliet Sonnet 138
Sonnet 138 Sonnets But with all his works as a playwright, William Shakespeare is also known as the author of different sonnets, which are devoted to his close friend and to the only woman in his life (unfortunately we do not know her name).
Some sonnets From fairest creatures we desire increase, That thereby beauty's rose might never die, But as the riper should by time decease, His tender heir might bear his memory: But thou, contracted to thine own bright eyes, Feed'st thy light'st flame with self-substantial fuel, Making a famine where abundance lies, Thyself thy foe, to thy sweet self too cruel. Thou that art now the world's fresh ornament And only herald to the gaudy spring, Within thine own bud buriest thy content And, tender churl, makest waste in niggarding. Pity the world, or else this glutton be, To eat the world's due, by the grave and thee.
First Globe Theatre Modern Globe Theatre The years 1594-1599 were great for Shakespeare. He produced a stream of plays of the highest quality. Finally in 1599, he became part owner in the playhouse in London, the Globe. The original Globe Theatre was build in 1599 by the playing company. It was destroyed by fire on June 29,1613. The Globe Theatre was rebuilt by June 1614 and closed in 1642.
A modern reconstruction of the original Globe named “Shakespeare’s Globe Theatre “ or the “New Globe Theatre” opened in 1997. NEW GLOBE THEATRE STAGE
The expressions that came into English "Alas, poor Yorick" ("Увы, бедный Йорик”) "Alt the world's a stage", and all the men and women merely players" ("Весь мир - театр. Все люди в нем актеры”) "Neither a borrower nor a lender be" ("В долг не бери и взаймы не давай“) "Romeo, Romeo! Wherefore art thou Romeo?" ("Ромео! Ромео, о зачем же ты Ромео!“) "To be, or not to be" ("Быть или не быть" "Star-crossed Iovers" ("...под звездой злосчастной любовников [чета произошла]") "Get thee to a nunnery" ("Уйди в монастырь“
William Shakespeare died on the 23th of April in 1616. Shakespeare was buried in the chapel of the Holy Trinity Church in Stratford-upon-Avon. His illness was unknown but Stratford’s vicar wrote that W. Shakespeare died from a feavour. Shakespeare’s funeral monument ,on the church wall nearest his grave has a bust of him posed in the act of writing . Shakespeare wrote his own epitaph.
“Good friends, for Jesus’ sake forbear To dig the dust enclosed here: Blessed be the man that spares these stones, And curst be he that moves my bones.” « Друг, ради Господа, не рой останков, взятых сей землей. Не тронувший -блажен в веках и проклят - тронувший мой прах.»
William Shakespeare died. But his plays are popular now. They were staged in many theatres, translated into many languages and they made Shakespeare an outstanding man. And even now millions of people admire him and his plays.
This presentation was worked by English teacher O.M.Ishchenko
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