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Abbreviations Abbreviations in a formal language. Abbreviations in an informal language.
Kinds of abbreviations Acronym – This forms a word using the initial parts or first letters of a name. For example, ABBA, MADD, and OPEC are all acronyms that take the first letter from each word to form a new word. Lesser known acronyms include scuba and laser. The latter examples show that not all acronyms have to be capitalized. Initialism – Also called alphabetism, this is a group of letters, each pronounced separately, used as an abbreviation for a name or expression. Examples include: CD, TV, and UK. Truncation – This type of abbreviation consists only of the first part of a word. These are most often used when referring to proper titles such as months of the year or days of the week, e.g., Mon., Fri., Apr., Oct.
Clipped – Similar to truncation in that you are using a part of the word to form the abbreviation, but in this case you’re using either the middle or end. Common clipped abbreviations include phone (telephone) and fridge (refrigerator). Aphesis – In this case, you have dropped the unstressed vowel at the beginning of the word. These are often unintentional and casually spoken versions of the words. Perhaps the best example is ’cause instead of because. Portmanteau – The blending of two or more words will give you a portmanteau. Some include liger (lion and tiger), spork (spoon and fork), skort (shorts and skirt), and brinner (breakfast and dinner).
General abbreviations. Mr. - Mister Mrs. - Mistress Dr. - Doctor Jr. - Junior Sr. - Senior Capt. - Captain Comdr. - Commander Col. - Colonel Gen.- General Hon. - the Honorable Lt. - Lieutenant Rev. - the Reverend
General abbreviations. Months of the Year. Jan. - January Feb. - February Mar. - March Apr. - April Aug. - August Sept. - September Oct. - October Nov. - November Dec. - December Days of the Week. Mon. - Monday Tues. - Tuesday Wed. - Wednesday Thurs. - Thursday Fri. - Friday Sat. - Saturday Sun. - Sunday
Types of measurements. Weight and Volume. gal. - gallon lb - pound oz - ounce pt - pint qt - quart wt. - weight vol. - volume Time. hr - hour min - minute sec - second
Types of measurements. Length - US / UK. in. - inch ft - foot mi - mile yd - yard Measures in Metrics. kg - kilogram km - kilometer m - meter mg - milligram mm - millimeter MPH - Miles per hour RPM - Revolutions per minute Btu - British thermal units F - Fahrenheit C - Celsius
SMS, Texting, Chat. Many abbreviations are used online and in our daily lives with smart phones, chat rooms, etc. Here are a few, but follow the links for a complete list in alphabetical order.
Informal abbreviations. #1 - number one! = The best person 1 4 THE ROAD - one for the road = A drink before you go 10Q - Thank You 1DAY - One day = At some time in the future 1ON1 - One on one = In person 2 - To/Two/Too 2bctnd - To be continued = We'll talk about it later 2d4- To die for = To like / love something very much 4yeo - For your eyes only = Only for you to read 7K - Sick = Not feeling well OR something that is very strange 2DAY- Today 2g4u - Too good for you = The person is not a good match for you romantically, usually used as an insult 2l8 - Too late = The time is too late, missed opportunity 2MORO - Tomorrow 2NITE - Tonight 2WIMC - To whom it may concern = Formal greeting 3sum - Threesome = Three people together 4gv - Forgive = Forgive someone 4gvn - Forgiven = Usually used when someone forgives you for something you have done
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