Презентация "Арктика - мой дом"
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Министерство образования Республики Саха (Якутия) МОУ «Оленегорская средняя общеобразовательная школа» Викторина по краеведению: «Арктика – мой дом». Lesson-quiz: “Arctic is my homeland”. Выполнил: учитель английского языка высшей категории МОУ «ОСОШ» Аллаиховского улуса Иванова Зинаида Николаевна. Оленегорск - 2012 г.
Цели викторины: Внедрение национально-регионального компонента посредством сочетания изучаемого – английского языка с культурой народов Севера, Воспитание учащихся на добрых традициях и обычаях своего народа. Вывести учащихся на творческий уровень владения темой (владение лексическим и грамматическим материалом в рамках данной темы). Grammar: Who\What questions to ask about names, professions of great people. Обучающие и развивающие задачи: 1.Развивать навыки аудирования с извлечением необходимой информации; 2.Учить учащихся делать свои выводы; 3.Развивать навыки самостоятельной работы. Воспитательные задачи: 1.Показать учащимся интегративные связи английского языка с другими учебными предметами, такими как национальная культура; 2.Развивать у учащихся уважение к истории и культуре своего края; 3.Развивать у учащихся интерес к изучению английского языка как языка межнационального общения; 4.Развивать патриотические чувства и гордость учащихся за свою родину, показав вклад малочисленных народов в мировую. Оборудование: 1. Лексические таблицы для зрительной опоры: активная лексика; 2.Распечатки таблицы для контроля понимания аудирования; 3.Карточки с информацией об известных местных мелодистах и писателях малочисленных народностей Севера.
План. I этап. Оргмомент. Сообщение темы. Объяснение целей и задач викторины. II этап. Речевая зарядка. (Active vocabulary) III этап. Основная часть. Проект «Добро пожаловать в Оленегорск»; IV. Викторина. V. Эвенские и юкагирские мелодисты. Исполнение эвенской песни «Орыл», «Табалар» (слова и мелодия местного автора Акулины Трайзе). Чтение стихотворения Евдокии Боковой «Уямкан» ( «Горный баран») в переводе с эвенского на английский язык. VI. Эвенские и юкагирские писатели. VII. Традиции и обычаи эвенского народа. VIII. Заключительный этап викторины: Исполнение эвенской песни «Оленегорск hээдьэтэ» (в переводе на английский язык) IX. Окончание. Вывод. Подведение итогов работы. Комментарий оценок.
Ход викторины: I. Teacher: Please, stand up. Good morning, dear pupils and our guests! You are welcome! I’m glad to see you! Sit down, please. Let’s start our English lesson - quiz devoted to our settlement Olenegorsk by name, the traditions of the Even people, their customs, National Culture and the folklore. The theme of our lesson is “Arctic is my homeland’’.Will you translate the theme of our lesson, please? Today we shall revise our new words and expressions, then you’ll listen to the text and answer the questions of the quiz, devoted to the Arctic, its famous people: popular writers and composers who are the pride of the North. Then we shall speak about the traditions and customs of the northern people. We’ll also read the poems and sing the songs written by the local authors.
Active vocabulary. II. Let’s revise our active vocabulary. Repeat and translate the new words into Russian, please. Welcome to Olenegorsk - Добро пожаловать в Оленегорск To be founded - быть основанным To be situated on - быть расположенным на … White salmon – нельма Sturgeon – осётр Sable – соболь Tributary - приток реки The Permafrost Institute - Институт мерзлотоведения The Natural resourses-природные ресурсы Placer deposits of gold fields - месторождения золотых россыпей Peat-торф Iron-железо Aluminium-алюминий To pollute-загрязнять Pollution-загрязнение To vanish-исчезать Environment-окружающая среда Danger-опасность To protect-защищать Protected-защищённый Protection-защита Preserve-сохранять Fur pelts - меховые шкурки Procure- добывать Rapacious – хищнический To allow – разрешать Sanctuary - заповедник Rare – редкий; Rare birds and animals - редкие птицы и животные To take care of - заботиться о … To be responsible for the future - быть ответственным за будущее
Welcome to Olenegorsk. I. Geography. Pupil 1: We live in Yakutia. We are from Olenegorsk. It is a small settlement in Allaikhovsky uluus which is situated on the Indigirka river, in the Arctic Zone, beyond the Polar Circle. Our settlement was founded in 1972. There is a monument to the reindeer like a symbol devoted to the foundation of our settlement for the compact residence of the indigenous population, which is mostly represented by the Evens, Evenks, Chuckchee and Yukaghirs. The population is about three hundred people.
II. Traditional branches. Pupil 2: The main traditional branches of the northern people are a reindeer-breading, fishing and hunting. In the north every man has an opportunity to try his skills in the traditional hunting expedition. That’s why the most of the inhabitants in the north are the huntsmen & fishermen. They can’t imagine their lives without it. They are hunting for the polar fox, sable, hare, wolf & others. There are a few enterprises there such as an electric power station, a central heating stocker, a reindeer-breading stock farming.
III. OLENEGORSK SECONDARY SCHOOL. Pupil 3: Now I would like to say a few words about our school. There is a secondary comprehensive school in our village where there are 51 pupils study today & the Even language is the mother tongue. There is also a small musical school where the children can learn the National folklore there. We have a Republican laureat dance group “Dobun”. There is a rural Library, a kindergarten ‘’Nimkan’’ & a Palace of Culture which is the centre of leisure in our village. In 2001 the group “Revival” was found in our school to propaganda the national traditions, customs, culture & langage of the indigenous population. In 2004 the Etnocultural centre “Nyeltenke” which means “Sun” was opened where the pupils can learn their genealogical family tree & to keep culture & the mother tongue of our ancectors. We have the memorial museum of the Great Patriotic war veterans . There is the club “The Choice” is organised in order to propaganda a healthy way of life. The participants of the Republican Scientific Research Conference. Yakutsk-2010 Sivtseva Sasha Form, 11 Dariya Lebedeva Form, 10 The regional scientific konference. Belaya Gora-2009. Liliya Gorohova. Form. 7 Efimov Vladimir Innokentyevich – the first principal of school Dance group “Dobun” – the participants of the IVth International sports games “Children of Asia”
IV. Nature & climatic conditions. Pupil 4: Now I would like to say a few words about the nature and climatic conditions of the Far north. The climate is sharply continental. Winters are extremely cold (down to 50 c) with its snow-storms. In summer the sun doesn’t set for many days, while in winter the Polar night reigns there long, long months and we can admire the Polar Lightening in the sky. The people who visit Olenegorsk admire its wonderful nature: by tundra, amazing lakes & our northern Indigirka river full of different kinds of fish such as a white salmon, sturgeon, chir, omul & others. There are more than 50 kinds of fish in the Indigirka river. The northern people like ‘’stroganina’’ made of the raw fresh & frozen fish, which is the most delicious dish.
V. Ecology. Pupil 5: The scientists of the Permafrost Institute study biological resources under the severe climatic conditions-flora & fauna of the north. The Yakut Institute of Biology takes part in the International UNESCO Programme ‘’Man & Biosphere’’ & cooperates with foreign scientists from Japan, USA, Canada, Finland. In spite of the frozen soil of a long standing perennial in tundra our place is rich in the placer deposits of gold fields, peat, iron, aluminium & gas.
IV. Let’s begin our quiz. Please, answer the questions: 1. Where do you live? 2. Where is it situated? 3. How many people live there? 4. What nationalities are the indigenous population there? 5. What are the main traditional branches in the north? 6. What monument is there in Olenegorsk? Who was the master of it? 7. Do the tourists visit the north admire it’s wonderful nature? 8. What kinds of fish are there in the Indigirka river? 9. What animals do the northern men hunt for there? 10. What birds are allowed to hunt for there?
11.What are the largest tributaries of the Indigirka river? 12.What are the largest lakes in Allaikhovsky uluus do you know? 13.What berries can you gather in autumn? 14.What natural resources are there in Allaikha? 15.The 13 kinds of rare birds are protected & they have written down in the “Red Book” of Russia & the Republic Sakha (Yakutia). What are they? 16.What rare & vanishing plants in Allaikha territory do you know? 17.What kind of trees grow in our region? 18.What unique place-forest zone was found by the Krasnoyarsk scientific research institute’s expedition named after V. I. Sukachev there in our region where there the ancient trees grow in the world? 19.Is the ecological situation serious in Allaikha? Why? 20.What measures have been taken in our republic to protect the environment? 21.How can you help to protect nature? Your home task was to prepare some slogans and pictures in order to save our nature. Are you ready? Well, please, read them.
Do you know war veterans? Dyachkovskiy Pavel Dmitriyevich The veteran of the Great Patriotic War (1941-45). (1915-2008) He was born on January, 14th in 1915 in Churapchinsky uluus. In 1938 he was called up to the Red Army. He graduated from Yakutsk national military school and became the commander of the shooting division. Then at the beginning of the Great Patriotic War he was sent to the 17th air - desant division . In 1941 he took part in the battle for Smolensk and Stalingrad. He had a rank of the “The first Guardian”, the medal “For the defence (оборону) of the Stalingrad”and the order of Glory (Славы) of the 3rd degree.
The veterans of rear (тыла) and labour (1928-2003) He was born in 1928. He was an even and he was a winner deer man - a winner of the socialist competition in 1975. He had 2 medals for the Labour in the Great Patriotic War (1941-45). He was an honoured citizen in Allaikhovsky uluus. Gorokhov Ivan Fedorovich (1917-1998) He was born in 1917 in Tumat, Ust-Yansky uluus. He was an even and he was a deer man, an honoured worker of national economy(народное хозяйство) of the Yakutian republic. He had 5 medals for the Labour in the Great Patriotic War (1941-45) and a chest-sign of the war –veteran of rear. He was an honoured citizen in Allaikhovsky uluus. Lebedev Spiridon Nickolayevich
V. Even & Yukaghir melodists. Who is the pride of your nation? Teacher: Each nation has its own heroes. Allaikha is rich in folksongs that are very popular. Whom are the Even & Yukaghir nation proud by? Do you know the Allaikha local melodists & the authors of prose? Please, match the names from the box with the information about famous people (reading/listening for the main idea).
1.He was born in 1964, in Oiotung, Allaikhovsky uluus in the family of a deer-breader. In 1990 he became the diplomat of the young singer’s competition in Chersky.He has wrote more than 40 songs, among them are: “My Indigirka”, “The valse of Indigirka” & others. Leonid Dutkin.
3. He was born in the Yukaghir settlement in Allaikha in the family of a deer-breeder in 1935. He was a famous melodist and a singer. He was the laureate of the Yakut festival. All his life he lived & worked in tundra. His famous songs were “On the Festival”, “The bird”. Dmitry Sleptsov.
5. She is a famous local author & melodist. She was born in Oiotung in 1948. She is a famous performer of the “hээдьэ” in Allaikha. In 1969 she became the laureat of the artistic activity. In 1970 she took part in the Northern writer’s seminar in Yakutsk. Her famous songs are: “The reindeers”, “On the shore of Indigirka”, “I’m waiting for you”, “The standard of Ilyich”. Akulina Trizer.
6. He was born in Oiotung in 1936 in the family of a deer-breeder. He is a short story writer & melodist. His famous stories are: “Omukan” which was written in the magazine “Polar Star”. His famous songs are: “the light of Beryezovka”. For many years he collected & published “The Even folklore of Indigirka”. He was the first editor of the national radio-magazine ”Gevan”. Egor Edukin.
7. He was born in Oiotung. In 1945. He is a singer, writer & melodist. In 1980 he took part in the “Northern people’s Literature & Art” days in Yakutsk. He is also a laureate –singer of the northern people. His famous toyuk is the toyuk of the modern Evenman (on the Allaikha Even’s dialect). Vladimir Sleptsov.
8. He was born in Yukaghir settlement in Allaikhovsky uluus in 1930. He was a laureatof the Yakut Youth’s Festival of the Artistic Activity. He was a famous Even poet & melodist. His famous songs are: ”The song of a deerman”, “A Festival”, “For a beautiful girl”, “It is too cold”. Dmitry Edukin (1930-1984).
9.She was born in Moma in 1933. She is a Remarkable & Honoured Teacher of the Even language. She is a very talented & legendary person. She is a laureate of the Russia’s artistic activity. She is an Even poet & melodist. Her famous poems are: “The tundra”, “The mountainous ram”. She devoted toyuk to the “Great Russian people”. Her toyuk “On the Congress” was written by the firm “Melody” in Moscow. She is a member of the Communist Party in the Soviet Union. Evdokia Bokova.
VI. Do you know the famous Even & Yukaghir writers? 1. Read the information, please & try to guess the names of two great Yakut & Yukaghir writers. He is a great Even poet. He was born in November, 13th, 1920, in Kobyaisky uluus. In 1937 he graduated from Yakutsk Teacher’s Training College & then he was a teacher in some northern schools. Platon Lamutsky was greatly interested in Even national folk-lore, took part in scientific expeditions, arranged by the Institute of Language, Literature & History of Sakha Republic. His first poems were published in 1939. His writing style was very expressive. He wrote the colourful poems for the Even school textbooks. He was remarkable for the description of a wild unique nature of the north. He was a brilliant expert of the rich Even folk-lore, he expressed his love to the brave northern people in a very poetic & artistic style. Therefore many beautiful national songs were composed of his poems & are still sung by the Evenmen. He collected “the Even folklore”. His collections of novels are: “The song of the Evenman”, “The little reindeer”. Platon Lamutsky
He was born in September,9, 1935, in Nizhnekolumsky uluus. He was one of the most talented writers in Yakutia. Yukaghir by the nationality he knew & wrote his novels in the Russian, Yakut, Even & Chuckchee languages. His first novel “We’ll meet in tundra” was published in Moscow in the Anthology of stories about the northern people. In 1969 his famous novel “Khanido & Khalerkha” was published in the newspaper “Soviet Russia.” He became the Laureat of Oiunsky Literary Prize for his two novels “Khanido & Khalerkha” & “The New People”. He show a true life, customs & traditions of the northern people. He depicted a social injustice, hardships of life to a poor people, destructive power of the rich merchants over uneducated but very honest & humble people, so-called “northern minorities”. The novel “The New People” shows the social changes & conflicts among Yukaghirs, the danger of language & culture’s loss. It warns against interference within harmony of a man & nature. The author was full of optimism about the hidden spiritual power of people. He believed that spiritual & moral power of the indigenous would help them to overcome the difficulties of life & to preserve their culture. “The New People”. The collection of novells, stories & fairy-tales “Chaundaur”. Simon Kurilov.
Name the author & his novel: 1. He is the famous Even poet. His pen name is “The poet of the waked up place”. His autobiographical novels are: “My childhood”, “My life”, “I like the sun”. His poems are: “To the memory of Pushkin”; collections of verses: “The Song of Taiga”, “The flight of the Golden Girl”, “The poem about Indigirka”. Nikolai Tarabukin.
3. He is the famous Yukaghir poet & the scientist-philologist. His pen name is “Uluro Ado”. His nickname is “The first swallow of the Yukaghir literature.” His books are: “While the reindeers sleeping (dozing)”, the children’s book is “Yuko’s stories”. His poems are: “The melting snow”, “Numin”, “The sun doesn’t set”. Gavril Kurilov.
b). Customs of the northern people. (Listen to the Even poem & guess what custom is it?) The Even nation has a very ancient custom - Deviding of the first prey Remember son: the best piece is for the guest, The second one is for an oldman Even nation has a custom: divide - & you’ll be always rich. Remember son & you’ ll be lucky.
c). The Northern national Cuisine. What are the famous dishes of the northern people do you know? Fish dishes: stroganina, fish pie, jukola. Meat dishes: meat pie, dry meat. Your hometask was to write down one of the recipes. Here is the recipe of stroganina: Pupil1: Take a fresh & frozen fish of such kind like chir, omul,taimen or nelma. Put it on its nose & scrap off the chips of raw fresh with huge sharp knife. Dip the chips in salt, pepper & ketchup. It is so tasty that you can’t stop eating once you start.
VIII. Let’s sing all together the National circle dance-song «Olenegorsk hээдьэтэ». From the tundra deermen , Indigirka's fishermen They come back to their house, everybody glad see them In Olenegorsk settlement all together gather they Hand in hand & side by side they are dancing «haediae» there Haediae-haediae, haediae-haediae, Olenegorsk haediaetae, Haediae-haediae, haediae-haediae, Haediae is the national dance.
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