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The Republic of Bashkortostan is located in the southern Urals and adjacent areas Urals and partly Zauralye. An area of 143.6 thousand square kilometers (0.8 percent of the total area of the Russian Federation). In the north, Bashkortostan borders with Perm and Sverdlovsk regions in the east - Chelyabinsk, in the south-east, south and south-west - with the Orenburg region, in the west - with the Republic of Tatarstan, in the north-west - with the Udmurt Republic. Its length from north to south is 550 kilometers from east to west - more than 430 kilometers. The rich and diverse nature of Bashkortostan.
Blue color means clarity, virtue and purity in thoughts of the peoples of the Republic of Bashkortostan; White - peacefulness, openness, a willingness to cooperate with each other peoples of the Republic of Bashkortostan; green - freedom, the eternity of life. Kurai flower - a symbol of friendship, its seven petals, located in the center of the white band symbolizes the seven genera, which ushered in the unity of the peoples living in the territory of the Republic of Bashkortostan.
Coat of Arms of the Republic of Bashkortostan is the national symbol of the Republic of Bashkortostan. Adopted by the Parliament of the Republic of Bashkortostan July 6, 1999. Coat of Arms of the Republic of Bashkortostan is a picture of the monument to Salavat Yulaev against the rising of the sun and its rays in a circle framed with the national ornament. Below shows the inflorescence Kurai, a symbol of courage peoples. Ribbon, painted in the colors of the national flag of the Republic of Bashkortostan, with an inscription on a white field, "Bashҡortostan." In the color image of the emblem monument to Salavat Yulaev and ornament - golden flower Kurai - green, the rising sun - light golden rays of the sun - yellow, background between the monument and ornament - white, the inner and outer circle - dark golden color. Salavat Yulaev - Bashkir national hero, the national poet of glorifying the exploits of the Bashkir warriors, native nature, his work is imbued with the spirit of struggle against all oppression, passed from mouth to mouth. However, the emblem is not a specific person. Monument to Salavat - a generalized image of horseman-warrior, a fighter for freedom and justice, it symbolizes friendship and unity of the peoples of Bashkortostan. Author arms - Fazletdin Farrahovich Islah.
National Anthem of the Republic of Bashkortostan was first approved by the Law "On the State Anthem of the Republic of Bashkortostan" from October 12, 1993. July 6, 1999 was approved by the Law "On state symbols of the Republic of Bashkortostan", which described the order of execution and use of the national anthem of the Republic. Performed during the opening and closing ceremonies meetings and sessions devoted to national holidays of Bashkortostan and the Russian Federation; after taking the oath when he took office the head of Bashkortostan; during the opening and closing sessions of the State Assembly - Kurultai of the Republic of Bashkortostan, the representative bodies of municipal formations; during the official ceremony of raising the flag of Bashkortostan and other official ceremonies held by public authorities of the Republic;
Bashkortostan has long been famous for its honey. Republic - the only place in Russia where people are still engaged in the old fishing - apiculture. This ancient form of beekeeping - wild Bashkir honey collected in the apiary, and in the trees. Bees thus contain pine tree holes, which are called "board". Hence the unusual name of fishing "bee-keeping." For its healing and taste, as well as the unique composition of minerals that honey has no analogues in the world.
Bashkir traditional dishes - it beshbarmak (cut into pieces of boiled horse meat or lamb, seasoned noodles with meat broth), dried horse meat sausage, whiling away - a special kind of fruit pastilles, mare. Mare's milk is the national drink of the Bashkirs, the tradition of its production is rooted in the distant past. The ability to make a delicious mare has long valued and passed on from generation to generation
On a large meadow located shopping arcade and concert halls, set the yurt, carts and other attributes of old nomadic life. Preparing traditional dishes sabantuy - one of the best reasons to get acquainted with the national cuisine of the country. In addition, various competitions are held: the pitcher to break a stick with his eyes closed, walk on a slippery log, rearing above the ground, to participate in a tug of war, fight bags sitting on a log.
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