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The Middle Ages the Chinese civilization endured transition from antiquity by the Middle Ages imperceptibly, without global transformations and destructions of all bases as it was in the West. Moreover, medieval China in many respects reminded China ancient. But changes nevertheless happened. The Middle Ages in China, in effect, began much earlier, than in Europe.
Конфуций и его учение Confucianism is called often religion, but in it initially there is no institute of church, and theology questions aren't important for it. Confucian ethics aren't religious. An ideal of Confucianism is creation of harmonious society on an ancient sample in which any personality has the function. Harmonious society is constructed on idea of devotion (Zhong, 忠) — loyalty in the relation between the chief and subordinated, the harmony directed on preservation and the most this society. Confucius formulated a golden rule of ethics: "Don't do to the person of what you don't wish yourself".
Modern times At the end of the XVIII century the Tsinsky empire in comparison with the developed capitalist countries of Europe and USA remained the backward agrarian country, though with very productive (to medieval measures) the agriculture surpassing craft production in respect of labor productivity. Feudal tsinsky society of the middle of the XIX century received from the past almost untouched freight of the stagnated Confucian traditions, medieval institutes, the social and economic relations. All production life of the country country was based upon domination of manual skills.
Opium war In April, 1839 China stopped trade with foreigners, blocked trading stations of English merchants, confiscated and in June, 1840 destroyed to 1200 t of opium. The English government, having used it, untied (without declaration of war) military operations against China. The Anglo-Chinese war 1840-1842gg began (the first "opium" war).
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