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ST. VALENTINE’S DAY
St. Valentine’s Day has roots in several different legends. One of the earliest popular symbols of the day is Cupid, the Roman god of Love, who Is represented by the image of a young boy with a bow and arrow. Three hundred years after the death of Jesus Christ, the Roman emperors still demanded that everyone believe in the Roman gods. Valentine, a Christian priest, had been thrown in prison for his teachings. On February 14, Valentine was beheaded.
According to the legend he performed a miracle – he cured his jailer’s daughter of her blindness. Before the execution he wrote her a letter signed “From Your Valentine”. According to another legend, Valentine was an Italian bishop who lived at about the same time. He was thrown into prison because he secretly married couples, contrary to the laws of the Roman empire. The legend says that he was burnt at the stake.
February 14 also a Roman holiday. On this day young men randomly chose the name of the girl to escort to the festival. The custom of choosing a sweetheart on this day became very popular in the medieval Europe. Later this custom spread to American colonies.
People of all ages love to send and receive valentines. Handmade valentines are created by cutting hearts out of coloured paper. Valentines can be heart-shaped, or have hearts, the symbol of love, on them. You can write a short rhyme inside the heart: Roses are red. Violets are blue, Sugar is sweet, And so are you! If you are shy, you can sign it, “Your Secret Admirer”.
DICTIONARY: Christian – христианский Priest – священник Prison – тюрьма To cure – исцелить Jailer – тюремщик Bishop – епископ To marry couples -венчать пары Randomly – случайно Custom – обычай Heart – shaped – в форме сердца
QUESTIONS: Who was Valentine according to one legend ? What does another legend tell us? What do most people send on this day? Why had Valentine been thrown in prison?
HAPPY VALENTINES DAY !
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