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Revision : Present Perfect Tense Part(1)
We form the present perfect tense with have / has + past participle. Present perfect tense
Irregular verbs Present perfect tense did have / has done wrote have / has written ate have / has eaten drew have / has drawn broke have / has broken spoke have / has spoken was/were have / has been Present Past Present perfect do be write eat draw break speak
Irregular verbs Present perfect tense took have / has taken rode have / has ridden drank have / has drunk swam have / has swum threw have / has thrown saw have / has seen went have / has gone Present Past Present perfect take ride drink swim throw see go
Irregular verbs Present perfect tense swept have / has swept made have / has made got have / has got Present Past Present perfect sweep make get
Regular verbs Present perfect tense painted have / has painted moved have / has moved tidied have / has tidied Present Past Present perfect paint move tidy
e.g. (a) Ben is eating a chicken leg. (b) Ben has eaten a chicken leg. Example (1) We use the Present Perfect tense to show the result of an action.
I have done my homework yesterday. I did my homework yesterday. Example (2) We cannot use the Present Perfect tense with adverbs of time, e.g. yesterday, two weeks ago.
Practice (1) Present Past Present perfect e.g. make 4 draw 7 write made have / has made drew have / has drawn wrote have / has written 1 do 2 tidy 3 eat 5 take 6 paint did have / has done tidied have / has tidied ate have / has eaten took have / has taken painted have / has painted
Present Past Present perfect 12 see 15 break rode have / has ridden saw have / has seen broke have / has broken 9 swim 10 sweep 11 move 13 speak 14 cook swam have / has swum swept have / has swept moved have / has moved spoke have / has spoken cooked have / has cooked 8 ride Practice (2)
Present Perfect Yet, just, already
Yet Have you eaten the apples yet? (question) ‘Yet’ goes at the END of the sentence or question. No, I haven’t eaten the apples yet. (negative) In the Present Perfect tense, we use yet with questions or negative (no) sentences. We put yet at the end of the sentence.
Just My sister has just started a new job. (positive) ‘just’ goes before the verb of the sentence. In the Present Perfect tense, we use just with positive sentences. To say that something happened recently. We put just before the main verb.
Already Have you eaten the apples yet? (question) Yes, I’ve already eaten the apples. (positive) ‘Already’ goes before the main verb of the sentence. In the Present Perfect tense, we use already with positive (yes) sentences. To say that something happened before now. Put already before the main verb.
ever / never Have you ever celebrated the Cheung Chau Bun Festival ? (question) No,I’ve never celebrated the Cheung Chau Bun Festival. (answer) In the Present Perfect tense, we use ever (question) and never (answer) to express frequency.
______ Mary _______ her homework _____? Has done yet Already / yet e.g. do Yes, she _________________her homework. has already done
______ Ben _______ his hamburger_____ ? No, he ___________________ his hamburger _______ . Has eaten yet hasn’t / has not eaten Already / yet e.g. eat yet
2 (sweep) ________ Sally and Joe ________ the floor _______ ? No, they____________ the floor _____ . 1 (do) ________ Mum ________ the washing _______ ? Yes, she _______________ the washing. Has done yet has already done Have swept yet haven’t swept yet Practice
4 (write) ________ Mark ________ the letter _______ ? No, he ____________ the letter _____ . 3 (throw) ________ you ________ away the rubbish _______ ? Yes, I ___________________ away the rubbish. Have thrown yet ’ve / have already thrown Has written yet hasn’t written yet Practice
6 (watch) _______ you ______ _______ birds in Mai Po Wetlands ? No, I ____________ ________ birds in Mai Po Wetlands. 5 (visit) How ____________ have you ________ Hong Kong Disneyland ? I ______________ there _________. Have watched have never watched Practice many times visited have visited twice ever
Revision : Present Perfect Tense Part(2)
We use the present perfect tense to talk about actions that started in the past and continue to the present. Present perfect tense
We use the present perfect tense with since and for to say how long an action has lasted. Present perfect tense I have played the piano since 2000. I have played the piano for five years.
Since We use since with the present perfect tense to refer to the starting point of an action. I have studied at this school since 2000. (2000 is a point of time, not a period of time.) Now 2005 starting time 2000 Present perfect tense
For We use for with the present perfect tense to refer to a period of time. I have studied at this school for five years. ( ‘Five years’ is a period of time, not a point of time.) Present perfect tense
Practice (1) Use since or for. 1 I have had piano lessons _____ ten years. 2 Peter has collected stamps _____ 2003. 3 Amy has grown flowers _____ last month. 4 My brother has played football _____ two years. 5 John and Jenny have been friends _____ eight months. 6 They have done ballet _____ 2000. 7 My father has driven his car _____ 1996. for for for since since since since
How long …?
How long have these children done their hobbies? paint pictures, 2003 A: How long have you painted pictures? B: I have painted pictures since 2003.
grow flowers, six months A: How long have you grown flowers? B: I have grown flowers for six months.
make handicrafts, March A: How long have you made handicrafts? B: I have made handicrafts since March.
play the violin, five years A: How long have you played the violin? B: I have played the violin for five years.
Kate do karate, last month A: How long ___________________ ? B: She _____________________________ . has Kate done karate has done karate since last month
James collect coins, two years A: How long _____________________ ? B: He _______________________________ . has James collected coins has collected coins for two years
Shirley collect seashells, last summer A: How long ____________________________? B: She ________________________________ . has Shirley collected seashells has collected seashells since last summer
actions that happened in the past actions that started in the past and continue to the present actions that have just finished e.g. I sang yesterday. e.g. I’ve sung for two hours. e.g. I’ve just sung a famous song. Past tense & Present perfect tense
We know the specific point of time of the action. e.g. I drew a picture last night. We do not know the time of the action. e.g. I’ve drawn a picture already. Past tense & Present perfect tense
verb - 1 word e.g. I started playing the violin in 2000. verb - 2 words e.g. I’ve played the violin since 2000. Past Tense Present Perfect Tense Hint words: yesterday, last night, last Sunday, last year, ago, in 2000 Hint words: since, for, already, just, yet, ever Past tense & Present perfect tense
Practice (2) e.g. I _______ a dress two weeks ago. (make) made 1 I ______________ in Hong Kong since 1990. (live) 2 My parents _______ our house in 2000. (buy) 3 Miss Lee ___________ at my school for two years. (teach) 4 Tom _______ his uncle one month ago. (visit) 5 Polly and Dolly __________ friends since last year. (be) 6 The baby __________ for four hours. (sleep) have lived bought has taught visited have been has slept