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Statue of Liberty
Statue of Liberty - a symbol of independence and democracy, one of the main attractions of the United States and one of the most famous monuments in the world. Full name of the Statue of Liberty (Statue of Liberty) - «Liberty Enlightening the World." This monument - a grand gift of the French to the Americans on the day of the centennial of the American Revolution. In 1876 began the construction of the statue, and the discovery of the statue took place in 1886
Statue of Liberty in numbers Height from the ground to the top of the torch 92,99 m The height of the statue of 33.86 m The length of the hand 5.00 m The length of the index finger, 2.44 m Head from crown to chin 5.26 m Face width of 3.05 m Length eyes 0.76m Nose length 1.37 m The length of the right hand 12.80 m The thickness of the right hand 3.66 m The thickness of the waist 10.67 m The width of the mouth 0.91 m Height 7.19 m plate Width 4.14 m plate The thickness of the plate 0.61 m The height from the ground to the top of the podium 46.94 m
The Statue of Liberty stands on the same island in the southern part of Manhattan. Originally a small island called the island Bedlow, but it was officially renamed Liberty Island in 1956. Place for the statue was chosen taking into account the wishes of Frederic Auguste Bartholdi - French sculptor who created the monument. Until that time, the island was a military fort Bedlow Wood. The walls in the form of stars today are the basis of the statue, which stands on a pedestal. Statue was created by joint efforts of the Americans and the French. By agreement of the United States had to prepare the base and pedestal, and France to create the statue and install it. Those and others in the construction period there is a serious financial problems. Tools for working literally had to collect all the world. Americans and the French have organized charity evening organized lottery, theater performances, auctions and boxing fights in order to raise funds.
Originally, the statue served a practical function. She served as a navigational landmark and was used as a lighthouse. Only in 1924, Fort Wood and the Statue of Liberty was declared a national monument. In 1937 the National Park Service was transferred to the whole island Bedlow, the whole area which was named a national monument. In 1984, the Statue of Liberty was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List. History of the Statue of Liberty and the island on which it stands - the history of great change. Today, any trip to New York is complete without a visit to this monument. In the pedestal of the monument is an interesting museum, telling the story of the Statue of Liberty. And from the crown, which can climb stairs, extensive views of the New York harbor. The museum can be found, for example, copper, which is made of sheets put on the steel frame of the statue, is of Russian origin, and the cement used in the construction of the base was imported from Germany.
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