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Презентация "Welcome to Lake Baikal!"

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  • Иностранные языки
Welcome to Lake Baikal ! Location	In southeastern Siberia, in the Republic of...
Size	636 km long + 80 km wide (average: 48 km), and has 2100 km of coastline...
Volume	It is the world’s greatest fresh water lake and makes approximately 2...
Depth	It is the world’s deepest lake. The deepest point in Lake Baikal is 163...
Gulls on Lake Baikal-The Yellowlegged Gull You know who this is, of course –...
The Common Tern It's a bird of starling-size. One can know her due to its ga...
Are all waterfowl birds the same? Of course not. They differ in size, color o...
The great crested grebe The great crested grebe (“chomga”), also known in Rus...
Green-winged Teal Green-winged Teal is among the most numerous species on Bai...
The Mallard The Mallard, which is the most common of all the ducks found in B...
Common Sandpiper The Asian Dowitcher Shore Birds. They are called them “wate...
Fish of Baikal Baikal omul a slender fish with light silver sides and a darke...
The Baikal sturgeon The Baikal sturgeon – is the largest and most ancient fis...
Тhe black grayling. Another well-known lake-river fish in Baikal is the grayl...
Тhe white grayling. The White grayling is larger than the black (it grows fas...
Endemics of Baikal The Goby The Baikal sculpin The Oil fish
It is the Epischura baicalensis which keeps Lake Baikal clean
Baikal seal (nerpa) The nerpa is a large mammal: adults are over 150 cm long...
Baikal seals eat fish, particularly gobies, and are also partial to the most...
The Baikal seal, Lake Baikal seal, or nerpa, is a species of  seal endemic  t...
 Mammals
МБОУ Николаевская СОШ Кириленко Н. И. Кириленко Н. И.
Baikal’s Exploration Preservation of the lake, however, has recently come to...
Plants and mills Nowadays there are more than 60 plants and mills along the B...
Tourists Every year a lot of tourists from different countries come to the La...
МБОУ Николаевская СОШ Кириленко Н. И. Кириленко Н. И.
МБОУ Николаевская СОШ Кириленко Н. И. Кириленко Н. И.
МБОУ Николаевская СОШ Кириленко Н. И. карта Кириленко Н. И.
Thank You!
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Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:

№ слайда 1 Welcome to Lake Baikal ! Location	In southeastern Siberia, in the Republic of
Описание слайда:

Welcome to Lake Baikal ! Location In southeastern Siberia, in the Republic of Buryatia and the Irkutsk region, Russia.

№ слайда 2 Size	636 km long + 80 km wide (average: 48 km), and has 2100 km of coastline
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Size 636 km long + 80 km wide (average: 48 km), and has 2100 km of coastline It covers 31,500 km². The surface area of all the tributaries that feed lake Baikal is about 560,000 km²

№ слайда 3 Volume	It is the world’s greatest fresh water lake and makes approximately 2
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Volume It is the world’s greatest fresh water lake and makes approximately 20 percent of the world's surface fresh water and over 80 per cent of fresh water in the former Soviet Union. It's basin is made up of three underwater depressions, which together hold a volume of 23,600 cubic km of water Age It is the oldest lake in the world, about 25-30 million years old

№ слайда 4 Depth	It is the world’s deepest lake. The deepest point in Lake Baikal is 163
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Depth It is the world’s deepest lake. The deepest point in Lake Baikal is 1637m, the average depth being 630m, and it has an exceptional clarity which allows 40-50 m of visibility. Rivers More then three hundred rivers and streams flowing into Baikal , of which the six main ones are: Selenga, Chikoy, Khiloh, Uda, Barguzin, and the Upper Angara. Only one, the Angara, flows out from it.

№ слайда 5 Gulls on Lake Baikal-The Yellowlegged Gull You know who this is, of course –
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Gulls on Lake Baikal-The Yellowlegged Gull You know who this is, of course – it is the Yellowlegged Gull, one of the largest gulls on Lake Baikal. You can recognize it by its white plumage, gray back and the black tips on its wings. Its beak and legs are yellow. Its cry sounds like a loud laughing, which explains the Russian name “the cackler” (“khokhotunya”). Gulls find their food in water and rest on water. Yellow-legged Gulls are good swimmers, but they don't dive. They live in large colonies. They build their nests on islands, dry sandy hills along creeks, and on the shores of lakes where there is good grass cover. The nest usually has 2-3 eggs, which are brownish green or yellowish olive with dark spots.Gulls are often called “water cleaners” because they eat carrion, food scraps , and sick fish. It is a symbol of Lake Baikal.

№ слайда 6
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№ слайда 7 The Common Tern It's a bird of starling-size. One can know her due to its ga
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The Common Tern It's a bird of starling-size. One can know her due to its gaunt body, long and narrow beak, and tail of fork-shape. Its back and belly are warm grey; there is a black hat on the head; its beak is red and black, its legs are red.

№ слайда 8 Are all waterfowl birds the same? Of course not. They differ in size, color o
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Are all waterfowl birds the same? Of course not. They differ in size, color of plumage, how they nest and how they feed. The tufted duck The tufted duck is often to be seen at the northern end of Baikal in the valleys of large rivers such as the Barguzin, the Kichera, the Upper Angara and the Svyatoy Nos peninsula. It isalso to be seen in the Selenga delta and on the small lakes of Baikal’s terrace.

№ слайда 9 The great crested grebe The great crested grebe (“chomga”), also known in Rus
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The great crested grebe The great crested grebe (“chomga”), also known in Russian as the “bolshaya poganka”. The great crested grebe can be recognized from its peculiar appearance: it has a thin neck, long straight beak, a brownish-red back, and its neck and head are white.In spring, two dark clusters of feathers grow on its head, having the appearance of ears or horns, and a red collar grows round the neck.

№ слайда 10 Green-winged Teal Green-winged Teal is among the most numerous species on Bai
Описание слайда:

Green-winged Teal Green-winged Teal is among the most numerous species on Baikal. It is the smallest duck on the Lake and flies in small groups.It is easy to recognize by the golden-green line through its neck and eye. It makes a whistling sound when it flies in the spring.

№ слайда 11 The Mallard The Mallard, which is the most common of all the ducks found in B
Описание слайда:

The Mallard The Mallard, which is the most common of all the ducks found in Buryatia. It can be recognize from its voice and appearance: the head and neck of the male is green, the breast is brownish-fulvous, and the back and belly are grey with spots.

№ слайда 12 Common Sandpiper The Asian Dowitcher Shore Birds. They are called them “wate
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Common Sandpiper The Asian Dowitcher Shore Birds. They are called them “waterside birds” because they cannot live for more than a day away from water. They get their food from water, and build nests on the shore. These birds inhabit shallow waters close to the shore, where they spend the day (and sometimes part of the night) running along the water's edge, gathering insects, larvae, mollusks and other food.

№ слайда 13 Fish of Baikal Baikal omul a slender fish with light silver sides and a darke
Описание слайда:

Fish of Baikal Baikal omul a slender fish with light silver sides and a darker back. It has small spots on its dorsal fin and larger ones on its head, a large number of gill rakers, typical of fish that feed in the pelagic zone. The mean size of adults is 36–38 cm and 0.6 to 0.8 kg, though the maximum reported length is 56 cm weighing about 2.5 kg.

№ слайда 14 The Baikal sturgeon The Baikal sturgeon – is the largest and most ancient fis
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The Baikal sturgeon The Baikal sturgeon – is the largest and most ancient fish in Baikal. Its length sometimes reaches 1.5-1.8 m, and its weight – 100-130 kg. Because of its size this fish got the name «tsar fish».

№ слайда 15 Тhe black grayling. Another well-known lake-river fish in Baikal is the grayl
Описание слайда:

Тhe black grayling. Another well-known lake-river fish in Baikal is the grayling, which is represented by a Baikal sub-species of the Siberian grayling, occurring in two forms – the black and the white grayling The Black grayling has bright dense scales, high bright fins. It can be 60 cm long with a weight of 1,5 kg. Graylings are found in all the rivers flowing into Lake Baikal and in the Angara River.

№ слайда 16 Тhe white grayling. The White grayling is larger than the black (it grows fas
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Тhe white grayling. The White grayling is larger than the black (it grows faster and reaches a weight of 3.0-3.5 kg), and it has less dense scales with red spots on silver gray sides and shorter fins. It usually lives close to the Baikal shoreline at depths of 50 m. Both the black and white grayling live for 10-12 years.

№ слайда 17 Endemics of Baikal The Goby The Baikal sculpin The Oil fish
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Endemics of Baikal The Goby The Baikal sculpin The Oil fish

№ слайда 18 It is the Epischura baicalensis which keeps Lake Baikal clean
Описание слайда:

It is the Epischura baicalensis which keeps Lake Baikal clean

№ слайда 19 Baikal seal (nerpa) The nerpa is a large mammal: adults are over 150 cm long
Описание слайда:

Baikal seal (nerpa) The nerpa is a large mammal: adults are over 150 cm long and can weigh up to 110 kg. It is endemic to Baikal and is the only mammal living in the Lake.

№ слайда 20 Baikal seals eat fish, particularly gobies, and are also partial to the most
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Baikal seals eat fish, particularly gobies, and are also partial to the most numerous fish in Baikal – the oil fish.

№ слайда 21
Описание слайда:

№ слайда 22 The Baikal seal, Lake Baikal seal, or nerpa, is a species of  seal endemic  t
Описание слайда:

The Baikal seal, Lake Baikal seal, or nerpa, is a species of  seal endemic  to Lake Baikal in Siberia

№ слайда 23  Mammals
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Mammals

№ слайда 24 МБОУ Николаевская СОШ Кириленко Н. И. Кириленко Н. И.
Описание слайда:

МБОУ Николаевская СОШ Кириленко Н. И. Кириленко Н. И.

№ слайда 25 Baikal’s Exploration Preservation of the lake, however, has recently come to
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Baikal’s Exploration Preservation of the lake, however, has recently come to international attention. The Baikal’s scientific exploration history is over 300 years, while the harmful impact on its ecosystem numbers merely 50 years. Industrial and civil buildings have grown and spread, the population has enlarged and new towns and settlements have arisen, new lands have been ploughed up and more chemicals have been used in agriculture.

№ слайда 26 Plants and mills Nowadays there are more than 60 plants and mills along the B
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Plants and mills Nowadays there are more than 60 plants and mills along the Baikal’s cost. The biggest are Baikalsk’s and Selenginsk`s forest transshipment bases and Paper-and-Pulp Mills at Baikalsk and Selenginsk. The results of the pollution are terrifying. More than 50 per cent of the world's purest water has been ruined. The whole ecological system of the lake has changed greatly. The mills has polluted the surrounding region and threatened the pristine conditions that have existed for centuries.

№ слайда 27 Tourists Every year a lot of tourists from different countries come to the La
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Tourists Every year a lot of tourists from different countries come to the Lake. People come to see the reaches of nature and to enjoy the perfect fresh air, but not all of them understand what treasures they possess and don’t spare them. Some people often leave rubbish in the forests and on the coast-line of the Baikal and throw empty bottles in its water, and make fires.

№ слайда 28 МБОУ Николаевская СОШ Кириленко Н. И. Кириленко Н. И.
Описание слайда:

МБОУ Николаевская СОШ Кириленко Н. И. Кириленко Н. И.

№ слайда 29 МБОУ Николаевская СОШ Кириленко Н. И. Кириленко Н. И.
Описание слайда:

МБОУ Николаевская СОШ Кириленко Н. И. Кириленко Н. И.

№ слайда 30 МБОУ Николаевская СОШ Кириленко Н. И. карта Кириленко Н. И.
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МБОУ Николаевская СОШ Кириленко Н. И. карта Кириленко Н. И.

№ слайда 31 Thank You!
Описание слайда:

Thank You!

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Дата добавления 26.12.2015
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Презентации
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