Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:
Welcome to Oymyakon – the pole of cold
The climate of Yakutia is best described as continental, with extremely severe, long winters and short, hot summers. Temperatures are bellow 0*C for six months of the year.
The Pole of Cold is unique place. The average temperature in winter goes down to - 60 degrees. The maximum temperature ever reached was 71, 2 Celsius.
Every year in March the Tourist Festival “The Pole of Cold” is traditionally held in Oymyakon. The Pole of Cold festival consists of the following activities: an international auto rally, meeting Santa Claus from Lapland and Russian Ded Moroz from Velky Ustug with the host of Pole of Cold Chyskhaan, the Lord of Frost.
Yhyakh is a traditional festival of Sakha people. The ancestors of Sakha celebrated Yhyakh on June 21st and 22nd – the summer solstice. Since 1991, June 21st has been an official holiday in the Sakha Republic. Yhyakh
The national circle dance ohyokhai The most fascinating event is the ohyokhai song competition. People sing and dance in a circle. The singers start one after another and people repeat in chorus while dancing.
The white shaman sprinkles kumis ( fermented mare’ s milk) for the gods and spirits and asks them to send plenty of green grass to the pastures, to ensure the cattle and horses breed well and to take care of those present.
Nowadays, some traditional Sakha dishes are still very popular among the people of the country. These are: foul meat; horse ribs, known as oyogos; frozen horse liver, which is eaten raw with salt, pepper and greens; blood pudding.
The Sakha horse is a special breed and can graze in the open air all the year round. It can find food throughout the long winter by digging it out from under the snow.
Slices of frozen white fish served raw with spices, called stroganina.
In the villages, the families which keep cattle have whipped fresh cream for breakfast with wild strawberries or blueberries.
The magic sound of the khomus The khomus ( also known as a vargan and mouth harp) is the main musical instrument of the Sakha people. It is a small, flat, metal instrument with a reed in the middle. Melodies that imitate natural sounds are very popular among khomus players – the neighing of a horse, the clattering of horses hooves,
The Sakha people believe that the sounds of the khomus can awaken the ancient memory of the people, and they say the sound gives energy to listeners and can bring relief from stress and disease.
National sports National sports are part of traditional Sakha culture. The contests and games of the Sakha have been discribed in epic litterature – olonkho. Kylyy involves running and jumping on one leg, taking for ten leaps, then on eleventh leap the jumper has to land on both legs.
Ystanga involves running and jumping on the right and left legs alternately for ten leaps, then on eleventh leap the jumper has to land on both legs.
Kuobakh involves jumping on both legs at the same time, eleventh times without stopping.
Stick pulling is a national sport that tests strength. Stick pulling is a very popular sport in the republic.
Khapsagay is the Sakha form of wrestling, testing strength, will-power, speed and flexibility. The rules of this type of wrestling are very simple : as soon as any part of the wrestle’ s body touches the ground or carpet, that is considered a fall.