Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:
Тема проекта: Цель работы: развить у обучающихся способность использовать иностранный язык как инструмент общения в диалоге социокультур и цивилизаций современного мира. Задачи: обогатить страноведческие знания обучающихся на примере достопримечательностей Лондона; ознакомление с социокультурными особенностями быта Англии; стимулирование интереса школьников к изучению английского языка; развитие умений учебного сотрудничества при выполнении коллективных познавательно-поисковых проектов. Участники проекта: обучающиеся 8 класса
Этапы работы: I. Подготовительный этап: 1. Планирование проекта. 2. Выдвижение и обсуждение идеи проекта. 3. Коллективное решение о формах работы над проектом. 4. Определение сроков работы. II. Организационный этап: 1. Формирование групп по интересам, распределение заданий. 2. Творческая исследовательская работа обучающихся.
Этапы работы: I. Подготовительный этап: 1. Планирование проекта. 2. Выдвижение и обсуждение идеи проекта. 3. Коллективное решение о формах работы над проектом. 4. Определение сроков работы. II. Организационный этап: 1. Формирование групп по интересам, распределение заданий. 2. Творческая исследовательская работа обучающихся. III. Презентация готового проекта. IV. Завершающий этап. Обсуждение результатов.
Trafalgar Square, at the heart of London, is one of the city’s most vibrant open space. Home to Nelson’s Column, the square is rich in history and provides a platform for new artistic performances and events. Trafalgar Square's 200-year history has been one of constant change, as the original layout has been modified and updated. Find out more about the square's history on this page, and about its monuments, statues and fountains on the in and around the square pages.
William Railton designed the column and statue to honour Admiral Nelson (1758-1805), following his victory in the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805. The granite statue was sculpted by E. H. Baily. It is five meters high and stands on a bronze platform made from old guns from the Woolwich Arsenal Foundry. The four bronze panels at the base of the column depict some of Nelson’s battles. The castings are from guns captured at battles. The lions, designed by Sir Edwin Landseer, are said to protect Nelson’s Column. The fountains were added in 1845, and the mermaids, dolphins and tritons (which are the male figures with tails like fish) were installed later. The fountains operate on most days. There are four plinths for statues in the square.
The Tower of London is situated on the north bank of the Thames. It was founded in the 11-th century by William the Conqueror. But each monarch left some kind of personal mark on it. For many centuries it has been a fortress, a palace, a prison and royal treasury. It is now a museum of arms and armory. The Tower is famous as home of the Crown Jewels. The Tower comprises not one, but 20 towers, which all have different names. The White Tower is the oldest tower. Many sad and cruel events took place within the walls of the Tower.
The Tower is guarded by the Geomen Warders, popularly called “Beefeaters”. Their uniform is as it used to be in Tudor times. Every night at 10p.m. at the Tower of London the Ceremony of the Keys or locking up of the Tower for the night takes place. It goes back to the Middle Ages. The ravens, huge black birds, are an official part of the Tower community. There is a legend that if the ravens disappears the Tower will fall. That is why the birds are carefully guarded. Under the special care of the Raven Master, the ravens are fed a daily diet of raw meat. And there is no danger of them flying away, because their wings are clipped.
One of the most famous examples of the bascule type is the Tower Bridge, which spans the River Thames just below London Bridge. It is the most distinctive of London's bridges and its construction was a masterly engineering achievement. The building of the Tower Bridge came about because the development of cross-Thames traffic had far outstripped the capacity of the existing bridges. Work was started on the bridge in April 1886, the foundation stone being laid, on behalf of Queen Victoria, by the Prince of Wales, afterwards King Edward VII. The bridge was to have been finished by 1889, but difficulties arose and Parliament was twice asked to extend the time for the completion of the work. The bridge was eventually opened on June 30, 1894, having cost about £1,000,000 sterling to build, a remarkably small sum for such a bridge in such a position. The total length of the bridge, including the approaches, is half a mile. The roadway has a width of 35 feet and on either side of it is a footway 12.5 feet wide.
In building the bridge there were used about 235,000 cubic feet of Cornish granite and Portland stone, 20,000 tons of cement, 70,000 cubic yards of concrete, 31,000,000 bricks and 14,000 tons of iron and steel. The bridge is a combination of the suspension and bascule type. The width of the river between the abutments of the bridge on the north and south sides is 880 feet. This is crossed by three spans. The two side spans, each 270 feet long, are of the suspension type. They are carried on stout chains that pass at their landward ends over abutment towers of moderate height to anchorages in the shore. At their river ends the chains pass over lofty towers which are themselves connected at an elevation of 143 feet above high water. Heavy tie bars, at the level of the connecting girders, unite the two pairs of chains so that one acts as anchorage for the other at the centre.
The Houses of Parliament is the world’s most famous buildings. It was famous as the Palace of Westminster, which was the principal London residence of the kings in the Middle Ages. It rebuilt as the Houses of Parliament. This is the seat of the British Government. The Clock Tower of the Houses of Parliament is famous for its big hour bell, known as Big Ben.
This is one of the famous clocks in the world and it’s a big bell. You can hear it every hour. Big Ben the 320 foot high Clock Tower is named after the largest bell, weighing over 13 tons, and was cast in 1858 at the White Chapel Bell Foundry in East London. To this day one of the largest bells they have ever cast. Each clock face is over 7m in diameter. When the Houses of Parliament sits by night a light in the Clock Tower burns above Big Ben. Old pennies act as counterweights to ensure Big Ben keeps time to the nearest second.
St Paul’s Cathedral is one of the most famous buildings in the world, and it is also one of the greatest survivors! When old St Paul’s was built in the time of William the Conqueror, stone from Northern France was used and it was much taller and wider than it is today. Christopher Wren, the cathedral’s final architect, was asked to restore it. He laid the foundation stone for the cathedral in 1675 and 35 years later he set the final stone place. When he died he was buried in his own magnificent building. The clock tower on the West Side has the bell know as Great Paul. At three meters in diameter, it is the heaviest swinging bell in the country. Of course three is the famous dome and the cross on top is 365 feet from ground. It is the second largest cathedral dome in the world. Only St Paul’s in Rome is bigger. There is a Whispering Gallery, where you can whisper at one wall, and then hear your voice on the opposite wall 107 feet away!
Westminster Abbey is a Gothic building, which is situated opposite the Houses of Parliament. It is a great work of many people of different centuries. The oldest part of the building dates from the eighth century. Un the 11th century Edward the Confessor after years spent in France founded a great Norman Abbey and build a more beautiful one. Since then the Abbey remains the most French of all English Gothic churches, higher than any other English church (103 feet) and much narrower. The towers were built in 1735 – 1740. Abbey is simply wonderful with its Chapel of Henry VII, and its fan – vaulting. The Chapel is made of stone and glass. It is so wonderfully built, that it even seems unreal. It contains an interesting collection of swords and standarts of the “Knights of the Bath”. The Abbey is famous for its stained glass. Since the time of William the Conqueror Westminster Abbey has been the crowning place of the kings and queens of England.
The Abbey is sometimes compared with a Mausoleum, because there are tombs and memorials of almost all English monarchs, many statesman, famous scientists, writers and musicians. The most popular memorials a those to writers, poets and musicians in the Poet’s Corner. The magnificent tombstones of kings and queens are made of gold and precious stone. Here in the Abbey there is also the Tomb of the Unknown Warrior, a symbol of the nation’s grief. In the Royal Air Force Chapel there is a monument to those who died during the battle of Britain, the famous and decisive air battle over the territory of Britain in the Second World War.
of the Palace”. Every day a new guard of thirty guardsmen marches to the palace and take the place of the “old guard”. It lasts about 30 minutes. Today, the Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh live in the private is the Queen’s official London residence. Queen Elizabeth lives there now. When the flag is flying on the top she is at home. Tourists can see the everyday ceremony called “The Changing of the Guard in the forecourt apartments on the north side of the Palace. In all, Buckingham Palace has 19 state rooms, 52 royal and quest bedrooms, 182 staff rooms, 92 offices and 78 bathrooms. Some 450 peoples work in the Palace,
and 40000 people are entertained there every year. Unlike many other historical monuments, Buckingham Palace remains a fully occupied, working royal Palace and it gives it a particular fascination. The Queen, as head of state, receives there a large number of formal and informal visitors, including the Prime Minister, foreign and British ambassadors and high commissioners bishops and senior officers of the armed services and the civil service.
The National Gallery is situated in Trafalgar Square an is one of the best-known art galleries in the world. It was founded in 1842 and houses one of the most important collections of Western European painting. It has over 2000 paintings in its collection covering more than 700 years of art. These pictures belong to the public and entrance to see them is free.
They are extremely realistic and when they look at you, their eyes sparkling, you often feel uncomfortable in the company. Many of the original models made by Marie Tussaud of her great contemporaries, such as Voltaire, Benjamin Franklin, Sir Walter Scott are still preserved. The exhibition consists of a series of halls with wax images of outstanding political characters, poets and writers, world-famous film stars and musicians. Madam Tussaud’s near Baker Street station, is the world’s most famous wax museum. It was opened on its present site in Marylebone Road in 1884. Over two millions visitors go there every year see the life like wax figures of historical characters, modern stars, statesmen and criminals. There are wax models of the famous and in famous people both living and dead. The wax figures are standing and sitting and sometimes even moving and talking.
The London Zoo is situated in the Regent’s Park. The London Zoo has over 5000 animals. It has an extensive collection if birds, small mammals, bears and hippos, and apes and monkeys. Everyone is bound to fall in love with at least one of the many animals they are likely to encounter while walking through the zoo’s extensive gardens, tunnels and bridges. First opened in 1828, the London Zoo was the world first scientific zoo housing a variety of exotic animals that were studied by the day’s scientists, and were closed off from public view. In 1847 the Zoo finally opened its doors to the public. Not only did the Zoo become a part of the public eye, but it also quickly became the most famous Zoo in the world.
Завершающий этап. 1. Обсуждение результатов проекта. Расширились страноведческие знания обучающихся. Повысилась мотивация к изучению английского языка. 2. Практическое использование результатов проекта – показ фото-экскурсии на внеклассном мероприятии.
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