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Учителям 1-11 классов и воспитателям дошкольных ОУ вместе с ребятами рекомендуем принять участие в международном конкурсе «Законы экологии», приуроченном к году экологии. Участники конкурса проверят свои знания правил поведения на природе, узнают интересные факты о животных и растениях, занесённых в Красную книгу России. Все ученики будут награждены красочными наградными материалами, а учителя получат бесплатные свидетельства о подготовке участников и призёров международного конкурса.
ПРИЁМ ЗАЯВОК ТОЛЬКО ДО 21 ОКТЯБРЯ!
Конкурс "Законы экологии"
Презентация из цикла уроков элективного курса " Business English" (Unit 7 "Useful expressions in business language")
Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:
ASKING FOR AND EXPRESSING AN OPINION If you want to ask for an opinion, you can use: — What do you think of...? — Could you give (me) your opinion / views / ideas on ...? You can introduce your opinion with phrases like: — I think / feel / believe that... — In my opinion / view ... — I'd like to say / point out / stress that... If you cannot or do not want to give an opinion, you can say: — I'm sorry, but I don't know so much about... — I don't think I can say anything about... — What can I say? I don't have the faintest idea
ASKING FOR INFORMATION Such requests are usually introduced with: — Could you tell me ..., please? — Would you mind telling me (if it is a White Tie or a Dinner Jacket Party)? — I wonder if you'd mind telling me... — Do you think you could tell me ... — You just mentioned ... I'm not sure what it means. Could you explain, please. Replies to such requests are: — Oh yes, of course. ... — Well, as a matter of fact... / The point is ... / The thing is... If you cannot or do not want to give the information: I'm sorry I can't answer that at the moment. — I'm afraid that information is not available at the moment. — I'm afraid I don't have that information at hand.
ASKING FOR AND GIVING EXAMPLES If during a talk or discussion the speaker makes a point you want to be illustrated, you can say: — Could you illustrate this point? — I'd be grateful if you could give us an example. — I'm not sure if I understand ... What is the point? The answer could be: — Take .... for instance. — To give you an example (of what I mean), take ... — To illustrate this point let us consider ...
ASKING IF SOMEBODY IS INTERESTED -— Are you interested in ...? — I wonder if you have any interest in ...? If you are interested, you can say: — Oh yes, I'm very interested in ... — I find ... extremely interesting / fascinating. If you are not, you say: — Oh, I'm sorry, but... / Actually, I don't have much / any interest in ... — I can't say I find ... so very interesting / fascinating.
ASKING AWKWARD OR EMBARRASSING QUESTIONS You can ask like this: — I hope you don't mind me asking this, but hasn't your firm been connected with this scandal? — I don't know how to put it, but... — Perhaps I shouldn't really ask this, but... If the person addressed does not wish to give a reply: — I'd rather not answer that, if you don't mind. —You don't really expect me to answer that, do you? I — I'm not really sure I want to answer that.
ASKING ABOUT PREFERENCES — Do you prefer American literature to English literature? — No, I don't. — Do you prefer playing basketball yourself or watching it on TV? — Well, actually I don't like either. — Well, I'd rather watch it on TV. — Why do you prefer being single to being married? — Well, I'd rather be single, because ...
ASKING HOW SOMEONE FEELS AFTER AN EVENT — Did you like /enjoy ... (it)? — How did you feel about... (that)? Replying that you are impressed: — I am / was really impressed by ... — What struck me most was ... Replying that you liked it very much: — What I really liked was ... — It was exciting / thrilling / lovely / marvellous, etc. Replying that you were disappointed: — Oh, I'm disappointed. I thought..., but... — I must say I had hoped ... — The .. .was too bad / dreadful / appalling Replying that you were bored: — I didn't find ... very interesting. - I'm sorry, but... it rather bored me.
EXPRESSING AGREEMENT OR POLITE DISAGREEMENT If you wish to express your agreement, you can use: — You are right. / Oh yes, that's right. /I fully agree with you. -— Yes, 1 definitely share your view / idea that... — Oh yes, there can be no doubt about... / that... , If you wish to express polite disagreement, you can say: — I'm sorry but I can't agree with you / to that... — I'm sorry but I don't think this is right / you are right. — I'm afraid I can't agree with you /to ... — I see what you mean but... — Perhaps, but don't you think that...
EXPRESSING ASTONISHMENT AND SURPRISE These can be expressed in many different ways and with a variety of adjectives: — It's rather amazing / surprising / astonishing that... — I am / was very surprised that... / about... — How strange / odd / surprising that... — Surprisingly / strangely enough / incredibly... — Wonders will never cease! — Words fail me! = I'm too surprised.
EXPRESSING CERTAINTY AND UNCERTAINTY If you want to express certainty, you can say: — I'm quite certain ... / I'm absolutely sure .., — Definitely / certainly / without doubt / absolutely — Depend on it. — And I don't mean maybe. = I mean exactly what I say. If you want to say you are not certain: - Well, I'm not sure / certain (that)... - Well, perhaps / maybe ... - Well, it all depends. / Well, you can never tell...
EXPRESSING DOUBT If you want to express polite doubt, you can say: — Is that really so? / Are you sure that...? — I'm sorry but I'm not quite sure / certain convinced ... If you want to express more categorical doubt, you can say; — That's what you say / think ... — I'm not all that sure / certain / convinced that... — I strongly / very much / definitely doubt if /that...
EXPRESSING REGRET AND HOPE To express regret, you can start a sentence like this: — I very much regret that... — I deeply regret the inconvenience caused to you... — I'm very sorry to hear that... — Please accept my / our sincere apologies for ...I — I'm extremely sorry for ... If you wish to express hope, you can say: — I hope that... will ... — I trust him to do so. / You can trust in him. — All hopes come true. / Let's hope against hope.
EXPRESSING WORRY AND RELIEF If you want to express worry, you can say: — I'm a bit / rather / highly worried about / that.,| It's worrying / disturbing that... If you want to express relief, you can say: — Oh, that's a relief, indeed — Thank goodness for... — I'm very glad to hear ... — It's a good thing to know ...
BEING PLEASED OR DISPLEASED You can use sentences like: — I'm very / greatly pleased about / at / with ... — I'm so glad of/ about... — I'm delighted to hear that... — I can't say how pleased I am about / at... — I can't say how delighted I am at / by ... If you are displeased, you can say: — I can't say I'm (at all) pleased at / with / about... — I'm very annoyed at / with ... — I'm extremely displeased at / about / with... unhappy about... angry at / about / with ... — If you think that, you've got another thought coming.
PROBABILITY AND IMPROBABILITY Various degrees from probability to improbability can be expressed like this: Question — Do you think there will be another crisis? Answer: — Yes, there's no doubt about it. — Most probably there will. — There might possibly be a crisis. — Perhaps there will be. — It's not very probable. — It's quite / very improbable there will be one. — There certainly won't be any crisis. — No, I'm absolutely certain there won't be any.
CLARIFICATION If something is not quite clear to you, you can say: — I'm sorry, but I don't quite understand ... — I'm sorry, but I'm not really clear about... — I'm sorry, but could you possibly explain ...? If you want to give such an explanation, you can start like this: — Well, what I'm trying to say is ... — Well, the point I'm trying to make is that... — Well, I think / suppose what it's meant that...
MAKING SUGGESTIONS — Do you feel like going to the opera? — What shall we do tonight? — What do you suggest we do? — What would you like to do today? — Where do you fancy going at the weekend? — What about going to the pictures? / How about going . — Would you like a drink? Accepting a suggestion: — Yes, that's a good idea / that's a marvellous idea. — Yes, that would be nice / that would be great / that sounds nice. — Yes, I'd love to. Rejecting a suggestion: — Well, we could, I suppose, but... — Well, it's not a bad idea, I suppose, that... — I suppose we could, but... — Some other time, perhaps. Showing indecision or indifference: — I don't mind really. (= Why don't you choose?) — I'm not really sure. — It's all one to me. / It makes no odds. — Suit yourself, it's all the same to me.
OFFERING SOMETHING Here are some useful ways of offering (to do) something — Would you like...? - Can I offer you ...? — What can I get you? — Could I give/get you ...? — Would you like me to get it for you? — Can I help you with that? — How about my helping you with ... You accept such offers with answers like: - Yes, please. / Thank you very much. - That's very kind of you. Thanks. - Oh would you? Thanks a lot. Or you refuse the offers: — No, it's all right, I can manage.
SOME MORE PHRASES FOR DISCUSSION When you want to express that something is important, you can use: -What you've just said is of great importance (for ...). That's a very important point / fact / statement / matter. It was very important to me to know ... If you want to express the opposite, you can say: I don't think this so important because ... 1 don't think this makes much of a difference. If you agree with a view or opinion, you can use: -That's it. Exactly so. I quite agree on / about the plan. That goes without saying. - That's evident / clear / obvious. - No doubt about it. - Most decidedly / definitely. I'm all with you there. If you don't agree, you can use: — Do you really mean to say that...? — Are you seriously suggesting that...? — I'm sorry, I don't quite agree. — That's not how I see it. — That's a very sweeping statement. — Well, actually I'm afraid that... — I'd like to say yes, but... If you want to defend a view: — Yes, I've thought about that, but... Yes, I've taken that into account, but... Expressions for linking your ideas: After all, and what's more ..., as you know, on the one hand ... and on the other ..., on top of that, oddly / curiously enough, I mean to say, come to that, that is to say, well then ..., etc. Expressions for summing up: To sum up then ... In short... So the basic question is …, etc.
GIVING POSITIVE OR TENTATIVE ADVICE Problems: I've lost my keys. I've got a pain in my back. Advice could be offered like this: — I think you should ... — Perhaps you could ... — If I were you I'd ... — Well, it might be a good idea to /if... I advise you to... /I advise you not to... If you can accept the advice, you may say: — Yes, that sounds a good idea. Thanks a lot. — I'll do that. Thanks for the advice. — Well, that's worth thinking about. Thank you. — Well, 1 could do that, I suppose. I can think about it anyway. If you refuse the advice, you can say: — I'm not sure really. But thanks anyway. - Mmm, I doubt if that would work. But thanks all the sad
GIVING YOURSELF TIME TO THINK OR CHANGING THE SUBJECT If in a discussion you cannot respond at once, you might use phrases like: — (Er), let me see,... — Well, how shall I put it,... — Just let me think about it / this for a moment:... —You know / You see ... — Now I come to think of it = Now that I stop to think of it... If you need more time or do not wish to answer at all, you can say: — Just to change the subject for a moment,... — Oh, by the way, before I forget: ... — If we could move on now to the question of... If you want to indicate that you are not prepared to discuss the subject, you say: — Well, I think we'd better change the subject. — I don't think I'd like to discuss this. — I don't think it is advisable to continue with this topic.
PROPOSING A TOAST — Cheers! (This is the most usual formula when you have a drink. - Your very good health, Mr Virge! — Yes, your very good health, too. — I should like to propose a toast to our host / hostess: His/her very good health! — Thank you very much indeed. Your very good health, too. — Here's to you! — Thanks. — Here's to success in your business / life! –I want to propose a toast to you / Mr Evans!
MAKING A COMPLIMENT If you want to compliment somebody during a meeting, a 1 party or some other occasion, you can say: — What a charming dress (you are wearing)! — That's a very nice / smart blouse / necktie / suit you are wearing! — I must congratulate you on ... (e.g. during a business 1 partner's dinner). More formal formulas are: — If I may say so, the dinner / wine is most / very delicious. — May 1 say how elegant / charming you look in that dress? 'I You respond like this: — Thank you. / It is very kind of you to say so. — Is it really? I'm glad you like it.
ENDING A CONVERSATION, DINNER, ETC. — Well, I'm afraid I must go now. — It's been a great pleasure talking to you. — I've really enjoyed talking to you but I'm afraid I have to be low. I must apologize, but I'm afraid I have to go now. I'm afraid we'll have to leave it there. (At the end of a discussion.) — Thank you for the lovely evening. The food was delicious and everything else was perfect. You can respond like this: — It is all right. Thanks for coming anyway. — That's all right. Be seeing you. — Yes, certainly. Till the next time. - Thank you. I'm glad you could come.
EVERYDAY COURTESIES — May I introduce you to Grace Cooper? This is Ben Plotkin, a friend of mine, and this is Grace Cooper. — May I introduce myself. My name is Janet Boyle. — Oh, I'm Rachel Branten. How do you do. — How do you do. — Pleased to meet you. / Pleased to make your acquaintance. — Good morning. / Good afternoon. / Good evening. /Hello. — How are you? — Fine, thank you, and you? — How's life? / How are things? — Not too bad, thanks. — How are you getting on? — Quite well, thank you. door)! Nice you could come! Nice to see you! Do come in (at the end of the week) - Welcome to our place next Saturday! / You are most welcome to our summer cottage in July!/ Welcome to Moscow anytime! — Thank you for your lovely party. The cake was absolutely delicious and everything else tasted so good. — Thank you. I'm glad you could come. Hope to see you soon. — Give my regards to your wife, please. — Thanks, I will. — Please remember me to your family. — Thank you, I'll do that. — Goodbye. Bye bye. Bye now. So long. — (The answer is the same) — Be seeing you. — OK. See you soon. — I hope to see you again. — Yes, certainly, see you. — Thanks. Thank you. Thank you very much. Thank you ever so much. — That's all right. — Thanks a lot. — Don't mention it. — Have a good time! / Have a nice time! / Enjoy yourself. —I Thanks, I certainly will. — Lookout! Careful! Watch out! Mind! Mind your head! Take care you don't fall! Watch your step! Caution!
— Thank you for your help. — It was a pleasure. — It was so very kind of you. — Oh, forget it. It's nothing. — Many thanks. — Not at all. / You're welcome (Am). — Good luck! Best of luck! (before an event) — Congratulations! (after an event) — Many happy returns of the day! Happy birthday! Happy anniversary! — I wish you every happiness, (to the newlyweds) — Sorry. So sorry. I'm terribly sorry. Very sorry indeed! — Oh, that's all right. — Sorry to trouble you! — That's no trouble at all. — Sorry to have kept you waiting! — Oh, it doesn't matter. — Excuse me, could you tell me the time, please? — Certainly. 1 — Excuse me, but I really have to go! — That's all right. — Excuse me, may I ask you a question? — Certainly. / Sure. / Go ahead. (Am) — Pardon! Pardon me! Excuse me! (Am) — That's all right, (before poking people in the back when trying to get out from a crowded bus) — Please forgive me! Can you ever forgive me? (when you \ have done something serious) — I apologize for being late. — Oh, that's all right. —Would you come to the concert? — Yes, I'd love to. Yes, that's a good idea. — Would you attend the meeting tonight? — I wish I could, but I've got another appointment.
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