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Проектная работа Учеников 8 г класса Лицея №4 Кожемякина Руслана, Дьяковой Ольги. Руководитель: Ростова О.Е. 2013-2014 учебный год.
The aim of research: To find out all facts about holidays devoted to the apple in England and Russia and catch likeness and difference of two cultures. Tasks: To get acquainted with useful properties of apples and prove a popular saying “An apple a day keeps a doctor away”. To learn more about “Apple Day” in Great Britain and “Yablochniy Spas” in Russia and compare celebrations of two holidays. To make a conclusion. To activate and increase the vocabulary on the theme “Holidays”.
Why Apples? It is one of the most widely cultivated tree fruits that are used by humans. Apples have been present it the mythology and religions of many cultures, including Greek and Christian traditions. There are more than 7.500 known apple cultivars.
“An apple a day keeps a doctor away” Eat an apple a day to prevent cancer. Eat an apple a day to lose weight. Eat an apple a day for a younger brain. Eat an apple a day for a healthier heart. If you are not eating an apple a day, now it’s a good time to start.
Apple Day is an annual celebration of apples and orchards. It’s held on October 21 each year.
Apple Day was initiated by Common Ground in 1990 and has been celebrated in each subsequent year by people organizing hundreds of local events.
This day is a way of celebrating and demonstrating that variety and richness matter to a locality and that it is possible to effect change in your place.
Apple day celebration is something like fair, where you can buy and taste the great variety of apple kinds.
Besides you can buy sprouts and take good advice how to plant and grow them in your own garden.
You can taste delicious dishes and drinks with apples and take recipes.
Various activities, games and competitions are popular on this day.
The Longest Peel Competition is the most popular. Guinness World Record is held by Kathy Walter who peeled an apple in 11 hours 30 minutes with a peel length of 52.51m on 16 October 1976.
The English farmers choose the oldest apple-tree to sing ballads and dance round the tree.
The Savior of the Apple Feast Day is observed on August 19. The holiday has a pre-Christian origin and is associated with harvesting of ripe fruits, especially apples. On that day, people offered each other apples, cooked jam, dried and soaked apples to store them, baked pies, commemorated the dead relatives. In the evening they left their houses to say “good bye” to summer.
According to the Gospels, the Son of God at the end of his life on earth told his three apostles that in order to save the human race, they must die on the cross and resurrected. To prove his words, he was transfigured before the apostles, his face lit from within by the divine light, and his clothes were white.
The two feasts were reunited, the church started to sanctify the fruits’ harvest and glorify Jesus Christ. Since everything in the world, men, plants and their fruits should be devoted to God.
Superstitions associated with this holiday. It is believed that on August 19, apples are blessed with magical powers: stand to make a wish, eat an apple, and your wish will surely come true. According to the old superstition, till that day people don’t have to eat apples. It is also believed that the weather on that day will forecast the same weather for January, as at that time starts the first cold.
The old Russian dessert is baked apples.
It is important to be aware of holydays and traditions of Great Britain and Russia. It contributes to better understanding the history of your own country and another one, observing traditions and customs, positive and tolerant attitude to different cultures.
Thank you for your attention!
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