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Муниципальное бюджетное общеобразовательное учреждение лицей № 4 г.Данков Липецкой области Лицейское научное общество «Синяя птица» Конкурс исследовательских работ « Первые шаги в науку» Секция: языкознание “Cooperation between Allies and USSR during WWII” Выполнил Михеев Даниил 9 б класс Руководитель Черных Н.И., учитель английского языка. Данков 2014
Introduction. The Great Patriotic War started on June 22, 1941. And the Soviet Union was receiving support from the USA and Britain since the war had begun. In our project we will examine a history of the Lend-Lease and show results of this program. Also, we will to ask the question “did the Lend-Lease really help us?”. The hypothesis of our project is: “We could win the War without Lend-Lease”. The object of study is interaction between the USSR and Allies in 1941-1945. The thing of study is information about Arctic Convoys, another ways to transfer military equipment and the price the USSR paid for the Lend-Lease. The research methods are analysis of the sources and generalization of research results.
Lend-Lease provided supply food, equipment, planes, tanks and other military systems. Most of them were transported by sea. Special sea convoys, named “Arctic convoys” were coming in north Soviet ports in 1941-1945. The history of the cooperation between Allies and USSR during WWII.
American deliveries to the Soviet Union can be divided into the following phases that formally ended on 12 May 1945 but deliveries continued for the duration of the war with Japan (which the Soviet Union entered on 8 August 1945) under the "Milepost" agreement until 2 September 1945 when Japan capitulated. On 20 September 1945 all Lend-Lease to the Soviet Union was terminated.
In June 1941 within weeks of the German invasion of the USSR the first British aid convoy set off along the dangerous Arctic sea routes to Murmansk arriving in September. It was carrying 40 Hawker Hurricanes along with 550 mechanics and pilots of No. 151 Wing to provide immediate air defence of the port and train Soviet pilots.
Results of Lend-Lease.
So, no payment of lend-lease during the war did not happen. Americans account provided by recipient country only after the war. The French paid the United States May 28, 1946, buy giving the U.S. a number of trade preferences.
There were a lot of American and British tanks on the Eastern front.
Conclusion So, we are convinced that lend-lease was the biggest program of interaction between the USSR and the Allies during the Second World War. Implementation of this program has cost many lives, allies and our soldiers and officers. In our project we managed to consider the main aspects of the lend-lease program, and analyze data on the supply of the lend-lease program during the Second World war and confirm the hypothesis that we could win a war without lend-lease, although he helped us.
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