Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:
London was founded in the 1st century A.D. by the Romans. When they left Londinium, as they called the city, it was largely abandoned… The first settlement, after ten years of development
…but by the 8th century London was again a busy trading centre. And in the 11th century it became the capital of England
The rest of old walls of Londinium London began to spread beyond the city walls during the Tudor and Stuart periods…
After the Great Fire of 1666 that destroyed three quarters of the city, wooden houses were replaced by buildings of brick.
As a result of rapid spreading of the city during the 19th century new means of transport were developed,…
… including the underground railway system.
Large areas of the city were destroyed by bombs during World War II,… London during the bombing, 1940
Picadilly Circus, 1949 …and the rebuilding that followed was of mixed quality.
Today Greater London covers 625 square miles.
Traditionally London is divided into several parts: The City, Westminster, the West End and the East End.
The heart of London is the City, its financial and business centre. Numerous banks, offices and firms, where about half a million people work, are situated there.
There are some ancient buildings within the City.
This is the most striking of them… It stands at the top of Ludgate Hill. St. Paul’s Cathedral, the masterpiece of Sir Chr. Wren
Inside the dome are scenes from the life of St. Paul…
The Tower of London is also situated in the City.
The Tower, 11 century It has served as citadel, palace, prison, mint and menagerie…
The Tower is famous for its illustrious prisoners, such as Sir Thomas More … … and Guy Fawkes.
Westminster, the historic center of the government In the 11th century King Edward the Confessor decided to build a great abbey church here.
William the Conqueror was crowned in the Abbey and since then all the Coronations have taken place here…
The chapel of Queen Mary and Queen Elizabeth The Abbey contains many royal tombs, memorials to eminent men and women.
Alongside the Abbey Edward the Confessor had a palace built. The Palace of Westminster was the royal residence and also the country’s main court of law.
It’s Parliament now… The building contains of Commons and the House of Lords, where parliamentary business is depated.
On the corner next to Westminster Bridge stands Clock Tower which houses the famous bell Big Ben.
Buckingham Palace is the Queen’s official London residence.
The west End is the richest and most beautiful part of London. The best hotels, shops, clubs are situated there…
Oxford Street is an endless shopping area which attracts visitors from all over in the world.
Going down Oxford Street you come to Trafalgar Square. Admiral Nelson, cast in bronze, stands on top of the tall column in the middle of the square.
On the north side of Trafalgar Square is the Nation Gallery… … and the Nation Portrait Gallery
Not far away is the British museum. It contains a priceless collection of ancient manuscripts, coins etc. and is famous for its library.
The East End is the poorest district of London. There are a lot of factories and docks here. It is populated by working class families.
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