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Science forged victory Наука ковала победу
70th anniversary of the Great Victory
There are some topics which are urgent and important at all times. One of them is the topic of war. Today at our unusual lesson we’ll also speak about this theme. On the 9th of May a lot of people celebrate Victory Day. Victory Day is the most important holiday for Russian people. The Soviet Union won the victory in the Great Patriotic War in the name of peace and life on Earth. But this holiday is celebrated not only in our country, but in many other countries. On this day all mankind was liberated from the danger of fascism. More than a million Soviet soldiers gave their lives for the sake of the freedom of many foreign countries. That’s why this war is called the Second World War.
The theme of war is very extensive and every its aspect is important. Today we’ll speak about the role of our allies in this war and the role of the English language in the war and in the process of winning a victory over the enemy.
В О Й Н А СОЮЗНИКИ БИТВА СРАЖЕНИЕ ФАШИЗМ СОЛДАТЫ СМЕРТЬ ГЕРОЙ ОРУЖИЕ ДРУЖБА АТАКА ГЕРМАНИЯ СВОБОДА СОВЕТСКИЙ СОЮЗ МИР
WAR ALLIES BATTLE FIGHT FASCISM SOLDIERS DEATH HERO WEAPON FRIENDSHIP ATTACK GERMANY FREEDOM SOVIET UNION PEACE
62 countries took part in the World War II
The role of English Science was very important in the years of war. Scientists invented new equipment and technologies to approach our country to victory and win the war. The English language played a very important role as well. We can’t overestimate the significance of the English language in the process of winning a victory. So, what is the role of English in this war? The first and the most important point is that English was used for communication between the Soviet leaders and soldiers and our allies, as many allied countries were English speaking countries. That’s why English was very essential and needed as a means of communication.
With the help of the English language people could: 1. agree upon the mutual military assistance
With the help of the English language people could: 2. exchange important data, information and technologies
With the help of the English language people could: 3. arrange for economic assistance (for example, land-lease)
With the help of the English language people could: 4. solve some political matters (Yalta and Teheran conferences )
Useful vocabulary 1. anniversary – годовщина 2. liberate – освободитель 3. mankind – человечество 4. restore – восстанавливать 5. for the sake of – ради 6. creation – создание 7. precipitate – ускорять 8. equipment – снаряжение, оборудование 9. route – маршрут 10. allied – союзный 11. unload – разгружать 12. cemetery – кладбище 13. were buried – похоронены 14. ally – союзник (allies)
For the Sake of Peace and Life on Earth The main holiday in our country is Victory Day. It is celebrated on the 9th of May. This year all Russian people celebrate the 70th anniversary of the great victory in the Great Patriotic War. But this holiday is also important for people of many other countries in the world. The Soviet people played the great part in liberating mankind from the danger of fascism. During the war the Soviet Army helped the populations of many countries. They gave them food and restored factories, roads, electric power stations and bridges. More than a million Soviet soldiers gave their lives for the sake of the freedom of many foreign countries. So this war is called the Second World War. This war was very long but it could be much longer. The creation of the anti-Hitler coalition in 1942 and especially the opening of the Second Front in 1944 helped precipitate the victory.
For the Sake of Peace and Life on Earth The British and American people fought together with the Soviet ones against fascism (at least last year of the war). World War II veterans of the Murmansk port remember well the difficult times of the war and the solidarity of Soviet and American seamen. They transported equipment needed in the fight against fascism. The North Atlantic, as is known, was the shortest, but also the most dangerous, transport route from the countries of the anti-Hitler coalition to the Soviet Union. No less dangerous was the route of allied ships from Medvezhy (Bear) Island to the Kola Gulf where they were unloaded, under the endless attacks of nazi aircraft.
For the Sake of Peace and Life on Earth War materials and food-stuffs came into the hands of Murmansk’s dock workers, who risked their lives unloading the ships. There was the friendship of the Soviet and US workers, the solidarity of seamen and dock workers on both sides of the Atlantic during World War II. There is a military cemetery where the American and English seamen that had fallen fighting in World War II were buried. «The best monument to those who fell in battle, said one of a war veteran, will be our struggle for peace and friendship among peoples». The main lesson of the victory over fascism is that all people of the world must fight against a new war. All peace – loving forces must unite for active actions.
Say whether these statements are True or False 1. All Russian people celebrate the 70th anniversary of the great victory this year. 2. The North Atlantic was the shortest, but also the most dangerous, transport route. 3. The route of allied ships from Medvezhy Island to the Kola Gulf was less dangerous. 4. The creation of the anti-Hitler coalition took place in 1941.
Say whether these statements are True or False 5. The British played the greatest part in liberating mankind from the danger of fascism. 6. The populations of many foreign countries helped the Soviet Army by giving food. 7. More than a million American and British seamen fell fighting in World War II. 8. The British and American people fought together with the Soviet people from the very beginning of the war.
D A N G E R O U S 1 W R B R I D E S G U I P M E N T F R C E S F A C I S M V C T O R Y A Y I I A R Y F R E O V E E R A N S T L D M
Синквейн 1. Существительное 2. Два прилагательных 3. Три глагола 4. Фраза из 4 слов 5. Существительное
Война Освободительная, кровавая Сражаться, терять, выстоять Нет страшнее этого слова Смерть.
War Terrible, awful Fight, die, win I hate any war Blood
Домашнее задание Написать эссе на тему: «Если бы не было войны…» «Если бы мне пришлось воевать…» «Если бы Советский Союз не выиграл…» «Если бы у СССР не было союзников…»
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