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Wonders of the World or the World of Wonders?! Автор Наталья Березина учитель английского языка МАОУ СОШ №28 г. Балаково
Wonders of the World Various lists of the Wonders of the World have been compiled over the ages to catalogue the most spectacular man-made constructions and natural things in the world.
Seven Wonders of the Ancient World The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World is the first known list of the most remarkable man-made creations of classical antiquity. The number seven was chosen because the Greeks believed it to be the representation of perfection and plenty.
Seven Wonders of the Ancient World The seven wonders included: Great Pyramid of Giza Hanging Gardens of Babylon Statue of Zeus at Olympia Temple of Artemis at Ephesus Mausoleum of Maussollos at Halicarnassus Colossus of Rhodes Lighthouse of Alexandria
Great Pyramid of Giza The Great Pyramid of Giza is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza and is the only one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World still in existence. It is believed the pyramid was built around 2540 BC and was the tallest man-made structure in the world for over 3,800 years.
Hanging Gardens of Babylon The Hanging Gardens of Babylon, also known as the Hanging Gardens of Semiramis are considered to be one of the original Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. They were built by the Chaldean king Nebuchadnezzar II around 600 BC.
Statue of Zeus at Olympia The Statue of Zeus at Olympia was made by the Greek sculptor Phidias, circa 432 BC in the Temple of Zeus, Olympia, Greece. For six hundred years after the death of the sculptor, people from all over the world travelled to view it as it was thought to be a misfortune to die without seeing this work.
Temple of Artemis The Temple of Artemis was a Greek temple dedicated to Artemis completed around 550 BC at Ephesus (in present-day Turkey). Only foundations and sculptural fragments of the temple remain. The whole temple was made of marble except for the roof.
Mausoleum of Halicarnassus The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus was a tomb built between 353 and 350 BC at Halicarnassus. The structure was designed by the Greek architects Satyros and Pythis. It was approximately 45 meters (135 ft) in height.
Colossus of Rhodes The Colossus of Rhodes was a statue of the Greek god Helios, erected in the city of Rhodes on the Greek island of Rhodes by Chares of Lindos between 292 and 280 BC. Before its destruction, the Colossus of Rhodes stood over 30 meters (107 ft) high, making it one of the tallest statues of the ancient world.
Lighthouse of Alexandria The Lighthouse of Alexandria was a tower built in the 3rd century BC on the island of Pharos in Alexandria, Egypt, to serve as that port's landmark, and later, its lighthouse. With a height variously estimated at between 115 and 135 m (380 and 440 ft) it was the world's third tallest building.
Wonders of the Medieval World Stonehenge, Colosseum, Catacombs of Kom el Shoqafa, Great Wall of China, Porcelain Tower of Nanjing, Hagia Sophia, Leaning Tower of Pisa
Stonehenge Stonehenge is a prehistoric monument located in the English county of Wiltshire, about 3.2 kilometres west of Amesbury and 13 kilometres north of Salisbury. One of the most famous sites in the world, Stonehenge is composed of earthworks surrounding a circular setting of large standing stones and sits at the centre of the densest complex of Neolithic and Bronze Age monuments in England, including several hundred burial mounds.
Colosseum The Colosseum or Roman Coliseum is an elliptical amphitheatre in the center of the city of Rome, Italy, the largest ever built in the Roman Empire.It is one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and Roman engineering. Its construction started between 70 and 72 AD and was completed in 80 AD. The Colosseum was used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles.
Catacombs of Kom el Shoqafa The Catacombs of Kom el Shoqafa (meaning 'Mound of shards' or 'Potsherds') is a historical archaeological site located in Alexandria, Egypt and is considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Middle Ages. The necropolis consists of a series of Alexandrian tombs, statues and archaeological objects of the Pharaonic funeral cult with Hellenistic and early Imperial Roman influences.
Great Wall of China The Great Wall of China is a series of stone and earthen fortifications in northern China, built, rebuilt, and maintained between the 5th century BC and the 16th century to protect the northern borders of the Chinese Empire from Xiongnu attacks during various successive dynasties. The Great Wall stretches for 8,851.8 km.
New Seven Wonders of the World Title Petra Great Wall of China Christ the Redeemer Chichen Itza Machu Picchu Roman Colosseum Taj Mahal
Petra Petra is an archaeological site in the Arabah, Ma'an Governorate, Jordan, lying on the slope of Mount Hor in a basin among the mountains which form the eastern flank of Arabah, the large valley running from the Dead Sea to the Gulf of Aqaba. It is renowned for its rock cut architecture.
Christ the Redeemer Christ the Redeemer is a statue of Jesus Christ in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; considered the largest art deco statue in the world. The statue is 39.6 metres tall, including its 9.5 metre pedestal, and 30 metres wide. It weighs 635 tons, and is located at the peak of the 700 metres Corcovado mountain in the Tijuca Forest National Park overlooking the city.
Machu Picchu Machu Picchu is a pre-Columbian Inca site located 2,430 metres above sea level. It is situated on a mountain ridge above the Urubamba Valley in Peru, which is 80 kilometres northwest of Cuzco and through which the Urubamba River flows. Often referred to as "The Lost City of the Incas", Machu Picchu is one of the most familiar symbols of the Inca Empire.
Chichen Itza Chichen Itza is a large pre-Columbian archaeological site built by the Maya civilization located in the northern center of the Yucatán Peninsula, in the Yucatán state, present-day Mexico.
Taj Mahal The Taj Mahal is a mausoleum located in Agra, India, built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his favorite wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal (also "the Taj") is considered the finest example of Mughal architecture, a style that combines elements from Persian, Indian, and Islamic architectural styles.
Seven Natural Wonders of the World Grand Canyon Mount Everest Great Barrier Reef Harbour of Rio de Janeiro Victoria Falls Aurora Parícutin
Seven Wonders of Russia St. Basil's Cathedral Valley of the Geysers Lake Baikal Elbrus Peterhof Mother Russia Rock pillars
Resources www.7naturalwonders.org www.ctoday.ru www.en.wikipedia.org www.sevennaturalwonders.org www.travbuddy.com
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