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Инфоурок Иностранные языки ПрезентацииПрезентация к уроку английского языка по теме "История Великобритании"

Презентация к уроку английского языка по теме "История Великобритании"

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The History of the British Isles The British Isles have a long history. It in...

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1 слайд The History of the British Isles The British Isles have a long history. It in
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The History of the British Isles The British Isles have a long history. It includes war and peace, drama and tragedy, competition and cooperation with different nations.

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3 слайд The Celts The Celts inhabited Britain since the times immemorial. They can be
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The Celts The Celts inhabited Britain since the times immemorial. They can be called the natives of the British Isles.

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5 слайд The Celts The Celts invented their own written language, but instead of lette
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The Celts The Celts invented their own written language, but instead of letters they used runes. Many places of interest, such as Stonehenge, were also built by them.

6 слайд Language The Celtic contribution to the English language is not great. Only t
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Language The Celtic contribution to the English language is not great. Only the basic words still remain in everyday use, such as: go, eat, drink, be, father, mother, etc. What sphere do they belong to?

7 слайд The Romans In the 44 AD the Romans invaded the British Isles.
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The Romans In the 44 AD the Romans invaded the British Isles.

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9 слайд Why did the Romans invade Britain? The Romans gave British people To revenge
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Why did the Romans invade Britain? The Romans gave British people To revenge the British for fighting against the Roman general Julius Caesar. To look for riches - land, slaves, etc. 2 reasons Language The Calendar What else did the Romans give the British people? Laws

10 слайд Language The Romans had brought many new words to the English language. The n
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Language The Romans had brought many new words to the English language. The names of food (cherry, pear, wine) Buildings (wall, street), etc.

11 слайд The Romans They built roads, walls, schools and bath houses. And of course, c
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The Romans They built roads, walls, schools and bath houses. And of course, collected taxes. Soon most of the Celts got used to the Roman way of life.

12 слайд Calendar
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Calendar

13 слайд Laws
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Laws

14 слайд The Census
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The Census

15 слайд Roman Mosaics The floors of Roman buildings were often richly decorated with
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Roman Mosaics The floors of Roman buildings were often richly decorated with mosaics - tiny coloured stones (tesserae).  

16 слайд Defending their Empire To control their newly won territory in England, the
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Defending their Empire To control their newly won territory in England, the Romans built heavily defended forts around the country. The Romans built Hadrian's Wall to protect Roman England from the tribes who lived in Scotland.

17 слайд The Anglo-Saxons The Romans left Britain in the 5th century. And immediately
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The Anglo-Saxons The Romans left Britain in the 5th century. And immediately it was attacked by the German tribes - Angles, Saxons, Jutes.

18 слайд Who were the Anglo-Saxons? Where did the Anglo-Saxons come from?
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Who were the Anglo-Saxons? Where did the Anglo-Saxons come from?

19 слайд The Anglo-Saxons The natives couldn’t defend themselves. The Germans founded
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The Anglo-Saxons The natives couldn’t defend themselves. The Germans founded the first kingdoms and lived in peace with the Celts for a few centuries.

20 слайд Language The Anglo-Saxon words still remain in the English language. They mos
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Language The Anglo-Saxon words still remain in the English language. They mostly describe the household and family being. - Lord, lady, bread, pork, cow, etc.

21 слайд The Church In the 6th century the Christianity was introduced in Britain. The
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The Church In the 6th century the Christianity was introduced in Britain. The new words came into the language: - angel, altar, devil, the Bible. Guess the meaning of these words!

22 слайд Where did the Vikings come from?
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Where did the Vikings come from?

23 слайд The Vikings From the 8th century the Vikings began to raid the British Isles.
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The Vikings From the 8th century the Vikings began to raid the British Isles. Finally they even got a piece of land called Danelaw.

24 слайд The Vikings The words brought to the English language by the Vikings have som
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The Vikings The words brought to the English language by the Vikings have something in common: sounds “s”, “sk”, “g”, for example: egg, sky, ship, skirt, sea, etc. Many Vikings were great travellers and sailed all over Europe and the Atlantic Ocean in their long ships.

25 слайд Where did the Vikings settle in Britain? The Vikings settled in: Islands off
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Where did the Vikings settle in Britain? The Vikings settled in: Islands off the coast of Scotland - Shetland, Orkney and The Hebrides Around the north and north west coast of Scotland Parts of Ireland - Dublin is a Viking city The Isle of Man Small parts of Wales Parts of England known as Danelaw

26 слайд King Alfred the Great Alfred was a learned man who encouraged education and i
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King Alfred the Great Alfred was a learned man who encouraged education and improved his kingdom's legal system and military structure.

27 слайд The Normans In the 1066 AD William the Conqueror defeated the English king Ha
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The Normans In the 1066 AD William the Conqueror defeated the English king Harold in the battle of Hastings and became the king himself.

28 слайд Who were the Normans? The Normans were people who lived in Normandy in North
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Who were the Normans? The Normans were people who lived in Normandy in Northern France. They were originally Vikings from Scandinavia. Who became the next King of England? When William won the Battle of Hastings, he earned himself the title 'Conqueror'. He marched to London and was crowned King in Westminster Abbey on Christmas Day 1066.

29 слайд Language The Norman influence on the English language was great! A lot of wor
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Language The Norman influence on the English language was great! A lot of words from French came into it, for example: village, army, soldier, religion, venison, beef, etc.

30 слайд Choose the right answer: 1. Who invaded Britain in the 5th century? a) Romans
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Choose the right answer: 1. Who invaded Britain in the 5th century? a) Romans b) Normans c) Germans 2. What was the nickname of king William? a) the Noble b) the Conqueror c) the Deer 3. The Normans came from …. a) France b) Russia c) USA d) China

31 слайд Choose the right answer: 4. The Christianity was introduced in … a) 6th centu
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Choose the right answer: 4. The Christianity was introduced in … a) 6th century b) 11th century c) 44 BC 5. The Vikings … a) raided Britain b) defended Britain 6. The runes were used by … a) the Romans b) the Normans c) the Celts

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