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The History of the British Isles The British Isles have a long history. It includes war and peace, drama and tragedy, competition and cooperation with different nations.
The Celts The Celts inhabited Britain since the times immemorial. They can be called the natives of the British Isles.
The Celts The Celts invented their own written language, but instead of letters they used runes. Many places of interest, such as Stonehenge, were also built by them.
Language The Celtic contribution to the English language is not great. Only the basic words still remain in everyday use, such as: go, eat, drink, be, father, mother, etc. What sphere do they belong to?
The Romans In the 44 AD the Romans invaded the British Isles.
Why did the Romans invade Britain? The Romans gave British people To revenge the British for fighting against the Roman general Julius Caesar. To look for riches - land, slaves, etc. 2 reasons Language The Calendar What else did the Romans give the British people? Laws
Language The Romans had brought many new words to the English language. The names of food (cherry, pear, wine) Buildings (wall, street), etc.
The Romans They built roads, walls, schools and bath houses. And of course, collected taxes. Soon most of the Celts got used to the Roman way of life.
Roman Mosaics The floors of Roman buildings were often richly decorated with mosaics - tiny coloured stones (tesserae).
Defending their Empire To control their newly won territory in England, the Romans built heavily defended forts around the country. The Romans built Hadrian's Wall to protect Roman England from the tribes who lived in Scotland.
The Anglo-Saxons The Romans left Britain in the 5th century. And immediately it was attacked by the German tribes - Angles, Saxons, Jutes.
Who were the Anglo-Saxons? Where did the Anglo-Saxons come from?
The Anglo-Saxons The natives couldn’t defend themselves. The Germans founded the first kingdoms and lived in peace with the Celts for a few centuries.
Language The Anglo-Saxon words still remain in the English language. They mostly describe the household and family being. - Lord, lady, bread, pork, cow, etc.
The Church In the 6th century the Christianity was introduced in Britain. The new words came into the language: - angel, altar, devil, the Bible. Guess the meaning of these words!
Where did the Vikings come from?
The Vikings From the 8th century the Vikings began to raid the British Isles. Finally they even got a piece of land called Danelaw.
The Vikings The words brought to the English language by the Vikings have something in common: sounds “s”, “sk”, “g”, for example: egg, sky, ship, skirt, sea, etc. Many Vikings were great travellers and sailed all over Europe and the Atlantic Ocean in their long ships.
Where did the Vikings settle in Britain? The Vikings settled in: Islands off the coast of Scotland - Shetland, Orkney and The Hebrides Around the north and north west coast of Scotland Parts of Ireland - Dublin is a Viking city The Isle of Man Small parts of Wales Parts of England known as Danelaw
King Alfred the Great Alfred was a learned man who encouraged education and improved his kingdom's legal system and military structure.
The Normans In the 1066 AD William the Conqueror defeated the English king Harold in the battle of Hastings and became the king himself.
Who were the Normans? The Normans were people who lived in Normandy in Northern France. They were originally Vikings from Scandinavia. Who became the next King of England? When William won the Battle of Hastings, he earned himself the title 'Conqueror'. He marched to London and was crowned King in Westminster Abbey on Christmas Day 1066.
Language The Norman influence on the English language was great! A lot of words from French came into it, for example: village, army, soldier, religion, venison, beef, etc.
Choose the right answer: 1. Who invaded Britain in the 5th century? a) Romans b) Normans c) Germans 2. What was the nickname of king William? a) the Noble b) the Conqueror c) the Deer 3. The Normans came from …. a) France b) Russia c) USA d) China
Choose the right answer: 4. The Christianity was introduced in … a) 6th century b) 11th century c) 44 BC 5. The Vikings … a) raided Britain b) defended Britain 6. The runes were used by … a) the Romans b) the Normans c) the Celts
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Данная презентация разработана к уроку страноведения Великобритании и открывает цикл занятий, посвященных истории Британских островов. Обучающиеся познакомятся с историей Великобритании со времен кельтов до норманнов, узнают о влиянии языка и культуры завоевателей на жизнь британцев в целом и английский язык в частности. Презентация также содержит краткий тест с выбором ответа по изученному материалу.
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