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Выполнил ученик 11 класса МКОУ Калачеевская СОШ №6 Котляров Олег Учитель Ляшенко Ирина Дмитриевна
St. Petersburg is the second largest city in Russia and one of the most beautiful cities in the world. It was founded in 1703 by Peter the Great at the «Window in Europe». St. Petersburg was the capital of Russia from 1712 till 1918. Now St. Petersburg is an industrial, cultural and scientific centre. There are over 80 museums, such as Pushkin Museum Flat, Russian Museum and Winter Palace etc.
Winter Palace The Winter Palace was built on the left bank of the Neva which had been earlier chosen for his modest structures by Peter the Great himself. Its project was designed by Francesco Bartolomeo Rastrelli, an architect of genius. In later years of eighteenth century the state rooms and living apartaments were redesigned by the architect Yury Velten.
The new rooms and halls were designed by Ivan Starov and Giacomo Quarenghi. After fire of 1837 had erased practically all the interiors, many of them were restored, under the supervision of Vasily Stasov and Alexander Briullov, to their former appearance or designed in a new fashion. The Main(Jordan) Staircase >
The history of each, even smaller, rooms of the Winter Palace are pages in the history of count and daily life of the Imperial family. Even factual information gives an idea of the huge size of the building: it is about 200 metres long, 10 metres wide and 30 metres tall. The palace has 1057 rooms, 117 staircases, 1786 doors and 1945 windows. < The Throne room of Peter the Great
The line of magnificent palaces overlooking the Neva is continued on the Palace Embankment by the monumental facades of the two Hermitage buildings. The first of them is known at the Small Hermitage and was intented for works of art amassed by Catherine the Great. The growth of the Empress’s collection made in necessary to put up one more building, the Large Hermitage, which was designed and built by Velten in 1771-87. Few people could enjoy seeing the sculpture and rich collections of decorative and applied art kept in the Hermitage buildings and in the Winter Palace. This prompted an idea to erect a special museum building. Raphael’s loggia
The New Hermitage was constructed to the design of the German architect Leo von Klenze between 1742 and 1851. The Malachite Drawing Room
Walking along the suites of state rooms in the Winter Palace and the Hermitages , you can enjoy really superb examples of interior decoration ranking with the world’s best achievements. Worthy of special mention are the Throne Room of Peter the Great designed by Montferrand, the St George Hall (or Great Throne Room) by Quarenghi; the Grea Anteroom and the Armorial Hall by Quarenghi and Stasov; the Malachite Drawing Room (on previous slide); the Golden Drawing Room and Raphael loggias by Quarenghi The St George Hall < The Golden Drawing Room
Making a tour of the rooms, halls and galleries, you plunge into different ages and familiarize yourselves with the cultures of various peoples inhabiting our planet. Each exhibit here, down to the smallest item, is priceless. The collection of the Hermitage boasts a number of really unique works known all over world. The museum collections contain works of art dating from Classical Antiquity, masterpieces of painting by Leonardo da Vinci, Giorgione, Titian, Rembrandt, El Greco, Paul Rubens, Anthony van Dyck and Jacob Jordaens. Da Vinci > The Litta Madonna < El Greco The Apostols Peter and Paul
Pablo Picasso. Grandes tetes Henri Matisse. The Red Room Pablo Picasso. Woman with a Fan(After a ball)
It is hardly possible to imagine a kind of art that is not represented in the Hermitage. The Hermitage complex is a veritable spiritual universe created in the course of the times by means of godly gifts named creativity and art.