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St. Petersburg St. Petersburg , one of the most beautiful cities in the world , was the capital of the Russian Empire for a little over two centuries ( 1712-1918) . The history of the city began in 1703 , when Peter the Great founded the Peter and Paul Fortress on Zayachy Island in the Neva delta . Its cathedral became the burial site for the royal family , while the Trubetskoi Bastion was converted into a prison for political offenders .
Peter and Paul Fortress
Vasilyevsky Island,Rostral columns Another island , Vasilyevsky, became a very important part of the city . In 1713 a port began to function . In front of it there are two rostral columns that were to serve as beacons for ships .
Palace Square The historical and architectural centre of St. Petersburg is Palace Square , one of the largest in Europe. The Winter Palace is the earliest building on the square. It is a masterpiece of Baroque architecture and is one of five interconnected buildings comprising a museum complex known as the Hermitage . The pivot of the square is the Alexander Column put up in honour of the victorious end to the Patriotic War of 1812 against napoleon invasion . It is the tallest triumphal column in the world (47.5 metres) .
Palace Square, Winter Palace , the Alexander Column
St Isaac’s Square , St Isaac’s Cathedral One of the largest squares in St. Petersburg is St Isaac’s Square . The integral parts of the square’s architectural complex are the equestrian statue of Nicholas I , the Mariinsky palace and the Astoria Hotel .
the Bronze Horseman Close to St Isaac’s Square is Decembrists’ ( Senate) Square that owes its name to the Decembrists uprising . Here is the equestrian monument to Peter the Great , known as the Bronze Horseman , which has become a kind of symbol of the city .
Peterhof Tsarskoye Selo St Petersburg is also famous for its suburbs
Welcome to St Petersburg!
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