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Past Perfect By Berlet Irina Yekaterinburg, 2016
Употребляется Для описания событий, которые начались в прошлом и завершились к определенному моменту, до какого-то времени в прошлом. Для описания событий, которые произошли в давнем прошлом, но их результат был важен в какой-то момент прошлого.
Как указать время в прошлом Точным указанием: By 3 o’clock yesterday Before our arriving By last week Before the lesson Придаточным предложением: When my dad came Before you phoned When the film started Before you knew
Сказуемое I You We They He She It had + V3 V3 (Ved) – причастие прошедшего временим от смыслового глагола
Remember 1- форма 2- форма 3- форма перевод Be went flown есть drink took stood понимать read wrote loved рисовать
Keys 1- форма 2- форма 3- форма перевод Be was/were been быть go went gone ходить fly flew flown летать eat ate eaten есть drink drank drunk пить take took taken брать stand stood stood стоять understand understood understood понимать read read read читать write wrote written писать love loved loved любить draw drew drawn рисовать
1- форма 2- форма 3- форма перевод put said told давать cost forgot had делать become found known покидать
keys 1- форма 2- форма 3- форма перевод put put put класть say said said говорить tell told told рассказывать give gave given давать cost cost cost стоить forget forgot forgotten забывать have had had иметь do did done делать become became become становиться find found found находить know knew known знать leave left left покидать
1- форма 2- форма 3- форма перевод build cost brought думать catch bought lost ехать cut kept heard падать
keys 1- форма 2- форма 3- форма перевод build built built строить cost cost cost стоить bring brought brought приносить think thought thought думать catch caught caught ловить buy bought bought покупать lose lost lost терять ride rode ridden ехать cut cut cut резать keep kept kept держать hear heard heard слышать fall fell fallen падать
The girl was reading a book at 3 o’clock yesterday The girl had read the book by 3 o’clock yesterday.
Показатели already - уже just – только что ever – когда – либо? never – никогда - yet – еще нет – (в конце) by – к какому-то времени или действию before – до какого-то времени или действия
My sister had just written a letter to our granny before I phoned. My sister hadn’t written a letter to our granny yet before I phoned. Утверждения и отрицания
Вопросы We had already made a nice cake by the guests’ coming. Общий: Had we already made a nice cake by the guests’ coming? Разделительный: We had already made a nice cake by the guests’ coming, hadn’t we?
We had already made a nice cake before they came. Альтернативный: Had we already had dinner or made a nice cake before they came? Специальный: Who had already made a nice cake before they came? What had we already made before they came ? Вопросы
Let’s do exercises! He (write) the letter by 5 last Sunday. 2. We (see) that film before our meeting. 3. Ann (do) her homework by 6 o’clock. 4. The kitten (drink) its milk by our coming. 5. The man (cross) the road when the cars began moving. 6. Tom (give) his bicycle to me before he left. 7. We (make) a lot of mistake in the text by the ending of the lesson. 8. The children (eat) their lunch before the bell rang . 9. The bus just (leave) when we came to the bus stop. 10. She already (know) the answer when the teacher asked her.
Keys He had written the letter by 5 last Sunday. 2. We had seen that film before our meeting. 3. Ann had done her homework by 6 o’clock. 4. The kitten had drunk its milk by our coming. 5. The man had crossed the road when the cars began moving. 6. Tom had given his bicycle to me before he left. 7. We had made a lot of mistake in the text by the end of the lesson. 8. The children had eaten their lunch before the bell rang. 9. The bus had just left when we came to the bus stop. 10. She had already known the answer when the teacher asked her.
Dad had washed the dog by 4 o’clock. They had already cleaned their car when we came. Mr. Green had made a speech at the conference by 1 o’clock. Granny had bought some cakes before my last birthday party. They had built a new house by last winter. I had bought some flowers to you before I came to your party. My sister had just made breakfast for our family when we returned. The cat had already eaten fish when I went to the shop. Jack had come to our city before we met. I had never been to Madrid before I went to Spain. Change into Past Simple
Dad washed the dog yesterday. They cleaned their car yesterday. Mr. Green made a speech at the last conference. Granny bought some cakes for my last birthday party. They built a new house last winter. I bought some flowers for your last party. My sister made breakfast for our family yesterday. The cat ate fish yesterday. Jack came to our city and we met. I wasn’t in Madrid before 2001. Keys
1. She had just broken a vase… 2. We had cleaned the room… 3. He had phoned his friend… 4. The tram had just arrived… 5. It had just started to rain… 6. Polly had gone to America… 7. We had taken our pictures to school… 8. The teacher had changed a test… 9. You had read that book… 10. I had never been to Paris… Complete the sentences
Keys 1. She had just broken a vase when Mum came. 2. We had cleaned the room by last Sunday. 3. He had phoned his friend before he left. 4. The tram had just arrived when we come. 5. It had just started to rain when they went for a walk. 6. Polly had gone to America when you phoned. 7. We had taken our pictures to school before our meeting. 8. The teacher had changed a test by the last lesson. 9. You had read that book before Bill read it. 10. I had never been to Paris in my childhood.
The pupils were writing the dictation at 11 yesterday. My friend helped me to solve that problem. 3. I have learned a poem 4. She was telling them an interesting story when we came. 5. She was sweeping the floor at 3 last Monday. 6. The waiter put a bottle of lemonade in front of me. 7. I was eating my breakfast at 8 last morning. 8. We were reading the book when you phoned. 9. He brought us some sweets last Saturday. 10. Dad bought some toys for the children for their birthday. Change into Past Perfect
The pupils had written the dictation by 11 yesterday. My friend had helped me to solve that problem before you came. 3. I had learned a poem by the last lesson. 4. She had told them an interesting story when we came. 5. She had swept the floor by 3 last Monday. 6. The waiter had put a bottle of lemonade in front of me before she brought the meal. 7. I had eaten my breakfast by 8 last morning. 8. We had read the book when you phoned. 9. He had brought us some sweets before last Saturday. 10. Dad had bought some toys for the children before their birthday. Keys
I ? answered the question by the end of our lesson. She ? opened the window. They ? invited us to the party. You ? put the box on the chair when we came. It ? rained a lot. We ? already cleaned the flat. He ? closed the window when it began raining. Jenny ? knocked the door. The girls ? visited the museum. Fill in have, has, had
I had answered the question by the end of our lesson. She has opened the window. They have invited us to the party. You had put the box on the chair when we came. It has rained a lot. We have already cleaned the flat. He had closed the window when it began raining. Jenny has knocked the door. The girls have visited the museum. Check
Thank for your work!
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