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Chita is the capital of Zabaikalye. Kazachenko Kristina For m11. 2014
The name of Chita comes from: Chita Clay Proper evenk name Black soil-coal Beresta Housing water
Chita was founded in 1653 by the cossack`s detachment under Pyotr Beketov on the banks of the river Chita . First, this settlement was named “the Ingoda winter hut” or Plotbichze with only 6 houses. Later in 1687 Chita was mentioned as New Sloboda and some specialists consider 1687 the year of Chita’s foundation. At the beginning of the 18th century Sloboda was renamed into Ostrog. Since 1721 a lot of state criminals were exiled from Russia to Siberia, to Dauri, to silver plants. In 1797 Chitinsky Ostrog became a settlement. In 1821 Chita renamed the village. In 1851 the village Chita became regional city of Zabaikalsky region. In 1897 The Trans-Siberian Railway paved through Chita In 1921-1922 Chita was the capital of the Far Eastern Republic. From 1922 it was the center of the Zabaikalsky province. In 1926 Chita became the district town of the Far Eastern Region. In 1926, Chita became the country town of the Soviet Far East, In 1937 it was the center of the Chita region. Since March 1 2008 Chita is the administrative center of the Zabaikalsky krai.
The plan of Chitinsky Ostrog
N. A. Bestuzhev. The church in Chita
This the view of Chita shoting by N. A. Bestuzhev at the mountain. 1829-1830
The sights of my loving Chita
Chita railway station
In 2004, Chita Kazan Cathedral was constructed. This cathedral is the main church of the Diocese of Chita and Zabaikalye. Episcopal services are held here. Zabaykaliers are proud of beautiful Cathedral. It is one of the main symbols of Chita
The Shumov’s Palace was built in the early 20th century. The project of building was awarded the prize “Grand Prix “in Paris in 1911. It is the Regional Administrative Building now.
The Centre of Culture and Rest “Rodina”
Building of Zabaikalsky State Pedagogical University named by N.G.Chernishevsky
The Revolutionary Square
Zabaikalsky historical museum
The Military Museum
The Chitinka River
Chita’s Datsan is a Buddhist monastery There the institute was opened in 2010. Khurals daily rituals and other ceremonies are held here.
We like the capital of our region, because we are zabaykaliers!
Thank you for your attention!