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Melbourne is the second largest city in Australia. Its population is approximately 3.74 million people. It is located around Port Phillip Bay in Australia's south-east. Melbourne is the state capital of Victoria. A person from Melbourne is called a Melburnian. Melbourne is a major centre of commerce, industry and cultural activity.
Melbourne was founded by free settlers in 1835, 47 years after the first European settlement of Australia, as a pastoral settlement situated around the Yarra River. It rapidly grew into a big city by the Victorian gold rush in the 1850s, Melbourne became Australia's largest and most important city by 1865, but during the early 20th century Sydney became the largest city in Australia. Melbourne was the capital city of Australia from the time of the new nation's Federation in 1901, until Federal Parliament moved to the new capital, Canberra.
The City Circle Tram in Melbourneis a free service around central Melbourne. It operates daily along a city circuit. The tram takes passengers past major attractions such as the Old Treasury Building, Parliament House and the Princess Theatre. To catch the free City Circle Tram service, tourists should wait at any of the specially marked stops on the route.
The map shows the route of Melbourne's free City Circle trams. City Circle trams travel the perimeter of Melbourne's central business district every day between 10 a.m. and 6p.m., except Christmas Day and Good Friday. The service takes in many of Melbourne's landmarks and runs every 12 minutes.
Rialto Tower is situated in the heart of Melbourne. It offers fantastic views across the city and surrounding landscape, and is a must do when visiting Melbourne. Rialto Tower is the tallest office building in the Southern Hemisphere.
The Victorian Arts Centre is Victoria's performing arts complex comprising the National Gallery of Victoria, the Melbourne Concert Hall and the Theatres complex - including the State Theatre, Playhouse and George Fairfax Studio.
Patrick's Cathedral is the cathedral church in Victoria, Australia and seat of its archbishop. It is known internationally as a leading example of the Gothic Revival style of architecture.
Queen Victoria Market is Victoria's open-air market. The Market is named after Queen Victoria who ruled the UK from 1837 to 1901. It was started as a small Market to the east of the city in 1850's. Today the Market is a tourist destination. The Market is open every day except Mondays and Wednesdays. Visitors, who come not only to shop, can be entertained by buskers who perform on the surround.
Melbourne Zoo was the first zoo to be established in Australia, opening in Royal Park in 1862. More than 300 animal species from Australia and around the world are on the view just 4 km from the city center at the Melbourne Zoo. Visitors have the pleasure of viewing wild animals in their natural habitats. The historic Main Walk is a reminder of the Zoo’s long history.
Melbourne Aquarium is an aquarium in central Melbourne, founded in 1999. It is the world's only southern ocean aquarium and you can see animals here you will not find anywhere else. If you want to get a little closer, jump into the deep end for a scuba dive with the sharks or, if you prefer to stay dry, enjoy a guided tour with a marine specialist who can answer your questions about the creatures you see around you.
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